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Officers and Judges.


The Twelve Captains.

king. (31) Among the Hebronites was
Jerijah the chief, even among the Heb-
ronites, according to the generations of
his fathers. In the fortieth year of the
reign of David they were sought for,
and there were found among them
mighty men of valour at Jazer of
Gilead. (32) And his brethren, men of 1 Heb, thing.
valour, were two thousand and seven
hundred chief fathers, whom king David
made rulers over the Reubenites, the
Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh,
for every matter pertaining to God, and
1 affairs of the king.

CHAPTER XXVII.-(1) Now the children of Israel after their number, to wit, the chief fathers and captains of thousands and hundreds, and their officers that served the king in any matter of the courses, which came in and went out month by month throughout all the months of the year, of every course were twenty and four thousand.

(2) Over the first course for the first month

Jashobeam the son of Zabdiel : and in his course were twenty and four thousand. (3) Of the children of Perez was the chief of all the captains



(31, 32) Among the Hebronites was Jerijah After their number.-The stress lies on this the chief.-Rather, To the Hebronites there was the phrase. It refers to the twelve courses of twenty-four head Jeriah (as to the Hebronites, according to their thousand warriors each. registers, according to families, in the fortieth year of Chief fathers.-Heads of the clans. the reign of David, they were sought out ; and there Captains of thousands and hundreds. See were found among them valiant warriors in Jazer. chap. xiii. 1. Gilead); and his brethren, sons of might, two thousand Their officers.-Scribes, who kept the musterseven hundred heads of families : and David the king rolls, and did the work of recruiting sergeants. made them overseers over the Reubenites, &c.

The courses. – Here, military divisions, corps long parenthesis obscures the meaning of these two d'armée. The same Hebrew term (mahlěqöth) was

The general statement is that other Hebronites used of the Levitical classes in the preceding chapters. were charged with the supervision of the land east of Which came in and went out.-Seil. The class Jordan: the parenthesis accounts for the fact.

or corps which came in and went out. Render: That (31) Jerijah.-Chap. xxiii. 19, “ Jeriah.” The He- which came in and went out every month, for all brew is the same (Yěrîyâh).

the months of the year, i.e., the single corps, was In the fortieth year of the reign of David. twenty and four thousand. As regards construction, -This datum is important as fixing the time of these the whole verse, from “ the chief fathers” to “ of every last regulations of David. (Comp. chap. xxiii. 1.) It course,” is a long apposition to 'the children of evidently points to an ancient source.

Israel." Jazer of Gilead.-A Merarite city (Josh. xxi. 39); Came in and went out month by month.whereas the Hebronites were Kohathites. Perhaps we Every month, the division whose turn it was stood should read, “In the cities of Gilead.”

under arms, as a sort of national guard, ready for im(32) Two thousand and seven hundred chief mediate service. fathers.-Rather, heads of the families, i.e., of single (2) Over the first course.-Jashobeam son of Zab. households. Sometimes the Hebrew phrase means diel was commander of the army corps appointed to be heads of father-houses or clans; but it obviously can. ready for service during the first month of the year. not be so here, as the whole number of Levites ap- (See chap. xi. 11.) The names of the twelve generals pointed to be

officers and judges” was only 6,000 of division have already occurred in the list of David's (chap. xxiii. 4). The 2,700 fathers mentioned here, with heroes contained in that chapter. the 1,700 of verse 30, make a total of 4,400. The re- In his course.-Heb., upon his course. maining 1,600 (6,000 minus 4,400) may probably be

(3) Of the children of Perez.-The reference is assigned to Chenaniah (verse 29). It is strange that to Jashobeam. He belonged to the branch of Judah the house of Hebron should be twice mentioned (verses called Perez, or Pharez, to which David himself be30, 31) and the house of Uzziel not at all (see verse 23). longed. Further, of the three great branches of Levi, pone but The chief of all the captains of the host for Kohathite houses are named in connexion with the the first month.-This notice about Jashobeam is outward business.” The account appears to be in

obscure. The “

captains of the host” (Heb., hosts) complete.

