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or history of Jehangir, in which this great monarch himself has recorded the events of his reign; a work in every respect far preferable to the two above named (the "Ikbal Nameh" and " Masir Jehangiri"); but I have never seen a copy of the emperor's own work, that traces his history beyond the eighteenth year of his reign.

On the subject of that renowned and glorious sovereign the victorious Shah Jehan Padshah,47 a second Sahib Reran, (whose dwelling-place is now in heaven,) we must consult the chronicle entitled "Padshah Nameh,"48 of which the first and second volumes were composed by Mulla Abd Al Hamid, oiLahur, (or Lahore,)*9 the third volume being a compilation made by MuhamMed Wareth ; K and this work (the "Padshah Nameh") is of considerable utility, because it details every circumstance and particular fact that any reader can desire to know respecting the great Shah Jehan, from the time when he first

logueof hisMSS.the " Kar Nameh Jehangiri," .yjGLs*. Xoli/t* or Journal of the Emperor Jehang'ik, a small duodecimo volume, beginning with vs^olyi ,<. ' /" 3 LT,-.',*-.' 0^ and ending with j^i ^ nj> J\ a^ y^,j ^|jj | ., jyi.

48 A,'j »LijL, *» yjjpl styJ\ jfl M &j\} Jvr* ascended the imperial throne until the thirtieth year of his reign had closed. Of the year and three months remaining (of his reign) after that period, we have an account in the work called "Aamel Saleh,"51 composed by Muhammed Saleh Kanbu,52 but not on the same comprehensive plan as the "Padshah Nameh." It must however be acknowledged, that the "Aamel Saleh" is a very good composition, and furnishes the history of Shah Jehan from his very birth to the moment of his death.

On the subject of that distinguished personage before he had assumed the imperial government, various anecdotes have been recorded by Sherif Muatamed Khan," in a work which might with propriety be entitled "Mutekedmeh Padshah Nameh.""

Likewise Aminai Kazvint Munshi55 has written an account of the first ten years of that emperor's reign; but this work only differs in style from the "Padshah Nameh" of Abd Al Hamid, already mentioned.

On the history of that mighty conqueror of the

54 dulj xLijU ioAai* or " A Prelude or Introduction to the Padshah Nameh."

world, Padshah Aalumgir. Jehansitan,56 (who now enjoys the delights of eternal felicity,) all that relates to him before the commencement of his reign maybe found in the " Padshah Nameh," of which I have above spoken; and whatever occurred since the time when he placed himself on the exalted throne of empire, until the tenth year of his reign had ended, is related with ample details in the " Aalumgir Nameh,"" composed by Muhammed Kazim, the son of Aminai Kazvini J58 but of the remaining forty years, during which that powerful sovereign reigned, I have never seen a regular or continued history.

Likewise Muhammed Saki Mustaad Khan,59 who composed the chronicle named "Masir Aalumgiri,"60 has not by any means rendered his work complete; for he omitted to record several matters of considerable importance. Thus he has not mentioned the dignities and offices of honour accorded to royal princes, and their successive appointments to different situations, such as might best qualify them for managing the affairs of government: some he has noticed, but omitted others. Neither has he informed us in what year

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the illustrious Shah Aalum Bahadur Shah 6l (now gone to the abode of felicity) and MuHamMed Aazim Shah 62 were invested with the high rank of chehil hazdri:ta and of many other circumstances relating to those two princes, some are mentioned, and many have been altogether unnoticed. In the same manner also he has treated of other royal princes.

Respecting likewise the chief nobles, and their

65 v^/1rb l-W?- or Forty thousand. In the auto-biographical " Memoirs of the Emperor Jkhangueir," a most curious and entertaining work, translated from the Persian by Major Price, we often read of the different ranks (from three hundred to many thousands) conferred by that great monarch on his favourites. "Next I promoted," says he," Feridoun, the son of Mahommed K6ly Khan, from the order of one thousand to that of two thousand horse." (P. 42.) Mentioning another person who had held the rank of one thousand, the Emperor says, " I now raised him to that of twelve thousand, a dignity never before conferred on any of the Ameirs of my father's court or my own." (P. 60.) La La Beg " I raised from the rank of one thousand to that of two thousand horse." (P. 24.) But the rank, and no doubt the emolument, of thirty thousand he conferred on his beautiful wife N6rjeHan, (or the light of the world,) " pre-eminent among the four hundred ladies of his haram." (P. 27.) The ShahzaBah (or royal prince) Khoorum he raised from the rank of forty thousand to that of forty-five thousand. (P. 187.)

removals from different offices, or appointments and dignities, some are mentioned, but several omitted; thus he neglected to notice the dates and various circumstances of the appointment of Haft hazard of Ghaziad'din Khan Bahadur Firuz Jang,65 and the Shish hazdri66 of Zu'lfikar Khan Bahadur Nasret Jang,67 two distinguished generals.

On the other hand he relates with minute precision some very trifling occurrences little worthy of being recorded in history, and by no means interesting; such as particulars concerning chapels or places of prayer, the merits of different preachers, and similar topics, which had been subjects of discussion among his intimate companions. On this account his work (the "Masir Aalumgiri"68) is not held in high estimation among those learned men who know how to appreciate historical compositions.

Besides this, I have heard of two other chronicles, which comprehend the whole reign of that glorious and now blessed monarch Aalumgir ; *

64 <cjlj*> C^i* or seven thousand. See the note immediately preceding. 64 vLJJ^ jitfjtW. e> c^> L#k 66 Ksi\'/" La*' or rank of s1x thousand.

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