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formation communicated to me by Mr. BURT, the gentleman who had charge of the plants that flowered at Gaya, and who gave Sir WILLIAM JONES the drawing and defcription thereof.

Defcription of the Plant.

Root, it is already defcribed above.

Stem, lower part perennial, involved in fibrous fheaths, &c. as above defcribed; the upper part herbaceous fuberect, fimple, from fix to twelve inches long.

Leaves four-fold, the lowermoft pair of the four radical are oppofite, feffile, oblong, forming, as it were a two-valved fpathe; the other pair are alfo oppofite petiol'd, cordate, margins waved, and pointed; those of the ftem feffile, and lanceolate, all are smooth on both fides. Corymb terminal, firft divifion trichotomous.

Bracts awl'd.

Calyx scarce any.

Corol one petal'd, funnel-shaped, tube fomewhat gibbous. five-cleft.


Stamens, filaments three, project above the tube of the corol; anthers incumbent.

Pistil, germ beneath. Style erect, length of the tube. Stigma simple. Pericarp, a fingle feed crowned with a pappus.


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As far as we can determine the clafs and order of a plant from a

mere delineation of its fruit, we may safely pronounce, that the Léram of Nicobar is the Cádhi of the Arabs, the Cétaca of the Indians, and the Pandanus of our botanists, which is described very awkwardly (as KOENIG first observed to me) in the Supplement to LINNEUS: he had himself described with that elegant concifenefs, which constitutes the beauty of the Linnean method, not only the wonderful fructification of the fragrant Cétaca, but most of the flowers, which are celebrated in Sanfcrit, by poets for their colour or scent and by phyficians for their medical uses; and, as he bequeathed his manufcripts to Sir JOSEPH BANKS, we may be fure, that the publick spirit of that illustrious naturalist will not fuffer the labours of his learned friend to be funk in oblivion. Whether the PANDANUS Léram be a new fpecies, or only a variety, we cannot yet pofitively decide; but four of the plants have been brought from Nicobar, and feem to flourish in the Company's Botanical Garden, where they will probably blossom; and the greatest encouragement will, I truft, be given to the cultivation of fo precious a vegetable. A fruit weighing twenty or thirty pounds, and containing a farinaceous fubftance, both palatable and nutritive in a high


degree, would perhaps, if it were common in these provinces, for ever fecure the natives of them from the horrors of famine; and the Pandanus of Bengal might be brought, I conceive, to equal perfection with that of Nicobar, if due care were taken to plant the male and female trees in the fame place, inftead of leaving the female, as at present, to bear an imperfect and unproductive fruit, and the diftant male to fpread itself only by the help of its radicating branches.


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