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Negative verbs are formed by prefixing aj or ; to the affirmative in all the tenses, as

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I know not why the damsels, tall as cypresses, with black eyes, bright as the moon, have not the colour of love.

Hafiz.

OF IRREGULAR VERBS. . In the ancient language of Persia there were very few or no irregularities : the imperative, which is often irregular in the modern Persian, was anciently formed from the infinitive by rejecting the termination ody eeden; for originally all infinitives ended in wo den, till the Arabs introduced their harsh consonants before that fyllable, which obliged the Persians, who always affected a sweetness of pronunciation, to change the old termination of some verbs into waten, and by degrees the original infinitives grew quite obsolete: yet they still retain the ancient imperatives and the aorists which are formed from them. This little irregularity is the only anomalous part of the Persian language, which, nevertheless, far surpasses in fimplicity all other languages, ancient or modern, of which I have any knowledge. This remark on the formation of the Persian imperatives from an obsolete verb, may be useful to those who are curious in ancient dialects; as it will enable them to trace out a considerable part of the old Persian language

;

لري which has the fame relation to the modern ,پهلوي or Pehlevian

;

or Persick, as the Icelandick has to the Danish, and the Saxon to the English ; and which was, perhaps, spoken in the age of Xenophon. This is the language in which the works of Zeratusht or Zoroalter are

preserved,

preserved, and into which the fables of Bidpai or Pilpai were first translated from the Indian: but as we rejected the Saxon alphabet to admit the Roman ; so the Persians, when they embraced the religion of Mahomet, adopted the characters in which the Alcoran was written, and incorporated into their language a multitude of Arabick words and phrases.

The Persian verbs that form their imperatives, and consequently their aorists, from obsolete infinitives, may be distributed into the following classes : the old infinitives may be found by adding acy eeden to the imperatives, and the aorists by adding to them the personal terminations.

I.

تن or لن Irregulars that form their imperatives by rejecting

Inin.

Imper.

Aorist.

caüəs to draw a fabre. .

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to Joo together اژدن

to rebuke آزاردن
to embrace اغوشتن

to cut اغيشتن
to Jpeak idly افشاردن
to prinkle افشاندن
to prefs انشرلن افکندن
.وكندن or
llء أكندن

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اغوشم اغيشم افشارم

افشانم

افشرم

to throw down

انکن

افکنم

أكنم

آوردن

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بافم برم

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to bear برلن
to educate پرورلن
to send her پژمردن

to be بولن
to read خواندن

to eat خوردن
to drive راندن

to buz ریستن
to reign سپردن

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to hunt

شکر شمار

to have ستران to comb شاندن to cleate شکافتن شکردن to number شمردن

to hear شنولن to lumber غنولن to freeze فسردن

شمارم

شنوم

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خوم

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فسر

و فشردن

فشارم and فشرد

فشار and نشر

to press

نکن

افشردن for و فکندن

افکندن for to perform کارکن

نکنم

شراره کسترلن

to throw

كرار

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