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of the authority of his Most Christian announced to you, at the end of the Majesty in the capital of his dominions; last session of Parliament, as being in and it has been since that time his Royal progress, with a view to a commercial Highness's most earnest endeavour to arrangement between this country and promote such arrangements as appeared the United States of America, have been to him best calculated to provide for the brought to a satisfactory issue.
His lasting repose and security of Europe. Royal Highness has given orders, that a
In the adjustment of these arrange copy of the treaty which has been conments it was natural to suppose that cluded should be laid before you; and he many difficulties would oci ur; but the confidently trusts that the stipulations of Prince Regent trusts that it will be found it will prove advantageous to the interests that, by moderation and firmness, they of both countries, and cement the good have been effectually surmounted. understanding which so happily subsists
To the intimate union which has so between them. happily existed between the allied pow The Prince Regent has commanded us ers, the nations of the Continent have to inform you, that the hostilities in twice owed their deliverance. His Royal which we have been involved in the Highness has no doubt that you will be island of Ceylon, and on the continent of sensible of the great importance of main India, have been attended with decisive taining in its full force that alliance, from from which so many advantages have al Those in Ceylon have terminated in an ready been derived, and which affords the arrangement highly honourable to the best prospect of the continuance of British character, and which cannot fail peace.
to augment the security and internal The Prince Regent has directed copies prosperity of that valuable possession. of the several treaties and conventions The operations in India have led to ap which have been concluded, to be laid armistice which gives reason to hope,
that a peace may have been concluded on The extraordinary situation in which terms advantageous to our interests in the powers of Europe have been placed, that part of the world. from the circumstances which have ata At the close of a contest so extensive tended the French revolution, and more and momentous as that in which we have especially in consequence of the events of been so long engaged in Europe, and which last year, has induced the allies to adopt has exalted the character and military reprecautionary measures, which they con nown of the British nation beyond all sider as indispensably necessary for the former example, the Prince Regent can. general security.
not but feel, that under Providence he is As his Royal Highness has concurred in indebted for the success which has atthese measures from a full conviction of tended his exertions, to the wisdom and their justice and sound policy, he relies firmness of Parliament, and to the perconfidently on your co-operation in such severance and public spirit of his Majesproceedings as may be necessary for car ty's people. rying them into effect.
It will be the Prince Regent's constant Gentlemen of the House of Commons, endeavour to maintain, by the justice and - The Prince Regent has directed the moderation of his conduct, the high chaestimate for the present year to be laid racter which this country has acquired before you.
amongst the nations of the world ; and His Royal Highness is happy to inform his Royal Highness has directed us to exyou, that the manufactures, commerce, press his sincere and earnest hope, that and revenue of the United Kingdom are in the same union amongst ourselves, which a flourishing condition.
has enabled us to surmount so many danThe great exertions which you enabled gers, and has brought this eventful him to make in the course of the last year, struggle to so auspicious an issue, may afforded the means of bringing the con now animate us in peace, and induce us test in which we were engaged to so glo cordially to co-operate in all those mearious and speedy a termination.
sures which may best manifest our grati, The Prince Regent laments the heavy tude for the Divine protection, and most pressure upon the country which such effectually promote the prosperity and exertions could not fail to produce ; and happiness of our country. his Royal Highness has commanded us to At the conclusion of the above,- The assure you, that you may rely on every Marquis of Huntly moved an address disposition on his part, concur in such
thanking his Royal Highness for the same, measures of economy, as may be consis which was secorded by Lord Calthorpe. tent with the security of the country, Lord Grenville said, there was not one and with that station which we occupy in word in the speech in which he did not Europe.
most cordially concur. He rejoiced in our My Lords and Gentlemen,-The ne general situation not only that peace gociation which the Prince Regent was restored, but that it was acquired Asiatic Journ.-No. III.
