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AGHMAT," a city in Maghreb,” on the borders of Marákesh.”
IKLíL," a village of Syria.
ULUGHH Ták,” a place in the Dasht-i-Kibchák.
ÁLENJEK," a fortress in the province of Ázerbasján."
ALEHTAK,' a town of Armenia, in the territory of Míáfáreksn.”
ALIJAH,” a city of the first climate situated
towards the east: at this place are mines of emerald.
tion from the words eis ten polin (ets rmy toxiv), signifying “to the city;” an answer commonly given to strangers inquiring the road towards Constantinople, styled, like most great capitals, “ the town,” or “the city,” kar' efoxnv. But some zealous Muhammedans have, by a puerile alteration, changed Istanbúl into Islámbúl, affecting thereby to describe the city as “chief seat of their religion.” We find Islámbúl on gold coins of Ahmed III. (A. H. 1115.) and others.
* The celebrated Persian geographer, Hamdallah Mastous; Kazvíni, enumerates Alenjek among the strong castles (with Sármári, Mughan, and others,) belonging to the territory of Nakhchuván in Armenia.
ANDAMANKūh," a fortress in the territory of Herát: it is also called Askilcheh.”
ANDAKHúD, * a territory in the province of Khurásán, on the borders of Balkh ‘ and Shuburghán.”
ANDULUs," a considerable region in the west, called after Andulus, the son of Ham, the son of Noah, or, as some relate, after Andulus the son of Japhet.
UJAN,' (equivalent to Dúrán,”) a city in the province of Ázerbaiján.”
* Even when Chardin visited Persia, (above a hundred and fifty years ago,) Uján was in ruins. It had once been a considerable city: near to it the celebrated French traveller saw some circles of stones, an ancient monument ascribed to the Persian giants, named Caous, &c.; and another ingenious Frenchman, Monsieur D'Hancarville, regards these circles as resembling and probably coeval with the stupendous British monument, Stonehenge. (See the “Voyages de Chardin,” Tome iii. p. 13. Rouen, 1723; and D'Hancarville’s “Recherches sur l'Origine et les Progrès des Arts de la Grèce,” Supplem.) But Sir William Ouseley, who examined these stone inclosures, (now called Jángú, the “scene of debate,” or “consultation,”) found that whatever had been the original design in their construction, they had latterly been used as cemeteries. (See Sir W. Ouseley's Travels, Vol. iii. p. 397.)
UzKAND," a city of Turkistan.” UMAN,” a village of Hamadán.” AHR,” (equivalent in pronunciation to the word Shahr,") is the name of a river in Ázerbaiján. ÍRváN," a fortress in Armenia. ÁIGHüR,” a tribe of Turks or Turkománs, after whom a tract of country in the fifth and sixth climate has been called the Khat Aightiri,” and Belád Aightiri:" in this region are situated Kaligh al Máligh,” Bish báligh,” Khalkh," Chikil,” Fáráb,” and other places. ÍLAh," a town on the sea-shore, at the distance of twenty farsangs from Misr."
“ fraván.” See, in a subsequent page, the note respecting
BAB ALA BUAB," a city in the province of Shirván, founded by Núshirván,” on the borders of the Dasht-i-Kibchák: it is called by the Moghuls “Demür Kápí,” which signifies the “mansion or residence of Demür,” the man who first constructed the castle or fortress of that place.f
BAKHARz," a territory of Khurásán on the borders of Khwāf.”
Bāshgh AR," and Bāshg ARET," a country of the seventh climate between Constantinople and Bulghār; its inhabitants for the greater number are Christians.
BáLíGH: " so the Turks call “a city;” but this name is composed of Bái,” signifying a wealthy person, and Ligh," a place of residence; so the compound word expresses the abode of rich or opulent persons.
* A celebrated Persian king of the Sassanian dynasty, who reigned in the sixth century.
# Of this name (Demür Kápí), the proper signification in Turkish is the “iron gate.”
BANDHú,' a territory of Hindustán,” on the south of Alehābād.**
BUHMID,” f a city of Shám (or Syria), near to Berút.”
BERAvishtāN," a village of Kum: " from this place Majd al Mulk" derives the surname of Berávishtāni Kūmi.”
BARDsíR," a city in the province of Kirmán: ” it is also called Kavāshír.”
BURSA,” a celebrated city in the province of Rúm.
* Under the article “BAND,” Mr. Hamilton, in his “East India Gazetteer,” notices two places so called in the province of Allahabád.
+ In the original manuscript, between the names of “BANDHú'' and “BUHM1D,” we find the word “BAIAN DUR '' o of the same signification as Ak Kuinlah (before noticed in p. 2.) and applied to the “tribe of the white sheep.” The denomination of Báiandur they derived from Báiandur Khán, the son of Güzkhán, the son of Aghuz Khán (co J- jo', Jož/ co J- j;9. But this article does not furnish any geographical information; and the tribes of Turkománs wander
even to the most southern part of Persia.