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Cal. Perianth one-leaved, belled, villous, withering, obscurely five

angled from the points of the divisions, five-parted; divisons, round

ish, pointed, the two lowest most distant. Cor. One-petaled, belled. Tube

Tube very short; throat, oblong-belled, gibbous. Border five-parted; the two higher divisions reflected, each minutely toothed; convex externally; the three lower divisions, above, expanded; below, ribbed, furrowed, very villous. Palate nearly closing the throat. Neetary, a prominent rim, surrounding the

germ, obscurely five-parted. STAM. Filaments four or five, incurved, inserted below the upper divi

sion of the border, shorter than the corol, with the rudiment of a fifth or hxth, between two shorter than the rest. Anthers, two-cleft,

incumbent at obtuse angles. Pist. Germ oblong-conical. Style thread-form, as long as the stamens.

Stigma headed with two folds often closed by viscidity. Per. Capsule one-celled, two-valved, twelve inches long at a medium,

and one inch thick; rounded, four-sided, pointed, incurved, rather contorted, diminishing at both ends, dotted with afhy specks, here and there slightly prominent, striated; two stripes broader, very

at right angles with the valves. Rec. · A series of hard, broadish, woody rings, closely strung on two

wiry central threads. Seeds numerous, forty-eight on an average, three-angled, inserted by

one angle in cavities between the rings of the receptacle, into which they are closely pressed by parallel ribs in the four sides of the

capsule; winged on the two other angles with long fubpellucid mem

branes, imbricated along the sides of the receptacle. Tree rather large. Stem scabrous. Branchlets cross-armed, yellowish green, speckled with small white lines.

Leaves feathered with an odd one ; two or three paired, petioled. Leaflets opposite, egged, pointed, most entire, downy on both sides,



veined; veined; older leaflets roughish, margined, netted and paler below, daggered. Petiols tubercled, gibbous at the base ; of the paired leaflets, very short; short; of the odd one, longer. Stipules, linear.

Flowers panicled ; pedicels opposite, mostly three-flowered; and odd flower subsessile between the two terminal pedicels. Corol externally, lightpurple above, brownish purple below, hairy at its convexity ; internally, dark yellow below, amethystine above ; exquisitely fragrant, preferred by the bees to all other Aowers, and compared by the poets to the quiver of CA'MADE'va, or the God of Love, The whole plant, except the root and stem, very downy and viscid. The fruit can scarce be called a filique, since the seeds are no where affixed to the futures ; but their wings indicate the genus, which might properly have been named Pterospermon : they are very hard, but enclose a white sweet kernel ; and their light-coloured summits with three dark points, give them the appearance of winged insects. Before I faw the fruit of this lovely plant, I suspected it to be the BIGNONIA Chelonoides, which Van Rheede calls Pádri; and I conceived that barbarous word to be a corruption of Pátali : but the pericarp of the true Pátali, and the form of the seeds, differ so much from the Pádri, that we can hardly consider them as varieties of the same species ; although the specifick character exhibited in the Supplement to LINNÆUS, corresponds very nearly with both plants.

appears on the

The Pátali blossoms early in the spring, before a leaf tree, but the fruit is not ripe till the following winter.

54. Go'cant'ACA : Syn. Palancashi, Icfhugandhá, S'wadanshtrá, Swáducant'aca, Góchu

raca, Vanas'rnīgáta. Vulg. Gócshura, Gókyura, Culpì. RHEEDE: Babél Chulli.

Linn. Long-leaved BARLERIA?
CAL. Perianth one-leaved, hairy, five toothed; upper tooth, long, in-

curved, pointed ; two under, and two lateral, shorter, subequal,

winged with subpellucid membranes. Cor. One-petaled, two-lipped. Tube flattikh, curved, protuberant at

mouth. Upper lip erect, two-parted, reflected at the sides, concave in the middle, enclosing the fructification. Under lip three-parted, reflected, with two parallel, callous, hispid bodies on the center of its

convexity ; Divifons, inverse-hearted. STAM. Filaments four, inserted in the mouth of the tube ; connected

at their base, then separated into pairs and circling round the pistil ; each pair united below, consisting of a long and a short filament.

