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CHAPTER III.

VARIETY OF EXPRESSION.

SECTION I.

LESSON 14.—p. 26.

43. Rule 1. EXERCISES. The PARTICIPLE substituted for the conjunction.

1. Most of his attempts having failed, he has ceased to plan new ones.

2. Alexander the Great, having ascended the throne, was eager to pursue the ambitious projects of his father with regard to Persia.

3. Being called to the exercise of the sovereign power at an early age, he evinced a great knowledge of government and laws.

4. Bernard, being armed with the authority of the pope, fanned the flame of military fanaticism.

5. Fixing my eyes on different objects, I soon perceived that I had the power of losing and recovering them, and that I could, at pleasure, destroy and renew this beautiful part of my existence.

4.1. Rule 2. EXERCISES. The CASE ABSOLUTE substituted for the verb and njunction.

1. Having returned from the excursion, he diligently employed the remainder of the evening in study.

2. The waters of the lake having been swollen by the continued rains, the Neva inundated the city of Petersburg, and. swept away the houses on its banks.

3. The evidences and the sentence having been stated, the

president put the question, whether a pardon should be granted.

4. The request huving been refused, the breach was widened by the obstinacy of both parties.

5. The deposed monarch not having been well treated by the Earl of Leicester, excited the public sympathy on his behalf.

LESSON 15. - p. 27.

45. Rule 3. EXERCISES. The verbs and the dependent words varied.

1. Settlements were formed, and colonies planted in the island by the Romans.

2. The Britons destroyed Camulodunum, the first Roman colony.

3. It was not foreseen by the Britons that their deliverers would become their conquerors.

4. In the course of their wars, many separate kingdoms were established by the Saxons.

5. The incursions of the Danes kept England in continual alarm.

6. By Ethelwolf's ordering a tenth part of the produce o landed property to the clergy, the church was elevated and enriched.

7. These united perfections being combined in this favoured child of nature, he may justly be considered the master-piece of creation.

46. Rule 4. EXERCISE. - The idea involved in the words erpressed by a periphrasis.

1. A description of the surface of the earth=Geography. 2. A withdrawal from the bustling world = Solitude.

3. The act of reclaiming men from a state of barbarism = Civilisation.

4. Extensive possessions= Wealth.
5. Continuous active employment=Industry.

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6. A collection of the rules of a language arranged in systematic order= Grammar.

7. The coldest season of the year = Winter.
8. The inhabitants of a town or village=Populace.
9. A large vessel for conveying goods by water=a Ship.
10. A portable instrument that indicates the time = a Watch.

11. The science which treats of the sizes and motions of the heavenly bodies= Astronomy.

12. The largest extent of water = Ocean.

LESSON 16. - p. 29. 47. EXERCISE.

1. Demagogue, one who leads the people by exciting their passions.

2. Philosopher, a lover of wisdom. 3. Anarchy, want of government.

4. Genealogy, the descent of persons through a succession of ancestors.

5. Episcopacy, system of church-government under Bishops.

6. Biography, an account of an individual's life and character.

7. Geography, a description of the earth as it appears to the eye.

8. Discrimination, a nice discernment directed by circumspection

9. Discover, to come to the knowledge of something before existing but unknown.

10. Invent or create, to produce something that did not before exist.

11. Indolent, indulging in ease.
12. Industrious, regularly occupied in something.

13. Acquitted, he cleared himself by words from a charge of fault.

14. Excluded, he was debarred from participation.
15. Entranced, delighted beyond measure.
16. Ambitious, very desirous of power.

17. Amphibious, having the power of living in two elements. 18. Fickle, apt to change his opinions suddenly. 19. Decisive, forming a conclusion and acting upon it. 20. Changeable, subject to variation. 21. Reinvigorate, repairing the waste of the animal frame. 22. Premature, ripe before the natural time.

LESSON 17.- p. 29.

48. EXERCISES. -- 1. Appropriate adjectives or adverbs substituted.

a. He firmly remonstrated against their measures. b. His honourable character was soon apparent. — c. His liberality has justly been praised. d. Familiar conduct sometimes breeds contempt.

2. The same idea conveyed by a negation of the opposite, or the reverse; - a. A wise son is never a reproach to his father. - b. Titles and ancestry will never render a good man less illustrious. — I have not perused the book without pleasure and profit. — d. Guilt does not confer ease and freedom on the mind. - e. Be not deficient in courage against flatterers.

- f. Religion generally demands a cheerful aspect. g. No station is so low as to exempt men from duty. – h. I do not venerate the man whose heart is impure. — i. Too great a variety of studies does not strengthen the mind.

3. Different words substituted.

a. Folly may laugh, but a guilty conscience will sting. b. The doctrines of Christ are advantageous to the cultivation of the mind, as well as useful in their moral effects.

-0. The obligations which Christianity enjoins are, indeed, wonderfully adapted for producing that teachable temper and soberness of thought, those habits of untiring industry and patient research, which are positively essential in the pursuit of general knowledge. —d. To keep the spirit of religion warm and efficacious in your hearts, steadily continue in the duties of public and private prayer and in the regular perusal of the Bible. -e. In it you will discover that the Redeemer of the world has exhibited His commandments by the most pleasing and forcible allegories, recommended them by His own greatest and best of all examples, and strengthened them by the most terrible injunctions. f. There He discloses the great secrets of our deliverance from sin and misery by His death, and reveals the means by which base and fallen man may regain the favour of his offended Maker.

4. The order of the correspondent parts of the sentences re. versed.

a. She neglects her heart who studies her glass. — b. We have seldom any regard for religion in age, if we have no regard for it in youth. - c. We set out on the journey of life, full of spirit, and high in hope. - d. If the reward of the labours of the studious, the modest, and the good, were only to be expected from man, their expectations would be poor. -e. If fame only were all the garland that crowned her, virtue were a kind of misery.

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49. EXERCISES. — Euphemisms employed for the words printed in italics.

1. I dislike, or, have no fondness for that man; or, that man is disagreeable to me.

2. He was dismissed from his office.

3. He does not deal fairly, and she does not adhere to the truth.

4. He takes what is not his own, and is also a mean fellow. 5. John is not bold - is timid. 6. He has been put under confinement. 7. He was sent to the lunatic asylum. 8. He is poor. 9. He has contracted debts. 10. He is an excessive eater. 11. He despises everything. 12. The man was inebriated.

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