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CAL. Perianth one-leaved, belled, villous, withering, obfcurely fiveangled from the points of the divifions, five-parted; divifions, roundish, pointed, the two lowest most distant.
COR. One-petaled, belled. Tube very short; throat, oblong-belled, gibbous. Border five-parted; the two higher divifions reflected, each minutely toothed; convex externally; the three lower divifions, above, expanded; below, ribbed, furrowed, very villous. Palate nearly clofing the throat. Nectary, a prominent rim, furrounding the germ, obfcurely five-parted.
STAM. Filaments four or five, incurved, inserted below the upper divifion of the border, fhorter than the corol, with the rudiment of a fifth or fixth, between two shorter than the reft. Anthers, two-cleft, incumbent at obtuse angles.
PIST. Germ oblong-conical. Style thread-form, as long as the stamens. Stigma headed with two folds often closed by vifcidity.
PER. Capfule one-celled, two-valved, twelve inches long at a medium, and one inch thick; rounded, four-fided, pointed, incurved, rather contorted, diminishing at both ends, dotted with afhy specks, here and there flightly prominent, ftriated; two stripes broader, very dark, at right angles with the valves.
REC. A series of hard, broadish, woody rings, closely ftrung on two wiry central threads.
SEEDS numerous, forty-eight on an average, three-angled, inserted by one angle in cavities between the rings of the receptacle, into which they are closely preffed by parallel ribs in the four fides of the capfule; winged on the two other angles with long fubpellucid membranes, imbricated along the fides of the receptacle.
Tree rather large. Stem fcabrous.
Branchlets cross-armed, yellowish green, fpeckled with small white lines. Leaves feathered with an odd one; two or three paired, petioled. • Leaflets oppofite, egged, pointed, most entire, downy on both fides,
veined; older leaflets roughish, margined, netted and paler below, daggered. Petiols tubercled, gibbous at the base; of the paired leaflets, very short; of the odd one, longer. Stipules, linear. Flowers panicled; pedicels oppofite, moftly three-flowered; and odd flower fubfeffile between the two terminal pedicels. Corol externally, lightpurple above, brownish purple below, hairy at its convexity; internally, dark yellow below, amethystine above; exquifitely fragrant, preferred by the bees to all other flowers, and compared by the poets to the quiver of CA'MADE'VA, or the God of Love. The whole plant, except the root and stem, very downy and viscid. The fruit can scarce be called a filique, fince the feeds are no where affixed to the futures; but their wings indicate the genus, which might properly have been named Pterofpermon: they are very hard, but enclose a white sweet kernel; and their light-coloured fummits with three dark points, give them the appearance of winged infects. Before I faw the fruit of this lovely plant, I fufpected it to be the BIGNONIA Chelonoides, which VAN RHEEDE calls Pádri; and I conceived that barbarous word to be a corruption of Pátali: but the pericarp of the true Pátali, and the form of the feeds, differ fo much from the Pádri, that we can hardly confider them as varieties of the same species; although the fpecifick character exhibited in the Supplement to LINNEUS, correfponds very nearly with both plants.
The Pátali bloffoms early in the spring, before a leaf tree, but the fruit is not ripe till the following winter.
appears on the
Go' CANT ACA:
SYN. Palancafhá, Icfbugandhá, S'wadanfhtrá, Swáducant'aca, GócЛbu
VULG. Gócfbura, Gókyura, Culpì.
RHEEDE: Babél Chulli.
LINN. Long-leaved BARLERIA?
CAL. Perianth one-leaved, hairy, five toothed; upper tooth, long, incurved, pointed; two under, and two lateral, fhorter, fubequal, winged with fubpellucid membranes.
COR. One-petaled, two-lipped. Tube flattifh, curved, protuberant at mouth. Upper lip erect, two-parted, reflected at the fides, concave in the middle, enclosing the fructification. Under lip three-parted, reflected, with two parallel, callous, hifpid bodies on the center of its convexity; Divifions, inverfe-hearted.
