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APPENDIX C.

Respecting Divodás, Professor Wilson says :—"Some rather curious legends are connected with this prince, in the Váyu and Brahma Puráņas, and Hari Vaśa, and, especially, in the Kási Khaņda of the Skanda Puráņa. According to these authorities, Siva and Párvatí, desirous of occupying Káši, which Divodása possessed, sent Nikumbha, one of the Gaņas of the former, to lead the prince to the adoption of Buddhist doctrines; in consequence of which, he was expelled from the sacred city, and, according to the Váyu, founded another on the banks of the Gomatí.

"Some further illustration is derivable from the Mahábhárata, Santi-Parvan, Dána-dharma. Haryaswa, the king of the Kasis, reigning between the Ganges and the Yamuná (or in the Doab), was invaded and slain by the Haihayas, a race descended, accord. ing to this authority, from Saryati, the son of Manu. Sudova, the son of Haryaswa, was also attacked and defeated by the same enemies. Divodása, his son, built and fortified Benares, as a defence against the Haihayas; but in vain; for they took it, and compelled him to fly. He sought refuge with Bharadwaja, by hose favour he had a son born to him, Pratardana, who de

red the Haihayas, under their king Vítahavya, and re-established the kingdom of Kási.”

Professor Wilson's Translation of the Vishnu Purána (Hall's edition), vol. iv., pp. 33, 40.

382

INDEX.

Adampura Maballa, 299

Annpúrná, 43, 57, 150, 214
Ad-Bishes war, 66, 318-321

Apsarases, 162
Aditya, 127

Arada Káláma, 375
Adkesav, or Vishņa, 185

Archæological Report, Major - General
Ad-Mahadeva, 104, 106

Cunningham's, 236-243, 250-254, 256–
Agni, 160, 170

260, 261, 262
Agwán, 96

Arhái Kangura Mosque, 310-312
Ahalya Bai, Rani, 167

Arjuna, 170
Ahmad ķhán, Saiyid, 339

Aryan race, 1, 24
Ahyabar Gall, 154

Ashtang-Bhairo, 128
Aiswarya Nárayan Sinh, Babu, Secre- Ashța Sakti, 257

tary of the Benares Institute, 339 Ashtbhují, 163
Kjnáta Kauņņinya, 372

Así, 34, 326
Ajunta Caves, 20

Asiatic Researches, 219, 250
Alamgiri Mosque, 312–314

Asiatic Society of Bengal, 236, 242, 245,
Alauddin, 81

248, 251, 252, 257, 260, 264, 269,
Alipore Maballa, 274

270, 273, 286
Alpmfites'war, 80

Así Sangam and Ghát, 139, 177, 178,
Ambheri, Rajas of, 131

184, 217, 218, 221
Amrit Kund, 219

Asnan Jatra Mela, 217
Amrit Rao, 168

As'oka, 19, 21, 86, 233, 234, 244, 265,
Anant Chaudas Mela, 222

266, 290, 306, 367, 368
Anark Chaudas Mela, 224

Assyrian Architecture, 22
Ancient Remains, Benares :

Asuf-ud-Daulah, Nawab, 198
Bakariya Kund, 273-287

Atri, 151
No. I. Ráj Ghát Fort, 292-297 Aurangzeb or Alamgir, 28, 32, 39, 61,
No. II. Near Ráj Ghat Fort, 297, 298 55, 110, 112, 128, 153, 156, 191, 192,
No. III. Small Mosque in Budkor 306, 312, 313
Mahalla, 298, 299

Aurangzeb's Mosque, 316–318, 323
Ancient Mound or Ridge, 299-303 Ausan Ganj Mahalla, 87, 116, 117, 120,
No. IV. Tiliya Nala and Maqdam 151, 197

Sahib, 302-306
No. V. Lag Bhairo, 305-308

Baber, Emperor, 255
No. VI. Battis Khambhá, 308-310 Bages'wari, 89, 90, 164, 214
No. VII. Arhái Kangura Mosque, Baijnath, 227
310-312

Bakariya Kund, Ancient Remains at,
Hindu Temple of Kirtti Bisheswar, 25, 27, 93, 215, 216, 273-287, 292,
Alamgiri Mosque, 312-314

293, 208, 309, 310, 323
No. VIII. Chankhambha Mosque, 314, Balbhadra, 120
816

Baldeo, 170
No. IX. Aurungzeb's Mosque, near Balkrishna, 151

Bishes war Temple, 316-318, 320 Ballantyne, Dr., late Principal of the
No. X. Ad-Bisheswar Temple and Government College, Benares, 331

neighbouring Mosque, 318-321 Balwant Singh, 198, 202, 212
No. XI. Stone Pillar, sone ka Taláo, Banár-así, 3ž6
321, 322

