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LONDON
GEORGE ROUTLEDGE AND SONS, Limited

BROADWAY, LUDGATE HILL

MANCHESTER AND NEW YORK

1892

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

GIFT OF
PROF. JOHN TUCKER MURRAY

JUNE 13, 1938

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Joannis Miltoni, Angli, de Doctrina Christiana libri duo posthuml. A Treatise on Chils

tian Doctrine, compiled from the Holy Scriptures alone. By JOHN MILTON. Translated

from the original by Charles R. Sumner, M.A., &c., &c. 1825. TOWARDS the close of the year 1823 Mr. Lemon, Deputy Keeper of the State Papers, in the course of his researches among the presses of his office, met with a large Latin manuscript. With it were found corrected copies of the foreign despatches written by Milton, while he filled the office of Secre. tary, and several papers relating to the Popish Trials and the Rye House Plot. The whole was wrapped up in an envelope, superscribed “ To Mr. Skinner, Merchant.On examination, the large manuscript proved to be the long lost Essay on the Doctrines of Christianity, which, according to Wood and Toland, Milton finished after the Restoration, and deposited with Cyriac Skinner. Skinner, it is well known, held the same political opinions with his illustrious friend. It is, therefore, probable, as Mr. Lemon conjectures, that he may have fallen under the suspicions of the Government during that persecution of the Whigs which followed the dissolution of the Oxford Par. liament, and that, in consequence of a general seizure of his papers, this work may have been brought to the office in which it has been found. Bat whatever the adventures of the manuscript may have been, no doubt can exist that it is a genuine relic of the great poet.

Mr. Sumner, who was commanded by his Majesty to edit and translate the treatise, has acquitted himself of his task in a manner honourable to his talents and to his character. His version is not, indeed, very easy or elegant ; but it is entitled to the praise of clearness and fidelity. His notes abound with interesting quotations, and have the rare merit of really elucidating the ext. The preface is evidently the work of a sensible and candid man, firm n his own religious opinions, and tolerant towards those of others.

The book itself will not add much to the fame of Milton. It is, like all is Latin works, well written though not exactly in the style of the Prize Essays of Oxford and Cambridge. There is no elaborate imitation of clas. ical antiquity, no scrupulous purity, none of the ceremonial cleanness which haracterizes the diction of our academical Pharisees. He does not attempt

polish and brighten his composition into the Ciceronian gloss and brilliancy. Ie does not, in short, sacrifice sense and spirit to pedantic refinements. The ature of his subject compelled him to use many words

“That would have made Quintilian stare and gasp." ut he writes with as much ease and freedom as if Latin were his mothe. ngue ; and where he is least happy, his failure seems to arise from the care ssness of a native, not from the ignorance of a foreigner. What Denham ith great felicity says of Cowley may be applied to him. He wears the urb, but not the clothes of the ancients. Throughout the volume are discernible the traces of a powerful and inde. ndent mind, emarcipated from the influence of authority, and devoted to e search of trutin. He professes to form his system from the Bible alone;

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