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13. 8.

& Josh. 16. 7.

Uzzen-sherah.) (25) And Rephah was his or Vun, Num. her towns, Megiddo and her towns, Dor son, also Resheph, and Telah his son,

and her towns. In these dwelt the and Tahan his son, (26) Laadan his son,

children of Joseph the son of Israel. Ammihud his son, Elishama his son,

(30) "The sons of Asher; Imnah, and (27) Non his son, Jehoshuah his son. 2 Heh., daughters. Isuah, and Ishuai, and Beriah, and Serah (28) And their possessions and habita

their sister. (31) And the sons of Beriah; tions were, Beth-el and the towns thereof, 3 or, Adasa, 1 Mac. Heber, and Malchiel, who is the father and eastward a Naaran, and westward

of Birzavith. (32) And Heber begat JaphGezer, with the towns thereof; Shechem

let, and Shomer, and Hotham, and Shua also and the towns thereof, unto Gaza

their sister. (33) And the sons of Japhlet; and the towns thereof : (29) and by the

Pasach, and Bimhal, and Ashvath. borders of the children of Manasseh,

These are the children of Japhlet. Beth-shean and her towns, Taanach and a Gen. 16. 17. (34) And the sons of Shamer; Ahi, and

7. 45.

6 Josh. 17.7.

c Josh. 17. 11.

Canaanite foundation. They are now Beit ur et. Tahta present list appears therefore to be younger than the and Beit-ur el-Fariqaới.e., Lower and Upper Beitur. disruption of Solomon's empire.

Uzzen-sherah.-Sherah's ear, or peak, only men- Naaran, or Naarah (Naapá) (Josh. xvi. 7) was a tioned here. The relation of Sherah to Beth-horon may town north-east of Jericho. Gezer lay on the south. be compared with that of Achsah to the Negeb of Judah west border of Ephraim (Josh. xvi. 3), Shechein (Josh. xv. 19. Cf. also Josh. xvii. 4).

(Nablûs, Neátodis) on the north. Gaza : so the LXX., (25) And Rephah his son; and Resheph and Vulg. (Aza which represents the Hebrew 'Azzah, i.e., Telah his son.-(Heb. text). This seems to mean Gaza), and Targum; but a great number of MSS. and that Rephah was son of Beriah. But perhaps a son of seventeen editions read Ayyah, a place not mentioned Ephraim is intended. Rephah does not occur among elsewhere, but doubtless lying on the north-west the sons of Ephraim (Num. xxvi. 35, 36). The word border of Ephraim. “his son” (beno) may have fallen out after Resheph. (29) And by the borders of the children of Otherwise Resheph is brother and Telah son of Rephah Manasseh.-Literally, and upon the hands of the sons (the elder). Resheph, which means arrow,” “light- of Manasseh, a favourite phrase with the chronicler, ning," "fever," was a title of the Phænician Baal. occurring nine times in Chronicles and once in Ezra. “Tahan,” a son of Ephraim (Num. xxvi. 35: “the clan (See Note on chap. vi. 31.) The four cities lay within of the Tahanites ").

the territory of Issachar and Asher, but were assigned (26) Elishama son of Ammihud was tribal prince to Manasseh (Josh. xvii. 11). They mark the northward or Emir of Ephraim in the time of Moses (Num. vii. 47). marches of the two houses of Joseph, as the cities of

(27) Non.- Everywhere else Nun, the father of verse 28 mark the southward. They long withstood the
Joshua the servant and successor of Moses. Verses 25 Israelite occupation (Josh. xvii. 12—16 ; see also Judg.
—27 trace his ancestry, as it would seem, throngh seven v. 19.“ Then fought the kings of Canaan, in Taanach,
or eight generations to Rephah, son of Beriah or by the waters of Megiddo.”)
Ephraim. At chap. vi. 1-3 only two names are given