STAM. Filaments four, inferted in the mouth of the tube; connected at their base, then separated into pairs and circling round the piftil; each pair united below, confifting of a long and a short filament. Anthers arrowed.
PIST. Germ awled; pointed, furrowed, with prominent feedlets, fit-
ting on a glandular pedicel. mens, incurved above them. PER. Flowers verticilled; Corols blue, or bright violet; center of the under lip yellow. Verticils, each surrounded by fix thorns, very long, diverging, coloured above; under which are the leaves, alike verticilled, lanced, acutely fawed, pubefcent, interfperfed with bristles. Stem jointed, flattish, hairy, reddish; furrowed on both fides; broader at the joints, or above the verticils; furrows alternate.
SYN. Sindhuvára, Indrafurifa, Nirvandì, Indránicà.
LINN. Three-leaved VITEX; or Negundo?
CAL. Perianth five-toothed, beneath, permanent; toothlets acute, fubequal.
COR. One-petaled, grinning; Tube funnel-fhaped, internally villous
Germ globular; Style thread-form; Stigma two-parted, pointed,
PER. Berry (unless it be the coat of a naked seed) roundish, very hard, black, obfcurely furrowed, with the calyx closely adhering.
SEEDS from one to four? I never faw more than one as RHEEDE has well defcribed it.
FLOWERS raceme-panicled; purplish or dark blue without, greyish within, small. Racemes mostly terminal; fome pedicels, many-flowered. STEM diftinctly four-fided; fides channelled; jointed, bending. Stipules egged, fcaly, thickish, close. Branchlets cross-armed.
The tube of the corol is covered internally with a tangle of filvery filky down, exquifitely beautiful; more dense below the upper lip.
This charming fhrub, which seems to delight in watery places, rises to the height of ten or twelve, and sometimes of twenty, feet; exhibiting a most elegant appearance with rich racemes or panicles lightly difpersed on the summit of its branchlets. On a comparison of two engravings in RUMPHIUS, and as many in VAN RHEEDE, and of the descriptions in both works, I am nearly perfuaded that the SINDHUCA or Nirgandi, is the VITEX Negundo of LINNAEUS; but it certainly refembles the three-leaved VITEX in its leaves, which are oppofite, egged, acute, petioled; above mostly threed; below moftly fived; paler beneath; rarely fawed and very flightly, but generally entire: they are very aromatick, and pillows are stuffed with them, to remove a cold in the
the head and a head-ach occafioned by it. These, I prefume, are the shrubs, which BONTIUS calls Lagondi, and which he seems to confider as a panacea.
SYN. Cátillaca, Sushavi.
VULG. Beng. Hurhuriya; Hind. Carailá.
CAL. Perianth four-leaved, gaping at the base, then erect; leaflets egg-oblong, concave, downy; deciduous.
COR. Cross-form. Petals four, expanding, claws long; folds wrinkled. Nectary, from fix to twelve roundish, perforated glands, girding the gibbous receptacle.
STAM. Filaments fix, threadform, hardly differing in length, inferted on a pedicel below the germ. Anthers erect, pointed, furrowed. Germ erect, linear, long, downy, fitting on the produced pedicel. Style very fhort. Stigma headed, flat, circular.
PER. Silique one-celled, two-valved, fpindle-shaped, with protuberant feeds; crowned with the permanent style.
SEEDS very many, roundish, nodding. Receptacles linear, often more
The whole plant, most distinctly one piece. Root whitish, with fcattered capillary fibres. Stem herbaceous, pale green, in parts purple, hairy, cross-armed, produced into a long raceme crowded at the fummit. Branchlets, fimilar to the stem, leaf-bearing; fimilar, but smaller leaves rifing also from their axils. Leaves fixed, roundish-rhomboidal, notched, pointed, hairy, dark green, the lower pairs respectively equal, the odd one much larger, strongly ribbed with proceffes from the petiolbranches, conjoined by the basis of the ribs, in the form of a starlet, each ray, whitish and furrowed within. Calyx green. Petals white.