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called Plásley by the vulgar, but properly Palási ; and, on every account, it must be hoped, that this noble plant will retain its ancient and classical appellation. A grove of Palásas was formerly the principal ornament of Crishna-nagar, where we still see the trunk of an aged tree near fix feet in circumference. This genus as far as we can judge from written descriptions, seems allied to the Nifolia.

Syn. Chirabilva, Nastamála, Caraja.
Vulg. Caranja.
Rheede: Caranschi, 6 H. M. tab. 3.
CAL. Perianth one-leaved, cup-form, obscurely five-toothed, or scal-

loped, beaked. Cor. Boat-form. Awning broad, end-nicked, striated, rather spirally inflected, with two

callosities at its base. Wings oblong, of the same length with the awning. Keel rather shorter, gibbous below, two-parted. STAM. Filaments nine in one body, gaping at the base, and discover

ing a tenth close to the style. Anthers egged, erect. Pist. Germ above, oblong, downy. Style incurved at the top. Stigma

rather headed. Per. Legume mostly one-seeded, thick, rounded above, flattish, beaked

below. SeeD oblong-roundish, rather kidney-form. Racemes axillary. Awning pale ; wings violet. Leaves feathered with

an odd one, mostly two-paired ; leaflets egg-oblong, pointed, keeled, short-petioled; brownish on one side, pale on the other. Common petiol gibbous at its base. The seed yields an oil supposed to be a cure for the most inveterate scabies.

03. Arjuna :


Syn. Nadísarja, Virataru, Indradru, Cacubha.
Vulg. Jaral.
RHEEDE. Adamboe; 4 H. M. tab. 20, 21, 22.
Linn. Beautiful MunCHHAUSIA ?
Koen. Queen’s-flower LAGERSTROEMIA ?
CAL. Perianth one-leaved, fix-cleft, top-shaped, furrowed, with pro-

tuberant ridges, downy, permanent; divisions, coloured, with points

reflected. Cor. Petals six, roundish, somewhat notched, expanding, wavy; claws

short, inserted in the calyx. STAM. Filaments coloured, numerous, capillary shortish, obscurely

conjoined in six parcels, one to each divison of the calyx; Anthers

thick, incumbent, roundish, kidney-shaped. Pist. Germ above, egged. Style coloured, longifh, thread-form, in

curved. Stigma obtuse. Per. Capsule egged, fix-celled, fix-valved. SEEDS numerous. Panicles, racemed, terminal, erect. Flowers violet or light purple, in the highest degree beautiful. Leaves alternate, leathery, some

opposite, egg-oblong, stipuled, most entire, short-petioled, smooth, paler beneath. Branches round and smooth: I have seen a single panicle, waving near the summit of the tree, covered with blossoms, and as large as a milk-maid's garland. The timber is used for the building of small boats.

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04. VANDA':
Syn. Vržcfhádani, Vricharuhá, Jivantica.
Vulg. Bándà, Persárà, Perafárà.
These names, like the Limæan, are applicable to all parasite plants.
LINN. Retuse-leaved EPIDENDRUM?


CAL. Spathes, minute, straggling.
Cor: Petals five, diverging, oval-oblong, obtuse, wavy; the two low-

est larger ; the three highest, equal, bent towards the nectary. Neetary central, rigid: Mouth gaping oblique: Upper lip shorter,

three-parted, with a polished honey-cup ; under lip, concave in the middle, keeled above, with two smaller cavities below; two processes at the base, incurved, hollow, oval-pointed, converging, honey

bearing. STAM. Filaments very short. Anthers round, flattish, margined,

covered with a lid, easily deciduous from the upper lip of the

nectary. Pist. Germ beneath, long, ribbed, contorted with curves of opposite

flexure. Style very short, adhering to the upper lip. Stigma simple. Per. Capsule oblong-conick, wreathed, fix-keeled, each with two