THE TRIBE OF Asher (verses 30–40).
between Levi, uncle of Ephraim, and Moses, Joshua's
elder contemporary. But abundant reason has already (30, 31) The sons of Asher; Imnah
been shown for not interpreting these genealogies in a Malchiel. - This is a literal transcript of Gen.
slavishly literal spirit, and without regard to their own xlvi. 17. Comp. also Num. xxvi. 44–46, where the
contrary indications. It is obvious to common sense clan (mishpahath) of each eponym is assigned; but
that when it is said that Moses was “son of Amram, the name of Isaah' (Heb., Yish wāh) does not appear.
son of Kohath, son of Levi," the meaning cannot be Beriah. Also the name of an Ephraimitic stock
that only two generations intervened between the tribal (ver. 23). Malchiel is called the "father (chief or
patriarch and the age of Moses. Moreover, it is, to say founder) of Birzavith ” only here. The Heb. margin
the least, doubtful that the names in verse 25 represent has Birzayith, perhaps " well of olive" (be-er zayith);
a lineal descent of individuals, and not a group of the text, Berazóth or Barzùth. It is probably the name
variously connected clans. “Telah ” looks like a frag- of a place.
ment of Shuthelah (verse 20); and perhaps the true
reading of verse 25 is, “ And Rephah his son, and Shu- (32-34) The race of Heber (spelt differently from
thelah his son, and Tahan his son,” we-Reshef, we-The. Heber, Abraham's ancestor). Nothing is known of
lah being a possible distortion of we-Shuthelah. any of these families. The name Japhleti (the Japhlet-

ite) occurs as a clan (Josh. xvi. 3), but far away from THE BOUNDS OF EPHRAIM AND WEST MANASSEH the bounds of Asher.

(verses 28, 29). Comp. chap. vi. 54, 899., where a list of the cities of

(34) Shamer (pausal form of Shemer) probably the Levites is similarly added to their tribal registers.

identical with Shomer, the second son of Heber (verse

32). (28) And their possessions.- Heb., and their Jehubbah. – Heb. margin has we-Hubbah, " and domain and their seats were Bethel and her daughters; Hubbah,” which is correct according to the prevailing " their domain,” that is, the domain of both divisions form of this list (and before each name). of the tribe of Joseph.

Aram is the ordinary name of the Syrians east and Bethel-originally assigned to Benjamin (Josh. west of the Euphrates. It may here designate a clan of xviii. 22), belonged later to the northern kingdom. The half-Aramean extraction.

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The Sons of Asher


and of Benjamin.

Rohgah, Jehubbah, and Aram. (35) And

mighty men of valour, chief of the the sons of his brother Helem ; Zophah,

princes. And the number throughout and Imna, and Shelesh, and Amal.

the genealogy of them that were apt to (36) The sons of Zophah; Suah, and Har- a tien 16. 21 ; Num. the war and to battle was twenty and nepher, and Shual, and Beri, and Imrah,

six thousand men. (37) Bezer, and Hod, and Shamma, and Shilshah, and Ithran, and Beera. (38) And

CHAPTER VIII.-(1) Now Benjamin the sons of Jether; Jephunneh, and

begat Bela his firstborn, Ashbel the Pispah, and Ara. (39) And the sons of 191. Ard, Gen. 46.

second, and Aharah the third, (2) Nohah Ulla; Arah, and Haniel, and Rezia.

the fourth, and Rapha the fifth. (3) And (10) All these were the children of Asher,

the sons of Bela were, 'Addar, and Gera, heads of their father's house, choice and

and Abihud, (4) and Abishua, and Naa

is an


(35—39) And the sons of his brother Helem.