seem to be the twelve generals of division. (Comp.

verse 5.) Jashobeam, as the first of David's heroes, XXVII.

may have enjoyed a kind of precedence among the The account of the religious organisation (chaps. commanders of the army corps ; althongh he was not xxiii.—xxvi.) is naturally followed here by a sort of commander-in-chief of the entire national forces, which outline of the military and civil administration, given was the function of Joab. Or perhaps it is meant in the form of a catalogue of officers and ministers of merely to emphasise the fact that Jashobeam was “the the king.

first in the rotation of the generals; so that the I. THE TWELVE ARMY CORPS AND

phrase "for the first month” explains what precedes

it. Or COMMANDERS (verses 1-15).

'the captains of the hosts”

may possibly

mean the officers of the subdivisions of the first (1) Now the children of Israel.-This first verse army corps, of whom Jashobeam was, of course, the is the heading or superscription of the list which chief. The context appears to favour this last exfollows.



The Captains


for every Month



of the host for the first month. (4) And \1. Or, Dodo, 2 Sam. nite, of the children of Ephraim : and in over the course of the second month was

his course were twenty and four thouDodai an Ahohite, and of his course

sand. (11) The eighth captain for the was Mikloth also the ruler : in his

eighth month was Sibbecai the Hushacourse likewise were twenty and four

thite, of the Zarhites : and in his course thousand. (5) The third captain of the

were twenty and four thousand. (12) The host for the third month was Benaiah

ninth captain for the ninth month was the son of Jehoiada, a chief priest: and

Abiezer the Anetothite, of the Benjain his course were twenty and four thou- 2 or principal mites : and in his course were twenty sand. (6) This is that Benaiah, who was

and four thousand. (13) The tenth "mighty among the thirty, and above

captain for the tenth month the thirty: and in his course was Ammi

Maharai the Netophathite, of the Zarzabad his son. (7) The fourth captain

hites: and in his course were twenty for the fourth month was Asahel the

and four thousand. (14) The eleventh brother of Joab, and Zebadiah his son

captain for the eleventh month was after him: and in his course were

Benaiah the Pirathonite, of the children twenty and four thousand. (8) The « 2 Sam. 23. 220, 22. of Ephraim : and in his course were fifth captain for the fifth month was

twenty and four thousand. (15) The Shamhuth the Izrahite: and in his

twelfth captain for the twelfth month course were twenty and four thousand.

was 3 Heidai the Netophathite, of (9) The sixth captain for the sixth month

Othniel: and in his course were twenty was Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite:

and four thousand. and in his course were twenty and four

(16) Furthermore over the tribes of thousand. (10) The seventh captain for

Israel : the ruler of the Reubenites was the seventh month was Helez the Pelo

3 or, Heled, ch. 11. Eliezer the son of Zichri : of the Simeon

(4) Dodai an Ahohite.-The Ahohite. Chap. xi. reign (2 Sam. ii. 18-23). The added clause, “ And 11 proves that the right reading is Eliezer son of Dodai Zebadiah his son after him," evidently refers to this the Ahohite.

fact. Perhaps the difficult statements about Mikloth And of his course was Mikloth also the and Ammizabad in verses 4 and 6 were originally similar ruler.-Literally, and his course, and Mikloth the to this one about Zebadiah. The fourth division “ may prince (nägid); which appears meaningless. Perhaps have been called by the name of the fallen hero in the " and " before Mikloth is spurious. (Comp. end of honour of his memory” (Bertheau). verse 6.) The sense may then be that this division in- (8) The fifth captain for the fifth month.cluded Mikloth “ the prince," an unknown personage; Rather, the fifth, for the fifth month, was the captain or that Mikloth was the chief man in the division. (See Shamhuth. Shamhuth is called “ Shammoth the Hachaps. viii. 32, ix. 37, where Mikloth is a Benjamite rorite” in chap. xi. 27, and “ Shammah the Harodite name.) The LXX. and Vulg. agree with Authorised in 2 Sam. xxiii. 25. Version; the Syriac and Arabic are wanting in this The Izrahite.-Heb., ha-yizráh, which is probably chapter.

a mistake for ha-zarhi, " the Zarhite” (comp. verses (5) The third captain of the host.-Heb., cap. 11 and 13), i.e., a member of the Judean clan called tain of the third host. So Vulg.

