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the Stúpa of the three quadrupeds. In the age when Jou-lai (the Tathagata) was leading the life of a Pou-8a (Bodhisattwa), it was at this place that he burnt his body. In the beginning of the kalpas (ages) there were, in this forest, a fox, a hare, and a monkey, who, although of different species, were united by a close friendship. At that time, Chi (Sakra), the master of the gods, wished to make proof of those who were leading the life of a Bodhisattwa. He descended upon the earth, and, assuming the appearance of an old man, spoke thus to these three animals : “My children, do you take pleasure in this peaceful and retired spot? Do you feel no fear ?"
“We tread upon the tufted herbage,” they replied ; "we roam in a thick forest; and, although we are of different species, we take pleasure together; we are tranquil and happy."
“Having learned,” rejoined the old man, “ that you were bound in a close friendship, forgetting the burthen of age, I have come from a great distance expressly to find you out. To-day I am oppressed with hunger. What will you give me to eat?” .
“Be so good,” said they, “as to remain here a little, while we run and make search.”
On this, forgetting their own interests, and animated with a common spirit, they went away, each apart from the rest, in quest of food. The fox, having skirted a river, brought between his teeth a fresh carp; the monkey gathered fruits and flowers, of great rarity, from the depth of the forest. Then they reassembled at the place where the old man had halted, and presented them to him. But the hare returned empty-handed, and began to gambol from right to left.
“From what I see,” remarked the old man to him, "you have not shared in the sentiments of the monkey and the fox. Each of them has given me proof of his devotion ; but the hare has returned empty, and he alone has not given me food. These words suffice for making him understood.”
The hare, on hearing these severe reproaches, spoke thus to the fox and the monkey: “Gather together a quantity of wood and grass; and I will then do something."
At these words, the fox and monkey ran, emulously, and brought grass and branches. When they had made a high heap of them,
and a strong fire was about to be kindled, the hare said : “O man, full of humanity, I am small and feeble; and, as I was unable to find what I sought after, I venture to offer my humble body to furnish a repast for you."
Scarcely had he ceased speaking, when he cast himself into the fire, and there died immediately.
At that instant, the old man resumed his form of king of the gods (Sakra), collected the bones of the hare, and, having for a long time heaved sorrowful sighs, said to the fox and the monkey: “How is it that he was the only one able to make such a sacrifice? I am powerfully affected by his devotion; and, not to let the memory of it perish, I will place him in the disk of the moon, so that his name may go down to posterity." . Hence, all the natives of India say, that it is since this event occurred that a hare has been seen in the moon.
In after times, a Stúpa was erected at this spot.
Respecting Divodás, Professor Wilson says :—"Some rather curious legends are connected with this prince, in the Váyu and Brahma Puráņas, and Hari Vamśa, and, especially, in the Káší Khaņņa of the Skanda Puráņa. According to these authorities, Siva and Párvatí, desirous of occupying Kási, which Divodása possessed, sent Nikumbha, one of the Gaņas of the former, to lead the prince to the adoption of Buddhist doctrines ; in consequence of which, he was expelled from the sacred city, and, according to the Váyu, founded another on the banks of the Gomatí.
“Some further illustration is derivable from the Mahabhárata, Santi-Parvan, Dána-dharma. Haryaswa, the king of the Káśis, reigning between the Ganges and the Yamuná (or in the Doab), was invaded and slain by the Haihayas, a race descended, according to this authority, from Saryáti, the son of Manu. Sudeva, the son of Haryaswa, was also attacked and defeated by the same enemies. Divodása, his son, built and fortified Benares, as a defence against the Haihayas; but in vain; for they took it, and compelled him to iy. He sought refuge with Bharadwája, by whose favour he had a son born to him, Pratardana, who destroyed the Haihayas, under their king Vítahavya, and re-established the kingdom of Kási.”
Professor Wilson's Translation of the Vishnu Purana (Hall's edition), vol. iv., pp. 33, 40.
Adampura Maballa, 299
Annpúpna, 43, 57, 150, 214
Arada Kálama, 375
Archæological Report, Major - General
Cunningham's, 236-243, 250-254, 258–
260, 261, 262
Arhái Kangura Mosque, 310-312
Aryan race, 1, 24
tary of the Benares Institute, 339 Ashțbhuji, 163
Así, 34, 326
Asiatic Researches, 219, 250
Asiatic Society of Bengal, 236, 242, 245,
248, 251, 252, 257, 260, 264, 269,
270, 273, 286
Asi Sangam and Ghat, 139, 177, 178,
184, 217, 218, 221
Asnan Jatrá Méla, 217
As'oka, 19, 21, 86, 233, 234, 244, 265,
266, 296, 306, 367, 368
Assyrian Architecture, 22
Asuf-ud-Daulah, Mawab, 198
Aurangzeb's Mosque, 316,318, 323
Baber, Emperor, 255
Bakariyá Kund, Ancient Remains at,
293, 208, 309, 310, 323
Bishes war Temple, 316-318, 320 Ballantyne, Dr., late Principal of the
neighbouring Mosque, 318-321 Balwant Singh, 198, 202, 212
| Banár, Raja, 35, 100, 292
Baptist Mission, Benares, 333, 334, 337 | Bodhi, Fruit of 369, 373, 375
Astronomy, Government College, Be Bodhisattwa, 368-372, 374, 379
Brahma, 69, 99
Brahmadatta, King of Benares, 11
Brahma-is' war, 18
Bráhman, 14, 40, 48, 69, 84, 102, 126,
346, 354, 378
Brahma Purana, 381
Brahmo Samaj, 336, 344, 345, 364
234, 238, 248, 251, 259, 261, 301,
364, 369, 370, 372; The Tathagata,
242, 367, 368, 369, 370, 371, 376,
8'ri Dharmarás'i, 251 ; his Life, 264,
Buddhas, four last, 369
Buddha Gaya, 269
Buddha, Law of, 5, 256, 266, 364-366,
368, 369, 374, 375
Buddhism, Decline and Fall of, 267,
Buddhist Confession of Faith, 242, 262,
Buddhist Missionaries, 12, 301
Buddhist Supremacy in India, 12, 30,
Buddhist Triad, 259
Burnouf, M. 242
Carnac, Lieutenant-Colonel, 200
Chakravartin, King, 374
Cha men (S'ramaņa), 365
Chandan Ekadasi Mela, 217
Chandra Gupta, 265
Chandra-kúp, 143, 144
Chaukha Ghat, 218, 223, 225, 226
Chaukhambhe, 223, 224
Chauki Ghát, 164