VIII. Apparently the offshoots of Helem, “ brother” of Shemer-Shomer. If we construe brother in the strict sense,

The narrative returns to the tribe of Benjamin. we must assume that Helam is the same as Hothain (verse

The present register is quite different from that pre32), and that one or the other name is corrupt. But

served in chap. vii. 6–12. which, as we have seen, Helem may be the name of another chief house of Asher

extract from a document drawn up for military pur. not directly connected with that of Heber. The bro- poses. Apparently based on a topographical register, this therhood then would be that of the tribe, not of the

new list agrees better than the other with the data of clan or family.

the Pentateuch (Gen. xlvi.; Num. xxvi.), allowance being (36) The branches of Helem through Zophah the elder

made for the mistakes of generations of copyists. The house. Eleven names of the sons of Zophah. The second,

chronicler may well have thought the short section of “Harnepher,” has a name which looks like pure Egyp

chap. vii. too meagre as an account of a tribe which had tian: Har nefer, “the beauteous Horus," or morning

furnished the first royal house, and had afterwards Comp. the case of the Egyptian slave Jarha

inseparably linked its fortunes with those of the legiti(chap. ii. 31), and the marriage of Mered with “ Pha

mate dynasty. Here, therefore, he supplements his raoh's daughter” (chap. iv. 18). (See also the Notes

former notice. Perhaps, also, he returns to Benjamin on verse 10.)

by way of introduction to the royal genealogy with (38) The Sons of Jether.- Jether and Ithran

which the section concludes. In short, he begins, as (verse 37) are virtually the same name, and perhaps to

his manuer is, at the beginning; and having to tell of be identified here. This will connect verse 38 with the

Saul, starts from the tribal patriarch to whom the preceding line of the sons of Zophah.

house of Saul traced back its long descent. Jephunneh.-The name of the father of Caleb the Kenizzite.

THE SONS OF BENJAMIN AND BELA (verses 1–5). (39) The sons of Ulla.- Apparently_Ulla is not

(See Notes on chap. vii. 6, 7.) connected with the foregoing genealogy. But he seems

Bela his first-born.-The Hebrew word for "first. to be the same as Ara (verse 38). 'Ara' is a very born” in Gen. xlvi. 21 may have been turned into the curious form, and may be due to a copyist's eye having proper name Becher, by an ancient mistake of the wandered to Be-era at the end of last verse ; Ulli' is scribes. (See Note on chap. vii. 6.) intelligible, and probably correct. If the identification Ashbel.-Probably the same as Jediael. be allowed, we get a complete concatenation from verses Aharah the same as Ahiram and Elirosh. 30 to 39.

(2) Nohah and Rapha.-These names do not occur Arah is in Hebrew quite different from Ara.

in either of the other lists. The present series agrees (40) The summing up of the list. “All these were sons with Num. xxvi. 38 in assigning five sons to Benjamin, of Asher, picked chiefs of the father-houses, valiant of whom Bela is the first, and Ashbel the second. warriors, chiefs of the princes.” This declares that the Further, there is enough likeness between the name names in the foregoing series are those of the chiefs of Aharah here and Ahiram there to warrant our assumpthe different Asherite clans. They are called “choice, tion of their original identity. But we cannot hence picked men, eximii, and chiefs of the princes or conclude that the Nohah and Rapha of our list answer emirs. The clans appear to be identified with their to the Shephupham-Shupham and Hupham of the other. chieftains.

It is more likely that Nohah and Rapha represent And the number throughout the genealogy. different clans, which were prominent at the time when -Better, and their census, in the host, in the battle- the present list was draughted. Rapha reminds us of their number in men was 26,000.” Perhaps we should the valley of Rephaim, south-west of Jerusalem, chap. render in the case of service in war. The census here xi. 15. given has reference only to the number of males qualified for military service. In the Mosaic census (Num. i. (3—5) The sons of Bela here are nine, like the sons 41) the total of males of the tribe of Asher was 41,500; of the suspected Becher, chap. vii. 8. But none of and a generation later, the fighting men were 53,000 the names correspond. (Num. xxvi. 47). The date of the present census is not assigned. If it be that of David, which appears likely, (3) Addar the same as Ard, who in Num. xxvi. is the tribe may have declined in numbers and importance eldest son of Bela, but in Gen. xlvi. apparently his by his day. (Comp. Judg. v. 17. “Asher continued youngest brother. at the sea-shore, and abode on his creeks;” i.e., did not Gera appears as brother of Bela in Gen. xlvi. 21. bestir himself for the war).