· Vol. I. 2 P
by the restoration of the Government of Feb. 26, Lord Holland asked wheFrance.
ther it was intended to lay any further The Marquess of Lansdowne admitted papers on the table respecting the war that the splendid successes of the last in Ceylon. There was an account of the campaign, the downfall of the system to
termination of the war, but nothing as to overthrow the governments of Europe by
the motives which led to it; and, when military force, were subjects on which the result was looked at, which was nohe could sincerely vote congratulation; thing less than the subversion of a most but he did not consider their lordships ancient empire, and the exclusion of a then in a state to form any opinion with most ancient dynasty, he thought further respect to the great and important ques information ought to be laid before the tions to be discussed in Parliament.
House. The Earl of Liverpool had no difficul
The Earl of Liverpool answered in the ty in saying, with reference to the peace
but it was open to the noble establishment and expenditure of the
Lord to move for whatever papers he country, that the Prince Regent's ser thought necessary. vants would be ready when it shall
House of Commons. come before the House, not only to ex Feb.2.-Mr. Bennett moved for a copy of plain what are their general principles, the correspondence on the convention of and how necessary it is to adopt a sys- Paris, especially as it affected Marshal Ney; tem of economy, but will be ready to ap to which Lard Castlereagh consented. ply their judgment to all parts of the Mr. Brougham moved for a copy of the great establishment, and that it is their treaty of the 26th of September, 1815, wish to introduce every degree of eco between Russia, Austria, and Prussia.nomy consistent with the dignity of the Ayes 30; Noes, 104:-Majority, 74. Guntry, and the situation we hold among Feb. 12.-Mr. Vansittart said all that other nations. At the same time he gave he had now to submit to was a Resoluan assurance of the intention of govern tion for the sum of 12,500,0001, for payment steadily to pursue measures for the ing off that sum issued in November, public advantage; not to hold out illusive
1814, at present unprovided for ; and hopes, but an intention to proceed for 4,5001, other Exchequer Bills now comthe welfare of the country.
ing due ; and, finally, for a vote for the Lord Holland would vote for the ad- re-payment of such as were outstanding dress, but reserved the right of differ of the grant of 1815, according to the ing on subjects connected with it, and usual mode of proceeding. He proceeded made other reservations with respect to to give an outline of our expenditure for the peace with America.
the coming year.
He enumerated the The address was then agreed to nem.
receipts of the last year, and those of the dis.
preceding year ; and observed, that there Feb. 2.-Earl Bathurst laid on the looking to the total amount for each year,
was an increase upon each item ; and on table copies of the general treaties con
it would be found that the total amount cluded with the Allies, &c. &c.
of income in 1814 was 65,430,0001. ; and Feb. 12.-Lord Holland asked whether in the last year it was 66,443,0001. being there was any objection to producing an increase of something more than a milcorrespondence on the subject of Lord lion. In the beginning of the year 1815, Kinnaird's dismissal from France ?
the Exchequer Bills outstanding amountThe Earl of Liverpool must refuse the ed to 68,548,0001. now they were documents ; but admitted that there was 47,600,0001. The total of exports for no reproach upon the honour of Lord the three quarters of the year ending on Kinnaird.
the 10th Oct. 1814, was 37,167,0001. ; Feb. 14.-Lord Grenville moved for for the three quarters, ending Oct. 10, the army estimates of 1816. Agreed to. 1815, they amounted to 42,425,0001. Feb. 19.-The Earl of Liverpool moved
The cotton exports, in 1814, an address on the treaties of peace, cor
13,169,0001. ; in the last year they were responding with that moved by Lord 15,376,0001. The linen exports, in 1814 Castlereagh in the House of Commons.
were 1,186,0001, in the last year they Lord Grenville moved an amendment,
were 1,334,0001. The woolleu in 1814, which was supported by Lord Holland.
were 6,131,0001. in the last year they For the original address, 140; against it difficulty which we had to encounter at
were 8,330,0001, The great and leading 40 :--Majority 100.
present, was the distressed state of the Feb. 22.- The Duke of Bedford gave agricultural interest. A variety of renotice of a motion on the state of the medies had been proposed ; at present he * nation.
should advert to but two or three of * Feb. 23.—The Marquess of Lansdowne them. He considered there were two moved for '
sums paid to Hanover and modes to be adopted to remedy the evil ; Brunswick.
