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the Stúpa of the three quadrupeds. In the age when Jou-lai (the Tathagata) was leading the life of a Pou-8a (Bodhisattwa), it was at this place that he burnt his body. In the beginning of the kalpas (ages) there were, in this forest, a fox, a hare, and a monkey, who, although of different species, were united by a close friendship. At that time, Chi (Sakra), the master of the gods, wished to make proof of those who were leading the life of a Bodhisattwa. He descended upon the earth, and, assuming the appearance of an old man, spoke thus to these three animals : “My children, do you take pleasure in this peaceful and retired spot? Do you feel no fear ?"

“We tread upon the tufted herbage,” they replied ; "we roam in a thick forest; and, although we are of different species, we take pleasure together; we are tranquil and happy."

“Having learned,” rejoined the old man, “ that you were bound in a close friendship, forgetting the burthen of age, I have come from a great distance expressly to find you out. To-day I am oppressed with hunger. What will you give me to eat?” .

“Be so good,” said they, “as to remain here a little, while we run and make search.”

On this, forgetting their own interests, and animated with a common spirit, they went away, each apart from the rest, in quest of food. The fox, having skirted a river, brought between his teeth a fresh carp; the monkey gathered fruits and flowers, of great rarity, from the depth of the forest. Then they reassembled at the place where the old man had halted, and presented them to him. But the hare returned empty-handed, and began to gambol from right to left.

“From what I see,” remarked the old man to him, "you have not shared in the sentiments of the monkey and the fox. Each of them has given me proof of his devotion ; but the hare has returned empty, and he alone has not given me food. These words suffice for making him understood.”

The hare, on hearing these severe reproaches, spoke thus to the fox and the monkey: “Gather together a quantity of wood and grass; and I will then do something."

At these words, the fox and monkey ran, emulously, and brought grass and branches. When they had made a high heap of them,

ALAN

and a strong fire was about to be kindled, the hare said : “O man, full of humanity, I am small and feeble; and, as I was unable to find what I sought after, I venture to offer my humble body to furnish a repast for you."

Scarcely had he ceased speaking, when he cast himself into the fire, and there died immediately.

At that instant, the old man resumed his form of king of the gods (Sakra), collected the bones of the hare, and, having for a long time heaved sorrowful sighs, said to the fox and the monkey: “How is it that he was the only one able to make such a sacrifice? I am powerfully affected by his devotion; and, not to let the memory of it perish, I will place him in the disk of the moon, so that his name may go down to posterity." . Hence, all the natives of India say, that it is since this event occurred that a hare has been seen in the moon.

In after times, a Stúpa was erected at this spot.

APPENDIX C.

Respecting Divodás, Professor Wilson says :—"Some rather curious legends are connected with this prince, in the Váyu and Brahma Puráņas, and Hari Vamśa, and, especially, in the Káší Khaņņa of the Skanda Puráņa. According to these authorities, Siva and Párvatí, desirous of occupying Kási, which Divodása possessed, sent Nikumbha, one of the Gaņas of the former, to lead the prince to the adoption of Buddhist doctrines ; in consequence of which, he was expelled from the sacred city, and, according to the Váyu, founded another on the banks of the Gomatí.

“Some further illustration is derivable from the Mahabhárata, Santi-Parvan, Dána-dharma. Haryaswa, the king of the Káśis, reigning between the Ganges and the Yamuná (or in the Doab), was invaded and slain by the Haihayas, a race descended, according to this authority, from Saryáti, the son of Manu. Sudeva, the son of Haryaswa, was also attacked and defeated by the same enemies. Divodása, his son, built and fortified Benares, as a defence against the Haihayas; but in vain; for they took it, and compelled him to iy. He sought refuge with Bharadwája, by whose favour he had a son born to him, Pratardana, who destroyed the Haihayas, under their king Vítahavya, and re-established the kingdom of Kási.”

Professor Wilson's Translation of the Vishnu Purana (Hall's edition), vol. iv., pp. 33, 40.