Zerah. Harod was his town. Benaiah. -See chap. xi. 22.

(9—14) Comp. chap. xi. 27–31 for the names here The son of Jehoiada, a chief priest.-Rather, given. son of Jehorada the priest, as head, viz., of the third (15) Heldai (living).—The same as "Heled” (life) army corps. The term “chief,” or “head,” belongs in chap. xi. 30. to Benaiah, not to his father. But perhaps it is an Of Othniel.-Of the clan so called._(Comp. Josh. erroneous gloss on Jehoiada. (Comp. 2 Chron. xxiii. 8.) xv. 17.) His town was Netophah, near Bethlehem. Both LXX. and Vulg. make Benaiah the priest.

Of the whole list of twelve generals, it is noticeable (6) This is that Benaiah, who was mighty that eight-viz., the first, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, among the thirty-Literally, he, Benaiah, was a eighth, tenth, and twelfth—belonged to the royal tribe hero of the thirty. (Comp. chap. xi. 25; 2 Sam. xxiii. 23.) of Judah. Of the remaining four, the second perhaps,

And in his course.-Heb., and his course. and the ninth certainly, was a Benjamite; the seventh Ammizabad his son. Comp. the second clause of and eleventh were Ephraimites. verse 4. Here, as there, the LXX. and Vulg. give the sense over his course," as if Ammizabad were co

II. THE PRINCES OR EMIRS OF THE TWELVE adjutor with his father. The text may be defective in

TRIBES (verses 16–24). both places.

(16) Furthermore over the tribes of Israel. (7) The fourth captain for the fourth month. Literally, and over the tribes of Israel ... the Reu. -Heb., the fourth, for the fourth month; an abridged benites had as prince (nägid) Eliezer, etc. mode of expression, which is preserved from this point Eliezer the son of Zichri.-Originally the emir to the end of the list.

of the tribe was its leader in war, as well as its chief Asahel the brother of Joab.-Chap. xi. 26. authority in times of peace. David, as appears by the Asahel was slain by Abner at the beginning of David's list (verses 1-15) made the important change of nomi.

ch. 2L 7.

The Princes.

I. CHRONICLES, XXVII. The Numbering Hindered. ites, Shephatiah the son of Maachah:

of Jeroham. These were the princes of (17) of the Levites, Hashabiah the son of

the tribes of Israel. Kemuel: of the Aaronites, Zadok: (18) of

(23) But David took not the number of Judah, Elihu, one of the brethren of

them from twenty years old and under: David : of Issachar, Omri the son of a 2 Sam. 24.5, &c; because the LORD had said he would inMichael : (19) of Zebulun, Ishmaiah the

crease Israel like to the stars of the son of Obadiah: of Naphtali, Jerimoth

heavens. (24) Joab the son of Zeruiah the son of Azriel ; (20) of the children of

began to number, but he finished not, Ephraim, Hoshea the son of Azaziah:

because a there fell wrath for it against of the half tribe of Manasseh, Joel the

Israel ; neither was the number put in

1 Heb., ascended. son of Pedaiah: (21) of the half tribe of

the account of the chronicles of king Manasseh in Gilead, Iddo the son of

David. Zechariah: of Benjamin, Jaasiel the son

(25) And over the king's treasures was of Abner: (22) of Dan, Azareel the son

Azmaveth the son of Adiel: and over

nating the chief commanders himself. The emirs would Because the Lord had said he would instill manage the internal affairs of their tribes.

crease Israel like to the stars of the hea(17) of the Levites, Hashabiah.-Levi has two vens.-The reason why David restricted the census to princes, one for the tribe and one for the great Aaronite those who were capable of bearing arms (see Gen. xv. 5, branch. The literal rendering would be: To Levi, xxii. 17). The idea implied seems to be that to attempt Hashabiah ... to Aaron, Zadok. Zadok was the to number Israel would be to evince a distrust of Jeho. high priest (chap. xxiv. 3).

