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Review - Merican Revolution.


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vine, on which the garrison was entirely de- for that relief which heaven only could bestow. pendent for water, had been totally cut off, by The clouds covered the fort: no sound was The third division of the enemy, who had in- heard amid the general anxiety of the wretched trecched themselves in an impregnable posi- garrison, save the thunder of the enemy's artion close to the watering-place, and who at tillery, whose troops, with savage exultation, night posted a chain of videttes along the ra- looked down on the besieged from their posivine. "Mina, as well as Mareno, had caloulated tion on the hill. The flattering clouds passed that it was practicable to cover the watering slowly over the fort, -the moment was anxiparties from the fort; and to have anticipated ously looked for, which was to ease their sufthis disaster, by preserving water within the ferings ;-- a few drops fell ;-- anxiety was fort, was impossible, as there was but one wrought up to the highest pitch;- but the small tank, capable of holding no more than clouds passed, and burst at a short distance was sufficient for a few bours' supply. As the from them! Language is inadequate to derainy season had commenced, it had been sup-scribe the emotions of despair which at that posed that the garrison would not suffer for moment were depicted on every countenance want of water. All these expectations were in the fort. For several days the clouds condisappointed; for the watering parties, which tinued thas to pass, without discharging a sinwere sent out nightly, generally returned with gle drop on the parched garrison, who had the out having succeeded in their attempt, or with cruel mortification of seeing their enemies fresuch a partial supply as was of no adequate quently drenched with rain, and the large lake use; and although it constantly rained around, of Lagos constantly in view. Such were the yet none fell in the fort. The watering parties trials experienced at this ill-fated spot. At were obliged to descend the declivity of a very | length, after a lapse of four days, a slight deep barranca, which rendered it impossible to shower fell. Every article capable of containconduct these sallies with any degree of order, ing the desired fluid was in readiness, and in and the enemy were therefore always apprised spite of the incessant fire of the enemy, a supof their approach to the rivulet, and of course | ply was collected, suficient to yield a tempoprepared to resist them. Hence no supplies rary relief to the suffering garrison. A small supof any consequence could be obtained. Those ply was also collected in reserve."--pp. 9 to 15. who have not seen the Mexican barrancas, can scarcely form an idea of the difficulties they

Three nights after the attempt made present at every step; abounding in immense by the enemy to enter the fort, Mina, rocks, precipices, and thick bushes, it is im- with 240 men, made a sortie on the possible to conduct any military enterprise in encampment of Negrete, and oarried them

with compactness and order. ". The small quantity of water which each in the redoubt which had been thrown dividual collected on the first appearance of the up on the bill. They were, however, enemy, had been soon expended. The only compelled to retreat, leaving many well in the fort, which was at the house of Don killed and wounded on the scene of Pedro Moreno, had never contained water. | conflict. Such of the wounded as All the stagnant water in the crevices around the fort, was consumed; and the horrors of could not be brought off, fell into the thirst became dreadful. Recourse was had to hands of the enemy, who, carrying some wild celery, which lukily grew around them in full view of the fort, caused the fort: it was plucked at the risk of life; but them to be strangled in the sight of these were only partial alleviations, for some their commiserating and enraged comof the people were four days without tasting a

rades. Their bodies, stripped of their drop of water. ". The situation of the garrison was fast

clothing, were thrown down the preproaching to a crisis. The troops at their posts cipice of the barranca to become the were hourly becoming less capable of exertion, food of vultures. from the severity of their sufferings. Horses Deceived with vain expectations of and cattle were wandering about, in the great obtaining relief from sources which est distress. The cries of children, calling on their unhappy mothers for water, gave to the bad flattered his hopes, Mina, on the scene of suffering peculiar horror. The coun- night which succeeded the sorties, left tenance of the general shewed how deeply he the fort with three companions, to seek sympathized in the sufferings of his associates : relief, leaving Colonel Young in combat he cheered them with the hope that the mand of the garrison. They eluded God of nature would not abandon them; he with difficulty the vigilance of the bepointed to the heavy clouds with which the atmosphere was loaded, as the source from siegers, and after some time Mina whence relief would speedily be obtained ; made several attempts to accomplish and such was the effect Mina's example and his purpose ; but the fort was too consoling observations inspired, that each insuperior fortitude under the severity of the mit his efforts to command success. dividual ostrove to distinguish himself by his strictly and strongly guarded, to pergeneral distress. With anxious expectation, “ Meanwhile, the enemy prosecuted the they marked the approach of the heavily siege with vigour. The cannonading was incharged clouds, hoping that the predictions of ressant by day, and continued occasionally at & supply from them would soon be verified. night. A few of the besieged were killed, and Every vessel was ready to receive the grateful from the last shower was exhausted; and the

several wounded. The stock of water collccted shower. The women brought out the images sufferings of the garrison, as well from hunger of their saints, supplicating their intervention as thirst, again became intolerable. Several


