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Review--Memoirs of the Mexican Revolution.


The preceding stanzas, we conceive, spirit of enterprise which stands unpawill set this poem in a favourable ralleled in the history of the human light, and render all further observa- character. Hunted by superior numtions on its merits unnecessary. bers, issuing from those nations

In the concluding pages we have through which their names struck some valedictory verses presented to terror, driven from every asylum in George Bennet, Esq. on his leaving which they sought retreat, and at England for the island of Otaheite, as length extirpated by their pursuers, a Christian missionary. We have the Buccaniers finally disappeared, also a shorter poem, entitled Alinè, and their spirit seemed to be comand another bearing the name of mitted to the deep. Ages have passed Mabomet. These are not without away since these astonishing adventheir respective excellencies, but, com- turers ceased to infest the seas; during pared with “ The Cottage of Pella,” which period, lulled to repose in the they are of minor consideration. arms of superstition, the invaders of

Mexico swinging in their hammocks,

oppressing the natives, smoking seReview.-Memoirs of the Mexican gars, making grimaces at the crosses Revolution, including a narrative of ing the precious metals from the

before which they kneel, and extractthe Expedition of Gen. Xavier Mina. bowels of the earth by the sweat and To which are annexed some observavations on the practicability of open- again raised from its torpor, that

groans of the unhappy sufferers, have ing a commerce between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. By w. Davis spirit, which, under various circumRobinson, 2 vols. 8vo. pp. 767. Lon- stances, animated the Crusaders, Cordon. Lackington, Hughes, Harding, has appeared enshrined in the body of

tes, and the Buccaniers. This spirit Mavor, and Lepard. 1821.

Mina, the hero of Mr. Robinson, in There is an indescribable something the volumes before us. connected with the word Mexico, which It appears from the introduction operates upon the mind like the wand to these volumes, that the author has of a magician. We felt its sorceries visited Mexico in person, and been thrilling through every sensitive part, an eye-witness of many scenes which and, without riding the broomstick, he describes. It is also obvious from find ourselves transported in an instant the interesting narrative which runs across the Atlantic, where, mounted through the introduction, that he reon the isthmus, we gaze upon the ceived from the Spaniards an excess waves of two vast oceans which beat of brutality which far exceeded the against the shores.

measure of his offences, and this may Perched on this point of elevation, in some degree account for the dewe look back upon departed ages, graded light in which they are repreand perceive the sword of murderous sented in his pages, and for that Cortez, and the shades of perishing, tincture of colouring wbich the eye of but unoffending Indians, flit before impartiality cannot but perceive. us. Our countenances lengthen at the But independently of these circumsight; we become thoughtful; we stances, the account which the author shake our heads at Spain, and say, gives of his own personal suffering, Although vengeance has long been the inanner of his being taken into slumbering, it will surely awake, and custody, his imprisonment, and treatadminister retributive justice both to ment, in violation of the most sothe oppressor and the oppressed. lemn engagements, bears all the

The discovery of America, by pour- marks of sterling truth. We have ing into the treasuries of Spain the perused his details with a mixture of gold and silver of Mexico, dazzled astonishment and indignation ; and, the eyes of Europe ; and, in the form after making all the allowance which of maritime knight-crrantry, gave a

reason can demand, for the prejudices resurrection to that spirit of chivalry which inhumanity and injustice might which the conquests of reason over excite in the mind of a tortured victim, superstition and ignorance were con- we cannot avoid concluding, that the signing to the tomb. The Crusaders Spanish character remains unaltered were metamorphosed into Buccaniers, in Mexico; and that, could the groans whose daring intrepidity exhibited a which the victims of cruelty have thero 673

Review-Memoirs of the Mexican Revolution.


been compelled to utter, be permitted dence. The parity of Iturrigaray’s intentions to reach our ears, we should find them was known then, and is still acknowledged, by to be in dreadful accordance with every enlightened Creole in the coantry. His those that had been extorted from the horrors of anarchy, and from French intrigue.

sole object was to save the kingdom from the unhappy Indians, who perished in the In the adoption of these measures, the viceroy mines of Hispaniola.

