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PER. Legume flattish, long, pointed, moftly five-celled. SEEDS mostly five; compreffed, wrinkled, roundish. LEAVES rather hearted, two-lobed; fome with rounded, fome with pointed, lobes. Flowers chiefly purplish and rose-coloured, fragrant; the sweet and beautiful buds are eaten by the natives in their savory meffes. We have seen many species and varieties of this charming plant one had racemed flowers, with petals equal, expanding, lanced, exquifitely white, with a rofe-coloured stripe from the base of each to its centre; anthers, four only, fertile; fix, much fhorter, fterile ; a fecond had three fertile, and feven very short, barren; another had light purple corols, with no more than five filaments, three longer, coloured, curved in a line of beauty. A noble Climbing BAUHINIA was lately fent from Nepál; with flowers racemed, cream-coloured; ftyle, pink; germ, villous; ftamens three filaments, with rudiments of two more; ftem, downy, four-furrowed, often fpirally. Tendrils oppofite, below the leaves. Leaves two-lobed, extremely large: it is a ftout climber up the higheft ARUNDO Vénu. The Sanferit name Mandára is erroneously applied to this plant in the first volume of VAN RHEEDE.
Gráhin, Dadbitt'ha, Manmatha, Dadhip' hala, Pushpap' hala, Dantas' at'ha.
KOEN. Crateva, Valanga.
CAL. Perianth five-parted, minute, deciduous; divifions expanded,
COR. Petals five, equal, oblong, reflected.
STAM. Filaments ten, very short, with a small gland between each pair, awled, furrowed. Anthers, thick, five times as long as the filaments; furrowed, coloured, erect-expanding.
PIST. Germ roundish, girt with a downy coronet. Style cylindrick, fhort. Stigma fimple.
PER. Berry large, fpheroidal, rugged, often warted, externally, netted within; many-feeded.
SEEDS oblong-roundish, flat, woolly, neftling in five parcels, affixed by long threads to the branchy receptacles.
Flowers axillary, moftly toward the unarmed extremity of the branch. Divifions of the Perianth, with pink tips; petals, pale; anthers, crimfon, or covered with bright yellow pollen. Fruit extremely acid before its maturity; when ripe, filled with dark brown pulp agreeably fubacid. Leaves jointedly feathered with an odd one; leaflets five, seven, or nine; small, gloffy, very dark on one fide, inversehearted, obtufely-notched, dotted round the margin with pellucid fpecks, very strongly flavoured and fcented like anife. Thorns long, sharp, folitary, afcending, nearly cross-armed, axillary, three or four petiols to one thorn. KLEINHOFF limits the heighth of the tree to thirty feet, but we have young trees forty or fifty feet high; and at Bandell there is a full-grown Capitt'ha equal in fize to the true Bilva, from its fancied refemblance to which the vulgar name has been taken when the trees flourish, the air around them breathes the odour of anife both from the leaves and the bloffoms; and I cannot help mentioning a fingular fact which may indeed, have been purely accidental: not a fingle flower, out of hundreds examined by me, had both perfect germs, and anthers visibly fertile, while others, on the fame tree and at the fame time, had their anthers profufely covered with pollen, but fcarce any ftyles, and germs to all appearance
SYN. Tunna, Tuni, Cach'ha, Cántalaca, Cuni, Nandivricha.
VULG. Túni, Tún; abfurdly, Viláyatì Nim.
LINN. Between CEDRELA and SWIETENIA.
CAL. Perianth one-leaved, five-cleft, minute, deciduous; divifions roundish, concave, villous, expanding.
COR. Rather belled. Petals five, inverfe-egged, obtufe, concave, erect, white with a greenish tint, three exterior lapping over the two others. Nectary fhort, five-parted; divifions roundish, orangefcarlet, bright and concave at the infertion of the ftamens, rather downy.
