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David encourages

I. CHRONICLES, XXVIII.

Solomon to build the Temple.

Chr. 1. 9.

the house of my father; and among the a ch. 23. 1. LORD, and in the audience of our God, sons of my father he liked me to make

keep and seek for all the commandments me king over all Israel: (5) a and of all

of the LORD your God: that ye may my sons, (for the Lord hath given me

possess this good land, and leave it for many sons,) he hath chosen Solomon 2 Sam. 7. 13; 2 an inheritance for your children after my son to sit upon the throne of the

you for ever. (9) And thou, Solomon my kingdom of the LORD over Israel.

son, know thou the God of thy father, (6) And he said unto me, "Solomon thy

and serve him with a perfect heart and son, he shall build my house and my

with a willing mind : for (the Lord courts : for I have chosen him to be my 1 Heb., strong.

searcheth all hearts, and understandeth son, and I will be his father.

(7) More

all the imaginations of the thoughts: if over I will establish his kingdom for

thou seek him, he will be found of thee; ever, if he be 1 constant to do my com

but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee mandments and my judgments, as at

off for ever. (10) Take heed now; for the this day. (8) Now therefore in the sight c ? Sam 16.7: P: LORD hath chosen thee to build an house of all 'Israel the congregation of the 10.2. & 17. 10, & for the sanctuary: be strong, and do it.

(nägid), and in the house of Judah, my father's house. Seek-i.e., do not neglect; resort to them always as (Comp. chap. v. 2 and Notes.)

the rule of right living (same word as chaps. xiii. 3, xv. And among the sons of my father he liked 13). me.-The expression is scarcely adequate. The verb That ye may possess this (Heb. the) good in the Hebrew is rāçãh, which answers to the Hellenistic land.- Another reminiscence of Deuteronomy (chap. Budokeiv, “ to be satisfied, well pleased with.” Translate, iv. 1, 21). therefore, “ It was I in whom He took pleasure.” (Comp. And leave it for an inheritance.-Lev. XXV. Prov. iii. 12.) David uses of himself the very phrase 46. which the Divine voice spoke from heaven at the bap. (9) And thou, Solomon my son.-The king now tism of the Son of David, the true King of Israel and turns to his heir, urging a whole-hearted service to his of mankind (Matt. iii. 17).

father's God (verses 9, 10). (5) Many sons. See chap. iii. 1-9, where nine- Know thou.-Regard thou, have care for (Ps. i. 6). teen are mentioned by name, besides the sons of the The God of thy father might mean the God of concubines, and Tamar their sister."

Israel (comp. chap. xxix. 10). But verse 20, where He hath chosen.-Heb., then he chose, the con. David speaks of my God,” suggests the simpler struction being changed after the parenthesis.

meaning, God of David, here. (Comp. Ps. xviii. 2, 6, Solomon my son. The son who has the best right 22; also Gen. xxxi. 29, 42.) to the name. (Comp. chap. xxii. 10.)

With a perfect heart.- The word shulēm means The throne of the kingdom of the Lord.- whole, sound, unimpaired; the Latin integer. Hence, This expression is unique in the Old Testament. (Comp. what is urged is an undivided allegiance, such as is chaps. xxix. 23, xvii. 14.) It brings ont into strong enjoined by the Decalogue. (Comp. chap. xxix. 9, 19; relief the idea that the Israelite monarchy was only a 1 Kings viii. 61.) vicegerency; not David nor Solomon, but Jehovah being A willing mind.-For service is not real unless it the true and only King. (Comp. Gideon's reply to the be voluntary, and so glad as well as free. offer of the crown, Judges viii. 23; 1 Sam. viii. 7, xii. For the Lord searcheth all hearts.-Search, 12.)

i.e., seek (verse 8 and below). For the thought, comp. (6) He shall build.-Better, he it is that shall Ps. cxxxix. 1–4, 23; 1 Sam. xvi. 7; Ps. xciv. 9; Acts i. build. The pronoun is emphatic : he, and not thou. 24; Heb. iv. 13. The Searcher of hearts will at once I have chosen him.

his father.- see through an insincere and half-hearted obedience. Literally, I have chosen him for myself as a son, and I And understandeth all the imaginations of -I will become to him a father.

the thoughts.--And every fashioning (Yēçer, cidos, (7) Moreover I will establish his kingdom Bild) or cast of thoughts he discerneth (Gen. vi. 5, viii. for ever.-So chap. xxii. 10 (at end).

