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ocean feveral gallies, which were rowed
of thefe were endeavouring to make the Coast of Gain by hanging out falfe colours, or by forging their paffports, and pretending to be freighted out by the moft reputable traders.
My eyes were at laft fixed, I know not how, on a fpacious channel, running through the midst of a great city. I felt fuch a fecret impulfe at this fight, that I could not help enquiring particularly about it. The difcovery of that paffage,' faid the Genius, was first made by one Bickerstaff, in the good 'fhip called The Tatler, and who after'wards embarked in The Spectator and
Guardian. These have been followed fince by a number of little floops, fkiffs, hoys, and cock-boats, which have been most of them wrecked in the attempt. Thither alfo muft your courfe be directed.'-At this inftant
the Genius fuddenly fnatched me up in his arms, and plunged me headlong into the inky flood. While I lay gasping and ftruggling beneath the waves, methought I heard a familiar voice calling me by my name; which awaking me, I with pleafure recollected the features of the Genius in thofe of my publisher, who was standing by my bed-fide, and had called upon me for copy.
No IV. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1754.
CONJUGIUM VOCAT, HOC PRÆTEXIT NOMINE CULPAM.
WHERE MATRIMONY VEILS TH' INCESTUOUS LIFE.
T is with the utmost concern I have
accused at several tea-tables, of not being a man of my word. The female part of my readers exclaim against me for not having as yet paid my particu"Who is this lar addreffes to the fair.
< Where can Mr. Town?" fays one: • the creature live? He has faid nothing yet of the dear Burletta girl. Another wonders that I have not recommended to the ladies Mr. Hoyle's New Calculation of Chances; for understanding which nothing more is required, we are told, than the Firft Principles of Arithmetic; that is, to know how to tell the pips, and fet up one's game. But I find the whole fex in general have expected
towns, where he will exhibit publicly, without lofs of time, any hour of the day or night. He will perform to no lefs than two perfons, and will wait on any gentleman and lady privately at their
We have no connection with the Fleet parfons, or other pretenders. Beware of counterfeits. Ego fum folus.
I may perhaps take a future opportunity of enlarging on this very important fubject, the Marriage-Bill; but fhall at prefent oblige the ladies by celebrating an order of females lately fprung up among them, ufually diftinguished by the denomination of Demi-Reps a word not to be found in any of our dictionaries.
This order, which feems daily encreafing upon us, was first inftituted by fome ladies eminent for their public fpirit, with a view of raifing their half of the fpecies to a level with the other in the unbounded licence of their enjoyments. By this artifice the moft open violation of modefty takes the name of innocent freedom and gaiety; and as long as the laft failing remains a fecret, the lady's honour is fpotlefs and untainted. In a word, a Demi-Rep is a lady, whom every body thinks, what nobody chufes to call her.
neft woman of her,' fhe is entitled to all the licence of a courtefan,
I have lately feen, with a good deal of compaffion, a few forward maiden ladies invefting themselves with the dignities, and encroaching on the privileges of this tion them to recede in time. As their order. It may not be improper to cauclaim to thefe liberties is unwarranted by cuftom, they will not retain that ambiguous reputation enjoyed by the DemiReps, whofe whole fyftem of conduct is founded on the bafis of matrimony. Every lady, therefore, inclined to indulge herfelf in all thofe little innocent freedoms, fhould confine herself within the pale of matrimony, to elude cenfure; as infolvent debtors avoid a jail by lodging within the verge of the court.
A Demi-Rep then muft neceffarily be married: nor is it eafy for a lady to maintain fo critical a character, unless the is a woman of fashion. Titles and eftates bear down all weak cenfures, and filence fcandal and detraction. That good-breeding too, fo inviolably preferved among perfons of condition, is of infinite fervice. This produces that delightful infipidity fo remarkable in perfons of quality, whofe conversation flows with an even tenor, undisturbed by fentiment, and unruffled by paffion: infomuch that hufbands and wives, brothers, fifters, cousins, and in fhort the whole circle of kindred and acquaintance, can entertain the most thorough contempt and even hatred for each other, without tranfgreffing the minutest article of good-breeding and civility. But thofe females, who want the advantages of birth and fortune, must be content to wrap themfelves up in their integrity; for the lower fort are so notoriously deficient in the requifites of politeness, that they would not fail to throw out the molt cruel and bitter invectives against the pretty delinquents.
