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PER. Legume flattish, long, pointed, mostly five-celled.
Seeds mostly five; compressed, wrinkled, roundish.
Leaves rather hearted, two-lobed; some with rounded, some with

pointed, lobes. Flowers chiefly purplish and rose-coloured, fragrant ; the sweet and beautiful buds are eaten by the natives in their favory mesles. We have seen many species and varieties of this charming plant: one had racemed flowers, with petals equal, expanding, lanced, exquisitely white, with a rose-coloured stripe from the base of each to its centre; anthers, four only, fertile ; fix, much shorter, sterile ; a second had three fertile, and feven very fort, barren ; another had light purple corols, with no more than five filaments, three longer, coloured, curved in a line of beauty. A noble Climbing BAUHINIA was lately sent from Népál; with flowers racemed, cream-coloured ; style, pink; germ, villous ; ftamens three filaments, with rudiments of two more ; stem, downy, four-furrowed, often spirally. Tendrils opposite, below the leaves. Leaves two-lobed, extremely large: it is a stout climber up the highest Arundo Vénu.

ARUNDO The Sanscrit name Mandára is erroneously applied to this plant in the first volume of Van RHEEDE.

42. CAPITT'HA: Syn.

Gráhin, Dadhitt'ha, Manmatha, Dadhip’hala, Pushpap hala, Dantas'at'ba. VULG. Cat'b-bél. Koen. Crateva, Valanga. Cal. Perianth five-parted, minute, deciduous ; divifons expanded,

acute, Cor. Petals five, equal, oblong, reflected. STAM.

Filaments ten, very short, with a small gland between each pair, awled, furrowed. Anthers, thick, five times as long as the filaments ; furrowed, coloured, erect-expanding.

Pist. Germ roundish, girt with a downy coronet. Style cylindrick,

short. Stigma simple. Per. Berry large, spheroidal, rugged, often warted, externally, netted

within ; many-seeded. Seeds oblong-roundish, flat, woolly, nestling in five parcels, affixed

by long threads to the branchy receptacles. Flowers axillary, mostly toward the unarmed extremity of the branch.

Divisions of the Perianth, with pink tips; petals, pale; anthers, crimson, or covered with bright yellow pollen. Fruit extremely acid before its maturity ; when ripe, filled with dark brown pulp agreeably subacid.

Leaves jointedly feathered with an odd one ; leaflets five, seven, or nine ; small, glossy, very dark on one side, inversehearted, obtusely-notched, dotted round the margin with pellucid specks, very strongly flavoured and scented like anise. Thorns long, sharp, solitary, ascending, nearly cross-armed, axillary, three or four petiols to one thorn. KLEINHOFF limits the heighth of the tree to thirty feet, but we have young trees forty or fifty feet high ; and at Bandell there is a full-grown Capitt' ha equal in fize to the true Bilva, from its fancied resemblance to which the vulgar name has been taken : when the trees flourish, the air around them breathes the odour of anise both from the leaves and the blossoms; and I cannot help mentioning a singular fact which may indeed, have been purely accidental : not a single flower, out of hundreds examined by me, had both perfeet germs, and anthers visibly fertile, while others, on the same tree and at the same time, had their anthers profusely covered with pollen, but scarce any styles, and germs to all appearance abortive.

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Syn. Tunna, Tuni, Cach’ba, Cántalaca, Cuni, Nandivržcha.
Vulg. Túni, Tún ; absurdly, Viláyatà Nim.

Linn. Between CedRELA and SWIETENIA.
CAL. Perianth one-leaved, five-cleft, minute, deciduous ; divisons

roundish, concave, villous, expanding. COR. Rather belled. Petals five, inverse-egged, obtuse, concave,

erect, white with a greenish tint, three exterior lapping over the two others. Nektary short, five-parted; divisons roundish, orangescarlet, bright and concave at the insertion of the stamens, rather

downy. StaM. Filaments five; inserted on the divisions of the nectary, awled,

somewhat converging, nearly as long as the style. Anthers doubled,

some three-parted, curved, incumbent. Pist. Germ egged, obscurely five-cleft. Style awled, erect, rather

than the corol. Stigma, broad-headed, flat, bright, green, circular, starred. Per. Capsule egged, five-celled, woody, gaping at the base. Recep

tacle five-angled. Seeds imbricated, winged. Leaves feathered, scarce ever with an odd one ; pairs from six to

twelve ; petioles, gibbous at their insertion, channelled on one side, convex and smooth on the other.

