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Directors with the sum of £5,000, consequence of mal-administraas an equivalent for the emolu- tion, or whether the Company, · ments he had relinquished as Se-, finding the profits of the concern Cretary at Madras.

inadequate to the expence, con-, About the same time, Mr. Dal-· nived at its relinquishment - no rymple was appointed to the go-: attempt was made to re-establish vernment of Balambangan, mea it-and therefore the latter supsures having been resolved on by position is the more presumable. the Company to effect a settlement Mr. Dalrymple's undertaking there ; and the Britannia was or seems to have been but a revived dered to be fitted out for that pur- project, and as the pursuit of pose, under the command of Mr. profit is rarely relaxed so long as Dalrymple'; but a difference with it is found to be a profitable purthe Directors annulled this ap- suit, it may fairly be inferred pointment also ; and another


that the commerce of the Eastern tleman proceeded thither.

Islands was

more promising in The conduct of this gentleman prospect than gainful in posses: however not satisfactory ; sion. and,' in the year 1774, the Court But while busied in the consiof Directors determined on send- deration and prosecution of his ing thither a supervisor. Mr. Dal- darling scheme, his hydrographirymple now again offered his ser- cal pursuits necessary to the due vices, on condition that after every execution of it went on with so: expense that had occurred under much ardour, industry, and accu-: his management, including the racy, that he was encouraged by exploring voyage, should have the Court of Directors to publish been reimbursed, a small portion of various charts, &c. and to his chart the clear profits (but how small of the northern part of the Bay of. does not appear) of the establish- Bengal, published in 1772, it is ment should be granted to him affirmed that the India Company and his heirs, Mr. Dalrymple was indebted for the safety of the engaging that the expences of the Hawke Indiaman, which would establishment should not exceed otherwise have fallen into the 10,000l. per annum. This


hands of the French. sal was referred to a Committee, Mr. Dalrymple's zeal for the and ultimately rejected. The set- Company's interest had led him tlement was soon after cut off by from his post at Madras, but he a set of freebooters from Sooloo ; nevertheless conceived his claim but as this was effected without on that establishment still valid ; bloodshed, imputations of neglect and on the appointment of Lord and mismanagement have been Pigot, in 1775, to the governmade, and considered as the real ment of Fort St. George, he was causes of failure, where an oppo- advised by the then Chairman site course of administration would and Deputy Chairman to make a have insured the stability of the specific application before the arsettlement, at a cost less than the rangement of the Madras Council amount paid for port charges at was completed. On the 3d of Canton, for two years.

March, 1775, Mr. Dalrymple, in The judgment of every pro- consequence of this advice, prejector, says one of the biographers ferred his claim, and requested to of this gentleman, is naturally be restored to his standing. This biassed by his sanguine expecta- request was complied with, and he tions of success, and his expecta- was appointed in his rank a Memtions are formed on the presumed ber of Council, and nominated sagacity of his own contrivance. one of the Committee of Circuit. Whether the failure was really the In pursuance of this appoint


ment, Mr. Dalrymple returned to (3.) + Account of what has passed beMadras, where he remained until

tween the East India Directors and Alex1777, when he was ordered home

ander Dalrymple, as first printed. 8vo.

1768. with Messrs. Stone and La (4.) Account of what has passed-Do. tham, to have their: conduct in- —Do.-as published. 8vo. N. B. It is quired into. Nothing appeared dated 1769, by a ridiculous custom of against it, and on the 8th of printers, to date publications, printed toApril , 1779, he was appointed year ensuing.

wards the close of the year, as if in the Hydrographer to the East-India

(5) Plan for extending the Commerce Company, with a condition that it of this Kingdom, and of the East India should not invalidate his preten- Company, by an Establishment at Balamtions at Madras.

bangan.-N. B. Although printed in 1769,

it was not published till 1771. In 1795, the establishment of

(6) * Letter concerning the proposed an hydrographical office at the Supervisors. 20th June, 1769. 8vo. Admiralty was again taken into (7) Letter concerning the proposed Suconsideration, and a memorial to

pervisors. 30th June. P.S. 3d July,

1769. 4to. 1769. his Majesty in Council was pre (8) Second Letter-Do. 10th July, sented by the Lords Commis- 1769. 4to. 1769. sioners, recommending the mea (9) Vox Populi Vox Dei, Lord Weysure, which was graciously ap

mouth's Appeal to the General Court of proved. The appointment was

India Proprietors considered, 14th Aunow offered to Mr. Dalrymple, by

gust. P.S. 19th August, 1769. 4to. 1769.

(10) Historical Collection of South Sea whom, with the consent of the Voyages. 2 vuls. 4to. 1770. 4to. 1771. Court of Directors, it was

(11) of Proposition of a benevolent cepted.

