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381

APPENDIX C.

Respecting Divodás, Professor Wilson says :-"Some rather curious legends are connected with this prince, in the Váyu and Brahma Puráņas, and Hari Vamśa, and, especially, in the Káśí Khanda of the Skanda Purána. According to these authorities, Siva and Párvatí, desirous of occupying Káśi, which Divodása possessed, sent Nikumbha, one of the Gaņas of the former, to lead the prince to the adoption of Buddhist doctrines; in consequence of which, he was expelled from the sacred city, and, according to the Váyu, founded another on the banks of the Gomatí.

“Some further illustration is derivable from the Mahabharata, Santi-Parvan, Dána-dharma. Haryaswa, the king of the Káśis, reigning between the Ganges and the Yamuná (or in the Doab), was invaded and slain by the Haihayas, a race descended, according to this authority, from Saryati, the son of Manu. Sudeva, the son of Haryaswa, was also attacked and defeated by the same enemies. Divodása, his son, built and fortified Benares, as a defence against the Haihayas; but in vain ; for they took it, and compelled him to fly. He sought refuge with Bharadwája, by whose favour he had a son born to him, Pratardana, who destroyed the Haihayas, under their king Vitahavya, and re-established the kingdom of Kási.”

Professor Wilson's Translation of the Vishnu Purana (Hall's edition), vol. iv., pp. 33, 40.

382

INDEX.

A'dampura Mahalla, 299
A'd-Bishes war, 55, 318-321
Aditya, 127
Adkesav, or Vishņu, 185
A'd-Mahadeva, 104, 105
Agni, 160, 170
Agwán, 90
Ahalya Bai, Rani, 167
Ahmad ķhán, Saiyid, 339
Ahyabar Galí, 154
Aiswarya Náráyan Sinh, Babu, Secre-

tary of the Benares Institute, 339
A'jnáta Kauņdinya, 372
Ajunta Caves, 20
Alamgiri Mosque, 312–314
Alauddin, 31
Alipore Mahalla, 274
Alpmțites'war, 80
Ambheri, Rajas of, 131
Amțit Kund, 219
Amrit Rao, 168
Anant Chaudas Melá, 222
Anark Chaudas Melá, 224
Ancient Remains, Benares :-

Bakariya Kund, 273-287
No. I. Ráj Ghát Fort, 292-297
No. II. Near Ráj Ghát Fort, 297, 298
No. III. Small Mosque in Budáon

Mahalla, 298, 299
Ancient Mound or Ridge, 299-302
No. IV. Tiliyá Nálá and Maqdam

Sahib, 302-305
No. V. Lát Bhairo, 305-308
No. VI. Battis Khambhá, 308–310
No. VII. Arhái Kangúra Mosque,

310-312
Hindu Temple of Kírtti Bishes war,

Alamgiri Mosque, 312-314
No. VIII. Chaukħambhá Mosque, 314,

315
No. IX. Aurungzeb's Mosque, near

Bishes'war Temple, 316-318, 320
No. X. Ad-Bisheswar Temple and

neighbouring Mosque, 318-321
No. XI. Stone Pillar, Sone ká Táláo,

321, 322

Annpúrná, 43, 57, 150, 214
Apsarases, 162
Aráda Káláma, 375
Archæological Report, Major - General

Cunningham's, 236-243, 250–254, 256–

260, 261, 262
Arhái Kangúra Mosque, 310-312
Arjuna, 170
Aryan race, 1, 24
Ashtang-Bhairo, 128
Ashta Sakti, 257
Ashțbhují, 153
Así, 34, 326
Asiatic Researches, 219, 250
Asiatic Society of Bengal, 236, 242, 245,

248, 251, 252, 257, 260, 264, 269,

270, 273, 286
Así Sangam and Ghát, 139, 177, 178,

184, 217, 218, 221
Asnán Játra Mela, 217
Asoka, 19, 21, 85, 233, 234, 244, 265,

266, 290, 306, 367, 368
Assyrian Architecture, 22
Asuf-ud-Daulah, Nawab, 198
Atri, 151
Aurangzeb or Alamgir, 28, 32, 39, 51,

55, 110, 112, 128, 153, 156, 191, 192,

306, 312, 313
Aurangzeb's Mosque, 316–318, 323
Ausán Ganj Mahalla, 87, 116, 117, 120,

151, 197

Baber, Emperor, 255
Bages'warí, 89, 90, 164, 214
Baijnáth, 227
Bakaríyá Kund, Ancient Remains at,

