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restored by God, then let them support and con-
Now, for Al Mahadí (the True Guide), who shall live in later times, the Prophet said, “In the latter times great misfortunes and trials shall fall upon my people from their Sultáns, such as never was heard of before, until the wide earth shall be too narrow for them. The earth shall also be full of injustice and oppression. Then will God send down a man to fill the earth with justice and equity, as it was before filled with injustice and wrong. Then shall the dweller in the heavens and the dweller upon earth be well-content: neither shall the earth be deprived of one drop of the copious showers which I will
nor the heaven of those streams I cause to flow. This man shall live with them seven, or eight, or nine years. His life or death shall be fixed and determined by the good which God wills to be effected for the people of the earth.” Again,
Mahadi shall be born in Medina, of the family of Muhammad, and of the same name.'
Now, for the Expedition to the Baitu-l-Mukaddas, Muhammad-Ibn-Hanífa-Abbás said, Truly the black standards of the Prophet shall march forward; and from Khorasán another black and white array shall advance; in which array, there shall be seen a man called Shaih-Ibn-Saleh, prince of the sons of Akama. He shall put to flight all the comrades of Sufián, until he attack the Holy City, in order to smooth the way for the assumption of the sovereignty thereof by Mahadi. Mahadí sball come thither from Syria. Also, between the commencement of the march and the final accomplishment of the proposed object, shall elapse 73 months. Others
Others say that Shuaib shall suddenly and secretly march upon the Holy City, in order to prepare an abiding-place for Mahadí, when he shall hear of the march to Syria. The number of the army shall be twelve thousand. Again, By the hands of Mahadí shall the ark of Shechinah (Divine Presence) be brought forward, and exposed to view, from the desert of Tiberias,
and shall be carried and placed before him in the Holy City; which when the Jews behold, they shall all become Moslems, except a few. Then Mahadí shall die. Again, justice and truth shall be perverted; men shall be avaricious ; the world shall act perversely; not an instant shall pass unmarked by some evil deed or word on the part of created beings; and none shall show and follow the right way, but Jesus son of Maria. It is also a common and well-founded tradition, that never shall the Holy City want; never shall there cease to be found therein a man to do the good deeds of the house of David, and never shall there be wanting a chief of the company of David's comrades to enter the Holy City.
Now, of those who have entered the Holy City, Omar-Ibn-Al-Khattab has already been mentioned. Abú-Ubaidah set out to pray in the Holy City; but his last hour came upon him when his journey was but half-accomplished. He died, and said, Bury me west of the river Jordan, within the Holy Land. Some say that he said, Bury me where death has seized me. He died of the plague at Emmaus, which is four miles from Ramlah, near the Holy City, in the year
of the Hijra 18. His tomb and station are objects of pilgrimage to the inhabitants of the village of Hamash, beneath the Mount of Ajalon. He had
already been on pilgrimage several times, and had entered the Holy City as commander of the forces raised by Omar. Abú-Ubaidah died at the age of fifty-eight.
Saad-Ibn-Wakás also entered the Holy City. By him it was said, “I never wept but three times in life :-on the day when the Prophet was seized with the date fever,—the day Othmán was murdered, and to-day I weep for the truthI weep over the truth of Islám.” He died in Mecca. Abú Dhurr also entered the Holy Abode at the time of its capture by Omar. He died at Mecca, and was carried to Medina. The people of Cúfa assert that he died there in the Khilafat of Moawiyah; that his body is still in the mausoleum of Moáwiyah. Abdallah-Ibn-Amín came to the Holy City, but refused to visit the Rock, or to join in the public prayer. He forbade the people of Hakim to enter the Baitu-l-Mukaddas. Amr and his friends also attacked Moawiyah, to demand vengeance for the blood of Othmán. The following treaty was, however, concluded between them :-" In the name of the most merciful God! This is a treaty and agreement concluded in the Holy Abode between Al-Moawiyah-Ibn-Abí-Sofyán and Amru-Ibn-Al-'As:—that each of these two shall grant a truce and peace with the other; that we shall unite in the observance of God's law, by
mutually aiding, by mutually defending and preserving, by mutually following, each other's good advice in the matters relating to God and Islám; that neither shall in any way weaken or injure the other, nor cease to maintain a friendly familiarity with him; that no dissensions shall fall out between either ourselves or our children, whilst we live, as far as we are able to effect this." MoazIbn-Jabbil also visited, fasted, and prayed in the Holy City. His tomb at Damascus is an object of pilgrimage, and procures a favourable hearing for prayer. He was thirty-three years old when he died. As to Abú Dhurr;—À certain holy man entered the Baitu-l-Mukaddas. A thought struck him; and when the man came out, the holy man asked him, saying, Tell me whether I ought to perform the Rakás, and prostrations, in even or odd succession ? He replied, I know not. The other said, Who, then, doth know?' The man replied, “ My friend, Abú Kasim, told me.” At this name all the worshippers of God wept, and cried, prostrating themselves, May God raise him up a degree of glory, and remit him his sins, and decree a reward unto him! Then said the holy man, Tell me, who art thou ? Who replied, I am Abu Dhurr, companion of the Prophet. Upon this (said the holy man) veneration struck my soul. Abú Dhurr died in Medina. (Sulman)-Al-Farsí