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Review-The Welsh Non-conformist's Memorial.


the town of Leon.

days had again elapsed withoat water. The dered to be an admirable critic in the children were expiring from thirst;, Wany red Cambro-British tongue. After the sorted to the last and most disgusting of all decease of his father, he was baptized, human expedients, to allay for a moment the and became a zealous and devout torments of thirst; while some few, driven to madness, would steal down at night to the Christian, and spent much of his time rivulet, and, flying from the death of thirst, re- and property in the completion of a juncture, a generous trait was manifested by place of worship which had been prethe enemy. They were moved to pity by the viously begun by his father, and afterdreadful situation of the women, and allowed wards preached in it for some time. them to descend and drink the water, but would not permit them to carry any up to tbe fort. He next accepted an invitation to This solitary act of humanity proved, however, assist Dr. John Ash, at Pershore, and from the women correct information of the state resigned that office to become the pasof things in the fort, and finally, on one occa- tor of the Baptist society at Lynn, sion observing a large number of them at the where, by his studious habits, and sewatering place, with they seized them, and sent them prisoners to dentary course of life, his constitution

becoming much impaired, he was ob“ The besieged were suffering not only the extremity of thirst, but their provisions were liged to resign his pastoral charge, and nearly all consumed. Every juicy weed around was suspected of heretical pravity, the fort was plucked, and some of the men but this suspicion was without foundaing lead. The soldiers were compelled to sub- tion. His publications are classed sist partially on the flesh of borses, asses, and under five heads, viz. historical, biodogs.

** The stench of the animals which had died graphical, political, controversial, and for want of food, or from the enemy's shot, and miscellaneous. His most extensive of the dead bodies of the enemy which were work was “The History of Lyon," in able. Large flocks of 'vultures, attracted by which is displayed great research, and the dismal scene, were constantly hovering much general information. over the fort, and fortunately diminished an evil, which otherwise could not have been borne.

Thus much for the author of The “ 'Their sufferings having become intolerable, Welsh Non-conformist's Memorial. many of the troops deserted, so that not more than a hundred and fifty effective men remained.

In a dedicatory epistle, Dr. Evans, The ammunition was so far expended as only the editor, gives the following account to admit of occasional tiring. The guns bad of the posthumous work now before been for some time served with the enemy's shot; which, dug out at night from the rubbish

us: fort, was fired back to them in

“For years previous to his death, he (Dr. the morning."

Richards) meditated a work illustrative of the (To be concluded in our next.)

ecclesiastical antiquities of the principality of Wales. The subsequent volume shews wbat had been accomplislied. It is at length, with its final

corrections, presented to the public, who will Review.-The Welsh Non-conformist's bim to complete his plan, (a circumstance wbich,

please to recollect, that, had Providence permitted Memorial, or Cambro-British Bio- in lumble submission to the will of God, was the graphy. To which are prefired, an

subject of prayer during his last illuess,) imper.

fections, at present discernible, would never Essay on Druidism, and Introduction have appeared. Posthumous productions are reof the Gospel into Britain, &c. By the ceived with eandour. A discerning public is not late Rev. William Richards, LL. D. wanting in liberality.” Edited, with Notes and Illustrations, " It is a treasure of biography: I was deterby John Evans, LL. D. London,

mined that it should see the light.

Sibylline leaves, I bave gathered the sketches 8vo. 1820. Sherwood & Co. pp. together witha au hallowed vigilance.” 504, 8s.