Banár, Raja, 35, 100, 292

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Baptist Mission, Benares, 333, 334, 337 | Bodhi, Fruit of 369, 373, 375
Bapú Deva S'ástrí, Pandit, Professor of Bodhidruma, 374, 375

Astronomy, Government College, Be Bodhisattwa, 368-372, 371, 379
nares, 137, 339

Brahma, 69, 99
Bara Games, 120, 121, 215, 221, 227 Brahmá, 43, 785 82, 140-143, 170, 186
Barában Deví, 131

Brahmadatta, King of Benares, 11
Barhiya Tank, 226

Brabma-is'war, 188
Barná Piyala Melá, 225

Brahmes'war, 142
Barnarasi Deví, 100

Brahman, 14, 40, 48, 69, 84, 102, 126,
Barna Sangam and Ghát, 33, 139, 178, 135, 148, 152, 191, 193, 194, 267,
184, 186, 187, 221

346, 354, 378
Batasparíkhsha Mela, 218

Brahma Purana, 381
Battis Khambha, 308-310

Brahmávarta, 266
Báwan Avatár, 222

Brahmaloka, 143.
Bawan-dwádasí Mela, 221

Brahmo Samaj, 336, 344, 345, 354
Benares,-Courts of Law, 337; Govern Brambanan, temple of, 260
ment or Queen's College, 236, 259, Briddhkál, 73, 75, 80, 94, 156, 313
307, 331, 332, 337, 347; Govern Briddhkál Mela, 218
ment Normal School, 332; Public Budaoi Mahalla, 298
Buildings, 337; Ward's Institution, Buddha, or Gautama, 5, 6, 85, 163, 232–
337

234, 238, 248, 251, 259, 261, 301,
Benares Institute, 336, 337

364, 369, 370, 372; The Tathágata,
Benares, Insurrection at, 197-212

242, 367, 368, 369, 370, 371, 376,
Benares, Maharaja of, 118, 169, 212, 379; The Great S'ramaņa, 242, 366;
222, 227, 337, 338

Sri Dharmarás'i, 251 ; his Life, 264,
Benares Proper, 74, 93, 94, 95, 97

265
Benares, Secrole, 337

Buddhas, four last, 369
Bengali Tolá, 146, 147, 155

Buddha Gaye, 269
Bengali Tolá Preparatory School, 335 Buddhi, 72
Beni Rám, Pandit, 218

Buddha, Law of, 5, 256, 266, 364–366,
Bhadaini Maballa or Ward, 167, 224 368, 369, 374, 375
Bhadrakalpa, 369

Buddhisma, Decline and Fall of, 267,
Bhadres'war, Temple of, 168

268-270
Bhagavad Gita, 347

Buddhist Confession of Faith, 242, 262,
Bhairo or Bhaironáth, 47, 61, 64, 74,

263
119, 124, 128, 150, 170

Buddhist Missionaries, 12, 301
Bhairo ká Táláo, 190

Buddhist Supremacy in India, 12, 30,
Bhaộtá, 226

265, 266
Bharadwája, 381

Buddhist Triad, 259
Bhatt Brahmans, 347

Burnouf, M. 242
Bhawání, Rani, 158, 164, 167, 175, 180 Búrwa-Mangal Mela, 228, 229
Bhikshus, The Five, 5, 6, 11, 365, 368,
372

Buyers, Rev. W., 192, 193
Bhilsa, 29, 244

Carnac, Lieutenant-Colonel, 200
Bbilsa Topes, 20, 245, 267, 268
Bhím, 217

Chakravartin, King, 374
Bhímchandi, 179

Chakrayantra, 137
Bhittiyantra, 136

Chakr-pushkarni, 69
Bhobaneswar, Temple of, 29

Cha men (S'ramana), 365
| Bhút, 119

Chandan Ekadasi Mela, 217
Bhút-Bhairo, 119

Chandra, 144
Bijai Dasami Mela, 223

Chandra Gupta, 265
Bijaigash, Fort of, 202

Chandrakanta, 107
Bindhyachala, 90

Chandra-kúp, 143, 144
Birbhadra, 78, 153

Chandrame, i70
Bird, Mr., former Resident of Benares, 194

Charana-páduke, 70
Bisbáhuka, 84

Chaturbhuj, 130, 151
Bishes'war, 47, 147, 156, 175, 227

Chaukha Ghat, 218, 223, 225, 226

Chaukhambhe, 223, 224
316, 317.

