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it, I scarce know one officer of forty amongst us that hath not been sick. And how many considerable ones we have lost, is no little thought of heart to us.

Wherefore I humbly beg, that the moneys desired may be seasonably sent over; and those other necessaries, clothes, shoes, and stockings, formerly desired ; that so poor creatures may be encouraged: and, through the same blessed Presence that has gone along with us, I hope, before it be long, to see Ireland no burden to England, but a profitable part of its Commonwealth. And certainly the extending your help in this way, at this time, is the most profitable means speedily to effect it. And if I did not think it your best thrift, I would not trouble you at all with it.

I have sent Sir Arthur Loftus with these Letters. He hath gone along with us, testifying a great deal of love to your Service. I know his sufferings are very great; for he hath lost near all: his Regiment was reduced to save your charge, not out of any exceptions to his person. I humbly therefore present him to your consideration.2 Craving pardon for this trouble, I rest, Your most humble and faithful servant,



Commons Journals, 12° Decembris, 1649: ‘A Letter from the

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland was this day read. Ordered, That : the said Letter be forthwith printed and published ;'-Lord Mayor to be sure and send it to all the Ministers next Lord's Day, who are to be, as they best may, the voice of our devout thankfulness for these great mercies. Here is the Letter still extant for posterity,—with or without the thankfulness.

1 Sentence omitted in the Newspaper. ? Paragraph omitted.

• Newspapers (in Cromwelliana, pp. 69-71); Tanner mss. (in Cary, ii. 189-97).

We cannot give the exact day of date. The Letter exists, separate, or combined with other matter, in various old Pamphlets ; but is nowhere dated ; and in fact, as the Entry in the Communs Journals may indicate, was never dated either as to place or time. The place we learn by the context : the time was after Saturday, November 24th, and before December had yet begun ;-probably enough, Sunday, November 25th.


For the Honourable William Lenthall, Esquire, Speaker

of the Parliament of England : These. MR. SPEAKER, • Before Waterford, — November, 1649.'

The Enemy being quartered between the two rivers of Nore and Barrow, and masters of all the passages thereupon ; and giving out their resolutions to fight us, thereby, as we conceived, labouring to get reputation in the countries, and occasion more strength,- it was thought fit our Army should march towards them. Which accordingly upon Thursday the 15th instant was done. The Major-General and Lieutenant-General (leaving me very sick at Ross behind them), with two battering guns, advanced towards Inistioge ; a little walled Town about five miles from Ross, upon the Nore, on the south side thereof, which was possessed by the Enemy. But a party of our men under the command of Colonel Abbot, the night before, approaching the gates, and attempting to fire the same, the Enemy ran away through the River, leaving good store of provisions behind them.

Our Commanders hoped by gaining this Town to have gained a pass. But indeed there fell so much sudden wet as made the River unpassable, by that time the Army was


1 See postea, p. 103; and Whitlocke, 2d edition, p. 433. 2 Ireton and Jones.

3 A ford over the River,


come up. Whereupon, hearing that the Enemy lay about two miles off upon the River, near Thomastown, a pretty large walled Town upon the Nore, on the north side thereof, having a bridge over the River,-our Army marched thither. But the Enemy had broken the bridge, and garrisoned the Town; and in the view of our Army, marched

l away to Kilkenny,— seeming, though I believe they were double our number, to decline an engagement. Which they had the power to have necessitated us unto; but

which it was noways in our power, if they would stand upon the advantage of the Passes, to engage them unto;nor indeed was it in our power to continue out two days longer, having almost spent all the bread they carried with them.

Whereupon, seeking God for direction, they resolved to send a good party of horse and dragoons under Colonel Reynolds to Carrick; and to march the residue of the Army back towards Ross,—to gain more bread for the prosecution of that design, if by the blessing of God it should take. Colonel Reynolds, marching with twelve troops of horse, and three troops of dragoons, came betimes in the morning to Carrick. Where, dividing himself into two parties, whilst they were amazed with the one, he entered one of the Gates with the other. Which their soldiers perceiving, divers of them and their officers escaped over the River in boats: about an hundred officers and soldiers' were taken prisoners, without the loss of one man on our part. In this place is a very good Castle, and one of the ancientest seats belonging to the Lord of Ormond, in Ireland : the same was rendered without any loss also, where were good store of provisions for the refreshing of

our men.


1. they' and 'them' mean we and us: the swift-rushing sentence here alters its personality from first person to third, and so goes on.

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The Colonel giving us speedy intelligence of God's mercy in this, we agreed to march, with all convenient speed, the residue of the Army up thither. Which accordingly was done, upon Wednesday and Thursday the 21st and 22d of this instant; and, through God's mercy, I was enabled to bear them company. Being come hither, we did look at it as an especial good hand of Providence to give us this place; inasmuch as it gives us a passage over the River Suir to the City of Waterford, and indeed into Munster to our shipping and provisions, which before were beaten from us out of Waterford Bay by the Enemy's guns. It hath given us also opportunity to besiege or block up Waterford; and we hope our gracious God will therein direct us also. It hath given us also the opportunity of our guns, ammunition, and victual ; and indeed quarter for our horse, which could not have subsisted much longer: so sweet a mercy was the giving of this little place

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Having rested there a night, and by noon of the next day gotten our Army over the River ;— leaving Colonel Reynolds with about One-hundred and fifty foot, his own six troops of horse, and one troop of dragoons, with a very little ammunition according to the smallness of our marching store ; -we marched away towards Waterford, upon Friday the 23d ; and on Saturday about noon came before the City. The Enemy, being not a little troubled at this unsuspected business (which indeed was the mere guidance of God), marched down with great fury towards Carrick, with their whole Army, resolving to swallow it up; and upon Saturday the 24th, assault the place round, thinking to take it by storm. But God had otherwise determined. For the troopers and the rest of the soldiers, with stones?

· Having only 'a very little ammunition' and small use of guns (see Whitlocke, p. 418; Ludlow, &c.).

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did so pelt them, they were forced to draw off; after' continuing near four hours under the walls; after having burnt the Gates, which our men barricaded up

with stones; and likewisehaving' digged under the walls, and sprung a small mine, which flew in their own faces. But they left about forty or fifty men dead under the Walls; and have drawn off, as some say, near four-hundred more, which they buried up and down the fields; besides what are wounded. And, as Inchiquin himself confessed in the hearing of some of their soldiers lately come to us, this' hath lost him above a thousand men. - The Enemy was drawing off his dead a good part of the night. They were in such haste upon the assault, that they killed their own trumpeter as he was returning with an Answer to the Summons sent by them. Both in the taking and defending of this place Colonel Reynolds his carriage was such as deserves much honour. 1

Upon our coming before Waterford, I sent the Lieutenant-General with a regiment of horse, and three troops of dragoons, to endeavour the reducing of the Passage Fort: a very large Fort with a Castle in the midst of it, having five guns planted in it, and commanding the River better than Duncannon; it not being much above musket

; shot over, where this Fort stands; and we can bring up hither ships of three-hundred tons, without any danger from Duncannon. Upon the attempt, though our materials were not very apt for the business, yet the Enemy called for quarter, -- and had it, and we the place. We also possessed the guns which the Enemy had planted to beat our ships out of the Bay, two miles below. By the taking of this Fort, we shall much straiten Duncannon from provisions by water, as we hope they are not in a

1 We shall hear of Reynolds again.

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