INDEX. .

Adampura Maballa, 299

Annpúpna, 43, 57, 150, 214
Ad-Bishes war, 56, 318-321

Apsarases, 162
Aditya, 127

Arada Kálama, 375
Adkesav, or Vishnu, 185

Archæological Report, Major - General
Ad-Mabádeva, 104, 106

Cunningham's, 236-243, 250-254, 258–
Agni, 160, 176

260, 261, 262
Agwán, 96

Arhái Kangura Mosque, 310-312
Aħalya Bai, Rani, 167

Arjuna, 178
Ahmad ķhán, Saiyid, 339

Aryan race, 1, 24
Ahyabar Galí, 154

Ashtang-Bhairo, 128
Ais warya Narayan Sinh, Baba, Secre Ashta S'akti, 257

tary of the Benares Institute, 339 Ashțbhuji, 163
Kjnáta Kaundinya, 372

Así, 34, 326
Ajunta Caves, 20

Asiatic Researches, 219, 250
Alamgiri Mosque, 312–314

Asiatic Society of Bengal, 236, 242, 245,
Alauddin, 81

248, 251, 252, 257, 260, 264, 269,
Alipore Maballa, 274

270, 273, 286
Alpmfites' war, 80

Asi Sangam and Ghat, 139, 177, 178,
Ambheri, Rajas of, 131

184, 217, 218, 221
Amrit Kund, 219

Asnan Jatrá Méla, 217
Amrit Rao, 168

As'oka, 19, 21, 86, 233, 234, 244, 265,
Anant Chaudas Mela, 222

266, 296, 306, 367, 368
Anark Chaudas Mela, 224

Assyrian Architecture, 22
Ancient Remains, Benares :-

Asuf-ud-Daulah, Mawab, 198
Bakariya Kund, 273-287
No. I. Raj Ghat Fort, 292-297 Aurangzeb or Alamgir, 28, 32, 39, 61,
No. II. Near Raj Ghat Fort, 297, 298 | 55, 110, 112, 128, 153, 156, 191, 192,
No. III. Small Mosque in Budkon 306, 312, 313
Maballa, 298, 299

Aurangzeb's Mosque, 316,318, 323
Ancient Mound or Ridge, 299-303 Ansán Ganj Mahalla, 87, 116, 117, 120,
No. IV. Tiliya Nala and Maqdam 151, 197

Sahib, 302-306
No. V. Lat Bhairo, 305-308

Baber, Emperor, 255
No. VI. Battis Khambha, 308-310 Bages'wari, 89, 90, 164, 214
No. VII. Arhái Kangura Mosque, Baijnath, 227
310-312

Bakariyá Kund, Ancient Remains at,
Hindu Temple of Kirtti Bisheswar, 1 25, 27, 93, 215, 216, 273-287, 292,
Alamgiri Mosque, 312-314

293, 208, 309, 310, 323
No. VIII. Chaukhambha Mosque, 314, Balbhadra, 120
316

Baldeo, 170
No. IX. Aurungzeb's Mosque, near Balkrishna, 151

Bishes war Temple, 316-318, 320 Ballantyne, Dr., late Principal of the
No. X. Ad-Bisheswar Temple and Government College, Benares, 331

neighbouring Mosque, 318-321 Balwant Singh, 198, 202, 212
No. XI. Stone Pillar, sone ka Taláo, Banár-así, 326
321, 322

| Banár, Raja, 35, 100, 292

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Baptist Mission, Benares, 333, 334, 337 | Bodhi, Fruit of 369, 373, 375
Bápú Deva S'astri, Pandit, Professor of Bodbidruma, 374, 375

Astronomy, Government College, Be Bodhisattwa, 368-372, 374, 379
nares, 137, 339

Brahma, 69, 99
Bara Games, 120, 121, 215, 221, 227 Brahmá, 43, 78, 82, 140-143, 170, 186
Barában Deví, 131