was cordially supported by the cabildo, who, The Revolution in Mexico, which by an energetic memorial, pointed out that these volumes detail, originated in the those measures would alone inspire confidence. commotions of Europe, and proceeded remain as the representative of the king; that upon the same principles with those the existing authorities should retain the same which finally established the indepen-power as before ; but that a governing junta dence of Hayti, though with a widely should also be established, composed of the different result. The Creoles of Mex- royal andencia, the archbishop, the municipaico, although suffering from the most hity, and deputies from the several ecclesias

tical and secular bodies, the nobility, principal tyranical despotism, manifested an citizens, and military. invincible attachment to the interests “ In the formation of such a junta, it was obof Ferdinand, both when information vious that Creoles would be blended with Euof his captivity reached them, and ropeans: but the latter, dreading the ascendency when orders were brought from Eu- which the Creoles might gain from a popular rope to transfer to France the alle- overture, and secretly determined on boldly re

government, opposed this loyal and rational giance of America. The Europeans in moving the viceroy. This resolution was Mexico received' the French emis- promptly carried into effect; and, privately saries, who spread themselves over arming themselves, they arrested the unsusthe continent, to bring over the Cre- pecting viceroy and his family, on the night of oles to the adoption of French autho- the 15th of September, 1808, and sent them

prisoners to the Peninsula. rity, with open arms; but the Creoles “ This act excited universal indignation viewed their conduct with indignation, among all classes of Americans, by whom the and, publicly burning their procla- | viceroy was held in the highest estimation. His mation, with cries of Vive Ferdinando administration had been characterized by a VII.! expelled these political intruders

course very different from that of any of his

predecessors. He was not only benign and just from their soil. The progress of the in bis decisions, but indefatigable in the meaMexican Revolution, founded upon sares be adopted for the internal improvement these unsuccessful efforts to transfer of the kingdom. It was, indeed, his populathe dominion to the French, Mr. Ro-rity among the Americans, that excited the binson thus describes.

jealousy of the old Spaniards.

“ These circumstances, conjoined with the “While the French gained ground in the Pen- subsequent massacre of several distinguished insula, and Spain was torn by contending fac- Americans, and the arrest and banishment of tions, the defection of the European Spaniards others who had espoused the viceroy's plans, became so glaring as to produce, in the short highly incensed the Mexicans. In this state of space of six months, an indiscriminate rising of fermentation arrived Iturrigaray's successor, the colonists. Without concert, from the same Venegas, bringing with him from Spain remotives, and with the same views, the Crcoles wards, distinctions, and offices, for those Eaattempted, and, in some instances, eflected the ropeans who had been conspicuous instruments deposition of their perjured chiefs ; declaring, at | in deposing the late viceroy. the same time, their determination to hold their “ 'The conduct of Venegas, during his career country for their legitimate monarch.

in the Peninsula, had not been calculated to in“ This course of conduct was no sooner made spire confidence among the people over whom known in Spain, than, in place of being viewed he was sent to preside. He had delivered up as an evidence of loyalty, or as a great political one or two armies, and had otherwise acted in event growing out of imperious circumstances, a manner calculated to make him a very obit was considered by the Cadiz regency as an noxious character in the eyes of the Amerioutrageous rebellion, aud war was declared cans. against Caraccas, in the month of August, 1810. “ These events, combined with the recollecBut we must confine ourselves more particu- tion of their former grievances, operated powerlarly to Mexico.

fully on the 'minds of the Mexicans; and, at Don Jose Itarrigaray, viceroy at that pe- length, the rancour, which had been so long riod, on receiving intelligence of the critical smothered in their breasts, barst forth : for, situation in which Ferdinand was involved, and being no longer able to bear with such flagrant looking with a cautious eye on the strange injustice, finding that every day added new orders of Ferdinand, those of the council of the weight to their oppressions, and seeing no hope Indies, and of Murat, and aware likewise of the of redress bnt through their own exertions, local dangers which threatened the kingdom, they entered into a plan to hurl their tyrants from the kuown hatred existing between the from their seats of power. Creoles and Europeans, proposed calling a jun- “In this conspiracy were engnged many of ta, to be formed by a representation from each the most distinguished men in the kingdom, province, in order to adopt a provisional govern principally ecclesiastics and lawyers. It was bent, in which the people might have confi- conducted with the greatest secrecy, and ex


Review-Quinze Jours à Londres.