The name is repeated in verse 5, probably by a scribe's The Children


of Shaharaim.

Num. 20. 39.

man, and Ahoah, (5) and Gera, and She

Hodesh his wife, Jobab, and Zibia, and phuphan, and Huram. (6) And these are

Mesha, and Malcham, (10) and Jeuz, and the sons of Ehud : these are the heads

Shachia, and Mirma. These were his of the fathers of the inhabitants of Geba, 1JOT, Shupham, sons, heads of the fathers. (11) And of and they removed them to a Manahath:

Hushim he begat Abitub, and Elpaal. (7) and Naaman, and Ahiah, and Gera,

(12) The sons of Elpaal; Eber, and Mihe removed them, and begat Uzza, and

sham, and Shamed, who built Ono, and Ahihud. (8) And Shaharaim begat children

Lod, with the towns thereof: (13) Beriah in the country of Moab, after he had

also, and Shema, who were heads of the sent them away; Hushim and Baara

fathers of the inhabitants of Aijalon, were his wives. (9) And he begat of

who drove away the inhabitants of Gath:

a ch. 2. 52.

inadvertence; though there may have been two great two chiefs of clans settled at Geba (chap vi. 45), were Benjamite houses so designated.

forcibly removed by three other Benjamite clans to Abihud (1) and Abishua are peculiar to the Manahath (see chap. ii. 52, 54). Al manahath might present list.

perhaps be rendered “ for the sake of peace,” referring Naaman is a son of Bela in Num. xxvi., a brother to feuds between the claus of Geba. in Gen. xlvi.

(8) And Shaharaim begat children in the Ahoah is peculiar, unless he be identified with the country of Moab.-Shaharaim is apparently out of Eli of Gen. xlvi.

all connection with the other Benjamite houses. He Shephupham and Huram, younger sons of has been identified with Ahi-Shahar, chap. vii. 10, Bela in the present series, are in Gen. and Num. his because his name has a similar meaning, and even with younger brothers Muppim (Shuppim) and Huppim, or the mysterious Aher (hypothetically Shaher) of chap. Shephupham and Hupham. These fluctuations of vii. 12. It is simpler to suppose that we'eth-Shaharaim, statement are worth observing, because they demon- “and Shaharaim," has dropped out at the end of verse strate the vagueness of terms denoting various degrees 7 (see Note on verse 31). Expelled from Geba, Shahaof kindred, when used in describing tribal and clan raim found a refuge in Moab. (Comp. Ruth i.; 1 Sam. relationships.

xxii, 3, 4.) (6) And these are the sons of Ehud.-The After he had sent them away; Hushim and Authorised Version makes no distinction between this Baara were his wives.- The Heb. is certainly cor. Ehud and Ehud son of Gera, the famous Benjamite rupt. The easiest correction is to read 'eth-Hushim judge (Judg. ii. 15). The difference in the Heb. is so instead of 'otham Hushim : "and Shaharaim begat in slight, that perhaps we may assume an original identity the country of Moab, after divorcing Hushim and of the two names. In that case we get a link between Baara his wires, he begat (verse 9) of Hodesh his wife, the sons of Ehud and the house of Gera, verse 5. Johab,” &c. This is supported by the LXX. The Others identify the present Ehud with the Abihud of emigration of the clan Shaharaim, from its old home in verse 3, which is possibly correct. (Comp. Nadab. Geba of Benjamin is called a divorce, in the figurative Abinadab, Dan and Abidan, Num. i. 11.)

style of these genealogies; just as the amalgamation These are the heads of the fathers.—Heads of clans is marriage. Hushim, in chap. vii. 12, is a of father-houses, i.e., of groups of kindred families Benjamite clan. In Moab, Shaharaim branched off into or clans.