21). If he be constant to do my commandments If thou seek him.-Deut. iv. 29. Seeking Jehovah and my judgments. The same condition is attached in earnest always results in finding (Isa. lv. 6). Yet to the same promise in 1 Kings ix. 4, 5. (Comp. the Divine grace is not restricted even by this condialso 1 Kings iii. 14, where the promise is length of tion (Isa. Ixv. 1). days.)

If thou forsake him.-Deliberately and of set As at this day.-As we are doing in our present purpose, as choosing to live by other laws than His. work. The same words occur in the same sense at the He will cast thee off.-A strong word (hiznîah), end of Solomon's Prayer (1 Kings viii. 61).

meaning strictly, to reject as noisome or foul-smelling. (8) Now therefore in the sight of all Israel.- (Comp. Hosea viii

. 3, 5.) The verbal form hiphil is Literally, And now to the eyes of all Israel

peculiar to Chronicles. (See 2 Chron. xi. 14, xxix. 19.) and in the ears of our God; scil. Í adjure you. David (10) Take heed now; for the Lord.-Or, See ends his address to the people by a solemn appeal, like now that Jehovah hath chosen thee; consider this high that of Moses (Deut. iv. 26, xxx. 19 : “I call heaven commission, weigh it well and realise it thoroughly, and earth to witness,” &c.). David's appeal is to the then be strong, and act. (See chap. xxii. 13, 16.) whole nation as represented before him, and to the God David now, in presence of the Assembly, hands over whose ear is ever open.

to his son the plans of the Sanctuary and its vessels, David gives Solomon

I. CHRONICLES. XXVIII.

Patterns and Gold.

(11) Then David gave to Solomon his

the house of the LORD, and for all the son the pattern of the porch, and of the

vessels of service in the house of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries

LORD. (14) He gave of gold by weight thereof, and of the upper chambers

for things of gold, for all instruments of thereof, and of the inner parlours there

all manner of service ; silver also for all of, and of the place of the mercy seat,

instruments of silver by weight, for all (12) and the pattern of all that he had

instruments of every kind of service: by the spirit, of the courts of the house 1 Heren humance (15) even the weight for the candlesticks of the LORD, and of all the chambers

of gold, and for their lamps of gold, by round about, of the treasuries of the

weight for every candlestick, and for house of God, and of the treasuries of

the lamps thereof: and for the candlethe dedicated things: (13) also for the

sticks of silver by weight, both for the courses of the priests and the Levites,

candlestick, and also for the lamps and for all the work of the service of

thereof, according to the use of every

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remarking, as he does so, that the whole is of Divine The chambers. The cells (lëshākhóth). (Comp. origin (verse 19).

chap. xxiii. 28.) (11) Then (and) David gave.-The description The treasuries.-For the treasures (chap. xxvi. proceeds from the outer to the inner.

20, and Notes). The pattern.-Heb., tabníth, the word used in (13) Also (and) for the courses of the priests Exod. xxv. 9 of the model, plan, or design of the Taber- and the Levites. This connects immediately with the nacle.

phrase "all the chambers round about," in verse 12. The porch.-See 1 Kings vi. 3. The Syriac has The chambers or cells round the Temple court were prústide : i.e., rupaotáões, colonnade, portico.

intended not only for the stowage of the treasures, but The houses thereof.-Its-i.e., the Temple's— also for the use of the priests and Levites who would chambers. Throughout this verse the word thereof sojourn in them by course. The LXX. and the Vulg. refers to the house mentioned in verse 10. The two render (David gave him) a description of the courses of principal rooms of the Temple, the “ holy place” and the priests and Levites, a sense which the Hebrew the “Holy of holies," or, as we might say, the nave and admits, and which the Authorised version has adopted; the chancel, are called its “ houses(būttim).

