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veral other works, furnish anecdotes illustrating different portions of that victorious emperor's history.

Now concerning the affairs of his majesty, who at present resides in heaven, the illustrious sovereign Jehángír Pápsháy," some information, but not much detailed, may be found in the second volume of Sherif MUATAMED Khán's work before mentioned, the “Ikbál Námeh ;” also in the chronicle entitled “ Másir Jehángiri, was composed by KyváJeh Kámkár,“ generally surnamed GHAIRET Khán,“ nephew (by the brother's side) of ABDALLAH KHÁN FRÚz JANG, and this chronicle (the “ Másir Jehángíri ") resembles the “ Ikbál Námeh” in its paucity of minute details.

Next may be noticed the “ Jehángir Námeh,” 46

» 42 which

4 vols. 8vo. There is also another English translation of

Ferishtah," made several years ago by the late Colonel Dow.




جہانگیر پادشاه 41


مدثر جهانگيري خواجه كامكاره

عبد الله خان فیروز جنك


46 doli jubile See the “ Memoirs of the Emperor JAHANGUEIR, written by himself, and translated from a Persian Manuscript by Major David Price," Lond. 1829. A most amusing and interesting work, probably the same as one which belonged to the late Dr. Jonathan Scott, and styled in a Cata

or history of Jehángír, in which this great monarch himself has recorded the events of his reign ; a work in every respect far preferable to the two above named (the “Ikbál Námeh” and “ Másir Jehángíri"); but I have never seen a copy of the emperor's own work, that traces his history beyond the eighteenth year of his reign.

On the subject of that renowned and glorious sovereign the victorious Shah Jehán Pádsháh, a second Sahib Kerán, (whose dwelling-place is now in heaven,) we must consult the chronicle entitled “ Pádsháh Námeh,” 48 of which the first and second volumes were composed by Mullá ABD AL Hamid, of Lahúr, (or Lahore,) #9 the third volume being a compilation made by MuhamMED Wáreth ; 50 and this work (the " Padshah Námeh”) is of considerable utility, because it details every circumstance and particular fact that

any reader can desire to know respecting the great Suáh JEHán, from the time when he first

logue of his MSS.the “ Kár Námeh Jehángiri,” svih dobi; B or Journal of the Emperor JeHÁNGír, a small duodecimo , ,


حد بغایت و شکر بي نهايت volume

, beginning with اندازم دیکر شروع از همه مي شود and ending with صاحب قران ثاني شاهجهان پادشاه غازي

پادشاه نامه 48 محمد وارث

خود مي




ملا عبد الحميد لاهوري

ascended the imperial throne until the thirtieth year of his reign had closed. Of the year and three months remaining (of his reign) after that period, we have an account in the work called ÂÁMEL SALEH,"51

composed by MUHAMMED Sáleh Kanbú,52 but not on the same comprehensive plan as the “ Pádsháh Námeh.” It must however be acknowledged, that the « Âámel Sáleh ” is a very good composition, and furnishes the history of Shah Jehán from his very birth to the moment of his death.

On the subject of that distinguished personage before he had assumed the imperial government, various anecdotes have been recorded by Sherif MUATAMED Khán,53 in a work which might with propriety be entitled Mutekedmeh Pádsháh Námeh."54

Likewise Aminál KAZVínı Munshi 55 has written an account of the first ten years of that ror's reign; but this work only differs in style from the “ Pádsháh Námeh” of ABD AL Hamid, already mentioned.

On the history of that mighty conqueror of the

of that empe




محمد صالح کنبو شریف معتد خان ده

or ، A Prelude or Introduction to متقدمه پادشاه نامه 54

عامل صالح

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world, Pápshái  álumgir JEHANsitán,56 (who now. enjoys the delights of eternal felicity,) all that relates to him before the commencement of his reign may be found in the “

be found in the “ Pádsháh Námeh,” of which I have above spoken; and whatever occurred since the time when he placed himself on the exalted throne of empire, until the tenth year of his reign had ended, is related with ample details in the “ Âálumgir Námeh,”s7 composed by MUHAMMED Kázim, the son of Amínái Kazvínı;58 but of the remaining forty years, during which that powerful sovereign reigned, I have never seen a regular or continued history.

Likewise MUHAM MED SAKI MUSTAAD KHÁN,39 who composed the chronicle named “ Másir Âálumgiri,"

.” 60 has not by any means rendered his work complete; for he omitted to record several matters of considerable importance. Thus he has not mentioned the dignities and offices of honour accorded to royal princes, and their successive appointments to different situations, such as might best qualify them for managing the affairs of government : some he has noticed, but omitted others. Neither has he informed us in what


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the illustrious Sush ÂÁLUM BAHADUR SHán 61 (now gone to the abode of felicity) and MUHAMMED ÁÂZIM SHÁh 62 were invested with the high rank of chehil hazári : 63 and of many other circumstances relating to those two princes, some are mentioned, and many have been altogether unnoticed. In the same manner also he has treated of other royal princes.

Respecting likewise the chief nobles, and their



کد اعظم شاه

شاه عالم بهادر شاه

جهل هزاري


or Forty thousand. In the auto-biographical “ Memoirs of the Emperor JEHANGUEIR," a most curious and entertaining work, translated from the Persian by Major Price, we often read of the different ranks (from three hundred to many thousands) conferred by that great monarch on his favourites. “ Next I promoted," says he,“ FERIDOUN, the son of MAHOMMED Kúly Khán, from the order of one thousand to that of two thousand horse." (P. 42.) Mentioning another person who had held the rank of one thousand, the Emperor says,

I now raised him to that of twelve thousand, a dignity never before conferred on any of the Ameirs of my father's court or my own." (P. 60.) LALA BEG “I raised from the rank of one thousand to that of two thousand horse.” (P. 24.) But the rank, and no doubt the emolument, of thirty thousand he conferred on his beautiful wife NÚRJEHán, (or the light of the world,)“ pre-eminent among the four hundred ladies of his haram.” (P. 27.) The ShánzáBAH (or royal prince) KHOORUM he raised from the rank of forty thousand to that of forty-five thousand. (P. 187.)

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