vah's faithfulness; and, perhaps, that such an atteinpt (18) Of Judah, Elihu, one of the brethren of could not possibly succeed. David. - The LXX. reads “ Eliab." Eliab was (24) Joab the son of Zeruiah began.-Or, had David's eldest brother (chap. ii. 13). He, therefore, was begun. This clearly refers to chap. xxi. 6. Joab omittribal prince by right of the firstborn, assuming that ted to number Levi and Benjamin. the house of Jesse was the leading family of Judah. Because there fell wrath for it.-The same (See Ruth iv. 17–20.)

phrase recurs in 2 Chron. xix. 10, xxiv. 18. (Comp. for Omri the son of Michael.-Omri was, perhaps, the fact, chap. xxi. 7, seq.) The sense of the Hebrew an ancestor of the successful adventurer who founded may be brought out better thus : Joab son of Zeruiah the dynasty of Ahab (1 Kings xvi. 16 ; Micah vi. 16). had begun to number, without finishing; and there

(20) of the half tribe of Manasseh.--That on fell,&c. the west of Jordan, between Ephraim and Issachar. Neither was the number put in the account

(21) of the half tribe of Manasseh in Gilead. of the chronicles of king David.-Literally, -Rather, towards Gilead, Gilead-ward: i.e., on the and the number came not up (ālāh), was not entered. east of the Jordan, in Gilead and Bashan.

(Comp, 1 Kings ix. 21; 2 Chron. xx. 34.) The number Iddo the son of Zechariah.- The prophet Ze- which Joab ascertained was not recorded, as might have chariah was a son of Berechiah, son of Iddo, and may been expected, in the official annals of the reign, here have descended from this Iddo.

designated as “the account of the chronicles of king Jaasiel the son of Abner, was, doubtless, a son David" (mispar dibré ha-yāmîm). It is implied that of Saul's famous marshal.

the chronicler had these annals before him in some (22) Of Dan.- Dan and Zebulun, omitted in the form or other, probably as a section of the “ History tribal registers of chaps. iv.-vii., are both mentioned in of the Kings of Judah and Israel," and that he found the present list. On the other hand, Gad and Asher the lists of this chapter in that source. Those of are unnoticed here; why, we cannot say. The total- chaps. xxiii.—xxvi may have been derived from the “twelve ”—is made by counting Manasseh as two and same authority. In 2 Kings xii. 20, xiii. 8, 12, and all Joseph as three tribes. The order of the first six names similar instances, the phrase for “ book of the Chroniis that of Gen. xxxv. 23. Why Dan is mentioned last cles” is not mispar, būt sēpher dibrê ha-yāmîm. Some is not clear: some have thought it indicates the chroni- suppose that the text here should be altered accordingly; cler's reprobation of the idolatry of the tribe (2 Kings others would render mispar dibrê ha-yāmîm,the staxii. 29, 30; comp. Judges xviii. 30; Amos viii. 14); but tistical section of the annals.” But mispar in Judges he has probably kept the order of his source.

vii. 15 means the telling or relation of a dream, and the These were the princes.-The same word as transition from such a sense to that of written relation “ captains” in the former list (sārîm).

The phrase rendered “Chronicles” is the (23) But David took (Num. iii. 40, nasā'mispar) same as the Hebrew title of these books. not the number of them.-This and the next verso contain concluding remarks on the two lists com- III.—THE TWELVE OVERSEERS OF THE ROYAL municated in verses 1-22. The heading of the chapter ESTATES AND PROPERTY (verses 25—31). professes that the sons of Israel,

according to their

The number of these officers is noticeable, twelve number," is the subject in hand. This appended note limits that statement to those who were above “twenty

being a normal number in Israelite institutions. years old,” that is, to those who were of the military age. (25) And over the king's treasures.-That is, The reference is undoubtedly to the census, of which chap. those of the palace on Zion. xxi. gave the account; and it is evident that one of the And over the storehouses.-The Hebrew has main objects of that census was the military and political the same word “ treasures." The treasures “in the organisation here so scantily and obscurely described. fields ” (sādeh), or the country, in the cities, the villages,

is easy.