but the former connexion of the words is preferable. The treasuries (ganzakkím), occurring here only. For all the work of the service.-Such as It appears to be a loan word from the Persian (ghanj, cooking the flesh which fell to the priests from the treasure, treasury; comp. the Latin and Greek gaza, sacrifices, and baking the shewbread. The vessels of treasure. In old Persian ka was a noun-ending; comp. service," that is, the utensils used by the Levites in the bandaka, servant). With the singular, ganzak, comp: work just specified, would naturally be kept in the Persian Ghanjak (the classical Gazaca), the capital of

cells. Atropatene, which was a treasure-city. (Comp. also The Syriac version paraphrases verses 11–13 as the word ginze; Esther iii. 9, iv. 7; Ezra vii. 20, and follows :-“ And David gave to Solomon his son, the ginzayyā, Ezra v. 17, vi. 1, meaning treasures.) Gese- likeness of the porch, and the measure of the house and nius (Thesaur., p. 296) assumes that the root G N Z has of the colonnade (kěsôstěrón=&votós), and of the upper passed from Semitic into Persian, and not vice versa. chambers; and of the inner cloisters ('estěwê=ot001), This may be true, as the root exists in the principal and of the outer cloisters, and of the upper and of the Semitic tongues, and yet it may be that ganzak in lower (storeys); and of the treasury (beth gazză), and of Hebrew is a modern loan word. The "treasuries” or the house of service of the Lord's house, and of the store-rooms of the Temple were probably in the side- kitchens, and of the house of the water-carriers (or building of three storeys (1 Kings vi. 5).

cupbearers), and of the house of lampmen.The last The upper chambers (aliyóth).-Only here and words are interesting, as explaining the nature of "the in 2 Chron. iii. 9. They were probably over the Holy

work of the service” (verse 13). of holies, the ceiling of which was twenty cubits from (14) He gave of gold by weight for things of the floor, whereas the roof of the whole building was gold.-The Hebrew is very concise. Apparently it thirty cubits from the ground. A space of ten cubits continues the construction of verse 12, so that the sense high by twenty wide and twenty long was thus avail. is : “He gave him a pattern or description for the able for the upper chambers.

golden vessels (literally, for the gold), by the weight The inner parlours.—The fore-court, or vestibule, for the golden vessels (Heb., for the gold), for all and the holy place, or nave, in contrast with “ the place vessels of each kind of service (i.e., use); and he gave of the mercy-seat,” or chamber of the Kappôreth : i.e., him a pattern for all the silver vessels, by weight, for the Holy of holies, the inmost shrine of the whole all vessels of each kind of service.” In other words, building.

David gave Solomon an account or schedule of all the (12) And the pattern of all that he had by different vessels of gold and silver that would be the spirit.-Rather, the pattern of all that was (or required for the sanctuary, specifying the exact weight had come to be) in the spirit with him : i.e., had come of each. (Comp. Ezra viii

. 25, seq. 34.) into his mind ; the whole design as it lay in his mind. (15) Even the weight for the candlesticks of (Comp. the phrase in verse 2: with my heart it was to gold.-Rather, and a specified) weight for the golden build.” See verse 19, which attributes the design of lampstands, and their golden lamps, in the weight of the Temple to Divine inspiration.)

each lampstand and its lamps; and (a weight) for Of the courts. For the courts.

the lampstands of silver by weight, for å lampDavid gives Solomon

I. CHRONICLES, XXVIII.

Gold and Silver.