The title of the book appears to us DR. RICHARDS, the author, was born incorrect, because it conveys the idea in Pembrokeshire, in the year 1749, of a finished or complete work, whereas and died on the 13th September, 1818. the volume contains only detached From his infancy he was distinguished parts of an intended whole, and the for his love of knowledge, his dili- editor has not attempted to complete gence, and seriousness. He received the work by supplying the deficient his education for the office of the links in either the biographical or hisChristian ministry in the Baptist aca- torical chain. Therefore, we should demy at Bristol, where he continued have preferred a title nearly as foltwo years.

lows: The Bible was his favourite study ; Materials for a Welsh Non-conformbut to this he did not confine himself. ist's Memorial, &c. &c. collected by He became acquainted with the best the late Rev. Wm. Richards, LL.D. authors, was well versed in civil and Edited, with Notes and Illustrations, ecclesiastical history, and was consi- by John Evans, LL. D.'

outside of

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some time before 1640."

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761 Review--The Welsh Non-conformist's Memorial. 762

In making these remarks, we have The first of these sketches is that of no wish to withhold from Dr. Evans Vavasor Powell. the praise he merits by bringing the

* This eminent and ever-memorable Cam. contents of this volume before the pub-bro-Briton, Vavasor Powell, was a native of lic. While we regret that Dr. Richards Radnorshire, of no mean origin or ignoble did not live to finish his own work, families in that country, and also in chose of

descent, being related to some of the best Dr. Evans has our best thanks for pre- Montgomery and Salop: He was brought up to senting it to the public in its present learning from his childhood, and received a

very liberal education, first in that country, shape. He has rendered an and afterwards at Jesus College, in Oxford, ceptable service to the religious world, where he is said to have made considerable pro and has imbodied more literary in- ficiency in the learned languages, and other formation than wo expect, or usually and went into orders in the Established Church find, in works professedly religious.

We proceed to give the reader some He soon became an itinerant puriidea of the contents of this book. Af-tan preacher. ter a dedication and preface by the

“ He frequently preached at two or three Editor, we arrive at the part written places in a day, and was seldom two days in by Dr. Richards, which commences

ibe week throughout the year, out of the pulpit ;

pay, he would sometimes ride a hundred miles with a “ Sketch of Druidism,” which in a week, and preach in every place where be we regret our limits do not suffer us might have admittance." to examine at length. Dr. Richards connected with vavasor' Powell, or attached to

as early as the year 1654, the Christians in Wales, is more favourable to Druidical insti- him, were supposed to amount to do less than tutions than most writers have been, there in London) wben Cromwell assumed the who have made this subject their study. supreme power and was proclaimed. Lord ProThe doctrine of transmigration has lector; and took a very active part in opposing been held by several Christians. The claimed, he is said to have remonstrated agaiut Bards espoused the doctrine of One it to the men in power. He also preached against God, the Creator and Governor of the

it the same evening at Blackfriars Church, for

which he was taken into custody, examined be. universe, and pervading all space; of fore the council, and detained some days." whom the idea of a locality of ex

The reign of Charles the Second istence was deemed unworthy. Propitiatory sacrifice was a part of their liberty. On the 28th of April, 1660,

was still more unpropitious to religious religion, but their human sacrifices he was apprehended, and from that were criminals; and this system he time he was confined, with the excepcompares with the execution of crimi- tion of some very short intervals, till nals in the present day. Add to these, death liberated bim from the Fleet the Bards generally embraced Chris, prison on the 27th October, 1670, in tianity at its first promulgation; and the 53d year of his age. it does not appear, from any accounts

The Appendix contains “ Hints on which have been transmitted to us, Primitive Christianity;" “ Reflections that they ever disgraced their profes-on Allegorical Preaching;" which last sion.

we recommend to the attention of Next we are presented with “ An

young Ministers.

“ Wickliffe and his Account of the first Introduction of

followers." “ Sketch of Michael Serthe Gospel into Britain ; with a cur

vetus.” * Account of the original sory view of the State of Christianity State of the Sacred Writings ;” and among the ancient Britons from that an Introduction and Postscript, by period to the time of Pelagius,” which the Editor. is followed by“Some Account of Mor- Whatever is connected with the gant, commonly called Pelagius; and principality of Wales, appears to us this is succeeded by“ A Sketch of the particularly interesting. The Welsh State of Christianity in Wales, from

are the direct descendants of the orithe time of Pelagias to that of Wick- ginal inhabitants of this Island, and liffe.” To the period of the Reforma- among them must be sought the knowtion, the author, bad he lived, would ledge of our early antiquities. Their have brought down his accourt.

personal character, their simplicity The principal part of the work is and integrity, tend to increase this next in the order of succession, and interest. We receive, with pleasure, bears the title of “ Cambro-British any additional information respecting Biography, or Sketches of several them; and we recommend this volume Welsh Non-conformists of the Seven

as a valuable accession to the stores teenth Century," &c.

of religious biography. No. 30.-VOL. III.

