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Adam Sireh-goona Mankir Rathanal

(Formerby a High Qurant of li cedha.) Educated in England by the hei?Adam (tarke Life

Riblished by Henry Fisher. Caxton, Liverpool.lea.

THE

Imperial Magazine;

OR, COMPENDIUM OF RELIGIOUS, MORAL, & PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.

JULY.]

“ MEN IN SAVAGE LIFE, ARE DESTITUTE OF BOORS."

(1821.

White Shark, (Sq. Carcharias). The MONTHLY OBSERVATIONS.

following fact will shew how retentive With a Catalogue of all really British these creatures are of life: in 1820, Plants, as they come into Flower.

when some fishermen were employed at a distance from land, in fishing for

pilchards, a blue shark, about five or JULY.

six feet long, came about the boat, As January is the coldest, so this is the and soon took a bait. After beating hottest month in all the countries of it about the spout with a club until it the northern hemisphere; and fre- appeared to be helpless, it was taken quently in England the direct beams into the boat, and the head divided of the sun are as warm as under from the body, between the spiracles the Line ; in consequence of this, rural and pectoral fins. It was then thrown labour ceases in the middle of the overboard, and it immediately sunk. day; and both men and cattle recruit Some time elapsed, when it was seen their rigour by a mid-day nap. The to rise again, and it continued movtillage of turnips is just ended, and ing about with its accustomed activity, some showers are much wanted to in different directions, for an hour and cause the seed to vegetate ; when this half; and when the boat left the place, is long delayed, a good crop is not it appeared to have suffered no dimiexpected. This is the time also, when nution of its vigour. Suplishes (Diothe hay harvest is finishing in the don Astringa) appear on the coast, north. The singing of birds is not and lie (sometimes appearing to be so lively as it has been ; they are pre- asleep) on the surface of the water, paring to change their feathers, a pro- with a third part of their body above. cess which they undergo annually, but The Launce (Ammodytes) comes into which is peculiarly destructive to shallow water, and is followed by the those which are kept prisoners in a smaller order of rapacious fishes; to cage. The Redbreast is usually the escape from which it bides itself in first of British birds that moults, and the sand. consequently the first that resumes In this month, the different species its song, which it does in the follow- of solitary Bees abound; but in some ing month. About this time, the years they are much more abundant Cuckoo migrates, being the first of than in others, and it would appear our birds of passage that leaves os; it that the egg or larva must lie lorpid is supposed to go to the interior of for many years, until a favourable Africa.

season calls it into life.

Some acTrout are observed sporting in the count of one species, (Apis Centuncusun, in the deepest parts of the rivers, laris) I have given in the second vobat they will not then take a bait; lume of this work, col. 653. They are they may be taken in the evening, but seen searching every cranny for a hole especially early in the morning. Fishes in which to deposit an egg, and for of the Whale tribe (Balæna, Physetu this purpose they quarter out the space & Delphinus) are now active in the as regularly as a setting dog ; but pursuit of small fish; and often, in the they will not use a hole that is charged ardour of pursuit, get themselves into with filth. Caterpillars abound, and situations of real danger.

Sharks are found devouring the different spes also abound, and prey on every thing cies of Cabbage ; but it is said that they can swallow, alive or dead. beating the leaves with elder, or sprinkFourteen or fifteen species are found ling them with water in which potaon the British coasts at this time, of toes have been boiled, will protect which the most formidable are, the them from their depredations. NaBlue Shark, (Squalus Glaucus,) and merous spots of froth are often seen No. 29.-VOL. III.

2 P

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in gardens or hedges, on furze, or in- | Least Gentianella, Exacum filiforme; deed any low shrub; and they form a Alpine Ladies' Mantle, Alchemilla curious contrast with the excessive alpina; Broad-leaved Pondweed, Podryness of every tbing around. They tamogeton natans, and eight other speproceed from the larvæ of the Cicada cies; Allseed, Radiola millegrana; Spumaria, and form the protection Sea Lungwort, Pulmonaria maritima; which Nature has provided for that Tuberous-rooted Comfrey, Symphydelicate frame.