candlestick. (16) And by weight he gave

the LORD. (19) All this, said David, the gold for the tables of shewbread, for

LORD made me understand in writing every table; and likewise silver for the

by his hand upon me, even all the works tables of silver : (17) also pure gold for

of this pattern. the fleshhooks, and the bowls, and the

(20) And David said to Solomon his cups : and for the golden basons he gave

son, Be strong and of good courage, and gold by weight for every bason; and a 1 Sam. 4. 4: 1 do it: fear not, nor be dismayed : for likewise silver by weight for every bason

the Lord God, even my God, will be of silver : (18) and for the altar of incense

with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forrefined gold by weight; and gold for

sake thee, until thou hast finished all the pattern of the chariot of the

the work for the service of the house of a cherubims, that spread out their wings,

the LORD. (21) And, behold, the courses and covered the ark of the covenant of

of the priests and the Levites, even they

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stand and its lamps, according to the service of each Ps. xviii. 11, where it is said of God, “He charioted on lampstand. The meaning still is that David gave a cherub.” (Comp. also Ps. xcix. 1.) The rest of Solomon a description of the designated articles, fixing the verse describes the purpose of the symbolical the proper weight for each. (Comp. Exod. xxv. 31 sqq., cherubic figures, in terms borrowed from Exod. xxv. the great golden candelabrum of the Mosaic sanctuary.) 20. (Comp. also Ezekiel's vision, called by the Jews No mention of the silver lampstands occurs anywhere “ The Chariot,” Ezek. i.) else in the Old Testament. According to the Rabbis, (19) All this said David.-The words with which they stood in the chambers of the priests.

David delivered the plans of the building and the (16) And by weight he gave gold. And the gold schedule of its vessels to Solomon. The omission of he gave (assigned in the schedule or written plan) a any introductory formula, such as “ And David said,” certain weight.

is dramatic. (Comp. chaps. xvi. 8, xxiii. 4, 5.) Lite. For the tables of shewbread.-Only one table rally rendered, after the Hebrew punctuation, the verse of shewbread is spoken of in the Law. (See Exod. -" The whole in a writing from the hand of xxv. 23–30, and comp. 1 Kings vii. 48.) The chroni. Jehovah, to me he made clear; all the works of the cler was well aware of this, as appears from 2 Chron. model.” With the expression a writing from the xxix. 18; and as he states elsewhere that Solomon made hand of Jehovah ” (comp. Exod. xxxi. 18, xxv. 40), David ten golden tables, and put them five on the right and affirms his “ pattern” of the sanctuary and its vessels five on the left in the holy place (2 Chron. iv. 8), those to have been conceived, and described in writing, under tables may be intended here. It may even be the case that Divine guidance which he sought and followed in that the term “she wbread(hamma'arèketh) is a gloss all the great enterprises of his life. Whether “the which has displaced the word “gold” (hazzähāb), and writing” was a communication" by the hand of” one that the original text was “ for the tables of gold." of David's seers, or merely the description of the (Comp. “ for the tables of silver," at the end of the Mosaic sanctuary (Exod. xxv. seq.), is not clear. The verse.) The table of shewbread would then be included verb " he taught” (hiskil) requires an object, such as is among the golden tables. (But comp. chap. vi. 57; supplied in the Authorised version : " made me under2 Chron. xxviii. 16.)

stand.” It takes a dative (Prov. xxi. 11), and probably For the tables of silver.-The silver tables are the word rendered “ upon me is really a later equivanot again spoken of in the Old Testament. The rabbis lent of the same construction. Else we might compare assert that they stood in the court of the Temple, and Neh. ii. 8, Ezek. i. 3, and render: “ The whole, in a that the prepared flesh of the sacrificial victims was writing from the hand of Jehovah upon me, he taught," laid upon them.

implying that David himself sketched out the whole (17) Also pure gold for the fleshhooks, and design under Divine inspiration. Perhaps the text is the bowls, and the cups.-Rather, and the forks, corrupt. and the bowls, and the flagons were in the schedule or (20) And David said to Solomon his son. inventory) pure gold. (See Exod. xxvii. 3; 1 Sam. ii. The conclusion of the speech begun in verses 9, 10, and 13, 14.) The bowls were used in lustral sprinkling, | interrupted by the transfer of the plans and designs the golden Hagons in libations (Exod. xxv. 29, xxxvii. (verses 11–19). 16; Num. iv. 7 only).

