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Inacerent 4-27.1939

EXPLANATION OF THE PLATES.

PLATE 1.

Fig. 1. Sphæria on the leaf of an elm, p. 89.

A. A portion enlarged, and the cuticle parting.

B. The same enlarged, representing the capsules
Fig. 2. Sphæria bifrons, on a laurel leaf, p. 88, 89.

C. The front, and dorsal parts.

D. Imbedded capsules.
Fig. 3, Sphæria coryli, on a nut branch, p. 90.

E. The tubercle enlarged, bordered with the epidermis,

F. A section of the capsules at the base.
Fig. 4. Sphæria faginea, on a beech stick, p. 90.

G. Section of a tube, with the capsules at the base.
H. Group of the tubes detached from the bough, with

their capsules.
I. A tube detached

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PLATE 2.

Fig. 1. A chrysalis of an insect, p. 191, 192.

B. The inner hood.
Fig. 2. The branch of an apple-tree, infested with the aphis lanata.

p, 235, 236.
B. The aphis enlarged, with the globules, and the cotton

that surrounds them.
D. The early appearance of the insect with its termi.

nating bristle.
E. Appearance of the creature in winter.

WOOD ENGRAVINGS.

Spines and tubes of the hedge-hog, enlarged, p. 99.
Harvest mouse and nest, p. 100.
Plumage of lepidopterous insects, p. 194.
Agaricus surrectus, p. 256.
Roots of an ash, p. 258.

PREFACE.

Many years have now passed away since we were presented with that very interesting and amusing book, the “ Natural History of Selborne:” nor do I recollect any publication at all resembling it having since appeared. It early impressed on my mind an ardent love for all the ways and economy of nature, and I was thereby led to the constant observance of the rural objects around me. Accordingly, reflections have arisen, and notes been made, such as the reader will find them. The two works do not, I apprehend, interfere with each other. The meditations of separate naturalists in fields, in wilds, in woods, may yield a similarity of ideas; yet the different aspects under which the same things are viewed, and characters considered, afford infinite variety of description and narrative: mine, I confess, are but brief and slight sketches; plain observations of nature, the produce often of intervals of leisure and shattered health, affording no history of the country; a mere outline of rural things; the journal of a traveller through the inexhaustible regions of nature.

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CONTENTS.

Study of natural history no subject of ridicule-to be made an object in

youth-A beautiful Oak-tree-magnitude of several trees-uncertain in
producing acorns~a history of the oak might be written--all its products
valuable-Wych elm-its character-uses-magnitude-name-suffers in
early frosts-not beautiful in autumn—The buff tip moth-Trees con.
dense moisture-Air under trees-verdure-Utility and agency of foliage
-Prevalence of plants in soils-Fetid hellebore-uses-Village doctress
-Blossoms of plants-use not manifest-Carpenter bee-What flowers
most abundant-design of flowers-application of flowers-love of flowers
emblems-amusements of children-universal ornament-cultivation of
flowers—bouquet-Poplar tree--formation of foot-stalks-its suckers

41-58

Dyers' broom-gathering-dishonest practice-uses for the dyer-Confor.

mation of flax and silk-Nature of color-Snapdragon-an insect trap-
Dogsbane-very destructive-the object mysterious-Glaucous birthwort
-Snapdragon vegetates in great drought-Evaporation from the earth
-Ivy-its shelter and food for birds and insects-love of ivy-ornament
to ruins—its effect-Foxglove-grows only in particular soils--medicinal
uses-uncertain application-name-ancient names—Vindication of old
epithets- Ancient and modern remedies-Snowdrop-a native plant-
remains long in abandoned places-character of the snowdrop-Yellow
oat-grass--affected by drought-Vervain-ancient estimation, and appli.

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