Chauk hambha Mosque, 314, 316
Chauki Ghát, 164

Chausathi Devi, 90, 228
Cheit Singh, Raja, 34, 169, 172, 197,

198-212, 228, 250
Cherry, Mr., formerly Political Resident

of Benares, 338
Chi-kia-meon-ai (S'ákya Muni), 369
Chi-kia-pou-sa (s'akja Bodhisattwa),

369
Chi (Sakra), 379
Chitraghaņţá, 251
Chitrkoț, 221, 222
Christianity, 38, 40
Church of England Mission, Benares,

233, 334, 337
Clive, Lord, 361
Cunningham, Major-General, late Go-

vernment Archæologist in India, 235,

236, 244, 250, 255, 256, 260, 265, 268
Dafáli, 216
Daitya, 114
Daksh, Raja, 77, 79, 80
Dakshes war, 76, 80
Dalbhyeswar, 129, 130
Dana-dharma, 381
Dandpan, 62, 65, 66
Dangal Mela, 229
Dasahra Melá 217, 222
Dasásamedh Ghát and Temple, 43, 95,

139, 140, 142, 163, 222, 228, 333
Daślswamedhes war, 142
Dattatreya, 151
Davidson, Mr., 261
Deer Park of the Immortal, 232, 233,

234, 235, 364, 367, 372, 375
Deo Narain Singh, Raja, K.C.S.I., Pre-

sident of the Benares Institute, 183,

339
Devadatta, 371
Dhamnár, caves of, 269
Dhan, worship of, 223
Dhan Teras Mela, 223
Dhanwantari, 219
Dharaddi Mela, 228
Dharma, 5, 85
Dharmanada, 107
Dharmeswar, 86
Dharm-kúp, 85, 86
Dharmsálá, or hostel, 179
Dhela Chauth Mela, 221
Dhruv, Dhruves'war, Dhruves wara, 128
Dhupchandi, 177
Dhútapapa, 107
Digansayantra, 137
Dirodas, 47, 82, 84, 140, 141, 143, 381
Divodaseswar, 84
Diwali Mel&, 224
Dulareswar, 164
Duncan, Mr. Jonathan, former Resident of

Benares, 250, 262

Durg, 169-162
Durgé, 47, 144, 155, 157-159, 162, 163,

166, 170-172, 214, 223, 228,
Durga-kuņd, 33, 90, 166, 219
Durga Mela, 219, 223
Durgbijay Singh, Babu, 212
Durvásas ķishi, 114, 151
Dwaraka-tirth, 218
Dwárpaleswar, 64
Egyptian Architecture, 22
Elora, cave at, 20
Equinoctial Circle, 137
Fa Hian, 35, 231, 232, 234, 235, 256,

266, 267, 364
Fa Hian's Narrative concerning Benares,

364, 366
Faiz-ulla-ķhan, Nawab, 201
Fatima Mela, 219
Fergusson's Handbook of Architecture,

19, 29, 283, 294
Foe Buddha), 364, 365
Foe Koue Kí, 231, 364
Pouceaux, M., 261
Fowke, Mr., formerly Resident of Be-

nares, 201
Futteh Narain Singh, Baba, Vice-Pre-

sident of the Benares Institute, 339
Gae Ghat, 104
Gajendramoksh, 170
Gandharvas, 162
Gaņes or Siddha-vinkyak, 47, 49, 59,

65, 71, 74, 76, 83, 90, 100, 106, 122,

144, 150, 152, 163, 166, 168
Gañes Chauth Mela, 227
Gangá (the Ganges), 67, 98, 107, 142,

147, 170, 174, 194, 217, 356
Ganga-putras, or Sons of the Ganges,

16, 46, 352
Ganga-Saptamí Mela, 216
Garud, 171
Gau-gaur Mela, 214
Gauri, 98, 140, 160-162
Gauri-kund, 150
Gauri S'ankar, 69
Gaya, 5, 124, 139
Gazi Miyan Dargah, 215, 216
Gazi Miyar Melă, 216
Gazi Sultan, 216
Ghaņțákarņa, 118
Gor Ji, Pandit, 90, 105
Govardhan, 171
Gridhrakuta, 368
Griffith, Mr. R. T. H., Principal of the

Government College, Benares, 331
Gulzár Mahalla, 306
Gunabri, 220, 221
Gupta era, 28, 55, 286, 290, 306, 326.