Be strong and of good courage.-So chap. The golden basons.-Tankards, or lidded pitchers xxii. 13. And do” is added here, because the time (kēphórîm): a word only found here and in Ezra i. 10, for action is imminent. viii. 27 (among the sacred vessels restored by Cyrus). Fear not

forsake thee.-From Deut. By weight.-By the required) weight. The altar xxxi. 6, 8. (See also Josh. i. 5, 6.) of incense stood within the Holiest (the Děbîr, or My God.—Recalling, in a single word, all his own Adytum ; Exod. xl. 5).

wonderful experience of the Divine Helper. And gold for the pattern of the chariot of Fail.-Drop, let go, and so dismiss, desert. the cherubims, that spread out their wings. Until.—The word implies nothing about the time Rather, and for the model of the chariot, that is, the beyond the expressed limit. (Comp. ews, Matt. i. 25.) cherubim (he assigned) gold; to wit, for beings out- (21) And, behold, the courses of the priests spreading (their wings) and overshadowing the Ark of and the Levites.-The form of expression suggests. the Covenant of Jehovah. The two cherubs lying on that David pointed to them as he spoke. The reprethe (kappôreth) above the Ark are here called "the sentatives of religion would hardly be absent from an chariot," with obvious reference to such passages as assembly of "all the princes of Israel” (verse 1).

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brass for things of brass, the iron for
things of iron, and wood for things of
wood; onyx stones, and stones to be set,
glistering stones, and of divers colours,
and all manner of precious stones, and
marble stones in abundance. (3) More-
over, because I have set

my

affection to the house of my God, I have of mine own proper good, of gold and silver, which I have given to the house of my God, over and above all that I have prepared for the holy house, (4) even three thousand talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and seven thousand talents of refined silver, to overlay the walls of the houses withal : (5) the gold for things of gold, and the silver for things of silver, and for all manner of work to be made by

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bles, or,

(Comp. chap. xxiv. 5, “princes of God.”) They might | xxviii. 9, 20; Job xxviii. 16.) The uncertainty of also be included among “the valiant men.” (Comp. meaning is illustrated by the fact that the LXX. in chap. ix. 13.)

various passages translates shūham by onyx, beryl, sarAnd there shall be with thee for all manner dius, emerald, and sapphire. of workmanship.-Rather, And with thee in every Stones to be set ('abnê millü'im).–Stones of setkind of work will be every volunteer with skill, for tings ; strictly, fillings; LXX., Tempcoews (Exod. every kind of service : that is to say, skilled craftsmen xxv. 7, xxxv. 9). have volunteered for the work (chap. xxii. 15), and will Glistering stones, and of divers colours.support thy endeavours. The word rendered “volun- | Literally, stones of pûk and riqmāh. Púk is the pigteer” (nādīb) strictly means one who offers free-will ment used by Eastern ladies for darkening the eyebrows offerings. (Comp. Éxod. xxxv. 5, 22; and the verb and lashes (kohl : 2 Kings ix. 30). It here seems to Judges v. 1, hith naddeb.) The phrase "volunteer with denote the colour of the stones in question. Perhaps wisdom," or artistic skill, is not found elsewhere. some kind of decorative marble is intended (comp. Isa.

Also the princes and all the people.-Spoken, liv. 11). Riqmāh stones are veined or variegated mar. perhaps, with another gesture. The whole assembly

perhaps, tesselated work (comp. Ezek. xvii. 3; would subserve the wishes of Solomon.

Judges v. 30). The LXX. renders the phrase " costly Wholly at thy commandment.-Literally, For and variegated stones.” all thy words : i.e., orders (Vulg., praecepta), or matters, All manner of precious stones.-2 Chron. iii. 6. business (chap. xxvi. 32).

Marble stones.-Stones of shùyish, a word only

read here. It means white marble. The LXX. and XXIX.

Vulg. have Parian marble, but the Targum simply

marmora, CONTINUATION OF PROCEEDINGS IN THE

marbles." (Comp. Esther i. 6; Cant. v. ASSEMBLY.

15, where shesh is equivalent to the present form.)

