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HE coast along the old Chimbo is more than a hundred miles Spanish Main, from from the shore, while the Nevada of Trinidad to Aspin- Saint Martha is less than fifty miles. The wall, is a mixture of tourist is always incredulous when the Florida and Switzer- peak is pointed out to him, for its shape land, where one can is much like a blanket of clouds, resting find, within a few upon the surrounding mountains; but a days' journey, any glass brings it nearer, the captain's chart

climate or scenery shows its location, and he is finally comto suit his taste, from tropical jungles, pelled to accept the truth of geography. swarming with 'gators and tiger cats, to Between these mountains, along the mountain crests crowned with eternal coast, are narrow valleys of the most luxsnow.

urious foliage, and the richest soils, which As they reach the northern coast of yield two and sometimes three harvests the continent, the Cordilleras, the twin annually, and are densely populated. Cofranges of the Andes, split and scatter, fee, sugar, chocolate, and tropical fruits and finally jump into the sea. Within are the products of the lower levels, view of passing ships along this historic called tierra caliente, by the Spaniards; shore, is some of the sublimest scenery corn, beans, wheat, and other staples of on earth. Above the clouds rise peaks the temperate zones, grow in the next whose snow-capped summits seem to hang belt, called the tierra templada, while in the indolent air. One of them, the higher toward the tropic sun, at an altiNevada de la Santa Marta, is over seven- tude of ten or twelve thousand feet, is teen thousand feet high, appearing abrupt- the tierra fria, or cold zone, in which ly from the group of foot-hills that bathe herds of cattle and sheep find pasturage. their toes in the surf, and sitting like a It was in 1533 that the first city was Monarch of Mountains hoary and im- founded on the continent. Columbus pressive, where it can overlook the ocean had established several colonies upon the as well as the land. There is no grander islands, and there was a fortress built at spectacle to be witnessed from the deck Panama in 1518. Cortez had conquered of a vessel, if we except the peaks of Mexico, and Pizarro had invaded and deTeneriffe and the titanic cone of old stroyed the homes of the peaceful Incas. Chimborazo, which may be seen on very Most of the coast had been explored, and clear days off the coast of Ecuador. But the King of Spain decided to found a Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1888, by The American Magazine Co., in the Office of the

Librarian of Congress, at Washington. All rights reserved.


capital for his new empire at some con- Carthagena was the seat of the Inquisivenient place, where a Viceroy might live tion in South America, and Charles Kingsand vessels of the fleet find shelter from ley's charming novel,“ Westward Ho," the privateers that England was send-contains a graphic description of the place. ing out to rob and destroy them. The It was here that Frank and the “Rose of location was decided upon, and the new Devon" were imprisoned by the priests, town called Carthagena, in honor of the and the old Inquisition building in which old city in Spain. Lima, the seat of the they were tortured and burned is still Viceroy of the West Coast, was founded standing. But it is no longer used for the two years after, in 1535; and these two confinement and crucifixion of heretics. cities were the capitals of the continent. For nearly sixty years after the overthrow In the time of Philip, Carthagena was of the Catholic power it stood empty, but

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one of the most strongly fortified places now it is occupied as a tobacco factory. in the world, and the headquarters of There is an underground passage between commercial as well as military and na- this noted old building and an val operations. It was the rendezvous cient fortress upon a hill overlooking of the Spanish galleons that came to Carthagena, through which prisoners South America for treasure, and con- used to be conducted, and communicasequently the most tempting field for tion maintained in time of siege; but like pirates. There are many rich mines in everything else about the place, it has the mountains back of the city, which long been in a state of decay. Some have produced millions of gold and silver, years ago a party of American naval ofand the King of Spain thought it worth ficers attempted to explore the passage, his while to build a wall around the en- but found it filled with obstructions, and tire city, which is said to have cost ninety they were compelled to abandon the enmillions of dollars, and upon which forty terprise. The castle is obsolete and in horses can still walk abreast. When the a state of ruin, and is used only as report of the Viceroy concerning the cost a signal station. When a vessel enters of this wall was made to King Philip, he the harbor a flag is run up by a man on is said to have taken his spyglass to the guard, to notify the Captain of the Port window of the palace at Madrid, and and the merchants of its arrival. pointed it toward the west.