David's several



of nneyards.

the storehouses in the fields, in the 1 ch., over that was Joash : (29) and over the herds that cities, and in the villages, and in the

fed in Sharon was Shitrai the Sharonite: castles, was Jehonathan the son of

and over the herds that were in the Uzziah : (26) and over them that did the

valleys was Shaphat the son of Adlai: work of the field for tillage of the

(30) over the camels also was Obil the ground was Ezri the son of Chelub:

Ishmaelite: and over the asses was (27) and over the vineyards was Shimei

Jehdeiah the Meronothite: (31) and over

2 Or, secretary. the Ramathite: lover the increase of

the flocks was Jaziz the Hagerite. All the vineyards for the wine cellars was

these were the rulers of the substance Zabdi the Shiphmite: (28) and over the

which was king David's. olive trees and the sycomore trees that

(32) Also Jonathan David's uncle was were in the low plains was Baal-hanan

a counsellor, a wise man, and a 'scribe: the Gederite : and over the cellars of oil 3 Or, Hachmonite. and Jehiel the 3son of Hachmoni was


and the “ castles " (migdālím), or towers (2 Chron. xxvi. Jehdeiah the Meronothite.- Of Meronoth, a 10; Micah iv. 8), include all that belonged to David town perhaps near Mizpah (Neh. iii. 7). The LXX. outside the walls of Jerusalem.

has Merathon, or Marathon. Jehonathan was comptroller-general of the revenues (31) And over the flocks.-Of sheep and goats. from these sources.

Jaziz the Hagerite.--See chap. v. 10–19, for the (26) And over them that did the work of conquest of East Gilead, the home of the Hagrim, or the field.-Ezri was steward of the arable domains. Hagerites,” by the tribe of Reuben, in the days of

(27) Shimei of Ramah.Benjamin (Josh. xviii. 25) Saul. David's herds of camels and flocks of small was overseer of the vineyards.

cattle may have grazed in the pastures east of the Zabdi.- Zebadiah (the New Testament Zebedee), Jordan, under the charge of his Bedawi overseers. of the south Judean town Shiphmoth (1 Sam. xxx. 28), All these were the rulers of the substance was “over that which is in the vineyards for the treasures which was king David's.- The word rendered (stores) of wine,” i.e., the wine-cellars. So Vulg., cellis “rulers” is sārîm, “ captains” or “princes." (Seo vinariis. The territory of Judah was famous as a wine- verse 22.) The same term is translated * stewards” in growing land (Gen. xlix. 11). The memorable“ grapes chap. xxviii. 1. of Eshcol were gathered there (Num. xiii. 23).

Substance (rékúsh) is an old word, denoting espe(28) Olive trees.- The same word (zethim) is ren- cially the moveable wealth of a nomad chief. (Comp. dered “ olive yards” in Josh. xxiv. 13; 1 Sam. viii. 14, Gen. xii. 5, xiv. 21.) The wealth of David consisted and elsewhere the Authorised version.

partly of flocks and herds, but partly also of the proThe sycomore trees that were in the low duce of husbandry, and, no doubt, of commerce. (See plains.-The sycomores that were in the Shephelah or chaps. xiv. 1, xxii. 4.) The period of the kings sa w lowland of Judah, between the hills and the sea (Josh. Isra a settled nation, that had exchanged the purely xv. 33). The Ficus sycomorus, or fig-mulberry, a beau. nomad life for an ordered social existence. tiful evergreen tree, indigenous to Egypt, was once abundant in Palestine, as appears from 1 Kings X. 27 ;

IV.-David's Privy COUNCIL (verses 32-34). 2 Chron. i. 15. Its small sweet figs were much eaten by (32) Also Jonathan David's uncle was the poor. (Comp. Amos vii. 14.)

counsellor.-A son of David's brother Shimeah was Baal-hanan (“ The Lord bestowed").- An older named Jonathan (chap. xx. 7 ; 2 Sam. xxi. 21). Nothing form of Jehohanan. (Comp. the Phænician Hannibal.) further is known of the present Jonathan than what is

The Gederite.-Of Geder, or Gedor, a town in the here related. hill-country of Judah (Josh. xii. 13, xv. 58).