Voyage to introduce Corn, &c. into New

Zealand, &c. 4to. 1771. Under the direction of Mr. Dal

(12) Considerations on a Pamphlet (by rymple, the purposes of the insti Gov. Johustone), entitled, Thoughts tution were fully effected, to the on our Acquisitions in the East Indies, extent of the plan laid down. particularly, respecting Bengal.”. 8vo.

1772. Many plates were engraved to

(13) General View of the East India ward forming a complete collec- Company's Affairs (written in January, tion of charts for the use of the 1769), to which are added some Obser, royal navy;

and several memorials vations on the present State of the Comwere presented by him, suggesting pany's Affairs. 8vo. 1772. measures of improvement.

(14) + A Paper concerning the General

But Government for India. 8vo. whether by his public zeal he gave (15) + Rights of the East India Com. any private disgust, or whatever pany. -N. B. This was printed at the may have been the cause, Mr. Dal- Company's expense. 8vo. 1773. rymple was, on the 28th of May, 1773.

(16) Letter to Dr. Hawkesworth. 4to. 1808, dismissed from his employ

(17) * Observations on Dr. Hawkesment as Hydrographer to the Bri- worth's Preface to 2d edition. 4to. 1773. tish Navy, and on the 19th of June An Opinion of Sir David Dalrymple, that following died broken hearted, in there was too much asperity in this Re

ply, retarded, and the death of Dr. the 71st year of his age. At least

Hawkesworth, prevented the publication. in the opinion of his physician, the (18) + Memorial of Doctor Juan Louis vexation of his dismissal - was the Arias (in Spanish). 4to. 1773. cause of his death.

(19) + Proposition for printing, by

subscription, the MS. Voyages and TraCatalogue of printed Books and Tracts, vels in the British Museum. 4to. 1773. by the late Alexander Dalrymple.

(20) A full and clear Proof that the Those marked* were never published.

Spaniards have no Right to Balambangan.

8vo. 1774. Those markedt not sold.

(21) An Historical Relation of the se' (i.) Account of Discoveries in the veral Expeditions, from Fort Marlbro? to South Pacific Ocean before 1764. 8vo. the Islands off the West Coast of Suma, •1767.

tra. 4to. 1775. (2.) + Memorial to the. Proprietors of (22) Collection of Voyages, chiefly in East India Stock. 8vo..1768.

the South Atlantic Ocean, from the ori,

ginal MSS. by Dr. Halley, M. Bouvet, (41) A serious Admonition to the Pub&c. with a Preface concerning a Voyage lic, on the intended Thief Colony at Boon Discovery, proposed to be undertaken tany Bay, printed for Sewell, Cornhill. by Alexander Dalrymple at his own Ex (42) Review of the Contest concerning pense ; Letters to Lord North on the Four New Regiments, graciously offered Subject, and Plan of Republican Colony. by his Majesty to be sent to India, &c. 4to. 1775.

8vo. 1788. (23) + Copies of Papers relative to the (43) * Play for promoting the Fur Restoration of the King of Tanjour, the Trade, and sécuring it to this Country, Imprisonment of Lord Pigot, &c. Print by uniting the Operations of the East Ined by the East India Company, for the dia and Hudson's Bay Companies. 4to. use of the Proprietors. 4to. 1777. 1789. N. B. In this Collection are many Minutes (44) * Memoir of a Map of the Landş of Council, and some Letters by Alexan around the North Pole, 4to. 1789. der Dalrymple.

(45) An. Historical Journal of the Ex(24) Several other pieces on the peditions by Sea and Land, to the North same Subject, written by Alexander Dal of California, in 1768, 1769, and 1770, rymple, were printed by Admiral Pigot when Spanish Establishments were first and Alexander Dalrymple, but not sold; made at San Diego and Monterey, transthose particularly by Alexander Dalrym- lated from the Spanish MŚ, by William ple are 4to. - 1777. :

Revely, Esq. to which is added-Transla(25) Notes ou Lord. Pigot's Narrative. tion of Cabrera Bueno's. Description of

(26) Letter to Proprietors of East In the Coast of California, and an Extract dia Stock. 8th May 1777.

from the MS. Journal of M. Sauvague le (27) Account of the Transactions con Muet, 1714. 4to. 1790. cerning the Revolt at Madras. 30th April, (46) A Letter to a Friend on the Test 1777. Appendix.

Act. Svo. 1790. (28) · Letter to the Court of Directors. (47) The Spanish Pretensions fairly dis19th June, 1777. Memorial-19th June, cussed. 8vo. 1790. 1777.