first, a diminution of taxation, and se
condly the support of public credit. The fifty millions of livres were to be given to first was certainly desirable ; but he did the British and Prussian army; the rest, not consider it as the most politic. In amounting to four millions, would be his opinion, the only way to alleviate the applied to the payment of the troops. distress of the country at large, would be The total amount of the charge for the to uphold public credit. He trusted he army would be £9,300,000, exclusive of should be able to raise the supplies with extraordinaries. The commissariat would out having recourse to any loan. The be £680,000; the barrack department three loans had amounted to 142 mil £258,000 ; and the extraordinaries of Lions, of which 45 millions had been the army would be two millions; maktaken in the last year. If we refrained ing a total of £12,238,000 for the entire from taking any loan, and instead of of the army. The miscellaneous would doing so, throw 14 millions into the be £2,500,000. There was another item money market, a great deal would be still to mention, and that was, payment done towards relieving the distress of the of a sum to the East-India Company, for country, and he trusted would, in a few money advanced by them for the public months, accomplish that object altoge service in the East-Indies. Their dether. In what was now to be submitted mand would amount to about two milto the House, he did not intend to say lions, and they had already had £600,000 such was to be the peace establishment; and it was proposed now to advance them on the contrary, he was in hopes consi one million more. This would make the derable reductions might still he made, total of supply required £24,338,000 ; even in the present year, and in future besides this, there was a separate charge years much greater. The vote of seamen for Great Britain, making the total am for the present year would be 33,000 ; mount of Great Britain and Ireland the peace establishment would probably £29,393,000. The Ways and Means to be 23,000; the expence would be two meet this sum, were, the surplus still millions. In 1890 our seamen amounted unappropriated of three millions of last w 20,000. The additional expences of year's grant. The surplus of the conthe navy, almost the whole of which re solidated fund, say £2,500,000. The quired most expensive repairs, would ordinary annual taxes three millions. raise that item of supply to 7,000,0001. The war taxes, which he would now For the army to vote would at present take at only six millions. The five per be required. The number of infantry cent. property tax, which he would also and cavalry for Great Britain, including take at six millions. The lottery 200,0001. Jersey and Guernsey, would be 25,000, Exchequer bills six millions, and lastly, and for Ireland the same. The number six millions from the Bank, by way of of troops for foreign garrisons would be loan ; these sums would together make a 3000; the army in France 50,000 ; Gib total of £26,700,000, to meet that part raltar, Malta, and the garrisons in the of the expenditure belonging to Great Mediterranean, 11,000 ; the garrisons in Britain, amounting to twenty-six milBritish America 10,000; the West India lions. islands 13,000, of which 4000 were in Mr. Ponsonby said, was there any preJamaica : the Cape of Good Hope and tence to justify so large a military estaAfrica 3,000; Ceylon 3,000. The garri blishment ? son of St. Helena would consist of 1,200 ;
Mr. Brougham observed, that the exthese, together with 3,000, which would
pence of the establishment, nearly thirty be kept afloat, would make up a force of
millions, was a most intolerable burthen 99,000 men, independent of those in
on the country. The right hon. gentleFrance. Many of these regiments, how
man had talked of the East-India Comever, would be skeleton regiments; and,
pany paying their troops ; it was a mockowing to this circumstance and casual
ery to say they would pay, when year ties, they could not be taken, though
after year, they were coming to this nominally 99,000, at more in reality
house for loans. He condemned the large than 85 or 90,000 men at most.
amount of the force in the different Besides these, there would be a force of
islands. 20,000 for the East-India Company ; but for these, or for those troops in France,
Mr. Rose said, the Property Tax was no call would be made on this country.
increased by the gentlemen opposite when The French contribution was equal to the
they got into power. pay of these troops, and hitherto that Mr. Western conceived the proposed contribution had been regularly paid : relief to the agricultural interest would £700,000 had already been paid. He not be so great as expected. understood that legally these contribu
Lord Castlereagh said, it was impossitions belonged to the Crown as droits.
ble, in a short time, to reduce such a His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, however, had scorned to take as such
force as ours, so spread over the world, what had been acquired with such brave
to a regular peace establishment. ry by his army, Out of the contributions The Resolutions were agreed to
Feh. 13.-The report of the resolutions Lord Milton moved an amendment, of the committee of supply of the former which was seconded by Mr. Fazakerly. night were agreed to.