25, 27, 93, 215, 216, 273-287, 292,

293, 308, 309, 310, 323
Balbhadra, 120
Baldeo, 170
Balkrishņa, 151
Ballantyne, Dr., late Principal of the

Government College, Benares, 331
Balwant Singh, 198, 202, 212
Banár-así, 326
Banár, Raja, 35, 100, 292

Baptist Mission, Benares, 333, 334, 337
Bápú Deva S'ástrí, Pandit, Professor of

Astronomy, Government College, Be-

nares, 137, 339
Bara Gaņes, 120, 121, 215, 221, 227
Baráhan Deví, 131
Barbiya Tank, 226
Barná Piyála Melá, 225
Bárņarasi Deví, 100
Barná Sangam and Ghát, 33, 139, 178,

184, 186, 187, 221
Batasparíkhsha Mela, 218
Battis Khambhá, 308-310
Báwan Avatár, 222
Bawan-dwádasí Melá, 221
Benares,—Courts of Law, 337; Govern-

ment or Queen's College, 236, 259,
307, 331, 332, 337, 347; Govern-
ment Normal School, 332; Public
Buildings, 337; Ward's Institution,

337
Benares Institute, 336, 337
Benares, Insurrection at, 197–212
Benares, Maharaja of, 118, 169, 212,

222, 227, 337, 338
Benares Proper, 74, 93, 94, 95, 97
Benares, Secrole, 337
Bengali Tolá, 146, 147, 165
Bengali Tolá Preparatory School, 335
Beni Rám,

dit, 218
Bhadaini Mahalla or Ward, 167, 224
Bhadrakalpa, 369
Bhadres'war, Temple of, 168
Bhagavad Gítá, 347
Bhairo or Bhaironáth, 47, 61, 64, 74,

119, 124, 128, 150, 170
Bhairo ká Táláo, 190
Bhanta, 226
Bharadwája, 381
Bhatt Brahmans, 347
Bhawání, Rani, 158, 164, 167, 175, 180
Bhikshus, The Five, 5, 6, 11, 365, 368,

372
Bhilsa, 29, 244
Bhilsa Topes, 20, 245, 267, 268
Bhím, 217
Bhímchandi, 179
Bhittiyantra, 136
Bhobaneswar, Temple of, 29
Bhút, 119
Bhút-Bhairo, 119
Bijai Dasami Melá, 223
Bijaigarh, Fort of, 202
Bindhyachalá, 90
Bírbhadra, 78, 153
Bird, Mr., former Resident of Benares, 194
Bísbáhuka, 84
Bishes war, 47, 147, 156, 175, 227
Bishes war, Temple of, 28, 60, 52, 61,

316, 317.

Bodhi, Fruit of 369, 373, 375
Bodhidruma, 374, 375
Bodhisattwa, 368–372, 374, 379
Brahma, 69, 99
Brahma, 43, 78, 82, 140-143, 170, 185
Brahmadatta, King of Benares, 11
Brahma-ís'war, 185
Brahmes war, 142
Bráhman, 14, 40, 48, 69, 84, 102, 126,

135, 148, 152, 191, 193, 194, 267,

346, 354, 378
Brahma Puráņa, 381
Brahmávarta, 266
Brahmaloka, 143
Brahmo Samáj, 336, 344, 345, 354
Brambanan, temple of, 260
Bșiddhkál, 73, 75, 80, 94, 156, 312
Břiddhkál Mela, 218
Budáon Mahalla, 298
Buddha, or Gautama, 5, 6, 85, 153, 232-

234, 238, 248, 251, 259, 261, 301,
364, 369, 370, 372; The Tathagata,
242, 367, 368, 369, 370, 371, 375,
379; The Great S'ramaņa, 242, 365;
S'rí Dharmarás'i, 251 ; his Life, 264,

265
Buddhas, four last, 369
Buddha Gayá, 259
Buddhi, 72
Buddha, Law of, 5, 256, 266, 364-366,

368, 369, 374, 375
Buddhism, Decline and Fall of, 267,

268-270
Buddhist Confession of Faith, 242, 262,

263
Buddhist Missionaries, 12, 301
Buddhist Supremacy in India, 12, 30,

265, 266
Buddhist Triad, 259
Burnouf, M. 242
Búrwå-Mangal Melá, 228, 229
Buyers, Rev. W., 192, 193
Carnac, Lieutenant-Colonel, 200
Chakravartin, King, 374
Chakrayantra, 137
Chakr-pushkarni, 69
Cha men (S'ramaņa), 365
Chandan Ekádasí Melá, 217
Coandra, 144
Chandra Gupta, 265
Chandrakanta, 107
Chandra-kúp, 143, 144
Chandramá, 170
Charaṇa-páduká, 70
Chaturbhuj, 130, 151
Chaukhá Ghát, 218, 223, 225, 226
Chaukhambhá, 223, 224
Chaukhambha Mosque, 314, 315
Chauki Ghát, 154