STAM. Filaments five; inferted on the divifions of the nectary, awled, somewhat converging, nearly as long as the style. Anthers doubled,
fome three-parted, curved, incumbent.
PIST. Germ egged, obfcurely five-cleft. Style awled, erect, rather longer than the corol. Stigma, broad-headed, flat, bright, green, circular, ftarred.
PER. Capfule egged, five-celled, woody, gaping at the bafe. Receptacle five-angled.
SEEDS imbricated, winged.
Leaves feathered, scarce ever with an odd one; pairs from fix to twelve; petioles, gibbous at their insertion, channelled on one fide, convex and fmooth on the other. Stipules thick, short, roundish; leaflets oblong-lanced, pointed, waved, veined, nerve on one fide. Panicles large, diffuse, confifting of compound racemes. Nectaries yielding a fine yellow dye. Wood light, in colour like Mahagoni.
SYN. Ambuja, Ijjala.
VULG. Hijala, Badia, Jyúli.
CAL. Perianth one-leaved, belled, flefhy, downy, coloured, permanent,
five-parted; divifions erect, pointed.
COR. Five-petaled; petals egged, short pointed, revolute, downy within and without.
STAM. Filaments ten, five moftly fhorter; inferted in the bell of the
calyx; awled, villous. Anthers erect, oblong, furrowed.
PIST. Germ egg-oblong, very villous. Style thread-form, curved.
PER. Drupe fubglobular.
Nut fcabrous, convex on one fide, angled on the other.
Leaves feathered; pairs, from five to nine; leaflets oblong, daggered, notched. Calyx pale pink. Corol darker pink without, bright yellow within. Cyme terminal, fpreading.
SYN. Pun'draca, Váfantí, Mádhavílatá.
LINN. Bengal BANISTERIA.
RHEEDE: Dewenda. 6. H. M. tab. 59.
CAL. Perianth one-leaved, five-parted, permanent; divifions, coloured, oblong-oval, obtufe; between two of them, a rigid gloffy honeybearing tubercle, hearted, acute.
COR. Five-petaled, imitating a boatform corol: wings, two petals, conjoined back to back, involving the nectary, and retaining the honey.
Awning, large concave, more beautifully coloured. Keel, two petals, less than the wings, but fimilar. All five, roundish, elegantly fringed, with reflected margins, and short oblong claws.
PIST. Germs two, or three, coalefced.
STEM. Filaments ten; one, longer. Anthers oblong, thickish, furrowed.
ed, shorter than the longest filament.
keeled, and extended into three oblong membranous wings, the lateral shorter than the central.
SEEDS roundish, folitary.
Racemes axillary. Flowers delicately fragrant; white, with a fhade of pink the large petal, fupported by the nectareous tubercle, fhaded internally with bright yellow and pale red. Bracts linear; Wings of the feed, light brown; the long one ruffet. Leaves oppofite, eggoblong, pointed. Petiols fhort. Stipules linear, foft, three or four to each petiol. Two glands at the base of each leaf. Stem pale brown, ringed at the insertion of the leaves, downy.
This was the favourite plant of SACONTALA, which the very juftly called the Delight of the Woods; for the beauty and fragrance of its flowers give them a title to all the praises, which CA'LIDA's and JAYADE'VA bestow on them: it is a gigantick and luxuriant climber; but, when it meets with nothing to grafp, it affumes the form of a sturdy tree, the highest branches of which display, however, in the air their natural flexibility and inclination to climb. The two names Váfantì and Mádhavì indicate a vernal flower; but I have seen an Atimucta rich both in blossoms and fruit on the first of January.
SYN. Pitana, Capitana.
VULG. Amdá, pronounced A'mrá, or Amlá.
The natural character as in LINNEUS. Leaves feathered with an odd one: leaflets mostly five-paired, egg-oblong, pointed, margined, veined, nerved; common petiol, smooth, gibbous at the base. Flowers raceme-panicled, yellowish white. Fruit agreeably acid; thence used