The Hebrew text of the rest of this seven clans, whose names are given in verses 9–10. verse, and verses 7—8, is unusually obscure, partly (9) Hodesh his wife.-The new Moabite wife or owing to the construction, but chiefly because of the settlement of Shaharaim. The names of two of the historical allusions which are no longer explicable with sons begotten in Moab have a Moabite cast-viz., any certainty. Most interpreters assume a parenthesis Mesha', comp. Mesla' king of Moab, 2 Kings iii. 4; after the words “and these are the sons of Ehud," and Malcham, comp. Malcham (Mileom) as a title of extending to the words “he removed them,” in the god of Moab and Ammon, Jer. xlix. 1 (Heb.). verse 7.

(10) Heads of the fathers.- See Note on verse 6. Uzza and Ahihud are then “ the sons of Ehud' (11) And of Hushim he begat .-The off. referred to in verse 6.

spring of Shaharaim by Hushim before her divorce; in Removed them.-Rather, carried them captive, or other words, two offshoots of the clan Shaharaim settled transported them. The same expression denotes the in the vicinity of Lod or Lydda (verse 12), which took Babylonian exile or transportation, and was used in no part in the emigration to Moab. chap. v. 26 of the Assyrian removal of the transjor- (12) Shamer, or Shemer, occurred in chap. vii. 34 as danic tribes.

a clan of Asher, (7) And Naaman, and Ahiah, and Gera, he Who built, Ono and Lod ....-Literally, he removed them.-The three clans here mentioned built Ono and Lod and her daughters. The clause is a are commonly regarded as the authors of the expatria- parenthesis referring to Shemer. tion of the people of Geba. Of Gera it is specially Ono, now Kefr Auna, recurs in Ezra ji. 33, Neh, vii. said " he removed them,” because Gera was the leading 37, and xi. 35, but is not found elsewhere in the Old clan of the three. According to this interpretation the Testament. It is always coupled with Lod, and must two verses (647) may be rendered: “And these are have been near it. the sons of Ehud. (These are heads of clans belong- Lod, the Lydda of Acts ix. 32, is now the village of ing to the inhabitants of Geba, and men carried them Ludd, north of Ramleh, between Jaffa and Jerusalem. away to Manahath—both Naaman, and Ahijah, and (13) Beriah also, and Shema.-After these two Gera, he it was who carried them away.) He begat names the Masoretic punctuators have put a stop. Thus Uzza and Ahihud.” That is to say, Uzza and Ahihud, verses 12--13 give five sons of Elpaal. Or verse 13

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The Sons of Beriah


and of Gibeon.

(14) and Ahio, Shashak, and Jeremoth, 1 or, Shema, ver. and Antothijah, (25) and Iphedeiah, and (15) and Zebadiah, and Arad, and Ader,

Penuel, the sons of Shashak; (26) and (16) and Michael, and Ispah, and Joha,

Shamsherai, and Shehariah, and Athathe sons of Beriah; (17) and Zebadiah,

liah, (27) and Jaresiah, and Eliah, and and Meshullam, and Hezeki, and Heber,

Zichri, the sons of Jeroham. (28) These (18) Ishmerai also, and Jezliah, and Jobab,

were heads of the fathers, by their genethe sons of Elpaal; (19) and Jakim, and 2 Called Jeniel, ch. rations, chief men. These dwelt in Zichri, and Zabdi, (20) and Elienai, and

Jerusalem. Zilthai, and Eliel, (21) and Adaiah, and

(29) And at Gibeon dwelt the 2 father Beraiah, and Shimrath, the sons of

of Gibeon; whose a wife's name 1 Shimhi; (22) and Ishpan, and Heber,

Maachah: (30) and his firstborn son Aband Eliel, (23) and Abdon, and Zichri,

don, and Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and and Hanan, (24) and Hananiah, and Elam, a ch. 9. 25. Nadab, (31) and Gedor, and Ahio, and

9, 35.


may be disconnected from verse 12, and Beriah and pedigrees with certainty to one famous name rather Shema regarded as beginning a new series of Benjamite than another. clans.