Anthers arrowed. Pist. Germ awled; pointed, furrowed, with prominent feedlets, sit

ting on a glandular pedicel. Style thread-form, longer than the stamens, incurved above them. Stigma simple.

. Per. Flowers verticilled; Corols blue, or bright violet ; center of the under

lip yellow. Verticils, each surrounded by fix thorns, very long, diverging, coloured above ; under which are the leaves, alike verticilled, lanced, acutely fawed, pubescent, interspersed with bristles. Stem jointed, Aattish, hairy, reddish ; furrowed on both sides ; broader at the joints, or above the verticils ; furrows alternate.


Syn. Sindhuvára, Indrafurija, Nirvandi, Indránicà.
VULG. Nis'indà.

LINN. Three-leaved Vitex; or Negundo?

Perianth five-toothed, beneath, permanent; toothlets acute, subequal.


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Cor. One-petaled, grinning ; Tube funnel-shaped, internally villous ;

border two-lipped; upper lip broad, concave, more deeply coloured ;

under lip four-cleft; divisions, acute, similar. STAM. Filaments four ; two shorter, adhering to the Tube, villous at

the base. Anthers half-mooned. Pist. Germ globular ; Style thread-form ; Stigma two-parted, pointed,

reflex. Per. Berry (unless it be the coat of a naked seed) roundish, very hard,

black, obscurely furrowed, with the calyx closely adhering: SEEDS from one to four? I never saw more than one as Rheede has

well described it. Flowers raceme-panicled; purplish or dark blue without, greyish with

in, small. Racemes mostly terminal; fome pedicels, many-flowered. Stem distinctly four-sided; fides channelled ; jointed, bending. Sti

pules egged, scaly, thickish, close. Branchlets cross-armed.

The tube of the corol is covered internally with a tangle of silvery filky down, exquisitely beautiful; more dense below the upper lip.

This charming Thrub, which seems to delight in watery places, rises to the height of ten or twelve, and sometimes of twenty, feet; exhibiting a most elegant appearance with rich racemes or panicles lightly difpersed on the summit of its branchlets. On a comparison of two engravings in Rumphius, and as many in Van Rheede, and of the descriptions in both works, I am nearly perfuaded that the SINDHUCA or Nirgandı, is the Vitex Negundo of LINNÆUS; but it certainly resembles the three-leaved Vitex in its leaves, which are opposite, egged, acute, petioled ; above mostly threed; below mostly fived; paler beneath ; rarely fawed and very nightly, but generally entire : they are very aromatick, and pillows are stuffed with them, to remove a cold in


the head and a head-ach occasioned by it. These, I presume, are the shrubs, which Bontius calls Lagondi, and which he seems to consider as a panacea.

Syn. Cátillaca, Sushavi.
Vulg. Beng. Hurhuriya ; Hind. Caraila.
LINN. Five-leaved Cleome ?
CAL. Perianth four-leaved, gaping at the base, then erect ; leaflets

egg-oblong, concave, downy; deciduous. Cor. Cross-form. Petals four, expanding, claws long; folds wrinkled. Ne&tary, from fix to twelve roundish, perforated glands, girding the gib

bous receptacle. STAM. Filaments fix, threadform, hardly differing in length, inserted

on a pedicel below the germ. Anthers erect, pointed, furrowed. Pist. Germ erect, linear, long, downy, fitting on the produced pedi

cel. Style very short. Stigma headed, flat, circular. Per. Silique one-celled, two-valved, spindle-Shaped, with protuberant

seeds ; crowned with the permanent style. SEEDS very many, roundish, nodding. Receptacles linear, often more

than two.

The whole plant, most distinctly one piece. Root whitish, with scattered capillary fibres. Stem herbaceous, pale green, in parts purple, hairy, cross-armed, produced into a long raceme crowded at the summit. Branchlets, similar to the stem, leaf-bearing ; similar, but smaller leaves rising also from their axils. Leaves fixed, roundish-rhomboidal, notched, pointed, hairy, dark green, the lower pairs respectively equal, the odd one much larger, strongly ribbed with processes from the petiolbranches, conjoined by the basis of the ribs, in the form of a starlet, each ray, whitish and furrowed within. Calyx green. Petals white.


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