2 C

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1. St. Edward's Staff. - 2. The King's Sceptre with the Dove. - 3. The King's Sceptre with the Cross.-4. The Sword of Justice to the Temporalitv.-5. The Cur. tana, or Pointless Sword.-6. The Sword of Justice to the Spirituality.-7. The Crown of State.-8. The King's Coronation Ring.9. The Orb, Mound, or Globe.-10. King Edward's Chair. - The Coronation Medal.

765 Coronation of His Majesty George the Fourth. 766 soos voosnowiec...............wone

in with the ringing of bells, and a vast CORONATION OF HIS MAJESTY GEORGE

discharge of rockets. Between two THE FOURTH,

and three in the morning, lines of carIf monarchs and common individuals riages were formed at Charing-Cross differ from each other in that splen- on the one hand, and at Millbank on dour of exhibition, which, on moment- the other. At this early hour, those ous occasions, attracts the public who were to join in the procession, eye, we may easily trace a striking and others who had taken seats as resemblance in the principles by spectators to witness the ceremonies which mankind are actuated in every of the day, were all in a state of aedepartment of life. Expectation is, tivity and bustle, each one hastening however, generally regulated by the to the object which he had in view, dignity of the character which excites and manifesting a degree of patriotic attention; and it is only when a devia- | anxiety to appear among the foremost tion from preconceived opinion takes to witness the splendid solemnities place, that we complain of disappoint- that were about to be exhibited. ment.

Among these might be seen Judges, The coronation of a monarch is one Peers, Bishops, with naval and miliof the most magnificent spectacles tary commanders, accompanied by that a nation can exhibit to surround their sisters, wives, and daughters, all ing states; and among these corrus- decorated in their richest attire, and cations of earthly glory, not one can sparkling with diamonds, as if to be more interesting to Englishmen rival in brilliancy the rising sun. than that of a British king.

The foremost reached the doors An event of this kind, we have just before they were opened, in consebeen called to witness; exhibiting a quence of which they were rendered display, which, for wisdom in arrange- stationary for a considerable time, ment, taste in selection, grandeur while those in the rear, finding their in decoration, and order in all the movements retarded, alighted from parade of punctilio and ceremony, has their vehicles, and travelled forward rarely been equalled, and perhaps on foot. Even ladies bedecked with never surpassed.

jewels, were seen leaving their carIt is not our intention in these pages riages, and walking towards the door to enter into a detailed account of the to be in readiness to enter, the monumerous and diversified particulars ment it should be opened. During immediately connected with this na. the whole of this period, scarcely any tional event; a minute description crowd was assembled, so that from would fill an interesting volume; and an elevated point within the circle of we are happy in being able to an- this vicinity, the eye might be gratinounce, that such a volume is now pre-fied with a panoramic view, without paring at the Caxton press. Under meeting with any obstruction. these circumstances, a general out- As the morning advanced, Palaceline is all that we shall here attempt yard was occupied by strong parties to lay before our readers.

of patrol, and detachments of Horse It is well known, that for several | Guards, who, for several hours, far months past, vast preparations have exceeded in number the populace been making for this grand event; and that assembled ; and it is but an act that in the neighbourhood of West- of justice to state, that their conduct minster Hall, expensive accommoda- was mild, conciliating, manly, and tions have been fitted up for the re- obliging. No apprehensions of hosception of spectators. Of the manner tility appeared to be entertained on in which the grand procession was to either side. The populace mingled be conducted, an account has also with the military, and were suffered been published, on the ground of anti- by them to approach within a short cipation; and although, in some par- distance of the platform on which the ticulars, a trilling deviation took place procession was to move, and which from the previous arrangements, in extended from the great north door their grand outline they remained of Westminster Hall, to what is unaltered.

called the west door of the Abbey. The memorable day fixed on for this At intervals, minute guns were fired augast ceremony, was Thursday, July | from a brig of war anchored on the 19th, 1821 : the morning was ushered | Thames, and preparations for illumi

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