(28) These were

chief men.-These were Who were heads of the fathers

chiefs of clans ; according to their birth-rolls, chiefs. Rather, “They were heads of the clans of the inhabitants All the names from verse 14 to verse 27 are included of Aijalon; They put to flight the inhabitants of Gath." in this summation. The repetition of the word The prononn is emphatic in both cases. The clans of * chiefs ” (Heb., heads) is peculiar. The writer can Beriah and Shema, who were settled at Ajalon (Yalo), hardly have meant other than to warn his readers near Gibeon, appear to have expelled a Gittite popula- against the idea that the preceding names represent tion from Ajalon, and dwelt in their stead. At all individual members of single families, whereas, in events, there is evident allusion to some famous exploit, truth, they are “heads of clans.” (“ Heads” in in which the two Benjamite houses were more fortu- Hebrew may denote “companies,” or “divisions," as nate than the Ephraimites Ezer and Elead (chap. vii. 21). at Judg. vii. 16, “ And he divided the three hundred We must not identify this Benjamite Beriah with the men into three heads.") Ephraimite Beriah of chap. vii. 23. There was also an These dwelt in Jerusalem.-This statement Asherite clan of Beriah (chap. vii. 30).

contrasts the five branches of Benjamin, whose sub. (14—16) Apparently nine sons of Beriah, But (1) in divisions have just been enumerated, with the clans verse 14, the LXX. reads ó adea pds aŭtoll instead of that dwelt in Geba and Manahath (verse 6), in Moab Ahio. With different vowels the Hebrew term would (verses 9, 10), in Lod and Ono (verse 12), and in Ajalon mean this. (2) All the other names in this list are con- (verse 13), as well as with those who dwelt in Gibeon nected by the conjunctive particle. It is therefore likely (verse 29). that this was once the case with Shashak (3) Verses 14–27 give five groups of Benjamite clans- viz., the THE FAMILIES OF GIBEON, ESPECIALLY THE sons of Beriah, the sons of Elpaal, the sons of Shimli, ROYAL HOUSE OF SAUL (verses 29–40). the sons of Shashak, and the sons of Jeroham, all

Verses 29–38 recur at chap. ix. 35–44. dwelling in Jernsalem. Apparently, their eponymous heads are named in verses 13, 14—viz., Beriah (Elpaal (29) At Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon.? omitted by accident), Shema (the same as Shimhi; His name (Jehiel) has been accidentally omitted. (See there is no h in the Heb.), Shashak, and Jeremoth chap. ix. 35.) The verb dwelt is plural," they dwelt;" (probably the same as Jeroham).

a sufficient indication that the “ father of Gibeon” If this combination hold, the text of verse 14 may be merely represents the original population of that place thus restored : “ And Elpaal his brother, and Shashak under a collective name. Maachah would be a place in and Jeroham.” Elpaal will then be brother of Beriah the neighbourhood. (verse 13), and perhaps son of Elpaal (verse 12). Sha- Gibeon.-Now el-Jib, about eight miles north-west shak and Jeremoth-Jeroham, and the six following of Jerusalem. names, are sons of Beriah.

(30) The sons of Abi-Gibeon—that is, the Benjamite (17–18) Seven sons of Elpaal.

clans of Gibeon. The name of Ner has fallen out (19–21) Nine sons of Shimhi (Shimei being the same between Baal and Nadab. (Comp. chap. ix. 36.) That as Shema). This is the same Hebrew name as that of Baal is interesting. Comp. verses 33, 34, which at 2 Sam. xvi. 5 seq. the Authorised Version where find Eshbaal and Merib-baal (rather renders by Shimei.