It is abfolutely neceffary, that every lady of this order fhould be married. Cuftom has given a certain charm to wedlock, which changes the colour of our actions, and renders that behaviour not improper, which in a state of celibacy would be accounted indecent and fcandalous. As to the promises made in marriage, to love, honour, and * obey, custom has made them alfo merely ceremonial, and in fact as little binding as the wedding-ring, which may be put on or pulled off at pleafure. Religious and political writers have both for different reasons endeavoured to The great world will, I doubt not, encourage frequent marriages: but this return me thanks for thus keeping the order if it maintains its ground, will more Canaille at a diftance, and fecuring to certainly promote them. How inviting them a quiet poffeffion of their enjoymuft fuch a tate appear to a woman of ments. And here I cannot but obferve, fpirit! An English wife, with all the in- how refpectable an order the Demi-Reps difcretions of a girl, may affume more compofe, of which the lovely fifterhood than the privileges of a woman; may muftall be married, and almost all Right trifle publicly with the beaus and fmarts, Honourable. introduce them to her toilette, and fix it as a certain rule in all her converfation and behaviour, that when once marriage has (in Lucy's phrase) made an ho
For this order, among many other embellishments of modern life, we are indebted to the French. Such flippant gaiety is more agreeable to the genius
of that nation. There is a native bathfulness inherent in my countrywomen, which it is not easy to furmount: but our modern fine ladies, who take as much pains to polish their minds as to adorn their perfons, have got over this obftacle with incredible facility. They have fo fkilfully grafted the French genius for intrigue upon British beauty and liberty, that their conduct appears perfectly original: though we must do the French the juftice to allow, that when a lady of this airy difpofition vifits Paris, fhe returns moft wonderfully improved, Upon the whole, France appears the propereft fchool to inftruct the ladies in the theory of their conduct; but England, and more efpecially London, the most commodious place to put it in practice, In this town, indeed, a lady ftudious of improvement, may in a very short time become a confiderable proficient, by frequenting the feveral academies kept conftantly open for her profit and inftruction. The card-tables and masquerades in particular have trained up fome ladies to a furprifing eminence, without the least affiftance from a foreign education,
It is obferved, that the difference be-, tween the feveral fpecies in the fcale of beings is but juft fufficient to preferve their diftinction; the highest of one order approaching fo near to the lowest of the other, that the gradation is hard to be, determined; as the colours of the rainbow, through an infinite variety of fhades, die away into each other imperceptibly. The Demi-Reps hold this intermediate station, in the characters of females, between the modeft women and the women of pleasure; to both which they are in fome measure connected, as they stand upon the utmoit verge of reputation, and totter on the brink of infamy. It were therefore to be wished, that thefe ladies wore fome fymbol of their order, or were diftinguished by
fome peculiar mode of drefs. The Romans affigned different habits to perfons of different ages and stations; and I hope, that when the bustle of the enfuing elections is over, the new parliament will take this matter into confideration, and oblige the feveral claffes of females to diftinguish themfelves by fome external marks and badges of their principles.
