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world, PADsh Ah AALUMGíR JEHANSITAN,” (who now enjoys the delights of eternal felicity,) all that relates to him before the commencement of his reign may be found in the “Pádshāh Nāmeh,” of which I have above spoken; and whatever occurred since the time when he placed himself on the exalted throne of empire, until the tenth year of his reign had ended, is related with ample details in the “Aálumgir Námeh,” composed by MUHAMMED Kázi M, the son of AMíNAI KAzvíN1;” but of the remaining forty years, during which that powerful sovereign reigned, I have never seen a regular or continued history. Likewise MUHAMMED SAK1 MUSTAAD KHAN,” who composed the chronicle named “Másir Áálumgiri,”" has not by any means rendered his work complete; for he omitted to record several matters of considerable importance. Thus he has not mentioned the dignities and offices of honour accorded to royal princes, and their successive appointments to different situations, such as might best qualify them for managing the affairs of government: some he has noticed, but omitted others. Neither has he informed us in what year

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the illustrious Shāh ĀALUM BAHADUR SHAH" (now gone to the abode of felicity) and MUHAMMED AAzim Sháh" were invested with the high rank of chehil hazári : * and of many other circumstances relating to those two princes, some are mentioned, and many have been altogether unnoticed. In the same manner also he has treated of other royal princes. Respecting likewise the chief nobles, and their

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cal “Memoirs of the Emperor JEHANGUEIR,” a most curious and entertaining work, translated from the Persian by Major Price, we often read of the different ranks (from three hundred to many thousands) conferred by that great monarch on his favourites. “Next I promoted,” says he,” FERI Dou N, the son of M Ahom MED Kö LY KHAN, from the order of one thousand to that of two thousand horse.” (P. 42.) Mentioning another person who had held the rank of one thousand, the Emperor says, “I now raised him to that of twelve thousand, a dignity never before conferred on any of the Ameirs of my father's court or my own." (P. 60.) LALA BEG “I raised from the rank of one thousand to that of two thousand horse.” (P. 24.) But the rank, and no doubt the emolument, of thirty thousand he conferred on his beautiful wife Nú RJEHAN, (or the light of the world,) “pre-eminent among the four hundred ladies of his haram.” (P. 27.) The ShāhzáBAH (or royal prince) Khoo RUM he raised from the rank of forty thousand to that of forty-five thousand. (P. 187.)

removals from different offices, or appointments and dignities, some are mentioned, but several omitted; thus he neglected to notice the dates and various circumstances of the appointment of Haft hazári" of GHAziAD'DíN KHAN BAHADUR FíRúz JANG,” and the Shish hazári" of Zú'LFIKAR KHAN BAHADUR NASRET JANG," two distinguished generals. On the other hand he relates with minute precision some very trifling occurrences little worthy of being recorded in history, and by no means interesting ; such as particulars concerning chapels or places of prayer, the merits of different preachers, and similar topics, which had been subjects of discussion among his intimate companions. On this account his work (the “Másir Áalumgiri”) is not held in high estimation among those learned men who know how to appreciate historical compositions. Besides this, I have heard of two other chronicles, which comprehend the whole reign of that glorious and now blessed monarch AALUMgir; *

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but these works respecting him have not yet fallen under my inspection. One was written by a person named Abd Al HADI,” who had obtained the title of KAMúR KHAN,” and certainly was an author possessing some talents and ingenuity. He says, on the subject of his own work, “I have composed this book, which comprises a history of the Jaghatái" sovereigns, from his majesty the SáHIB KERAN TAIMúR to that great monarch who has lately seated himself in Paradise, and I have divided this chronicle into two volumes; one containing records from the time of the first SAHIB KERAN (EMíR TAIMúR) until the reign of Sháh JEHAN, entitled the second SAHIB KERAN : “the other volume of my chronicle relates to his majesty now in heaven, the mighty AALUMGíR.” Notwithstanding repeated inquiries, I have not been able to procure more than the first portion of ABD AL HADI’s work; nor have I yet seen the

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72 Jo- Joek" The provinces of Túrán, or Transoriana, and Turkistan, were bequeathed, as M. D'Herbelot informs us, by the great CHANGsz KHAN to his second son JAGHATAI KHAN, and from this prince the name of Jaghatái was

given to those countries. See the “Bibliot. Orient.” in Giagathai.

second volume, which was the chief object of my research. The other book of which I have heard must now be mentioned; it was composed in the province of Dekkan,” by a person named Mír Hāsh EM,” on the history of ÅÅluMGíR, and contains a detailed and particular statement of various transactions and occurrences, which the author himself had actually witnessed; but this work has never fallen into my hands. Another writer may be here noticed, who undertook to compose a history of ÅÅLUMGíR by order of that illustrious emperor now resident in Paradise. This writer was Mírzá MUHAMMED,” generally called NEAMET KHAN Hájí," an eminent personage, who obtained the title of DANISHMAND KHAN ;” and he has recorded the events of that monarch's reign as far as the third year. Although his work is written in a very pleasing style, yet it occasionally offends the reader's delicacy by indecent jests and coarse witticisms, in which the author was too much accustomed to indulge. And in the time of that emperor whom the

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