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tended to almost every city in the kingdom. tional character, could not be formed. A simultaneous insurrection was intended in We can assure them that our Author's the provinces ; matarity, when it was checked by one of those remarks are made

with fairness and accidents which frequently prevent the accom- impartiality, and that his work is not plishment of great projects ; else, it is highly written—as some Englishmen's Tours probable that Venegas would bave been the in France have been—with a design last vioeroy on the Mexican throne.

either to censure or to praise indiseri“One of the conspirators, in a death-bed confession, revealed not only the plot, bat the minately; but that it is evidently the names of many of his principal accomplices. production of an observant character, Venegas was alarmed at the magnitude of the and of a reflecting mind. We beplan, but was in hopes, that by seizing the lieve that he has “nothing extenuated, principals he should be able to check it; and he took the most prompt and active measures has written with candour and in good

nor set down aught in malice;" he to arrest those who were denounced. In the province of Guanaxuato, the head of the con humour; in the composition of his spiracy was Dr. Hidalgo, the rector of Dolores; work he did not forget his motto, “pie in which town, and the adjacent one of San dentem dicere verum;" and he has well Miguel el Grande, many of the conspirators re- learned the maxim of Horace: “dulce sided. *Venegas despatched orders for the arrest

est desipere in loco." of Hidalgo and his party; but, as some of their

We present to the notice of our colleagues were in the confidence of the vice- readers two or three extracts from roy, and knew the measures he was adopting, this amusing and interesting work, they immediately despatched private couriers The first quotation we select, affords to apprize the rector of what was in agitation. the English a kind of negative meritThe intelligence was received by, Captain Don that they are not in general such Ignacio Allende, who commanded a small body of the king's troops in San Miguel. He flew

swearers as the French have been to Hidalgo, at Dolores, with the information. taught to consider them. Speaking They at once agreed that flight was of no avail; of the word proverbial in France, as they knew that, if taken, death was inevitable, characteristic of Englishmen on acand therefore resolved on making a desperate count of their addiction to the infaeffort to save themselves and their party. Allende having brought over his men, and the

mous practice of swearing, our Author proscribed party being in readiness, the tocsin says,of revolt was soanded, on the night of the 10th • Je ne l'ai pas entendu prononcer of September, 1810: and thus commenced the une seule fois pendant les quinze jours civil wars of Mexico, which form the subject que j'ai passés à Londres. On m'a of the following sketch."-pp. 18—23.

assuré qu' il n'etait en usage que par(To be continued.)

mi la dernière class du peuple, et seulement quand la colere ou l'ivresse

se mettent de la partie." Review.-Quinze Jours d Londres. The next extract we transcribe,

affords Britons praise of a positive The British press has long teemed kind, for their devout attention to with an abundance of publications by divine service. The Author having Tourists visiting France. Trips” been at church with a friend, gives and “ Excursions" to Paris, and us the following account of the gene“ Tours” and “ Travels” in France, ral demeanour of the congregation, have been issued, till the public have and contrasts it with the conduct at been supplied even to satiety. It is churches on the continent. but fair, therefore, that when animad- “ J'avoue que je fus etonné, saisi versions on our riyal kingdom have même d'une espèce de respect relibeen plentifully made; when severe gieux en voyant l'ordre,le silence, le restrictures on its manners and customs cueill ment qui y regnaient. L'office have been extensively circulated; etait commencé quand nous entrâmes, and when its inhabitants have been et nous occasionāmes un leger mouvepourtrayed with all their imperfec- ment pour nous placer. Personne cetions on their heads;" it is only just pendant ne parut faire attention à that the French should examine the nous. L'esprit et les yeux d'aucun ascharacter of JOHN BULL; and per- sistant ne se dérangèrent de leur ochaps a consideration of this kind gave cupation pour nous. On ne voyait rise to “ Quinze Jours à Londres.” point là, comme dans certains autres

In only a fortnight, however, some pays, des jeunes gens se promenant of our readers may think that a correct en long et en large pour y découvrir estimate of London, and of our na- quelqu'un de leur connaissance; des

Religious Intelligence.

