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To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal. SIR,_Whatever difference of An untravelled Englishman is opinion may exist as to the expe- not generally aware that a missidiency of encouraging European onary in Hindustan without an inmissionaries of every persuasion, timate acquaintance with the lanumacquainted with either the lan- guages of Asia, both sacred and guage, the customs, the nature of colloquial, is somewhat the same the religion, or even the astronomy as a carpenter without tools, and of the Asiatics, to resort to British it is to this ignorance alone, that India, for the purpose of abo- the late highly respectable Dr. C. lishing or subverting the reli- Buchanan, and Mr. Martyn, the gious rites of Brama, yet no per- senior* wrangler at Cambridge, sons can surely object to the were so easily imposed upon by promulgation of the Christian re the notorious swindler Sabat, ligion as practised by the unre- (compared by the former in his mitting assiduity, exemplary con Christian Researches to St. Paul,) duct and indefatigable attention who has recently published a book of the learned, pious and indus- in Calcutta, declaring that he only trious society of missionaries at became a Christian to serve his Serampore in Bengal, who have own private viwes, and to shew the already translated the sacred scrip- fallacy of the Christian religion. tures into twenty-four different It cannot be denied that consi. languages, and have ready for the derable difficulty of opinion does press four other vernacular trans- exist as to the points to start from, lations, which could only be ef- in the general introduction of the fected by men of established abi- Christian religion throughout Brilities, who, by a laudable devotion tish India. Very many persons con of the energies of mind, heart and sider it as feasible to induce the time to the sacred cause, have al- self-sufficient Brahmin or Pundit ready sown the good seed, which (a learned theologian) to conform cannot fail eventually of produc- to the Christian doctrine as the ing abundant fruit to the benefit unenlightened Hottentot, while of true religion, as well as the the present Bishop of Calcutta, the cause of morality, industry, and learned missionaries of Serampore, virtue.
and the ever to be remembered Asiatic Journ. -No. V.
VOL. I. 3 H
Swartz, incline to the opinion that lately, although practised by all the Christian character for mora other classes of heathens to inculrility, temperance and attention to cate their own religious tenets from religious duties, should be raised time immemorial. as an example to others, before an
The East India Company are attempt is made to subvert the greatly indebted to the learned foundations of a religion, which, missionary, Dr. Carey, for many however polluted by the artifices most valuable Treatises on the reof Brahmanical priestcraft, is cer- ligion, customs, and jurisprudence tainly nearly the same among the of the Brahmanical system; and, better informed, as when Alexan- by your last number, I see that der the Great attempted the in- Mr. Ward has committed to the vasion of India before the Chris- press at Serampore, a much detian Æra.
sired work, explanatory of the On Christmas day 1814, the Hindu religion, whereby we shall congregation in the Cathedral at be relieved from the puerile tales Calcutta consisted of a bove three of Jaganath going to his country thousand persons. The learned Bi- house, &c. which, in gleanings shop, by his precept and example, from Asiatic researches, is stated has already effected a material to be symbolical of entrance change for the better, in the mo of the sun into the summer solrality of the higher classes of the stice, and that the religion of Hinsociety in India, while the missi- dustan is founded on the basis of onaries, aided by the liberal sub- siderial worship, as was practised scriptions of the European inha- even in this country, before the inbitants, have established schools troduction of our most sacred at the different settlements for the scriptures, which certainly contain purpose of civilizing the native the most pure sublimity, beauty, christians, by teaching them to and morality, independent of their read the sacred scriptures in their divine. origin, of any book that was own language as well as English, ever composed. which was never attempted until
To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal. SIR,—In reply to CLERICUS, I During his absence from Calcutbeg to state to you, that indepen- ta, India would be deprived of the dently of what provision has been advantage of these two rites, as made by the law appointing, a they can only be performed by Bishop of Calcutta, and regulating persons of the Episcopal order. his privileges, he is by his consecra But some other of his Episcopal tion, a Bishop, as long as he lives. functions might be delegated to If circumstances should oblige him his archdeacons, chancellor, or to remove from his see, he still commissaries acting in his behalf, would be Bishop of Calcutta, till he and under his authority ; such as resigned his see, or was removed, the superintending the conduct of and another bishop appointed. the clergy, by visitations, &c.