Meri-baal, i.e., man of Baal"); comp. Merbal in (22—25) Eleven sons of Shashak (verse 14), followed Herod, vii. 88. It appears from Hos. iii. 16 that the title by six sons of Jeroham (Jeremoth, verse 14) in verses Baal (lord) was once applied to Jehovah in common 26—27. The recurrence of the same names in the five speech : “ Thou shalt call me Ishi, and shalt no more groups is noticeable. Thus, a Zichri appears among the call me Baali." After the name had become as. sons of Shimei (verse 19), among the sons of Shashak sociated with a foreign and idolatrous cultus, it was (verse 23), and among the sons of Jeroham (verse 27). discarded in favour of the synonymous Adon (Adonai). Of course the name may have been thus frequent (31) Ahio.-The recurrence of this name here lends among the Benjamite clans dwelling in Jerusalem. some support to the Authorised Version in verse 14. But it is possible to see in the fact an indication that, Zacher.-Heb., Zecher (comp. Shamer-Shemer), the at the time when the present register was framed, Zechariah of chap. ix. 37, which is in fact the full form some of these houses were no longer able to trace their of the name. Such

abbreviations are common. (See


The Stock of Saul


and Jonathan.

2 Or, Shimeam, cli.

a l Sam. 14. 51.

1 Zacher. (32) And Mikloth begat Shi- 1. Zecharian, Moza, (37) and Moza begat Binea : meah. And these also dwelt with their

Rapha was his son, Eleasah his son, brethren in Jerusalem, over against

Azel his son: (38) and Azel had six sons, them.

whose names are these, Azrikam, Bo(33) And «Ner begat Kish, and Kish

cheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan,

Obadiah, and Hanan.

All these were and Malchi-shua, and Abinadab, and

the sons of Azel. (39) And the sons of 3 Esh-baal. (34) And the son of Jonathan

Eshek his brother were, Ulam his firstwas * Merib-baal; and Merib-baal begat

born, Jehush the second, and Eliphelet Micah. (35) And the sons of Micah were,

the third. (40) And the sons of Ulam Pithon, and Melech, and 5 Tarea, and or, Mephitrosheth, were mighty men of valour, archers, and Ahaz. (36) And Ahaz begat Jehoadah;

had many sons, and sons' sons, an hunand Jehoadah begat Alemeth, and Az

dred and fifty. All these are of the sons maveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat

of Benjamin.

3 Or. Ishbosheth, 2

Sam. 2. 8.

2 San. 4. 4.

5 Or, Tuhrea, ch, 9.

chap. v. 26, Note.) After Zecher, the phrase and Ish-bosheth ("* man of shame ") is a sort of euMikloth has dropped out of the text, because verse 32 phemism, avoiding the very mention of an idol. So begins with the same words. (See chap. ix. 33.)

the Merib-baal (" Baal strives ; ” rather, perhaps, (32) Shimeah is essentially the same word as

Meri-Baal, man of Baal”) of verse 34 appears Shimeam (chap. ix. 38). The latter is a mimmated in 2 Sam. iv. 4, ix. 6, &c., as Mephibosheth, where form (i.e., a more ancient form of the noun, with the probably the right reading is Meribbosheth. In like original ending m).

manner, idols are styled “abominations.” 1 Kings And these also dwelt with their brethren xi. 5: "Milcom the abomination (i.e., god) of the sous in Jerusalem, over against them.-Literally, of Ammon," and elsewhere. Beth-el, the sanctuary of And they also, before their brethren, dwelt in Jerusalem the golden calf, or rather bullock, is called Beth-aven. with their brethren, The verse seems to tell us that The house of God” is a “house of wickedness' of all the stock of Gibeon only the branch of Mikloth- (Hos. iv. 15, v. 8; Josh, vii. 2.) (See Note on verse 30.) Shimeah settled in Jerusalem. When, we are not in. (35) Tarea.- Ta’rea. Tahrea (chap. xxix. 41) is a formed. Some think the reference is to the repeopling harder pronunciation of the same name.