678 femmes faisant avec les yeux des túre en bâtissant des chateaux de signes qu'elles tâches de ne rendre in-carte, et les lois de l'equilibre et du telligible que pour celui à qui ils sont mouvement en jouant au bilboquet.” addressés, des gens causant de la par- This comparison may be thought tie de plaisir qu'ils ont le projet de severe, but we deem it just. Let it be faire en sortant de l'eglise. L'atten- remembered too, that these strictures tion due au service divin n'y etait pas are made by the native of a country interrompue à chaque instant, d'abord whose attachment to dramas is notopar un joueur de chaises qui vient rious almost to a proverb. If then a vous en demander le prix, ensuit par Frenchman objects to school-boy's un, deux, ou trois quêteurs qui vien- theatricals, on account of their imnent vous recommander les pauvres moral tendency, surely Englishmen et surtout les besoins de l'eglise; enfin and Christians should entirely abolish par un bedeau distribuant des mor-them. 66 Tantane animis celestibus ceaux de pain benit, que les enfans ira?A free translation will better s'arrachent avec avidité. Nul objet express our meaning—" In heavenly etranger ne vient vous troubler, et minds can such affections dwell ?” chacun parâit exclusivement occupé On the whole, we think, that “A du Dieu dans le temple duquel il se Fortnight in London” is a pleasing trouve."

accession to the pamphlets of the day. The former part of these remarks, It is not, we believe, yet translated ; our readers will readily admit to be but to those of our readers who are just, and the latter part of them we conversant with the French language, found too true in a recent excursion (now almost the language of Europe,) to Franco. Such was the levity of we strongly recommend its perusal; the congregation, in the cathedral of assuring them that it contains just reNotre Dame in Paris, for instance, marks and candid strictures on Lonand so great was the disturbance don and its inhabitants; and that if created by the “ loueur" and loueuse they do not find “ Quinze Jours à “ des chaises,” by the “quêteurs," Londres" a bonne bouche, they will at and by both Frenchmen and foreigners at least deem it a pleasing brochure. promenading the church to view the chapels, the confessionals, the altars, and the pictures, that we were re- RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. minded of the hubbub of the royal exchange, and the tumult of a Jewish West Lancashire Missionary Associasynagogue. We can only transcribe tion.-On Tuesday June 19th, the first one short extract more, which quota- anniversary of this branch society, tion gives a useful admonition to pa- which was rather respectably than rents and instructors of youth, re- numerously attended, was held in the specting the absurd custom of chil- music hall, Bold-street, Adam Lodge, dren's acting plays before their Esq. in the chair.

The principal friends,“ to show how Garrick did speakers were, the Rev. Dr. Thorpe, not act.” Our Author's animadver- Rev. Joseph Jowett, Rev. W. Rawson, sions are upon the representation of Mr. Adam Hodgson, Rev. T. Garnsey, one of Terence's comedies at West Rev. R. Cox, Rev. W. Morton, Rev. minster school; what then would he F. Parry, Rev. C. Wilson, Rev. Mr. have said to the spouting at our Aca- Holt, Rev. C. Miller, and the Rev. R. demies? Hear his remarks, and re-P. Buddicom. These gentlemen, in member the adage_“Fas est ab hoste their respective speeches, took an exdoceri."

tensive survey of the condition of the “ Il n'est propre qu' á inspirer aux heathen world, combated most powerjeunes gens le goût dangereux du fully the objections that had been theatre, et a nous fournir quelques urged against missionary exertions, mauvais histrions, au lieu de nous and from the advantages which had former des citoyens utiles. Les par- already resulted from their active tisans des représentations théatrales co-operations, argued the duty of condans les colléges, vous diront que les tinuing to persevere in a good cause. jeunes gens y acquierent de la grace, It appeared from the Report, that de l'aisance..... Sans doute, a peu since the formation of this branch près comme on apprend l'astronomie association, £670. 9s. 2d. had been en lisant des almanachs, l'architec- transmitted to the parent institution.

Literary Notices. Commercial Report.

680 On the Sunday preceding the present Warwick's “Spare Minutes,” or Resolved anniversary, collections were made in Meditatious and Premeditated Resolutions, several churches, which we understand with fact-similes of the singular emblematical were very liberal ;---that of St. An- | Francis Quarles and George Withers.

Frontispieces, and the explanatory Poems of drew's alone, exceeded £50.