Durg, 159-162
Durgá, 47, 144, 155, 157-159, 162, 163,

166, 170-172, 214, 223, 228.
Durga-kund, 33, 90, 166, 219
Durga Melá, 219, 223
Durgbijay Singh, Babu, 212
Durvásas Rishi, 114, 161
Dwáraká-tírth, 218
Dwárpáles war, 64
Egyptian Architecture, 22
Ellora, cave at, 20
Equinoctial Circle, 137
Fa Hian, 35, 231, 232, 234, 235, 256,

266, 267, 364
Fa Hian's Narrative concerning Benares,

364, 365
Faiz-ulla-ķhán, Nawab, 201
Fátima Melá, 219
Fergusson's Handbook of Architecture,

19, 29, 283, 294
Foe (Buddha), 364, 365
Foe Koue Ki, 231, 364
Fouceaux, M., 261
Fowke, Mr., formerly Resident of Be-

nares, 201

Chausațhí Deví, 90, 228
Cheit Singh, Raja, 34, 169, 172, 197,

198-212, 228, 250
Cherry, Mr., formerly Political Resident

of Benares, 338
Chi-kia-meou-ni (S'ákya Muni), 369
Chi-kia-pou-sa (s'ákya Bodhisattwa),

369
Chi (S'akra), 379
Chitraghanta, 251
Chitrkoț, 221, 222
Christianity, 38, 40
Church of England Mission, Benares,

333, 334, 337
Clive, Lord, 361
Cunningham, Major-General, late Go-

vernment Archæologist in India, 235,

236, 244, 250, 255, 256, 260, 265, 268
Dafáli, 216
Daitya, 114
Daksh, Raja, 77, 79, 80
Dakshes'war, 76, 80
Dálbhyeswar, 129, 130
Dána-dharma, 381
Daņdpán, 62, 65, 66
Dangal Melá, 229
Dasahrá Melá 217, 222
Dasás amedh Ghát and Temple, 43, 95,

139, 140, 142, 153, 222, 228, 333
Dasáswamedhes'war, 142
Dattatreya, 151
Davidson, Mr., 261
Deer Park of the Immortal, 232, 233,

234, 235, 364, 367, 372, 375
Deo Narain Singh, Raja, K.C.S.I., Pre-

sident of the Benares Institute, 183,

339
Devadatta, 371
Dhamnár, caves of, 259
Dhan, worship of, 223
Dhan Teras Mela, 223
Dhanwantari, 219
Dharaddi Mela, 228
Dharma, 5, 85
Dharmanada, 107
Dharmeswar, 86
Dharm.kúp, 85, 86
Dharmsálá, or hostel, 179
Dhelá Chauth Melá, 221
Dhruv, Dhruves'war, Dhruveswara, 128
Dhúpchandi, 177
Dhútapápá, 107
Digans ayantra, 137
Divodás, 47, 82, 84, 140, 141, 143, 381
Divodáses war, 84
Díwálí Melá, 224
Dulares' war, 154
Duncan, Mr. Jonathan, former Resident of

Benares, 250, 252

Futteh Narain Singh, Babu, Vice-Pre-

sident of the Benares Institute, 339
Gáo Ghát, 104
Gajendranoksh, 170
Gandharvas, 162
Ganes' or Siddha-vináyak, 47, 49, 59,

65, 71, 74, 76, 83, 90, 100, 106, 122,

144, 150, 152, 163, 166, 168
Gaņes Chauth Melá, 227
Gangá (the Ganges), 57, 98, 107, 142,

147, 170, 174, 194, 217, 356
Ganga-putras, or Sons of the Ganges,

16, 46, 352
Gangá-Saptamí Melá, 216
Garud, 171
Gau-gaur Mela, 214
Gaurí, 98, 140, 160-162
Gaurí-kuņd, 150
Gauri Sankar, 59
Gaya, 5, 124, 139
Gází Miyán Dargah, 215, 216
Gází Miyán Melá, 215
Gází Sultán, 216
Ghantákarņa, 118
Gor Jí, Pandit, 90, 105
Govardhan, 171
Gridhrakúta, 368
Griffith, Mr. R. T. H., Principal of the