(3) I have set my affection to the house.(1) Furthermore.-And. David reviews his own Chap. xxviii. 4 (he liked, rācāh : Ps. xxvi. 8). preparations, and asks the offerings of the assembly, I have of mine own proper good, of gold and which are cheerfully accorded (verses 1-9).

silver.-I have a personal property in gold and silver. Alone.-Of all his brothers.

For the word ségullāh, peculium, see Exod. xix. 5. Young and tender.-Chap. xxii. 5.

I have given-i.e.,

I give (chap. xxi. 23). The palace (bîrah).--A word peculiar to the Over and above (lēma‘lāh).-Chap. xxii. 5.. Chronicles, Nehemiah, Esther, and Daniel. It usually All that I have prepared. --The Hebrew again means the palace at Susa (comp. the Persian word omits the relative. (Comp. chap. xv. 12.) bâru, “citadel”), and this is the only passage of (4) Three thousand talents of gold.—Comp. Scripture in which it denotes the Temple. From its chap. xxii. 14. The sum would be about £18,000,000 august associations, the word was well calculated to sterling. convey to the minds of the chronicler's contemporaries Gold of Ophir.-Indian gold, from Abhira, at the some idea of the magnificence of the Temple of Solomon mouth of the Indus. as he imagined it.

Seven thousand talents of refined silver.(2) Now I have prepared. And with all might About £2,800,000 sterling. have I prepared (chap. xxii. 14; comp. also Deut. vi. 5, To overlay.-Strictly, to besmear (Isa. xliv. 18). xxviii. 9).

The houses. The chambers (chap. xxviii. 11; seo The gold for things to be made of gold.- 2 Chron. iii. 49). The Syriac and Arabic have Literally, the gold for the gold, and the silver for the thousand thousand talents of gold,” and “twice a -silver, &c. (Comp. chap. xxviii. 14.)

thousand thousand talents of silver.” Onyx (shoham).-So Vulg. The LXX. keeps the (5) The gold for things of gold. - Literally, Hebrew word sodu. (See Gen. ii 12; Exod. xxv. 7, as for the gold, for the gold, and as for the silver, for

The Princes and People

I. CHRONICLES, XXIX.

Offer Willingly.

hund.

the hands of artificers. And who then

treasure of the house of the LORD, by is willing Ito consecrate his service this

the hand of Jehiel the Gershonite. day unto the Lord ?

(9) Then the people rejoiced, for that (6) Then the chief of the fathers and

they offered willingly, because with princes of the tribes of Israel, and the 1 Heb., to mu nio perfect heart they offered willingly to captains of thousands and of hundreds,

the LORD: and David the king also with the rulers of the king's work,

rejoiced with great joy. offered willingly, (2) and gave for the

(10) Wherefore David blessed the LORD service of the house of God of gold five

before all the congregation: and David thousand talents and ten thousand

said, Blessed be thou, LORD God of urams, and of silver ten thousand talents, a Matt:8, 18; 1 Tim. Israel our father, for ever and ever. and of brass eighteen thousand talents,

(11) « Thine, O LORD, is the greatness, and one hundred thousand talents of

and the power, and the glory, and the iron. (8) And they with whom precious

victory, and the majesty : for all that is stones were found gave them to the

in the heaven and in the earth is thine;

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(sarim). Princes of the clans or horses = heads of the the spirit which found expression in the stirring odes

the silver-Scil., “I give it " (verse 3)—and for every By the hand of Jehiel.-Under the charge of work by hand of craftsmen.

Jehiel (al yad, chap. xxv. 2). Jehiel, or Jehieli, was And who then is willing to consecrate his the Gershonite clan in charge of the “ treasures of the service?-Literally, And who volunteers (Judges v. 1) house of God” (chap. xxvi. 21, 22). to fill his hand to-day for Jehovah? To fill his hand : (9) Then (and) the people rejoiced, for that that is, with a liberal offering (Exod. xxxii. 29).

they offered willingly.-Comp. Judg. v. 1. (6) Then the chief of the fathers.-And the With perfect heart.-Chap. xxviii. 9. princes of the clans, &c., volunteered, showed them- (10) Wherefore.-And. David's Prayer (verses 10 selves liberal (nādib: chap. xxviii. 21; comp. Prov. -19). David thanks God because his people are at xix. 6).

one with him on the subject nearest his heart. TouchChief . princes captains ... rulers. ing this fine utterance of a true inspiration, which the -All these words represent a single Hebrew term chronicler-or rather, perhaps, his authority-puts into houses elsewhere.