The name of Jerusalem after the Restoration (Neh. xi. 1). · Be. Shime’ah, or Shime’am (verse 32) appears to be a fore their brethren.”Before in Heb. means east, as similar softening of the name Shimeʻah (2 Sam. behind means west. The clans in question dwelt in

xii. 3). Jerusalem, to the east of their fellow-tribesmen in (36) Jehoadah.-Heb., Jeho'addah Chap. ix. 42 Gibeon.

gives Jarah (Heb., Jaʻrah), a mistake arising from With their brethren-that is, with the other the common confusion of the Heb. d and r. The name Benjamite clans settled in Jerusalem (verses 16—28). there should be read, Jo‘addah," a contraction of

(33) The house of Saul. It is not said here that the present form. Saul's immediate family was settled at Gibeon, From Alemeth.-In chap. vii. 8 a son of Becher; in 1 Sam x, 26, xv. 34, and 2 Sam. xxi. 6, we learn that chap. vi. 60 a Levitical town. The name is apGibeah, or “ Gibeah of Saul,” was the seat of the king. parently personal here. It is gratuitous to suppose that the chronicler has (38) Bocheru.-Some MSS. read “his firstborn,” confounded two different places.

with which, with different points, the LXX, and the And Ner begat Kish.-1 Sam. ix. 1 gives the

Syriac agree.

This seems right, as the conjunctive following pedigree of Kish: Kish son of Abiel, son of particle is wanting between Azrikam and the doubtful Zeror, son of Bechoratlı, son of Aphiah; and 1 Sam. word, and Bocheru would be anomalous as a proper xiv.51 states that Kish the father of Saul, and Ner the

(See Note on verse 40.) father of Abner, were sons of Abiel. The omission of Azel.- A place near Jerusalem was so called (Zech. intermediate names is not uncommon in these lists. xiv. 5; Mic. i. 11). We may, therefore, suppose that some members of the (39) Eshek his brother-that is, the brother of genealogical series are here omitted between Ner and Azel, and son of Eleasah (verse 37). The elder line Kish. The father of Abuer was, of course, only a

is first developed. namesake of the present Ner, which is perhaps a clan, (40) And the sons of Ulam were mighty men not an individual.

of valour, archers.—The ancient prowess of the Saul begat Jonathan.-So 1 Sam. xiv. 49, and Benjamites is recorded in Judg. xx. Their left-handed xxxi. 2; save that the former passage has Ishui for slingers were famous. (See also Judg. iii. 15 seq.) Abinadab. This seems to be a case of double naming. Archers.-Literally, treaders of the bow (chap. v. Others identify Ishui with Ishbosheth.

18). The meaning is that they drew their bows by Abinadab.-Comp. Nadab, verse 30. Both are pro. resting the foot against them, the bows being large. bably Divine titles, meaning “ the father (i.e., Jehovah) Had many sons, and sons' sons, an hundred is noble.” Comp. Kammusu Nadbi, “ Chemosh is my and fifty.-What was their date? If we may assume prince,” the name of a Moabite king, mentioned by that no names have been omitted, we are concerned Sennacherib. Ner and Kish also both occurred in with the fourteenth generation from Jonathan, the verse 30 as Gibeonite clans. Here they (or at least friend of David. The era of David has been fixed Kish) may be said to be personal names.

at about 1055—1045 B.C. ; so that the great-grandsons Esh-baal.-2 Sam. ji. 8, Ish-bosheth, David's rival of Ulam may have flourished about 635—625 B.C. king. Esh-baal (“man of Baal") is the true name. (1055 minus 420), in the reign of Josiah. The omission


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