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AGHMÁT,' a city in Maghreb, on the borders of Marákesh.3
IKLIL, a village of Syria.
ULUGHH TÁK, a place in the Dasht-i-Kibchák. ÁLENJEK, a fortress in the province of Ázerbaíján.
ALEHTÁK," a town of Armenia, in the territory of Míáfárekín.R
ALIJAH, a city of the first climate situated towards the east: at this place are mines of emerald.
tion from the words eis ten polin (ets Tηy woλer), signifying "to the city; " an answer commonly given to strangers inquiring the road towards Constantinople, styled, like most great capitals, "the town," or "the city," Kar' ežoɣnv. But some zealous Muhammedans have, by a puerile alteration, changed Istanbul into Islámbúl, affecting thereby to describe the city as "chief seat of their religion." We find Islámbúl on gold coins of Ahmed III. (A. H. 1115.) and others.
The celebrated Persian geographer, Hamdallah Mastowfi Kazvini, enumerates Alenjek among the strong castles (with Súrmári, Mughan, and others,) belonging to the territory of Nakhchuván in Armenia.
ANDAMÁNKÚH, a fortress in the territory of Herát: it is also called Askilcheh. 2
ANDAKHÚD, a territory in the province of Khurásán, on the borders of Balkh and Shuburghán.
ANDULUS, a considerable region in the west, called after Andulus, the son of Ham, the son of Noah, or, as some relate, after Andulus the son of Japhet.
UJAN, (equivalent to Dúrán,) a city in the province of Ázerbaíján.*
Even when Chardin visited Persia, (above a hundred and fifty years ago,) Uján was in ruins. It had once been a considerable city near to it the celebrated French traveller saw some circles of stones, an ancient monument ascribed to the Persian giants, named Caous, &c.; and another ingenious Frenchman, Monsieur D'Hancarville, regards these circles as resembling and probably coeval with the stupendous British monument, Stonehenge. (See the "Voyages de Chardin," Tome iii. p. 13. Rouen, 1723; and D'Hancarville's "Recherches sur l'Origine et les Progrès des Arts de la Grèce," Supplem.) But Sir William Ouseley, who examined these stone inclosures, (now called Jángú, the "scene of debate," or "consultation,") found that whatever had been the original design in their construction, they had latterly been used as cemeteries. (See Sir W. Ouseley's Travels, Vol. iii. p. 397.)
UZKAND,' a city of Turkistán."
UMÁN, a village of Hamadán.*
АHR, (equivalent in pronunciation to the word Shahr,) is the name of a river in Ázerbaíján. ÍRVÁN, a fortress in Armenia.
ÁIGHÚR, a tribe of Turks or Turkománs, after whom a tract of country in the fifth and sixth climate has been called the Khat Aighúri,9 and Belád Aighúri: 10 in this region are situated Kalígh al Málígh," Bish bálígh," Khalkh,13 Chikil,1 Fáráb,15 and other places.
ÍLAH,16 a town on the sea-shore, at the distance of twenty farsangs from Misr.17
"Íraván." See, in a subsequent page, the note respecting Chukhúr Sâd, and Iraván or Erivan, as the name is fre
BÁB AL ABUÁB,1 a city in the province of Shírván, founded by Núshirván,2* on the borders of the Dasht-i-Kibchák: it is called by the Moghuls "Demúr Kápí," which signifies the "mansion or residence of Demúr," the man who first constructed the castle or fortress of that place.†
BÁKHARZ, a territory of Khurásán on the borders of Khwáf.5
BASHGHAR, and BASHGARET, a country of the seventh climate between Constantinople and Bulghár: its inhabitants for the greater number are Christians.
BÁLÍGH: So the Turks call "a city; " but this name is composed of Bái," signifying a wealthy person, and Lígh, 10 a place of residence; so the compound word expresses the abode of rich or opulent persons.
* A celebrated Persian king of the Sassanian dynasty, who
reigned in the sixth century.
Of this name (Demúr Kápí), the proper signification in Turkish is the iron gate."
BANDHÚ, a territory of Hindustán, on the south of Alehábád.3 *
BUHMID, a city of Shám (or Syria), near to Berút.5
BERAVISHTÁN, a village of Kum: from this place Majd al Mulk derives the surname of Berávishtáni Kúmi.9
BARDSÍR,10 a city in the province of Kirmán: " it is also called Kaváshír.1
BURSA,13 a celebrated city in the province of
* Under the article " BAND," Mr. Hamilton, in his "East India Gazetteer," notices two places so called in the province of Allahabad.
+ In the original manuscript, between the names of "BANDHÚ" and " BUHMID," we find the word " · BÁIANDUR" of the same signification as Ák Kuinlah (before noticed in p. 2.) and applied to the "tribe of the white sheep." The denomination of Báiandur they derived from Báiandur Khán, the son of Guzkhán, the son of Aghúz Khán ( chợt bub ;). But this article does not furnish any geographical information; and the tribes of Turkománs wander even to the most southern part of Persia.