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Gurn-púrima, 218.
Gyan-Bápi or Gyán-Kúp, 63, 73
Haihayas, race of, 381
Hall, Dr. Fitzedward, Librarian of the

India Office, 35, 236, 331, 381
Hanumán, or Mahábír, 69, 73-76, 89,

91, 100, 126, 129, 170, 224
Hardwar, 139
Hardy, Rev. R. Spence, 6
Hari Gupta, 261
Harinath, Temple of, 149
Hari Vassa, 381
Haryaswa, King of the Kasis, 381
Heng (Ganges), 35, 364
Himachal, Mount, 149
Hindu Temples in Benares, number of,

41, 42
Hindu Triad, 185
Hionen Thsang, 8, 231, 232, 234, 235,

255, 256, 259, 262, 267, 268, 272,
286, 366
Hiouen Thsang's Narrative concerning

Benares, 366-380
Hipparchus, 134
Hiranyakasipu, 216
Hodgson, Mr.B. 8., late Political Resident

in Nepál, 242, 262
Holi Mela, 192, 227, 228
Holika, 228
Hom, 127
Horne, Mr. C., late Judge of Benares,

273, 296, 297
Hou-ming-pou-sa (Prabhápála : Bod-

hisattwa), 369
Humayún, Emperor, 255
Indian Architecture, 22, 24, 28, 62
Indra, 160, 161, 170, 171
Irána, 251
Is’ipattana Vihara, 5, 6, 11, 256
Iswar, 69, 128
Iswar-Gangi, 116, 220

[375
I-tsie-i-tch'ing (Sarvárthasiddha), 373–
Jagannath, 120, 139, 177, 217, 218, 229
Jagat Ganj, 26, 250
Jagat Singh, Baba, 25, 250-253, 260
Jages war, 116, 151
Jahnu Rishi, 316
Jaina, 289, 294, 317, 318
Jaitpurk Mahalla, 89
Jala, 160
Jamanes'war, 98
Jambavati, 127
Jamditiya Mela, 225
Jam Ghát, 225
Jamna, 98, 142, 170, 225
Jánakí, 90
Jarnanada, 107
Jatakas, 11

Jaunpore, Atallah Mosque, 282, 283
Jaunpore, Jama Mosque, 282, 283
Jay Narayan Ghosal, Raja, 333
Jay Sirh, Raja, 129, 132
Jewels, The Three, 369
Jogi-bír, 277

(379
Jou-laï (the Tathagata), 367-371, 376,
Julien, M. Stanislas, 231, 366, 369
Jwarabares'war, 91
Kailas, 79, 83
Knjrí, 220
Kajri Mela, 220, 221
Kali, 74
Káli S'ankar Ghosal, Raja, 338
Kalká, 225
Kal-Kúp, 66
Kámes war, Kamanánáth, 113, 114
Kandhawa, 177
Kanheri, caves at, 259
Kantit, Raja of, 220
Kapila, Ruja of, 264
Kapildhara, 178, 180
Kapilmochan Tank, 190, 196
Kardames'war, 178, 179
Karkotak Nag Tirth, 220
Karler Cave, 20
Karņghanţa, 118
Kártavirya, 170
Kartik Purnima Mela, 226
Kásháya, or Brown Vestment of Bad-

dha, 234, 262, 370, 371
Kasi-devi, 118, 119
Kasi Karwat, 58
Kasi Khanda, 68, 76, 82, 88, 96, 98,

106, 149, 159, 218, 381
Kasi, Kingdom of, 35, 36, 364, 381
Kasi-mábátmya, 96
Kasipurá Mahalla, 117
Kast-rahasya, 96
Kasyapa Buddha, 369
Kauņdinya, 365, 368
Kedár, 93, 96, 149, 156

(153
Kedareswar, Kedarnath, 147, 149, 160,
Keou lin (Kauņdinya), 365
Kern, Dr., late Anglo-Sanskrit Professor,

Benares, 332
Ketu, 66
Kewal Galí, 166
Kiachi (Kasí),

35, 364
Kia-ye-po-fo (Kasyapa Buddha), 369
Kinnaras, 162
Kirananadi, 107
Kirtti Bisheswar, 312–314
Kittoe, Major, late Government Archeo.

ologist in India, 25, 236, 250, 261,

254, 268, 269, 331, 334
Kiu tan (Buddha), 366
Klaproth, M., 231, 364
Kot-Linges war, 100
Koçwal, 124

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