Just published, Poems, by Joseph Jones, Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Dublin. M. A. neatly printed in 12mo, price 5s. boards.

Contents.-1, Authorship-II, the ChurcbThe Methodists of Dublin have lately III, Greatness-IV, Zeal-V, the Satiristerected an elegant and commodious VI, Content. chapel in that city. It is an oblong Prayers for every morning and evening in building, about 82 feet long, and 46 the week ; designed for the use of children and wide within the walls. The pulpit, young people, of the lower.orders; to which desk, handrail, &c. are of oak, hand- promote the cause of piety, virtue, and bumasomely carved. The communion rail nity. By Joseph Jones, M. A. price 1s. 34. in front of the desk, is in the form of neatly half bound. the letter D. The galleries are sup; from the Book of Common Prayer. By Joseph

Prayers for the use of families, compiled ported by Grecian fluted columns, and Jones, M. A. 12mno. price ls. Deatly half bound, the chapel is calculated to contain

or 9d. sewed. about 1500 persons. It was opened Also, price, Ss. 6d. A New System of Cat. on the morning of Sunday, June 3d. ting, &c. made familiar to any capacity; acby the Rev. Ådam Clarke, LL. D.; TO" Which is added, a useful sketch of the when, being greatly thronged, it was

Stature Measurement of the Haman Figure, supposed that not less than 2000 were whereby a person may be enabled to cut present. The collection on this occa- clothes for customers abroad, by having only sion amounted to £140.

the circumference of the breast and waist, and
the height of the person, in inches. By John

Literary Notices.

No. 1, of a new publication from the Caxton

Press, entitled the Queen Bee. Shortly will be published, a Reprint of that ERRATUM-Col. 371, live 11, for President very rare and curious little Manual, Arthur read Resident.

COMMERCIAL REPORT, LIVERPOOL, JUNE 21, 1821. There has been a great stillness in commerce since our last, and there seems to be little prospect of the current year affording more profit to the mercantile world, than the one which preceded. There appears to be too great a production of most articles; yet, coupled with great competition at the place of growth, it keeps up the cost prices : but poverty amongst the consumers in Europe, occasions depression at the place of sale; whilst in this country, capitalists investing their money in the public funds, no inducement is offered for any speculation in goods. Our Government is certainly most anxious to assist commerce; and it is in contemplation to encourage the transit trade, and modify the duties on many articles, which at present bear very heavily on several branches, without being very productive. The duty on the lower descriptions of Wool, we think, falls under this character. It very little benefits the agriculturist; and, while it injures the manufacturer of coarse woollens, it has been the means of depriving us of the orders for this species of our manufacture from Germany and Russia.

The transactions of the month now past, may be comprised in a narrow compass.
In Cottoos, the demands have been moderate, and prices may probably be raied a shade lower.

Brazils are still dall and declining, and for East India cotions there is scarcely any inquiry. It must be observed, that the total import of Cottons this year, into this place, falls short upwards of 60,000 packages, in comparison with a similar period last year, in which account the trade generally are looking for a revival ere long.

For British Plantation Sugars, the demand has somewhat revived, and prices have advanced 1s. per cwt. If the season should be favourable for Fruit, there is great probability of a brisk demand, with an improvement in value.

By accounts from Demerara, the Coffee crop (it is stated,) promises to be most abandant : prices here, vary little since our last, and the demand is far from being lively.

Foreign Spirits of every kind are greatly depressed, the sales are trivial, and the prices much below the rate of the lowest period during the last twenty years.

The Stock of Tobacco is diminishing fast, and the consumption of this article appears to hare sustained no check.

Dye-woods maintain their prices; and Naval stores have met with ready purchasers on arrival, in consequence of extensive orders having been received from London, for Spirits of Turpentine. Roany Tar, sells at 15s. per barrel ; Archangel, at 16s. ld.; Stockholm, 18s. per barrel,

The importations of Hides continue on a large scale, nevertheless prices remain very firm. Oils of all kinds are dull; Tallow is lower.

Grain.-On the last Market day, the attendance of the trade was very slender, and the continuance of fine weather has produced a great languor in both this and the adjacent country markets. The best qualities of Wheat are fully supported; but in lower qualities, as well as ia other descriptions of grain, purchases are only made for the immediate wants of the consumer.


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