smaller keels, three-celled; crowned with the dry corol. Seeds innumerable like fine dust, affixed to the Receptacle with ex

tremely fine hairs, which become thick wool. Scapes incurved, solitary, from the cavity of the leaf, at most seven

flowered': pedicels alternate. Petals milk-white externally, transparent; brown within, yellow-spotted. Upper lip of the nectary snow-white; under lip, rich purple or light crimson striated at the base, with a bright yellow gland, as it seems, on each process. The flowers gratefully fragrant and exquisitely beautiful, looking as if composed of shells or made of enamel; crisp, elastick, viscid internally. Leaves sheathing, opposite, equally curved, rather fleshy, swordform, retuse in two ways at the summit, with one acute point. Roots fibrous smooth, flexible ; shooting even from the top of the leaves. This lovely plant attaches itself chiefly to the highest Amras and Bilvas; but it is an air-plant, and lives in a pot without earth or water : its leaves are excavated upwards to catch and retain dew. It most resembles the first and second Maravaras of Van RHEEDE in


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its roots, leaves, and fruit, but rather differs from them in its inflorescence. Since the parasites are distinguished by the trees, on which they most commonly grow, this may in Sanscrit be called Amaravandà ; and the name Baculavandà should be applied to the Loranthus; while the Viscum of the Oak, I am told, is named Vandà simply and transcendently, the Vandáca, or Oak, being held sacred.

65. A'MALACI':
Syn. Tishyap halá, Amriti, Vayast’há.
Linn. PHYLLANTHUS Emblicá.

Syn. Caripippali, Capiballi, Colaballī, S'réyas'i, Vaslira. Some add,

Chavicá or Chavya, but that is named, in the Amaracós, as a distinct

plant, vulgarly Chava or Cbayi.
Vulg. Pippal-j'hanca, Maidah.

Male Flowers.
Cal. Common Perianth four-leaved ; leaflets, roundish, concave; the

two exterior, opposite, smaller; containing from eight to fourteen

florets. Partial calyx, none. Cor. None. Netary, many yellow glands on the pedicel of the

filaments. STAM. Filaments from eight to eighteen in each floret, connected by

a short villous pedicel, threadform, very hairy. Antbers large, netted,

irregular, inflated, containing the pollen.
Pist. Rudiments of a germ and style, withering.

Female Flowers.
Cal. Common Perianth as in the male, but smaller ; containing from

ten to twelve florets.
Partial calyx, none; unless you assume the corol. .


Cor. Many-petaled, belled. Petals erect lance-linear, fleshy, covered

within, and externally with white hairs. Nectary, yellow glands

sprinkling the receptacle. Pist. Germ oval. Style cylindrick, curved at the base. Stigma headed. Per. Berry globular, one-seeded. SeeD, spherical smooth. Flowers umbelled, yellow from their anthers. Leaves mostly oblong

lanced, but remarkably varying in shape, alternate. Both flowers and fruit have an agreeable scent of lemon-peel; and the berries, as a native gardener informs me, are used as a spice or condiment: it was from him that I learned the Sanscrit name of the plant; but as balli means a creeper, and as the Pippal-jbanca is a tree perfectly able to stand without support, I suspect in some degree the accuracy of his information; though I cannot account for his using a Sanscrit word without being led to it, unless he had acquired at least traditional knowledge. It might be referred, from the imperfect mixed flower, to the twenty-third class.

07. SA'CO'TA'CA:
Vulg. Sy’ura, or Syaura.
Koen. Roughleaved Tropbis?


CAL. Common imbricated ; leaflets fix or eight, egged, acute, small,

expanding, withering, containing generally from five to seven flow

erets. Partial four-parted; divifons egged, expanded, villous. Cor. None, unless


afsuine the calyx. STAM. Filaments mostly four (in fome, three; in one, five) awled,

fleshy, rather compressed, fpreading over the divisions of the calyx,

and adhering to them at the point. Anthers double, folded. The buds elastick, springing open on a touch.


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