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ABSTRACT acid American amount apparatus appear Association bearings become body Born Boston called cause cells cent chemical Cleveland closely College Committee connection considerable considered contains determined Died direction distribution effect equal evidence existence experiments extend fact feet field four friction genera geological give given hand heat important increase indicate interest John known land latter less lines lubricant Mass material means measures meeting method milk mountain nature nearly North observations obtained occur Ohio organization original period Philadelphia plants position possible practical present President pressure production Prof reference region relations represented rock sand scientific Secretary side species structure surface Survey temperature tion United University Washington York
Page 447 - Whereas it is necessary for the support of government, for the discharge of the debts of the United States, and the encouragement and protection of manufactures, that duties be laid on goods, wares, and merchandises imported: Be it enacted, etc.
Page 441 - We have experienced what we did not then believe, that there exists both profligacy and power enough to exclude us from the field of interchange with other nations : that to be independent for the comforts of life we must fabricate them ourselves. We must now place the manufacturer by the side of the agriculturist.
Page 2 - The objects of the Association are, by periodical and migratory meetings, to promote intercourse between those who are cultivating science in different parts of America, to give a stronger and more general impulse and more systematic direction to scientific research, and to procure for the labors of scientific men increased facilities and a wider usefulness.
Page 440 - This authority having thus entirely passed from the States, the right to exercise it for the purpose of protection does not exist in them, and, consequently, if it be not possessed by the general government, it must be extinct.
Page 441 - You tell me I am quoted by those who wish to continue our dependence on England for manufactures. There was a time when I might have been so quoted with more candor, but within the thirty years which have since elapsed, how are circumstances changed!
Page 439 - I cannot forbear intimating to you the expediency of giving effectual encouragement, as well to the introduction of new and useful inventions from abroad, as to the exertions of skill and genius in producing them at home...
Page 440 - The situation into which we have thus been forced, has impelled us to apply a portion of our industry and capital to internal manufactures and improvements. The extent of this conversion is daily increasing, and little doubt remains that the establishments formed and forming will, under the auspices of cheaper materials and subsistence, the freedom of labor from taxation with us, and of protecting duties and prohibitions, become permanent.
Page 460 - To give a stronger impulse and a more systematic direction to scientific inquiry, — to promote the intercourse of those who cultivate Science in different parts of the British Empire, with one another, and with foreign philosophers, — to obtain a more general attention to the objects of Science, and a removal of any disadvantages of a public kind which impede its progress.
Page 440 - ... and happiness. The genius, character, and habits of the people are highly commercial; their cities have been formed and exist upon commerce ; our agriculture, fisheries, arts, and manufactures, are connected with and depend upon it. In short, commerce has made this country what it is, and it cannot be destroyed or neglected without involving the people in poverty and distress.