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removals from different offices, or appointments and dignities, some are mentioned, but several omitted ; thus he neglected to notice the dates and various circumstances of the appointment of Haft hazario of GHAZIAD DÍN KHÁN BA HADUR Firúz Jang,65 and the Shish hazári 66 of Zú’LFIKÁR KHÁN BA HADUR NASRET JANG,vĩ two distinguished generals.

On the other hand he relates with minute precision some very trifling occurrences little worthy of being recorded in history, and by no means interesting ; such as particulars concerning chapels or places of prayer, the merits of different preachers, and similar topics, which had been subjects of discussion among his intimate companions. On this account his work (the “Másir Âalumgiri ”68) is not held in high estimation among

those learned men who know how to appreciate historical compositions.

Besides this, I have heard of two other chronicles, which comprehend the whole reign of that glorious and now blessed monarch ÂálumGÍR ; 69


.or seven thousand هفت هزاري

See the note imme

diately preceding.




الدین خان بہادر فیروز جنك .or rank of six thousand شش هزاري

ذوالفقار خان بہادر نصرتجنك عاليرة ماثر عاليري



but these works respecting him have not yet fallen under my inspection.

One was written by a person named ABD AL Hádı,° who had obtained the title of Kámúr Khán," and certainly was an author possessing some talents and ingenuity. He says, on the subject of his own work, “I have composed this book, which comprises a history of the Jaghatái 72 sovereigns, from his majesty the Sahib Kerán Taimúr to that great monarch who has lately seated himself in Paradise, and I have divided this chronicle into two volumes; one containing records from the time of the first SáHIB KERÁN (Emír Taimúr) until the reign of Shah JEHÁN, entitled the second SAHIB KERÁN : “ the other volume of my chronicle relates to his majesty now in heaven, the mighty Âálumgir.”

Notwithstanding repeated inquiries, I have not been able to procure more than the first portion of ABD AL Hábi's work; nor have I yet seen the

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lies wbtw The provinces of Túrán, or Transoxiana, and Turkistán, were bequeathed, as M. D'Herbelot informs us, by the great Changíz Khán to his second son JAGHAtái Khán, and from this prince the name of Jaghatái was given to those countries. See the “ Bibliot. Orient.” in Giagathai.

second volume, which was the chief object of my research.

The other book of which I have heard must now be mentioned; it was composed in the province of Dekkan,73 by a person named Mir Háshem,74 on the history of ÂÁLUMGír, and contains a detailed and particular statement of various transactions and occurrences, which the author himself had actually witnessed; but this work has never fallen into my hands.

Another writer may be here noticed, who undertook to compose a history of Âálumoir by order of that illustrious emperor now resident in Paradise. This writer was Mirzá MUHAMMED,75 generally called Nehmet Khán Hájí,76 an eminent personage, who obtained the title of DANISHMAND Khán ;77 and he has recorded the events of that monarch's reign as far as the third year. Although his work is written in a very pleasing style, yet it occasionally offends the reader's delicacy by indecent jests and coarse witticisms, in which the author was too much accustomed to indulge.

And in the time of that emperor whom the



.دکہن or

as the name is sometimes written
Dekhan دکن
نعمت خان حاجي

دانشمند خان

میر ها شم

میرزا مهد 15


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Almighty has now taken into his merciful keeping, MUHAMMED FARRAKH SíR,78 an able and accomplished writer, named Akhlás Khán,79 received orders to compose a history of that monarch's reign.

In the same manner a very ingenious Munshi, one Mír MUHAMMED ÁHASAN,80 who was surnamed Maani Khán,81 undertook a poetical account of that deceased emperor (FARRAK: Sír), and partly executed it; but the works of those two last-mentioned authors (AKHLAS Khán and Maani Kuán) have not acquired much celebrity.

While that sovereign, who now reposes in the bliss of Paradise, the great MUHAMMED Suán PádshÁH,82, held the reins of empire, a person named MUHAMMED MUHASAN,83 a very able and intelligent writer, composed, by the imperial command, an account of transactions that occurred during a few years of that monarch's government, and performed the task with considerable elegance of language. In the year of the hejirah one thousand one hundred and fifty-two,84 this excellent person died; and through the incapability or

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negligence of his son, the commencement of this work was destroyed or lost.

But respecting those sovereigns who governed Hindústán 85 before the GÚRKÁNIAN princes (or those of Taimur's race) assumed the supreme power over that country, some late writers have composed historical works; among which the chronicle, or Táríkh,” of FERISHTAH 86 is regarded as the most comprehensive and excellent.

Next to that we may place the “ Tabkát Akberi,"87 because little had been written before its appearance respecting the history of those kings who had formerly reigned in Dekkan ; and as these two works comprise a general account of all Indian dynasties, the particulars respecting some families are written in a brief and comprehensive manner; such as the history of those kings who ruled in Bengál, and of the Sind monarchs : 89 there are however, besides these two chronicles just quoted, several other books on this subject.

Among the works that relate to one particular dynasty of the Hind sovereigns,90 we must notice

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