Till fome act of this nature shall take place, I fhall propofe a method, by which every lady may exactly learn in what clafs the may be reckoned. The world must know then, that my very good friend Mr. Ayfcough has at length with infinite pains and ftudy constructed a thermometer; upon which he has delineated, after the manner that the degrees of heat and cold are marked on the common fort, the whole fcale of female characters, from the most inviolable modesty to the most abandoned impudence. It is of a commodious fize to wear at a watch: the liquor within the tube is a chemical mixture, which being acted on by the circulation of the blood and animal fpirits, will rife and fall according to the defires and affections of the wearer. He will very fhortly publish a large affortment of them, to be fold at his fhop on Ludgate Hilla and I flatter myself, there are many women in England who will be glad to purchafe fuch an effectual regulator of their paffions. Every lady, therefore, may avail herfelf of the instructions of this pocket-monitor; a monitor, who will give her the most profitable lessons, without the ufual impertinence of advice. It will be of equal efficacy, if worn by the men. But I expect my friend will have but little of their cuf tom; for as the mere reputation of chastity is the utmost aim of a fine lady, to preferve even that, in a fine gentleman, is accounted mean and unmanly, Q.
No V. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1754.
Σκήψας ἐλαυνει λοιμος ἐχθίςος πολι
A PLAGUE HAS SEIZ'D US, AND THE TAINTED CITY
ΤΟ MR. TOWN,
Muft beg leave to trouble you on a
the court; and we are affured, that fome parts of the country are also tainted with it. I have had the honour to attend feveral members of parliament, whofe are very defperate. Some I
I moft serious and melancholy fubject; cafes declining way, given over by all
a fubject, which I fear will be attended with the moft dreadful confequences to the whole nation. Notwithtanding the laft mail brought the college pofitive affurances from the French King's phyficians, that the late PLAGUE at Rouen was entirely ceafed, I have the strongest reafons to apprehend, that the contagion is already spread to this city. My own practice daily furnishes me with lamentable instances, that manifeftly indicate a peftilential disorder in the blood and humours.
I was first induced to fufpect, that fome epidemical diftemper was taking root among us, from my being called in to a noble patient, who (as the public prints have informed you) has lately been afflicted with a violent boil on his back. From this patient there have iffued continually great quantities of corruption of a yellow hue. His complaint feems to be in fome fort conftitutional, as it commonly breaks out with extraordinary virulence every seven years; and as this is the crifis, we cannot pronounce our noble patient out of danger, till he has got over the enfuing fpring. It is moreover to be feared, that the contagion has likewife reached Ireland; where we hear that the beft phyficians are using the mott forcing medicines, and are of opinion that nothing can relieve the unhappy people, till they have voided a STONE. A great man there labours alfo under the abovementioned complaint of having a vio lent BOYLE on his back*.
I fhall now proceed to give you the hiftory of fome other cafes, which have fallen under my notice, and are to me an indifputable proof that the Plague has got footing among us. It's malignancy fhews itself particularly about
their friends; others are fo weak, that they can't ftand alone; and many are fo reftlefs, that they are continually turning from fide to fide. As I found they had great need of fupport, I have advised them to drink plentifully of trong liquors, and guard against the ill confequences of a Return.
I vifited the other day a young gentleman, who has lately been promoted to à command in the fquadron defigned for the Eaft- Indies. I found him in a most languifhing condition; his fpirits were quite depreffed; he had a violent palpitation of the heart; and the whole nervous fyftem was relaxed. I would have prefcribed the well-known dietdrink brought into practice by the late, Bishop of Cloyne; but he told me, every thing went against his ftomach that favoured of TAR. However, I at length prevailed on him to fubmit to a long courfe of fea-water. I have obferved the fame prognofties in fome of our land-officers; to whom I have recommended the frequent ufe of exercife, together with a course of fteel, and a powder compofed of nitre and fulphur.
A friend of mine, one of the commoncouncil men of this city, is infected to a ftrong degree with the prefent peftilence. His chief complaint is a canine appetite; and his wife affures me, the has often felt the wolf in his belly. The feat of this distemper is originally in the palate, and difcovers itself by a watering of the mouth from the falival glands, and a grinding of the teeth as in the action of maftication. This diforder being very common in the city, and likely to spread among the livery, I have directed him to perform quarantine for forty days, by abitaining from fleth during the prefent Lent.
* Alluding to fome disputes in Ireland.