If he came to England, he would The uncertainty of preserving rank as to precedence, above all the health in the climate of India, English clergy, but below the bi- would make it a very desirable obshops of the three kingdoms. ject to have a Bishop in each pre
But as a bishop he would have a sidency, and an archbishop over right to ordain priests and deacons, the whole; as by that provision and to administer confirmation. Bishops might be consecrated in
India as vacancies occurred: and England or Ireland, the same as the probable increase of Christia- any Bishop of the United Kingdom. nity will make such a provision in These privileges are grounded dispensable.
upon the supposition that the BiBut even at present I do not shops are the successors of the know but that the Bishop of Cal- apostles, appointed by them to cutta may be qualified to conse their function, with the right of crate Bishops to assist him as suf- communicating their powers to fragan or to supply his place du- those they ordain; so that the Episring his absence.
copal order may be preserved in a It is also worth observing, that regular and perpetual succession. the Bishop of Calcutta is capable
I am, &c. of being translated to any see in
To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal.
Sir,- It would gratify many of enquiry is excited by a grievous your readers, connected with In- and unaccountable misconduct eidia, to be informed, what are the ther abroad or at home; and if arrangements between the Hon. through the channel of your
inteCompany and the Post Office rela- resting and entertaining misceltive to the transmission of letters lany, information herein could be to and from India ; viz. whether had, you would much oblige your all ships are allowed to take, and readers in general, and especially, carry. letters, or whether as the
Your constant one, viz. commercial lists state, the convey
B. W. S. ance is limited to those vessels call.
Yarmouth, Norfolk, ed “ Letter Mail Ships.” This, April 11th, 1816.
To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal.
SIR, -I have heard at various even this establishment
Household of the Right Hon. the nor General of India, and the large
Governor General. establishment of his household. A military friend, however, lately ar Chamberlain Sir Wm. Rumbold. rived from Calcutta, has shown me
and Comptrolan actual list, a copy of which I
John Thompson, Esq.
ler to the housesubjoin, and which perhaps, will
hold. disappoint the magnificent ideas Governess Mrs. Rainsford. that I have reason to believe, are Pages to the Coun- Master Chas. Marce
tess of Loudon haux.-Master Laafloat on the subject. It is not in
and Moira. primaudaye. my power to say, whether the whole Lady's Maid Mrs. Hooper. of the establishment as here given, Children's Maid Mrs. Harrowey. is paid from the company's purse, Room Maid Mrs. Margt. Lilley.
Wm. Brodie. or whether an exception is made
Confectioner Thomas Gunter, in regard to the lady's maid, the Footman to Lord ?
Footman for Lord } Alex. Robệngon,; * children's, and the room-maidens, &c. &c. As the Countess of Lou- Coachman
John Burr. don and Moira is coming home, Groom.
G. Simson, 3 H 2
I have heard that suspect the said list is given out his Lordship has a private Secre- merely to blind folks on this side of tary in addition to Mr. Thomp- the Atlantic. son ; and you will remark, that
Yours, there is neither physician or chap
GATHERER. lain in the list. For my part, I
For the Asiatic Journal.
A BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR
Of the late Alexander Dalrymple, Esq. formerly Hydrographer to the
Admiralty. ALEXANDER DALRYMPLE, the the only school where a general subject of this memoir, was born knowledge of the Company's conon the 24th of July, 1737, at cerns was to be learned, required New Hailes, near Edinburgh. better penmanship than Mr. DalHe was the seventh son of Sir rymple could produce He was in James Dalrymple, Bart. Auditor consequence put under the storeof the Exchequer, by Lady keeper, where nothing worth learnChristian, daughter of the Earl ing was to be learned, and where of Hadington, a lady of most he was secluded from the notice of excellent character, and the mo- persons in superior stations, and ther of sixteen children. Of these, therefore from any chance of adthe eldest, Sir David Dalrymple, vancement. became one of the Lords of Ses . One of his letters of recommension, by the title of Lord Hailes, dation, however, procured him the and distinguished himself in the liberal and even fatherly patronage literary world by many 'excellent of Lord Pigot, who succeeded, and useful writings. James attain- in 1754, to the government of Maed the rank of lieutenant-colonel dras; and it is to be presumed that in the army; Hugh died a captain our adventurer must have had in the royal navy; and John was qualities of mind and manners repeatedly Lord Provost of Edin- which supplied the place of other burgh. Alexander early conceiv- advantages. Lord Pigot himself ed a desire to go to the East-Indies, taught him to write; Mr. Orme, and, in November 1752, through the historian, taught him accounts ; the interest of a relation, he was he was now put into the secretary's appointed a writer in the Company's office, and indulged with access to service, and stationed on the Ma- Mr. Orme's library. dras establishment.
A little time only elapsed, before Young Dalrymple was deficient Mr. Dalrymple discovered in all its in the common school acquire- strength that superiority of mind ments. On the prospect of obtain- which had sustained him under his ing a writership, he had been put accidental disadvantages. While to learn writing and accounts, but examining old records for the purhe had made only a small progress pose of qualifying himself for the in either before he was called upon office of secretary, he discovered to leave England.
At Madras, that the commerce of the Eastern where he arrived on the 11th of Islands was an object of great "May, 1753, his affairs, for a time, consideration with the Company;
did not appear to be prosperous. and this immediately became the The 'secretary's office, which was fixed object of his study.
Favourable circumstances after ple replied, if he did not go back ward occurring, of which, how- to India, he should like it very ever, only his faculties and appli- much. Some time after, Lord cation enabled him to profit, he Howe called on Mr. Dalrymple, seized the opportunity to propose who happened to be from home; to Governor Lord Pigot his first but meeting in the street a few step for the recovery of the com- days after, he informed him, that merce mentioned, and in conse in consequence of what had passed quence received permission to make with his brother, he had urged avoyage of observation to the East- Lord Egmont to establish such an ward. The interesting particulars office, and had informed his Lordof Mr. Dalrymple's exertions for ship that there was a very proper opening the commerce he had in person in his eye, whom he would view are necessarily omitted in this name if such an establishment brief memoir. It was at the com took place. Lord Howe said, he mencement of this pursuit that he had called on Mr. Dalrymple, to was led into nautical studies, in say, that Lord Egmont had rewhich his first instructor was the çently informed him his Majesty Hon. Mr. Howe. In 1762, he was had been pleased to approve of appointed captain of the London the office, and promised to aspacket, and sent with a cargo sign 500l. per annum for that purto Sooloo.. In this voyage, he ob- pose. tained for the East-India Company Mr. Dalrymple having commua grant of the island of Balamban- nicated to Earl Shelburne, then gan, of which he took possession Secretary of State, his collection on the 23d of January 1763. The of South Sea Voyages, when it history of Mr. Dalrymple's com was proposed to send persons to mercial transactions with the East- observe the Transit of Venus, in ern Islands would form an interest- 1762, he was thought of as a proing volume of itself. In 1771, Mr. per person to be employed on Dalrymple published his pamphlet that service, and for prosecuting entitled, “ A Plan for extending discoveries in that quarter. Mr. " the Commerce," &c. and shortly Dalrymple accordingly accompaafterward the first suggestion arose
nied the Surveyor of the Navy of an office for hydrography in to examine two vessels which
were England, and of Mr. Dalrymple’s thought fit for the purpose, and appointment to fill it. A Hydro- by his judgment one was purchasgrapher to the Admiralty was now
ed But the command of her first proposed ; and the following ultimately passed to another. Adaccount is given of the occasion. miral Hawke; then at the head of
Mr. Dalrymple had agreed to the Admiralty, was persuaded that accompany his friend, the Hon. he would be liable to parliamenThomas Howe, to the Downs, on tary impeachment if he employed board the Nottingham Indiaman, any but a naval officer, and the of which he had got the command objection of Mr. Dalrymple to unafter the loss of the Winchelsea in dertake the voyage