There are some fine old churches and “What is your Majesty pleased to look palaces in Carthagena, constructed of for?" asked the Viceroy.

stone, which show the magnificence in "I am looking for the wall around which the grandees lived when the city Carthagena," answered the King. “If was a commercial metropolis. Many of it is as large and high as you describe, I them are empty now, and others are ought to be able to see it at this distance.” used as tenement-houses. In the cathedral, which is one of the largest and found upon the beach, and it reached most ornate to be found in this hemi- the ears of the Archbishop. His Grace sphere, is an object of much interest; a sent for the captain, informed him that magnificent marble pulpit enriched with the pulpit was intended for the decoraexquisite carvings. It ranks among the tion of the cathedral, and related the most beautiful specimens of the sculp- story of its construction and disappeartor's art in the world. The people of ance. The captain was an ungodly man, Carthagena think there is nothing under and intimated that the Archbishop was the sun to equal it, and the story of its attempting to humbug him. He offered origin adds greatly to its value and at- to sell the marble, and would not leave tractiveness.

it otherwise. Having repaired the damTwo or three hundred years ago the age of the storm, the captain started for Pope, wishing to show a mark of favor Europe, but he was scarcely out of the to the devout people of Colombia, or- port when a most frightful gale struck dered the construction of a marble pul- him and wrecked his vessel, which went pit for the decoration of this cathedral to the bottom with all on board; but the in Carthagena. It was designed and pulpit, the subject of so many divine carved by the foremost artists of the day interpositions, rose from the wreck, and at Rome, and when completed was, with one morning came floating into the hargreat ceremony, placed on board a Span- bor of Carthagena, where it was taken in ish galley bound for the New World. charge by the Archbishop, and placed in While en route the vessel was captured the cathedral for which it was intended, by pirates, and when the boxes contain- where it now stands. ing the pulpit were broken open and Near the miraculous pulpit, in the same their contents found to be of no value church, is the preserved body of a famous as plunder, they were tipped overboard. saint. I forget what his name was, but his But by the interposition of the Virgin, remains are in an excellent state of prenone of the pieces sank; and the Eng- servation-a skeleton with dried flesh and lish pirates, becoming alarmed at the skin hanging to the bones. He did somemiracle of the heavy marble floating on thing hundreds of years ago which made the water, fled from the ship, leaving him very sacred to the people of Cartheir booty. The Spanish sailors got thagena, and by the special permission the precious cargo aboard their vessel of the Pope his body was disinterred, again with great difficulty, and resumed placed in a glass case, and sent from Rome their voyage; but before they reached to be kept in their cathedral, along with Carthagena they encountered a second the miraculous pulpit. The body is usulot of pirates, who plundered them of ally covered with a black pall, and is all the valuables they had aboard, and exposed only on occasions of great cereburned their ship. But the saints still mony, but any one can see the preserved preserved the pulpit; for, as the vessel saint by paying a fee to the priests. I purand the remainder of the cargo were de- chased that privilege, and was shown the stroyed, the marble floated away upon glass coffin standing upon a marble pedesthe waters, and, being guided by an in- tal. The bones are large and ghastly, exvisible hand, went ashore on the beach cept where the brown skin, looking like outside the city for which it was destined. jerked beef,covers them. During a revolu

There it lay for many years, unknown tion at Carthagena some impious soldiers and unnoticed. Finally, however, it was upset the coffin and destroyed it. In the discovered by a party of explorers, who melée one of the saint's legs was lost, or recognized the value of the carvings and at least the half of it from the knee took it aboard their ship en route for down; but the priests replaced it with a Spain, intending to sell it when they wax substitute, plump and pink, which, reached home. But the saints still kept lying beside the original, has a very

the Pope's gift, and comical effect. sent the vessel such bad weather that There is much of interest to see at the captain was compelled to put in to Carthagena, and the place has had a most the port of Carthagena for repairs. There romantic and exciting history, of which he told the story of the marble pulpit there is a poetic version in Thomson's

their eyes


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