Stipules thick, short, roundish; leaflets oblong-lanced, pointed, waved, veined, nerve on one side. Panicles large, diffuse, consisting of compound racemes. Nectaries yielding a fine yellow dye. Wood light, in colour like Mahagoni.


44. NICHULA: Syn. Ambuja, Ijjala. Vulg. Hijala, Badia, Fyúli. Cal. Perianth one-leaved, belled, fleshy, downy, coloured, permanent, five-parted; divifons erect, pointed.




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Cor. Five-petaled; petals egged, short pointed, revolute, downy with

in and without. STAM. Filaments ten, five mostly shorter ; inserted in the bell of the

calyx; awled, villous. Anthers erect, oblong, furrowed.
Pist. Germ egg-oblong, very villous. Style thread-form, curved.

Stigma headed, with five obtuse corners.
Per. Drupe subglobular.
Nut scabrous, convex on one side, angled on the other.
Leaves feathered; pairs, from five to nine ; leaflets oblong, daggered,

notched. Calyx pale pink. Corol darker pink without, bright yel-
low within. Cyme terminal, spreading.

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Syn. Pun'draca, Váfanti, Madhavilatá.
Vulg. Madhavílatá.
Linn. Bengal BANISTERIA.
Rheede: Dewenda. 6. H. M. tab. 59.
Cal. Perianth one-leaved, five-parted, permanent; divisions, coloured,

oblong-oval, obtuse; between two of them, a rigid glossy honey

bearing tubercle, hearted, acute. Cor. Five-petaled, imitating a boatform corol: wings, two petals,

conjoined back to back, involving the nectary, and retaining the

honey. Awning, large concave, more beautifully coloured. Keel, two petals, less

than the wings, but similar. All five, roundish, elegantly fringed,

with reflected margins, and short oblong claws. STEM. Filaments ten; one, longer. Anthers oblong, thickish, furrowed. Pist. Germs two, or three, coalesced. Style one, threadform, incurv

ed, shorter than the longest filament. Stigma, fimple. PER. Capsules two or three, mostly two, coalesced back to back; each



keeled, and extended into three oblong membranous wings, the lateral

shorter than the central. Seeds roundish, solitary. Racemes axillary. Flowers delicately fragrant ; white, with a shade of

pink : the large petal, supported by the nectareous tubercle, shaded internally with bright yellow and pale red. Bracts linear ; Wings of the seed, light brown; the long one russet.

Leaves opposite, eggoblong, pointed. Petiols short. Stipules linear, soft, three or four to each petiol. Two glands at the base of each leaf. Stem pale brown, ringed at the insertion of the leaves, downy.

This was the favourite plant of SaCONTALA, which she very justly called the Delight of the Woods ; for the beauty and fragrance of its flowers give them a title to all the praises, which CA'lida's and JAYADE'va bestow on them : it is a gigantick and luxuriant climber ; but, when it meets with nothing to grasp, it assumes the form of a sturdy tree, the highest branches of which display, however, in the air their natural flexibility and inclination to climb. The two names Vásantì and Mádhavà indicate a vernal flower ; but I have seen an Atimusta rich both in blossoms and fruit on the first of January.

Syn. Pitana, Capitana.
Vulg. Amdá, pronounced Amrá, or A'mlá.
Linn. SPONDIAS Myrobalan B. or a new species.

The natural character as in LINNÆUS. Leaves feathered with an odd one : leaflets mostly five-paired, egg-oblong, pointed, margined, veined, nerved; common petiol, smooth, gibbous at the base. Flowers raceme-panicled, yellowish white. Fruit agreeably acid ; thence used


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