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true believers no longer retained any possessions in that land. To this account I must further add, that the “Tárikh Andalus ” is enriched with admirable poetry, and men of erudition regard it altogether as a most excellent and valuable work. Now, among the most highly esteemed and extensive works on general history that have been composed in the Persian language, the “Rauzet al Safá "* seems entitled to the first place. This celebrated chronicle is, in some parts, minute and prolix; in others, brief and concise, written after the manner of an epitome or compendium. It must, however, be remarked, that the author has been chiefly copious in such portions of his “Rauzet al Safá” as record the history of those sovereigns who reigned over Irān and Túrán (or Persia and Turkomania). Another Persian work of considerable extent is the “Tárikh Alfi,” “ comprising the annals of

Works," p. 49) “The birth of Jesus (on whom be peace!) “happened at Naserah (s929), and the first tribes that adopted “ the religious doctrine of that holy personage were the inha“bitants of this village; therefore they were called Nasāri “ (Nazarenes); and, by degrees, this name has been given to “all who profess the religion of Jesus.”

* Already noticed in p. 4.

58 Jo £3% or the “Chronicle of a Thousand Yaro

from the beginning of the Muhammedan era.

most nations that profess the Muselmán faith. But in this chronicle there are numerous defects; for instance, of some most important events no mention whatever has been made : thus the battle of Kádesiah,” which was one of the principal victories obtained by the true believers, and their wars with the barbarian or heathen Persians, are wholly omitted in the “Tárikh Alfi;” and it would almost appear that this work had never undergone the author's revisal or correction. Since it has been shown that voluminous chronicles, treating of general history, are in this manner imperfect and defective, it will be necessary, as the best means of acquiring information on the subject of each dynasty and of each monarch, to consult various works: thus, if our object be a full account of events which happened while the RāshíDI KHALIFAhs" reigned, (may they all partake of the divine blessing !) we should

59 *05 The victory obtained by the Muselmáns at desiah: overthrew the Sassanian dynasty of Persian kings: this battle happened in the year of Christ 636. Kádesiah is described by Sádik IsfaháN1 (“Geogr. Works,” p. 118) as “a place in the vicinity of Kisfah.” It is distant from this city fifteen parasangs or Persian leagues, in that part of Arabian Irák which was the ancient Chaldea. This decisive battle lasted three days.

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6i Respecting the three chronicles here mentioned, see pp. 13–17, 18.

64 ZAHAB1–This writer, who was born in the year of Christ 1273, and died in 1347, composed a book entitled “The

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comprised in twelve volumes. (See Hamaker's “Specimen Catalogi, &c.” pp. 18, 19.) *

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Among Persian historians we must consult, respecting those monarchs (the RāshíDI KHALíFAHs), the “Rauzet al Ahbáb,”* the “Rauzet al Safá,” the “Tárikh Alfi,” the Tarjumah, or translation of IBN AASIM's work the “ Fatuhh" before noticed,” and the chronicle entitled the “ Mukessed al Aksi fi Tarjumah al Mustekesi.” " These works, here named, will afford sufficient information concerning those illustrious Khalīfahs.

And if the reigns of the BENI OMMIAH and the BENI ABBAs families" be the object of our research, those Arabic works above mentioned will furnish ample accounts of them, except the “Táríkh Fatuhh" of AASIM KūF1," and the “Mustekesi,” neither of which chronicles furnish any anecdotes of those dynasties; but on this subject

been made in the year 596 (or of Christ 1200). Although the “Book of Victories” (“Kitáb Fatuhh") has been ascribed by many to AASIM of Kāfah himself, Sir W. Ouseley is convinced that the author was A&s1M's son.—See a letter respecting the tomb of Daniel at Susa, in Persia, published in the Rev. Mr. Walpole's “Collection of Travels,” vol. ii. p. 428.

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* Of those illustrious dynasties. See the notes in pp. 5, 6, &c. * 09 Already mentioned in p. 24.

the Persian “Tárikh Alfi.” may be consulted with advantage. Should our object be the history of Irānian or Persian kings, we must again refer to the “Rauzet al Safá" and the “Tárikh Alfi,” more particularly respecting such dynasties as the DIALEMEH,” the SELAJEKAH,” the SAMANIAN,” GHAzNAVIAN,” and KHUAREzM SHAHíAN 7” monarchs,

7o &Joe An Arabic plural, denoting those princes whom the Persians call DILEM1AN, or the DILEMites, as some European writers style them. Dilem (, , ) is a province bordering the Caspian Sea on the South.

* &s-X. SELAJEKAH, the SELJúKIANs, or SELGIUCIDEs, as D'Herbelot calls them, were divided, according to that writer, into three branches—that of Irán, or Persia; of Kirmān; and of Rüm. The two former began to reign about the year 429, (or of Christ 1037,) and ceased in 590 (that is, of the Christian era, 1193). The SELJúKIANs of Rüm began to reign in 480, and ceased in 700 (or from the year of Christ 1087 to 1300). See D'Herbelot in SELGIUKIAN.

72 Joo." SAMANIAN. The nine princes of this dynasty, which began in the year 261 of the heirah (or of Christ 874) and terminated in 388 (998), possessed, besides Transoxiana, most of those provinces which now constitute the Persian empire. They are styled SAMANIDEs by many European writers.

78 Jož or Ghaznev IDEs, as they are called by D'Herbelot, (GHAzNAVIAH in Arabic,) a dynasty comprehending fourteen princes, who reigned in Persia and India from the year

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