A wise man, and a scribe.- Rather, a sage Over the cellars of oil. - Heb., treasures, or and a scholar was he. The word rendered “scribe" stores of oil. The oil was that of the olives. (Comp. (sopher) usually answers to the ypanuateus of the New Judges ix. 9.)

Testament, and so the LXX. gives it here. (29) And over the herds that fed in Sharon. remember that in the rude epochs of society mere -Heb., the oxen that grazed in the Sharon. The writing has been esteemed an art, so that a king of Sharon (i.e., “the Level ") was a fertile strip of pasture. England who could write was dubbed Beauclerc, “ fine land running along the coast of the Mediterranean, scholar.” Charles the Great never got so far as signing between Cæsarea and Joppa. (See Cant. ii. 1; Isa. his own name, though he made great efforts to do so. xxxiii. 9.)

But writing goes back to a very ancient period among Shitrai.-Hebrew margin, Shirtai.

Semitic races, and sóphēr probably means here, as in Over the herds that were in the valleys.- Ezra vii. 6, “a man of letters," or skilled in the Apparently the valleys of the highlands of Judah. sacred law.” (See chap. ii. 55; Isa. xxxiii. 18; Ps. xlv. 2.) Another reading is “in valleys."

David's official sópher, or scribe, was Shavsha (chap. (30) Over the camels also was Obil the xviii. 16). Ishmaelite.-Obil's name means either

owner of Jehiel the son of Hachmoni.-Rather, son camels” or “a good manager of camels,” answering of a Hachmonite. (Comp. chap. xi. 11.) exactly to the Arabic abil. (Comp. Gen. xxxvii. 25; With the king's sons- That is, their tutor. Judges vii. 12.) An “Ishmaelite," i.e., an Arab, would The similar lists in 2 Sam. viii. 15–18, 1 Chron. xviii. be the fittest person for looking after camels.

15–17, and 2 Sam. xx. 23–26, lack representatives of The asses.-The she-asses. (Comp. Gen. xlix. 14; the two offices mentioned in this verse. Obviously Judges v. 10; Zech. ix. 9.)

this account is independent of those.

We may


David Summons and


Addresses an Assembly.

2 Or, eunuchs.

& 2 Sam. 7. 5, 13:

with the king's sons: (33) and Ahithophel 1 Or, cattle. with the mighty men, and with all the was the king's counsellor: and Hushai

valiant men, unto Jerusalem. the Archite was the king's companion :

(2) Then David the king stood up upon (34) and after Ahitophel was Jehoiada

his feet, and said, Hear me, my brethren, the son of Benaiah, and Abiathar: and

and my people : As for me, I had in the general of the king's army was

mine heart to build an house of rest for Joab.

the ark of the covenant of the LORD,

and for the footstool of our God, and CHAPTER XXVIII.-(1) And David 1 Kings 6.5; ch had made ready for the building: (3) but assembled all the princes of Israel, the

God said unto me, a Thou shalt not build princes of the tribes, and the captains

an house for my name, because thou of the companies that ministered to the

hast been a man of war, and hast shed king by course, and the captains over 3 Heb., bloods. blood. (4) Howbeit the LORD God of the thousands, and captains over the

Israel chose me before all the house of hundreds, and the stewards over all the

my father to be king over Israel for substance and possession of the king,

ever: for he hath chosen Judah to be and of his sons, with the officers, and 16. 13; Ps. 78.6%the ruler; and of the house of Judah,


b Gen. 49.8; 1 Sam.