Government College, Benares, 331
Gulzar Mahalla, 305
Gunabri, 220, 221
Gupta era, 28, 55, 286, 290, 306, 326

Guru-púrņima, 218.
Gyan-Bápí or Gyán-Kúp, 53, 73
Haihayas, race of, 381
Hall, Dr. Fitzedward, Librarian of the

India Office, 35, 236, 331, 381
Hanumán, or Mahábír, 59, 73-76, 89,

91, 100, 126, 129, 170, 224
Hardwar, 139
Hardy, Rev. R. Spence, 5
Hari Gupta, 261
Harináth, Temple of, 149
Hari Vamsa, 381
Haryas wa, King of the Kásis, 381
Heng (Ganges), 35, 364
Himachal, Mount, 149
Hindu Temples in Benares, number of,

41, 42
Hindu Triad, 185
Hiouen Thsang, 8, 231, 232, 234, 235,

255, 256, 259, 262, 267, 268, 272,

286, 366
Hiouen Thsang's Narrative concerning

Benares, 366-380
Hipparchus, 134
Hiraṇyakasipu, 215
Hodgson, Mr.B. H.,late Political Resident

in Nepál, 242, 262
Holi Melá, 192, 227, 228
Holiká, 228
Hom, 127
Horne, Mr. C., late Judge of Benares,

273, 296, 297
Hou-ming-pou-sa (Prabhápála ? Bod-

hisattwa), 369
Humáyún, Emperor, 255
Indian Architecture, 22, 24, 28, 52
Indra, 160, 161, 170, 171
Isana, 251
Isipattana Vihára, 5, 6, 11, 256
Iswar, 69, 128
Is'war-Gangí, 116, 220
I-tsie-i-tch’ing (Sarvárthasiddha), 373–
Jagannath, 120, 139, 177, 217, 218, 229
Jagat Ganj, 26, 250
Jagat Singh, Babu, 25, 260-253, 260
Jáges war, 116, 151
Jahnu Rishi, 216
Jaina, 289, 294, 317, 318
Jaitpurá Mahalla, 89
Jala, 160
Jamanes' war, 98
Jámbavati, 127
Jamditiya Melá, 225
Jam Ghát, 225
Jamná, 98, 142, 170, 225
Jánakí, 90
Jarnanada, 107
Játakas, 11

Jaunpore, Atallah Mosque, 282, 283
Jaunpore, Jama Mosque, 282, 283
Jay Nárayan Ghosál, Raja, 333
Jay Sinh, Raja, 129, 132
Jewels, The Three, 369
Jogi-bír, 277

[379
Jou-laï (the Tathagata), 367-371, 375,
Julien, M. Stanislas, 231, 366, 369
Jwarahareswar, 91
Kailas, 79, 83
Kjrí, 220
Kajrí Melá, 220, 221
Káli, 74
Káli Sankar Ghosál, Raja, 338
Kalká, 225
Kál-Kúp, 66
Kámeswar, Kamanánáth, 113, 114
Kandhawa, 177
Kánheri, caves at, 259
Kantit, Raja of, 220
Kapila, Raja of, 264
Kapildhárá, 178, 180
Kapilmochan Tank, 190, 195
Kardames'war, 178, 179
Kárkotak Nag Tirth, 220
Kárlen Cave, 20
Karņghaņța, 118
Kártavírya, 170
Kartik Púrņima Mela, 225
Kásháya, or Brown Vestment of Bud-

dha, 234, 262, 370, 371
Kásí-deví, 118, 119
Kási Karwat, 55
Kási Khanda, 68, 76, 82, 88, 96, 98,

106, 149, 159, 218, 381
Kási, Kingdom of, 35, 36, 364, 381
Kásí-mábátmya, 96
Kasipurá Mahalla, 117
Kásí-rahasya, 96
Kas yapa Buddha, 369
Kauņdinya, 365, 368
Kedár, 93, 95, 149, 156

[153
Kedareswar, Kedárnáth, 147, 149, 150,
Keou lin (Kauņdinya), 365
Kern, Dr., late Anglo-Sanskrit Professor,

Benares, 332
Ketu, 66
Kewal Galí, 155
Kiachi (Kási), 35, 364
Kia-ye-po-fo (Kás'yapa Buddha), 369
Kinnaras, 162
Kiraṇanadi, 107
Kírtti Bisheswar, 312–314
Kittoe, Major, late Government Archæ.

ologist in India, 25, 235, 250, 251,
254, 268, 269, 331, 334
Kiu tan (Buddha), 365
Klaproth, M., 231, 364
Kot-Linges war, 100
Koțwál, 124

[375

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