After an animated debate, the house, Feb. 14.-Sir G. Warrender rose to on the motion of Mr. Tierney, adjourned. move the navy estinates.-In the East Feb. 20.-The debate on the treaty of Iudies there would be no addition. The
peace being resumed, and the house Cape station, which is a new one and having divided on the amendment, there connected with St. Helena, as well as the appeared, fo: the amendment,77; against Mauritius, would call for a very con it, 240; majority, 173. siderable number of men; according to Mr. Law objected to the treaty, parthe opinion the distinguished Admiral ticularly on the ground that its provisicommanding on that station, ll ships ons left the kingdom of the Netherlands would therefore be employed. In the open to the future attacks of France, and Medit rranean there would be a 74-gun placed her in a situation in which she ship, substituted for a 50-gun. A small
would not be likely to obtain assistance squadron would be stationed for the pro or support from any great power. tection of the growing trade in South Sir S. Romilly supported the amendAmerica and the Brazils, the merchants ment. having applied to the Admiralty for it. Mr. Banks saw a much greater prosThis was also a new station. In the Ja
pect of this peace being permanent than maica and Leeward Islands a small re
many other members. duction of the naval strength would Mr. Horner said his objections to the take place. One frigate would be sta treaties were, that they did not pro-"* tioned on the North American coast, and duce that security which they had a right on the African the same squadron as in to expect, and because they had åt last the last peace.
With respect to our disclosed the project of forcing the Bourhome station, there would be nine ves
bon government on France after it had sels, in addition, for the purpose of pro been disavowed, in violation of the faith' tecting the revenue against smugglers. of the Crown pledged to Parliament ; for Circumstances would call for a larger
when the idea of forcing number of men to man these vessels, the Bourbons on France was pressed on which, in point of size, had been in the noble Lord, he over and over repelled creased from 28 and 32-gun frigates to 36 it, as an unnecessary interference on our and 38. It was also intended to retain
part with the internal affairs of France. the 4th division of marines, which, with He considered that our real means of sethe increased complement of seamen, curity were the preserving of the terri. would make a total increase of men of torial integrity of France; and the esta5000. This was owing to the great in blishing of such a government in that crease and growing prosperity of our
country as would possess the confidence foreign trade. It was understood that
of the people. There was no chance of the permanent peace establishment was
permanent repose to Europe without obto be 23,000, which number was less taining these two great ends. than at the close of any preceding war. Mr. C. Grant defended the treaty in all The vote which, however, he should now its branches.-There never had, he was call for, was 33,000, from the circum
ready to contend, been a treaty concluded stances he had just stated. The num which had done so much to raise the hoher of slips manned were, two 50 guns, nour of Great Britain, and to consolidate 14 frigates, and 27 sloops. The resolu
her power in every part of the world as tions were agreed to.
this had done. Mr. Brougham moved an address to
Mr. Ponsonby opposed the treaty genethe Prince Regent, praying that his R. H.
rally, but more particularly that part of would be pleased to take into considera it which bound us to support a force of tion the present situation of several of
30,000 men. the most distinguished members of the Spanish Cortes; and representing that
Feb. 22.-Lord Cochrane gave notice the existing treaties between this go
of a motion relative to persons who vernment and Spain afforded a favourable
had been active in conducting the recent opportunity of interfering in their behalf.
prosecutions in the King's Bench against Ayes, 42; noes, 123 : majority 81.
him. Feb. 19.-Lord Castlereagh moved an Feb. 24. Mr. Vansittart moved for a address, “ thanking H. R. H. the Prince committee to inquire into the value of Re-ent for the communication he had the Grecian antiquities collected by the made to the house, of the treaty con- Earl of Elgin, while ambassador at Concluded at Paris with the King of France, stantinople, and sent over to this coun, &c. on the 20th of September last, and try at very considerable expense, and of expressing the satisfaction of the house fered for purchase by his Lordship to his on every point of that treaty."
are arrived in her.