(33) And Ahithophel was the king's coun. The mighty men.-" The heroes.” (ha-gibbórîm) sellor.-Rather, a counsellor of the king's—Ahitho- or “warriors" of chaps. xi. 31–47 and xii. But the phel, the faithless adviser, who committed suicide when LXX. and Vulg. interpret men of rank and wealth, his treachery proved unsuccessful (2 Sam. xv. 31

seq., magnates (tous Ouvdotas, Luke i. 52). xvii. 23).

And with all the valiant men.-Literally, and Hushai the Archite.-The faithful counsellor, every mighty man (gibbôr) of valour, a phrase meant who baffled the wisdom of Ahithophel (2 Sam. xvii.). to include all other persons of importance. It is noticeable

(34) And after Ahithophel-After his death, Je- that in this meeting of the estates of the realm all the
hoiada the son of Benaiah, and Abiathar, the Ithamarite dignitaries of chap. xxvii. are present (contrast chaps.
high priest, were David's advisers. Benaiah's father xv. 25, xxiii. 2, xiii. 1), except the priests and Levites.
was named Jehoiada (see verse 5, and chaps. xi. 22, xviii. (But comp. verse 21.)
17), so that David's counsellor Jehoiada bore the name (2) Then David the king stood up upon his
of his grandfather--a common enough occurrence.

feet.-To address the assembly, the king naturally rose
Others assume that the right reading is “ Benaiah the from his throne.
son of Jehoiada," who may have been an adviser of Hear me.-Calling attention, as in Gen. xxiii. 11-
David, as well as captain of his guard.


My brethren, and my people. — Comp. 1

Sam. xxx. 23; 2 Sam. xix. 12. The words do not so

much imply condescension as an acknowledgment of xxviii., xxix.).

what every one of David's hearers felt to be true—viz., David charges Solomon before the National Assembly

that all Israel were kin, and David the head of the

family. to build the Temple (verses 1-10), and delivers to him

As for me, I had in mine heart to build. the plans and materials of the building and its furniture

-See chap. xxii. 7, 8 and the Notes there. Verses 2–7 (verses 11-21).

of this chapter are in substance, and partly in expression, (1) And David assembled all the princes identical with chap. xxii. 7–10 (David's private charge of Israel.-As he had called the National Assembly to Solomon). before removing the Ark (chaps. xiii. 1, xv. 3). Who the An house of rest-i.e., a permanent abode inprinces (sārim) were is defined in the following clauses. stead of a sacred tent, which gave the idea of wandering

The princes of the tribes. - See the list of from place to place, like the nomads of the desert. them in chap. xxvii. 16–22.

(Comp. Ps. cxxxii. 8.) Captains of the companies.-Rather, princes The footstool of our God. — The so-called of the courses, who served the king : viz., those enume- mercy-seat, the golden kappôreth suspended over the rated in chap. xxvii. 1–15.

Ark, on which were the cherubim—the throne of Deity Stewards.-See chap. xxvii. 25—31.

(Ps. xcix. 1). tains” and “ stewards” are sărîm in the Hebrew.

And had made ready. - Rather, and I made Possession (miqneh).- A word generally used, like ready, by amassing stores of material (chap. xxii. 2-4, the Greek ktmua (ktivos), of possessions in cattle—live 14–16). stock.

(3) But God said unto me.-The emphasis lies And of his sons.

- Perhaps considered as his on the word God, which is in direct contrast with the heirs, or rather, from the old tribal view of property, as



heart it was," of verse 2. (Comp. chap sharing the royal domains with him.

xxii. 8, of which this verse is a summary.) With the officers.—Heb., sarisim, eunuchs. The (4) Howbeit the Lord God of Israel chose word appears to be used in a generalised sense, and to me.-Comp. chap. xi. 2 and Notes. The Divine elecdenote simply courtiers or palace officials. (Comp. tion of David preludes that of Solomon (verse 5). Gen. xxxvii 36; 1 Sam. viii. 15; 1 Kings xxii. 9; Jer. For he hath chosen Judah to be the ruler.xxxviii. 7, xli. 16.)

Better, For Judah it was that he chose for prince

Both “cap

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