(48) The Spanish Memorial of 4th (29) + Account of the Subversion of June considered. . 8vo. 1790, the Legal Government of Fort St. George, (49) + Plan for the Publication of a in Answer to Mr. Andrew Stuart's Let Repertory of Oriental Information. 4to. ter to the Court of Directors. 4to. 1778. 1790.

(30) 'Journal of the Grenville, publish (50) * Memorial of Alexander Daled in the Philosophical Transactions. rymple. 8vo. 1791. 4to. 1778,

(51) Parliamentary Reform, as it is (31) Considerations on the present called, improper, in the present State of State of Affairs between England and this Country. 8vo. 1793. America. 8vo. 1778.

(52) Mr. Fox's Letter to his Worthy (32) Considerations on the East India and Independent Electors of Westminster, Bill, 1769. 8vo. 1778.

fully considered. 8vo. 1793. Printed for (33) State of the East India Company, Stockdale, Piccadilly. and Sketch of an Equitable Agreement. (53) + Observations on the Copper 8vo. 1780.

Coinage wanted for the Circars. Printed (34) Account of the Loss of the Gros for the Use of the East India Company: venor, 8vo. 1783.

8vo. 1794. (35) Reflections on the present Staté (54) The Poor Man's 'Friend. Bvo. of the East India Company. 8vo. 1783. 1795.

(36) A Short Account of the Gentoo (55) A Collection of English Songs, Mode of collecting the Revenues on the with aŋ Appendix of Original Pieces. Coast of Coromandel. 8vo. 1783.

8vo. 1796. (37) A Retrospective View of the An

(56) * A Fragment on the India Trade, tient System of the East India Company, written in 1791. 8vo. 1797. with a Plan of Regulation. 8vo. 1784. (57) Thoughts of an old Map of inde

(38) Postcript to Mr. Dalrymple's AC pendent. Mind, though dependent Forcount of the Gentoo Mode of collecting tune. 8vo. 1800.. Printed for Reynolds, the Revenues on the Coast of Coroman Oxford-street. del; being, -Observations made on a Pe (58) Orientål Repertory, Vol. Ist. 4to. rusal of it by Moodo Kistna. 8vo. 1785. April 1791 to January 1793.

(39) Extracts from Juvenilia, or Poems, (59) Oriental Repertory. Vol. 2d, by George Wither. 24mo. 1785.

4to. (not completed.) (40) Fair State of the Case, between the East India Company and the Owners N.B. There are some other pieces of Ships now in their Service, to which printed by Mr. Dalrymple, which from are added, Considerations on Mr. Brough's want of a copy to refer to, cannot be parPamphlet, concerning East India Ship- ticularized ; especially a Treatise of Pracping. 8vo. 1786.

tical Navigation..


Contained in a Letter from an Officer on the Staff of the Bengal Army.

You will no doubt have leard much of company, it appeared possible to have it the war with Nipal, and of the present in their hands without injury. to the crecondition of India. Every body here has dit of the British government, and it was been speculating and writing; but, from therefore proposed to relinquish our right the secrecy observed in the foreign and it in their , favour, on condition that political department, but little transpires: they should peaceably restore the lands, with respect to our external relations, which they had usurped on the English and even the progress of events is very 'territory. To this proposition a reply imperfectly known to the public. My sis was received, expressed in their usual tuation has necessarily enabled me to be terms of deceit and evasion, and it was better informed, and you may rely on the found necessary to inform them, that we accuracy of the following statement in as should insist on the resumption of this far as it goes.

country, as well as of all the tracts which Our quarrel with the Nipalese was no they had acquired by direct aggression on new matter. For a series of years they the company's dominions. In the mean had been making encroachments on the time it was known that they were prepaBritish dominions, which, not being vigo ging for war; that they had for some time rously resisted at first, encouraged a con been laying up large stores of saltpetre; tinuance of the evil. At length a remont purchasing and fabricating arms, and orstrance was made to the court of Catman- ganizing and disciplining their troops undoo on the subject, and commissioners, der some European deserters in this serwere appointed on the part of both states, vice, after the model of the companies of to examine jointly the pretended rights our sepoy, battalions. of the Nipalese to the lands which they Under these circumstances, perceiving had acquired.

that there was no end to the evasions

; The result of this inquiry, was a com that every effort at accommodation served plete refutation of all their pretensions, only to augment their pretensions and and the production of the most satisfac- their arrogance; and that longer delay tory evidence of the artifice and violence would only render a contest more arduous by which their acquisitions had been ob- than was now obviously inevitable, it was tained ;

but notwithstanding this public deemed indispensable by the British geneexposure of their total want of right, ral to bring the question to immediate isthey continaed to evade, on various pre sue; and a portion of country in Gorucktences, the demands of the British go- pore, in which they had seized upwards vernment for restitution.