I know another, a very worthy alderman, who now lies in a moit deplorable condition. He is fwelled to a most enormous fize; his whole face, and particu. larly his nofe, is crufted over with fiery puftules of the confluent kind. He is afflicted with an infatiable thirt, and is very fubject to falling-fits. I was fent for last night, when one of these fits had juft feized him. He lay to all appearance dead on the floor, wallowing in the midit of a foetid mafs, partly folid, par ly fluid, which had iffued from his inouth and noftrils with repeated eructations. I would immediately have administered to him a proper dofe of Ag. Font. tepefat. but on offering him the draught, he thewed the ftrongest fymp. toms of a confirmed hydrophobia.
I went out of charity to fee a poor tragic author, (no reflection upon any of the profeffion, Mr. Town) who has been obliged to keep his room all the winter, and is dying by inches of an inveterate atrophy. By his extravagant ravings, fudden ftarts, incoherent expreflions, and paffionate exclamations, I judged his diforder to be feated in the brain, and therefore dire&ted his head to be blistered all over. I cured another, a comic author, of a lethargy, by making a revuition of the bad humour from the part affected with ftimulating cathartics. A fhort fquabby gentleman of a grofs and corpulent make was feized with a kind of St. Vitus dance, as he was practifing Harlequin for the mafquerade: his whole body was convulfed with the most violent writhings and ir. regular twitches; but I prefently removed his complaint by applying blifters to the foles of his feet.
The Plague, as I obferved before, puts on different appearances in different Jubjects. A perfon of quality, one of the club at White's, was feized with the epidemical phrenzy raging there, which propagates itfelf by certain black and red fpots. He had fuffered fo much lofs by continual evacuations, that his whole fubitance was wafted; and when I faw him he was fo reduced, that there were no hopes of a recovery. Another nobleman caught the infection at Newmarket, which brought upon him fuch a running, that he is now in the laft flage of a galloping confumption. A reverend divine, lately made a dignitary of the church, has unhappily foft his memory; and as fo blind withal, that he
hardly knows any of his old acquaint ance: the mufcles of his face are all contracted into an auftere frown, his knees are stiff and inflexible, and he is unable, poor gentleman! to bend his body, or move his hand to his head. I have obferved others feized at times with a ftrange kind of deafness; and ar certain intervals, I have found them fo prodigiously hard of hearing, that though a tradefiman has bawled ever fo loudly in their ears, it has had no effect upon them.
By what means this Plague has been introduced among us, cannot eafily be afcertained;-whether it was imported in the fame band-box with the last new head, or was fecretly conveyed in the plaits of an embroidered fuit :-but that it came over hither from France, plainly appears from the manner in which it affects our people of fafion, especially the ladies, who bear about them the most evident marks of the French difeafe. This is known to affect the whole habit of body, and extends it's influence from head to foot. But it's ftrongest attacks are levelled at the face; and it has fuch an effect upon the complexion, that it entirely changes the natural colour of the fkin. At Paris, the face of every lady you meet is befmeared with unguent, cerufs, and plaifter; and I have lately remarked, with infinite concern, the native charms of my pretty country-women destroyed by the fame cause. In this cafe I have always propofed calling in the affiftance of a furgeon to pare off this unnatural Epidermis or scarfkin, occafioned by the ignorance of Empirics in the immoderate application of Alteratives.
From what I have been able to collect from obfervations on my female patients, I have found little variation in the effects of the Plague on that fex. Moft of them complain of a laffitude, a liftleffnefs, an uneafinefs, pains they don' know where, vapours, hysterics, wan of reft, want of fpirits, and lofs of ap petite: confequently the fame regime may ferve for all. I advife them to u a great deal of exercise in driving abou the town, to dilute properly with tea, t perfpire freely at public places, and i their feafons to go to Bath, Tunbridg Cheltenham, or Scarborough.
I was indeed furprifed with an extra ordinary new cafe the other night, whe I was called out of bed to attend a ma