With the rulers of the king's work. The of psalmists and the trumpet-tones of prophets in stewards or bailiffs of the royal domains (chap. xxvii. olden times, in the latter days, when psalmody was 25—31). The construction here is like that in chap. weak and prophecy dead, flowed forth in the new xxviii. 21. The particle rendered “ with” (le) appears

outlet of impassioned prayer. to mean much the same as 'åd, “even unto,” assiguing Before all.—To the eyes of all (Gen. xxiii. 11), and an inclusive limit.

frequently. (7) And gave ... of gold.–And they gave

Lord God of Israel our father.-The connec. gold, five thousand talents; between thirty and forty tion is “ Israel our father,” not “ Jehovah our father.” millions sterling (!).

(Comp. verses 18 and 20; Exod. iii. 6. Yet comp. also Ten thousand drams.-Rather, Darics. The İsa. lxiii. 16, lxiv. 8; Deut. xxxii. 6; Mal. i. 6, ii. 10; Daric (Greek, Aaperkos) was a Persian gold coin, value Jer. xxxi. 9.) The fatherhood of God, though thus about £1 2s., first struck by the great Darius, son of occasionally affirmed in prophetic writings, hardly be. Hystaspes (B.C. 521–485). It remained current in came a ruling idea within the limits of Old Testament Western Asia long after the fall of the Persian Em- times. (Comp. Matt. xxiii. 9, vi. 9.) pire. The Hebrew word (Pădarkónim) occurs again For ever and ever.- From eternity even unto only once, viz., at Ezra viii. 27, where it clearly means eternity. (Comp. the doxologies of the first and third Darics, and is so rendered by the Syriac (dăríkúnê). books of the Psalter-Pss. xli. 13,cvi. 48—and Ps.ciïi. 17.) The darkôn (or darbôn) is mentioned in the Talmud (11) Thine, O Lord, is the greatness. The as a Persian coin. The chronicler, or his authority, point of verses 11, 12 seems to be that David arrogates has evidently substituted a familiar modern term for nothing to himself; but, with the humility of genuine some ancient expression of value. No real coins are greatness, ascribes everything to God. As if he said, mentioned in Scripture before the age of the exile. * The greatness of my kingdom, the prowess of my

Silver ten thousand talents.- About £4,000,000 warriors, the splendour and majesty of my throne, in modern value (see 1 Kings x. 21, 27); or, accord. are thine, for thine are all things." ing to Schrader, who argues from Assyrian data, Greatness.-Gedullāh, a late word. (Comp. Pss. £3,750,000. The value of the bronze and the iron must lxxi. 21, cxlv. 3.) have been much greater then than now. (See Note on Power. -Strictly, manly strength; then valour, chap. xxii. 14.)

prowess (Ps. xxi. 13). (Comp. Exod. xv. 3.) (8) And they with whom precious stones The glory.-Ornament, beauty, splendour (Isa. iii. were found gave them.-Literally, And with whom 18, xiii. 19, xlvi. 13; Ps. xcvi. 6). there was found stones, they gave unto the treasure. Majesty.-See Pss. xxi. 6, xcvi. 6. (Comp., for this use of the article as a relative, verse Victory.--Glory, splendour (1 Sam. xv. 29). “Vic17, chap. xxvi. 28; Ezra viii. 25.)

tory” is the

meaning of the word in Syriac, and so the The treasure of the house of the Lord.- LXX. and Vulg. render here. But the Syriac version Chap. xxvi. 22. (Comp. Exod. xxxv. 27 for a similar has“ beauty,” or “glory.” With the whole ascription, contribution of the princes.)

comp. Rev. iv. 11, v. 12, vii. 12.

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