of thirty villages during the very progress It was far, however, from the wish of of their discussions, was selected as a fit the British government to engage in a object to decide the point. Ample time . war with Nipal, if this: extremity could was allowed for the progress of a messenhave been avoided; and these measures ger from Calcutta to Catmandoo; for deof forbearance and conciliation were even liberation and decision on the subject carried to the utmost extent; compatible there ; and for the dispatch and execution with the dignity of the English empire. of orders by the Nipalese authorities es

In the course of these investigations it tablished in the territories in question ; appeared that the Nipalese had occupied, and they were distinctly informed, that about 25 years ago, a considerable, tract 'if, at the conclusion of a specified period, of the country which has since been ceded determined by these considerations, this to the company by the Newab of Oude, portion of country was not relinquished, - and to which they had no better claim

the officers of the honourable company than they had to any other portion of the should be replaced by force. A body of territory which they had seized. As this ag troops adequate to the service was at the gression, however, had not been made di same time held in readiness, and orders rectly on the dominions of the honourable to carry the above resolution into effect, Asiatic Journ.No. V.

Vol. I. 3 I

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without reference to government, trans investigating acts of the same unwarrant. mitted to the magistrate of Goruck- able violence and finally, the British pore.

territory invaded by a military

y force, a

and At the conclusion of the appointed time the officers of the civil government murno steps whatsoever had been taken by dered at their stations. If it is supposed in the Nipalese toward a compliance with England, after all this, that it was not inthis requisition, 'nor did they manifest the dispensably necessary to have recourse to smallest symptom of any such intention. arms to protect our subjects, to preserte Accordingly Mr. Martin (the Judge) ad the integrity of our dominious, and to vanced with a small force under Lieut.- vindicate the dignity of the goverument

Colonel Richardson, and re-established the ignorance which prevails as to Indian the different thannahs'; the Nipalese au affairs, and the nature of our empire in thorities, with what troops they had, this country, is much greater than I ever retiring on his approach.' For some time conceived. things went on in tranquillity; but when It

not necessary to detail to you the the troops liad fallen back, to avoid the events of the war, as they are probably unhealthy season, which in that part of known to you through the medium of the the country is particularly fatal to any newspapers. The plan of the operations race of men but the natives of the province originally projected was intended to bring itself, a Nipalese" force descended from

it to a very speedy conclusion, and would the hills; surprized the thannahs in the doubtlessly have produced this result, had night-time-murdered and wounded a it been vigorously carried into execution. large proportion of the officers, the rest The territory subject to Nipal consists making their escape by flight.

of a mountainous tract of country, lying After all that had passed, an outrage between Tibet and the valley of the of this sort might justly be considered as Ganges, in breadth not exceeding one placing us at once in a state of actual hundred miles, but in length stretching war: but as no opposition liad been made nearly along the whole extent of the northin the first instance to the establishment west frontier of the British' dominions. of the thannahs, it was considered just Below the hills they held possession of a possible that the peaceable execution of portion of the plain of irregular width, that measure might have been' owing to distinguished by the name of the Nipal orders transmitted from Catmandoo, and Turrye, * but the period at which the acthat the subsequent attack was the unau quisition was made is not ascertained. thorized act of the local authorities on the The general military character of the frontiers;

and the British government, country is that of extreme difficulty, Imanxious to avoid involving the country in mediately at the front of the hills the hostilities to the last, made one more ap- plain is covered with the Great Saul Foplicatioy to the 'Rajah, to give him the rest, for an average width of ten or twelve option of disavowing this piece of vio miles; the masses of the mountains are lence, and of punishing the offenders-an immense, their sides steep, and covered application that proved as unavailing as with impenetrable jungle. The trenches

in these ridges are generally water-courIt would be useless to add any comment ses, and rather chasms or gulfs than any to justify this war. It must be obvious thing that deserves the name of a valley. to any person, that it was in the strictest The roads are very insecure, and invariasense of the words necessary and unavoid bly.pathways over mountains, or the beds able, and that the forbearance of the Bri of rivers, the usual means of transport tislı government was carried to the very throughout the country being by hill-poruţtermoșt extent to which it was right ters. Notwithstanding this general dethat it should go. The security of the scription, spaces comparatively open and jųhabitants along the frontier had been hollow, and elevated tracts of tolerably destroyed mour territories usurped—our level land, are to be met with, but so comjust demands, and our efforts at accom pletely detached as to contribute but lit. modation alike treated with contempt

tle to facilitate intercourse. the aggressions continued during the very One of the largest and most fertile of progress of the discussions entered into these constitutes the valley of Nipal Proby both states for the express purpose of

* see page 31.--Edit,

the rest.

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