Brahmadatta, King of Benares, 11
Barhiya Tank, 226

Brahma-is' war, 18
Barná Piyala Mela, 225

Brahmes'war, 142
Bárņarasi Derí, 100

Bráhman, 14, 40, 48, 69, 84, 102, 126,
Barna Sangam and Ghát, 33, 139, 178, 135, 148, 152, 191, 193, 194, 267,
184, 186, 187, 221

346, 354, 378
Batasparikhsha Melé, 218

Brahma Purana, 381
Battis Khambha, 308-310

Brahmávarta, 266
Bawan Avatár, 222

Brahmaloka, 143,
Bawan-dwádasí Mela, 221

Brahmo Samaj, 336, 344, 345, 364
Benares, --Courts of Law, 337; Govern Brambanan, temple of, 260-
ment or Queen's College, 236, 259, Briddhkál, 73, 75, 80, 94, 156, 313
307, 331, 332, 337, 347; Governo Briddhkal Mela, 218
ment Normal School, 332; Public Budaon Mahalla, 298
Buildings, 337; Ward's Institution, Buddha, or Gautama, 5, 6, 85, 163, 232-
337

234, 238, 248, 251, 259, 261, 301,
Bepares Institute, 336, 337

364, 369, 370, 372; The Tathagata,
Benares, Insurrection at, 197–212

242, 367, 368, 369, 370, 371, 376,
Benares, Maharaja of, 118, 169, 212, 379; The Great S'ramana, 242, 366;
222, 227, 337, 338

8'ri Dharmarás'i, 251 ; his Life, 264,
Benares Proper, 74, 93, 94, 95, 97

265
Benares, Secrole, 337

Buddhas, four last, 369
Bengali Tola, 146, 147, 155

Buddha Gaya, 269
Bengali Tola Preparatory School, 335 Buddhi, 72
Beni Rám, Pandit, 218

Buddha, Law of, 5, 256, 266, 364-366,
Bhadaini Mahalla or Ward, 167, 224

368, 369, 374, 375
Bhadrakalpa, 369

Buddhism, Decline and Fall of, 267,
Bhadres'war, Temple of, 168

268-270
Bhagavad Gita, 347

Buddhist Confession of Faith, 242, 262,
Bhairo or Bhaironáth, 47, 61, 64, 74,

263
119, 124, 128, 150, 170'

Buddhist Missionaries, 12, 301
Bhairo ka Tálko, 190

Buddhist Supremacy in India, 12, 30,
Bhanţa, 226

265, 266
Bharadwaja, 381

Buddhist Triad, 259
Bhatt Brahmans, 347

Burnouf, M. 242
Bhawanf, Rani, 158, 164, 167, 175, 180 Búrwa-Mangal Mela, 228, 229
Bhikshns, The Five, 5, 6, 11, 365, 368, Buyers, Rev. W., 192, 193

372
Bhilsa, 29, 244

Carnac, Lieutenant-Colonel, 200
Bhilsa Topes, 20, 245, 267, 268

Chakravartin, King, 374
Bhim, 211

Chakrayantra, 137
Bhimchandi, 179

Chakr-pushkarni, 69
Bhittiyantra, 136

Cha men (S'ramaņa), 365
Bhobanes var, Temple of, 29

Chandan Ekadasi Mela, 217
Bhút, 119

Caandra, 144
Bhút-Bhairo, 119

Chandra Gupta, 265
Bijai Dasami Mel&, 223

Chandrakanta, 107
Bijaigarh, Fort of, 202

Chandra-kúp, 143, 144
Bindhyachals, 90°

Chandrama, 170
Birbhadra, 78, 153

Charana-páduke, 70
Bird, Mr., former Resident of Benares, 194 Chaturbhuj, 130, 151
Bisbábuka, 84

Chaukha Ghat, 218, 223, 225, 226
Bishes'war, 47, 147, 156, 175, 227

Chaukhambhe, 223, 224
Bishes war, Temple of, 28, 60, 62, 61, Chaukhambha Mosque, 314, 316
316, 317.

Chauki Ghát, 164

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