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recording events which occurred in the time of Abdallah Khan, the Usbek, ruler of Turdn.a

But no historical work proceeding from any writer of Mdwera al ndhr (or Transoxiana) has ever fallen under my inspection.

Neither have the inhabitants of India any useful or interesting chronicle -4 composed before this extensive country became subject to the upright government and liberal institutions of the Gurkanian monarchs.25 Indeed, the Tarikhs, or histo

23 JfJ ^jjjlvjj liJbjjjl aU. Ajji ±+z The "Sehifeh Shahi" must be (although under a different title) the work described by Major Stewart in his excellent Catalogue of Tippoo Sultan's Oriental Library, No. xxvii, as the " Abdallah Nameh" (^(j adJl A*z)—a History of the Usbeg Tatars who, in 1494, iuvaded Transoxiana, and "having driven out the descendants of Timour, have ever since retained possession of that country. The prince, whose memoirs are the chief subject of this work, was Abdallah Khan, contemporary of the renowned Akber, Emperor of HindUstdn, with whom he kept up a constant correspondence and interchange of embassies, and died A. D. 1595. The author was Mohammed Ben Tunish Al Bokhary."

2♦ Our author here does not allude to works originally written in the Sanskrit language, or any other ancient dialect of India, his object being merely to notice Arabic and Persian histories of the Muselman dynasties.

"5 toj^jjt ^yAjT e^JI J* y/iU*- So called after the title Gurkan (^jJ)f which is frequently subjoined to the name of Taimur or Timur. See the notes immediately following.

rical works that we possess, are generally restricted in their subjects to a few important transactions, and are written with little attention to chronological accuracy respecting the dates of years or months in which those transactions occurred.

But after the bright sun of prosperity, that never sets, had risen in India under the domination of the imperial descendants of his Majesty the SaHib Keran,86 the conqueror of the world, Emir Taimur Gurkan,27 many very excellent books have been written on historical subjects.

36 jjl J> <»_^»-Le " The Lord of the grand conjunction of the planets," in which, says D'Herbelot, " the astronomers pretend that the foundations of the chief empires hare been formed." This title may also imply " Lord of the extreme quarters of the world," the word kern here signifying a horn or extremity; thus Alexander the Great was surnamed Dhul'karnein—" Lord of the two horns" of the world, the East and West. See the "Bibliotheque Orientale," in Saheb Keran.

27 c/V J>? ,**' «A" o^ «>!/ V^> e^yS»The death of this great conqueror happened in the year 807 of the Muselman era (or of Christ 1405). To his name Timour, Timijr, or Taim6r, was often added the epithet lang v^jjj signifying " lame" or "deformed," and alluding to some personal defect or infirmity: hence the strange title of Tamerlane, which many European writers have bestowed on him. (See the " Geogr. Works of Sadik Isfahani," p. 19. note.)-

In the time of his Majesty the Emperor Jelal Addin Muhammed Akber Padshah,88 whose residence is now in Paradise, the events which happened during the reigns of those illustrious princes (the descendants of Emir Taimur) were circumstantially and minutely recorded; and the "Akber Nameh,"29 the "Jehangir Nameh," *> and the "Padshah Nameh,"31 were compiled from the journals and commentaries of those departed monarchs.

Since that time until the present day, an interval of nearly one hundred years, the want of curiosity in the sovereigns and nobles of this country and their indifference respecting history

Taim Gr, at the time of his death, was sixty years old; and the surname of lany was given to him, "parcequ'en effct ce prince etoit estropie de la main et du pied droit. Clavijo, auteur Espagnol, qui a vu ce conquerant, nous assure qu'il n.avoit que les deux petits doigts de moins." See the Life of Timour prefixed to M. Langles's " Instituts Politiqueset Militaires de Tamerlan, proprement appelle Timour," p. 34. A portrait, extremely curious, and said to be original, is in the collection of the Right Hon. Sir Gore Ouseley.

31 &«li gl£«>b This Chronicle, with the " Akber Nameh," and the "Jehangir Nameh," shall be more particularly noticed in subsequent passages.

have been such that no new work of any merit has appeared, and the notices of transactions are confined to the pages of official records.

Now the titles of some extensive historical works of a general nature shall be offered to the reader; among them I must first mention compositions in the Arabic language. One is the '' Tarikh Kebir," 32 or " Great Chronicle " of MaHommed Ibn Jarir Tabri,33 comprising the history of most regions in which Islam L1A or the Muselman religion) is professed, down to the year

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of the Hejrah 300.34 But this admirable work,
in the original Arabic, is so extremely rare that
the humble author of this tract has never, to the
present hour, seen more than two volumes of it;
and if a reasonable judgment may be formed
from the contents of these two portions, it is
evident that the whole work must have occupied
at least twenty volumes.35

34 Corresponding to the year of the Christian era 012; but

we have seen in the note above quoted from Pococke, that

Tabri brought his history down to a period later by two


31 It has long been supposed, on the authority of eminent

writers hereafter quoted, that the original Arabic text of

Tabri's Chronicle exists only in fragments; but the Editor

has lately felt much satisfaction on learning from a highly

accomplished Orientalist, Dr. Rosen, that he had himself

examined in the Royal Library at Berlin a great portion of

the Arabic Work, comprised in five volumes. Yet that the

whole should not exceed four, would appear from a note of the

learned Erpenius, quoted in Sir William Ouseley's account of

a rare and valuable MS., preserved in the British Museum

(Cottonian Library, Vitell. A. iv). This account is given in

the '' Oriental Collections," vol. ii. p. 18ft, as follows: —

"An ancient Arabic volume, in quarto, containing the second

41 of the four parts which compose the ' Tarikh Kabir, or Great

"Chronicle,' of the celebrated historian Abi Jaafer Mo-
'' Hammed Ebn Jah'ik (j-»- ^j \-r* sua* jl), surnamed

"from Tabaristdn, in Persia, the place of his birth, At Tabari.
"This volume contains the history of the Prophets from


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