Colonel Keating, BENGAL.
commanding the Mauritius Brigade, Ma-, Calcutta, July 31, 1815.-An inquest jor Hall, Acting Adj. Gen. Capt. Spinks, was holden on Tuesday last on the body D. A. Q. M. G. Tuberville, his Majesty's of Chummon, a native washerman, The 12th foot, Lay, his Majesty's 22d foot, circumstances which were proved to have Lieutenant Jenkins, 12ih foot, A. D. C.' occasioned the death, were sufficiently to Colonel Keating, Burrowes and Law. singular to justify particular notice. It son, his Majesty's 12th foot, Raban and was stated by Gunness Dobee, another M‘Donnough, his Majesty's 22d foot, washerman, that about dusk in the even and Assistant Surgeon Owen, of Wis ing of Monday, he was sitting in Bud- Majesty's 87th foot, and 196 non-comdum Tollah Road in Chouringhee, near missioiied officers and privates. The the road side, and observed the deceased Jessie parted company from the feet of walking with a bundle of clothes un his transports, consisting of the Hoogly, shoulder,--that an adjutant-bird (argee. Royal Edward, Shaw Alum, Mauritius, lah) in crossing the road, struck the de- Harriet, Covelong and Guide, having on ceased with its beak on the right side of board his Majesty's 87th foot, the flank the neck, whereupon the deceased im- companies of his Majesty's 22d Regimediately sat down—that he shortly after ment, and the Rifle Company of his Maarose and walked towards the witness, jesty's 12th regiment, in south latitude and asked for assistance—that the wit- 7° 30', east longitude 60?.-Letters froin ness then observed a wound on the neck the Isle of France mention that the of the deceased, and at his request bound Cornwallis, Captain Graham, and the it up, after applying some chunam to it- Delhi, Captain Meik, were to sail from that the deceased afterwards attempted Port Louis to England on the 22d of to walk with the assistance of the wit- June. ness, but soon complained of a giddiness, Oct. 3.—The Gover:or-General (Earl became unable to proceed, and fell on Moira) arrived at Sultan pore on the 3d' the ground—that the wound then bled September, and proceeded on his voyage, copiously, and the witness heard a noise to Benares the same day. His Lordship
a rattling in the throat”-that and Lady Loudon visited the numerous the witness then left the deceased for factories of that celebrated city. The the purpose of calling some of his people, fleet continued its course down the river whose residence the deceased had pre- on the following day, and was expected viously mentioned-and that when the to reach Dinapore on the 8th, Headwitness returned, he found the deceased quarters would probably be re-established dead on the spot where he had fallen. at Calcutta about the 25th ult. The witness also stated, that the bird, The Countess of Loudon and Moira, after striking the deceased, did not fly accompanied by the Ladies Flora and away, but remained on the road side- Sophia Hastings, and Lord Viscount Hunwhence some children afterwards drove gerford, proceed to Europe in the Hoit-and it appeared from the description nourable Company's ship William Pitt, of the witness that the bird had inflicted Captain Graham, which ship has been the wound in attempting to cross the allotted for their accommodation. road, at the instant when the deceased Three hundred and eighty-two convicts, was passing : and did not pounce on the sentenced to transportation for life, have deceased, as has been incorrectly report- been ordered to be sent from this Presied. The wound was examined by Mr. dency to the Isle of France. The object Hornett, a p.ofessional gentleman at of this measure is to provide the island tached to the Native Hospital, who found with labourers, instead of those hitherto the jugular vein divided; and declared brought from Mozambique. himself to be of opinion that the wound The heavy storms which took place in had not been occasioned by any sharp. Bengal, in the early part of June last, edged weapon or instrument : but must did very considerable injury to the crops have been intlicted by a stake, or some
of indigo, which had before exhibited substance similarly pointed. The jury. a promising appearance. In a part found a verdict of accidental death. of Jessore, the weed was covered with
August 1st. After a long interval of ten feet of water, and the hopes of the blanks, the Kedgeree report of Sunday, planter were entirely blasted. announced the arrival in the river of the ship Jessie, Captain Lonsdale, from the
MADRAS. Isle of France, whence she sailed on the Aug. 17,--Arrived at Kedgeree, the 21st of June. The following passengers Jessie transport, having op board Colonel