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To the Keeper of the Library of St. James's. These are to will and require you, upon sight hereof, to deliver unto Sir Oliver Fleming, or to whom he shall appoint, two or three such Books as he shall choose, of which there is a double copy in the Library: to be by him disposed of' as there shall be direction given him by the Council. Of which you are not to fail, and for which this shall be

your

warrant. Given at the Council of State, this 22d day of Febru

ary, 1648.

In the name, and signed by Order of, the

Council of State appointed by Authority of Parliament,

OLIVER CROMWELL,

(Præses pro tempore).*

There is already question of selling the late King's goods, crown-jewels, plate, and ‘hangings,' under which latter title, we suppose, are included his Pictures, much regretted by the British connoisseur at present. They did not come actually to market till July next.

LETTER LXXXIII.

REVEREND Mr. Stapylton, of whom we heard once before in Edinburgh, has been down at Hursley with Mr. Richard; Miss Dorothy received them with her blushes, with her smiles; the elder Mayors 'with many civilities :' and the Marriage-treaty, as Mr. Stapylton reports, promises well.

* Additional Ayscough mss. 12,098. · Scobell, Part ii. 46, the immense Act of Parliament for sale of them.

For my very worthy Friend, Richard Mayor, Esquire :

These,

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Sir,

'London,' 26th February, 1648. I received yours by Mr. Stapylton; together with an account of the kind reception and the many civilities afforded to them, - especially to my Son, in the liberty given him to wait upon your worthy Daughter. The report of whose virtue and godliness has so great a place in my heart, that I think fit not to neglect anything, on my part, which may consummate a close of the business, if God please to dispose the young ones' hearts thereunto, and other suitable ordering 'of' affairs towards mutual satisfaction appear in the dispensation of Providence.

For which purpose, and to the end matters may be brought to as near an issue as they are capable of, - not being at liberty, by reason of public occasions, to wait upon you, nor your health, as I understand, permitting it, -I thought fit to send this Gentleman, Mr. Stapylton, instructed with my mind, to see how near we may come to an understanding one of another therein. And although I could have wished the consideration of things had been between us two, it being of so near concernment, — yet Providence for the present not allowing, I desire you to give him credence on my behalf.

. Sir, all things which yourself and I had in conference, at Farnham, do not occur to my memory, through multiplicity of business intervening. I hope I shall with a very free heart testify my readiness to that which may be expected from me.

I have no more at present: but desiring the Lord to

I To Richard Cromwell and him.

order this affair to His glory and the comfort of His servants, I rest,

Sir,
Your humble servant,

OLIVER CROMWELL.*

LETTER LXXXIV.

This Thursday 8th March, 1648-9, they are voting and debating in a thin House, hardly above 60 there, Whether Duke Hamilton, Earl Holland, Lords Capel, Goring, and Sir John Owen, - our old friend Colonel Owen' of Nottingham Castle, Jenner and Ashe's old friend, are to die or to live?

They have been tried in a new High Court of Justice, and all found guilty of treason, of levying war against the Supreme Authority of this Nation. Shall they be executed ; shall they be respited ? The House by small Majorities decides against the first three ; decides in favour of the last; and as to Goring, the votes are equal,--the balance-tongue trembles, “Life or Death !” Speaker Lenthall says, Life.2

Meanwhile, small private matters also must be attended to.

For my very worthy Friend, Richard Mayor, Esquire ;

These.

Sir,

‘London,' 8th March, 1648.

Yours I have received; and have given further instructions to this Bearer, Mr. Stapylton, to treat with you about the business in agitation between your Daughter and my Son.

I am engaged to you for all your civilities and respects

* Harris, p. 505; one of the Pusey seventeen : Signature only is in Cromwell's hand.

1 Letter LXXVI. vol. i. p. 424. • Commons Journals, vi. 159. obliged.

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already manifested. I trust there will be a right understanding between us, and a good conclusion : and though I cannot particularly remember the things spoken of at Farnham, to which your Letter seems to refer me, yet I doubt not but I have sent the offer of such things now as will give mutual satisfaction to us both. My attendance upon public affairs will not give me leave to come down unto you myself; I have sent unto you this Gentleman with my mind.

I salute Mrs. Mayor, though unknown, with the rest of your Family. I commit you, with the progress of the Business, to the Lord; and rest,

Sir,
Your assured friend to serve you,

Oliver CROMWELL.*

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On the morrow morning, poor versatile Hamilton, poor versatile Holland, with the Lord Capel who the first of all in this Parliament rose to complain of Grievances, meet their death in Palaceyard. The High Court was still sitting in Westminster Hall as they passed through 'from Sir Robert Cotton's house.' Hamilton lingered a little, or seemed to linger, in the Hall; still hopeful of reprieve and fine of 100,0001.: but the Earl of Denbigh, his brother-in-law, a Member of the Council of State, stept up to him; whispered in his ear;—the poor Duke walked on. That is the end of all his diplomacies; his Scotch Army of Fortythousand, his painful ridings to Uttoxeter, and to many other places, have all issued here. The Earl of Lanark will now be Duke of Hamilton in Scotland : may a better fate await him!

The once gay Earl of Holland has been converted some days ago, as it were for the nonce,-poor Earl ! With regard to my Lord Capel again, who followed last in order, he behaved, says Bulstrode, ‘much after the manner of a stout Roman. He had no Minister with him, nor shewed any sense of death ap

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* Harris, p. 506 ; one of the seventeen.

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stitutional persons.

'proaching; but carried himself all the time he was upon the

scaffold with that boldness and resolution as was to be admired. • He wore a sad-coloured suit, his hat cocked up, and his cloak thrown under one arm: he looked towards the people at his ' first coming up, and put off his hat in manner of a salute; he • had a little discourse with some gentlemen, and passed up and • down in a careless posture.'l Thus died Lord Capel, the first who complained of Grievances : in seven years time there are such changes for a man; and the first acts of his Drama little know what the last will be !

This new High Court of Justice is one of some Seven or Eight that sat in those years, and were greatly complained of by Con

Nobody ever said that they decided contrary to evidence; but they were not the regular Judges. They took the Parliament's law as good, without consulting Fleta and Bracton about it. They consisted of learned Sergeants and other weighty persons nominated by the Parliament, usually in good numbers, for the occasion.

Some weeks hence, drunken Poyer of Pembroke and the confused Welsh Colonels are tried by Court Martial ; Poyer, Powel, Laughern are found to merit death. Death however shall be executed only upon one of them; let the other two be pardoned : let them draw lots which two. - In two of the lots was written, Life given by God; the third lot was a blank. The · Prisoners were not willing to draw their own destiny; but a

child drew the lots, and gave them : and the lot fell to Colonel Poyer to die.' He was shot in Covent Garden ; died like a

1 soldier, poor confused Welshman ; and so ended.

And with these executions, the chief Delinquents are now got punished. The Parliament lays up its axe again ; willing to pardon the smaller multitude, if they will keep quiet henceforth.

1 Whitlocke, p. 380 (the first of the two pages 380 which there are). 3 Ibid. 21 April, 1649.

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