tum tuberosum; Yellow Loosestrife, Another, and still more extraordi- Lysimachia vulgaris; Tufted Loosenary insect that appears this month, strife, L. thyrsiflora; Bog Pimpernel, is the Glow-worm, which lights up Anagallis tenella ; Trailing Azalea, A. its little lamp when the evening closes, procumbens; Great Bindweed, Confor purposes concerning which there volvulus sepium ; Sea Bindweed, C. has been much controversy among soldanella ; Spreading Bell-flower, naturalists. This light proceeds from Campanula patula; Rampion Bellthe under side of the three last rings flower, C. rapunculus ; Nettle-leaved of the body, and is entirely volun- Bell-flower, C. trachelium; Clusterd tary. The little creature always keeps Bell-flower, C. glomerata ; Water Loon the ground ; and the luminous part belia, L. dortmanna; Great, white, is most usually bent forward, and yellow, black, and Moth Mullein, Versometimes twisted towards one side, bascum thapsus, lychnitis, pulveruin the direction of the eyes, which are lentum, nigrum, & blattaria; Tborn under the thorax. When it moves, it Apple, Datura Stramonium; Henis by a little start, the light is again bane, Hyoscyamus niger; Common bent forward, and sometimes extraor- Centaury, Chironia centaureum; Wadinary pains are taken to direct it to-ter Pimpernel, Samolus valerandi; wards the head. Hence it would Upright Honeysuckle, Lonicera xylosseem as if designed to assist the little trum; Whorled Knotgrass, Illecebrum creature in its search after its food. verticillatum; Bastard Toadflax, The

Come into flower in July :-Common sium linophyllum ; Smooth RuptureChara, Chara vulgaris; Prickly Chara, wort, Herniaria glabra; Hairy RupC. hispida; Smooth Chara, C. flexilis; turewort, H, hirsuta ; White GooseMountain Circæa, C. alpina; Spiked foot, Chenopodium album; Allseed Speedwell, Veronica spicata; Welsh Goosefoot, C. polyspermum ; Sea Speedwell, V. hybrida; Blue Rock Goosefoot, C. maritimum; Prickly Speedwell, V. sexatilis; Flesh-co- Saltwort, Salsola kali; Shrubby Saltloured Shrubby Speedwell, V. fruti-wort, S. fruticosa; Sea Eryngo, Erynculosa ; Alpine Speedwell, V. alpina; gium maritimum; Field Eryngo, E. Brooklime, V. becabunga; Long-leav- campestre; Thoroughwax, Bupleued Brooklime, V. anagallis; Narrow- rum rotundifolium; Hare's-Ear, B. leaved Marsh Brooklime, V. scutel- tenuissimum ;Prickly Samphire, Echilata; Hooded and lesser hooded Mil-nophora spinosa ; Great Bur Parsley, foil, Utricularia vulgaris & minor; Caucalis latifolia; Upright Hedge Gipsywort, Lycopus europæus; Mea- Parsley, c. anthriscus; Spreading dow Clary, Salvia pratensis; Yellow Hedge Parsley, c. infesta; Marsh Iris, I. pseudacorus; Eleven species of Milky Parsley, Selinum palustre; Rush, Schoenus, Cyperus, & Scirpus Common Cow Parsnep, Heracleum genera; Fifty-four species of Grass, sphondylium ; Scottish and Cornish Nardus, Phalaris, Sanicum, Phleum, Lovage, Ligusticum Scoticum & CorAlopecurus, Aira, Holcus, Poa, Briza, nubiense; Wild Angelica, A. sylvesCynosurus, Festuca, Bromus, Stipa, tris; Broad and narrow-leaved Water Avena, Lolium, Elymus, & Triticum ; Parsnep, Sium latifolium & angusti. Wild Teasel, Dipsacus Sylvestris ; folium; Procumbent and Whorled Field Scabious, Scabiosa arvensis ; | Water Parsnep, S. nodiflorum & verWhite Water Bedstraw, Galium pa- ticillatum; Common Water Dropwort, lustre : Rough Heath Bedstraw, G. (Enanthe fistulosa; Parsley Water Witheringii; Smooth Heath Bedstraw, Dropwort, C. pimpinelloides; HemG. sexatile ; Corn Bedstraw, G. tri- lock Water Dropwort, E. crocata; corne ; Least Mountain Bedstraw, G. Lesser Hemlock, Ethusa cynapium; tricorne; Yellow Bedstraw, G. verum; Wild Parsnep, Pastinaca sativa ; ComGreat Hedge Bedstraw, G. mollugo; mon Fennel, Anethum fæniculum; Cross-leaved Bedstraw, G., boreale ; | Common and Great Burnet Saxifrage,

389
Monthly Observations.

590 Pimpinella saxifraga & magna; Dwarf rey, S. subulata ; Purple Loosestrife, Elder, Sambucus ebulus; Tamarisk, Lythrum salicaria; Weld, Reseda Tamarix gallica; Strapwort, Corri. luteola; Base Rocket, R. lutea; Purgiola littoralis; Thrift, Statice arme- ple Spurge, Euphorbia peplis; and ria; Sea Lavender, S. limonium ; five other species; House Leek, SemMatted Sea Lavender, S. reticulata ; pervivum tectorum; Willow-leaved Common and Narrow-leaved Paleflax, Spiræa, S. salicifolia ; Dropwort, S. Linum usitatissimum & angustifolium; filipendula; Burnet Rose, Rosa spiProcumbent Sibbaldia, S. procum- nosissima ; Prickly unex uded Rose, bens; Round-leaved, Long-leaved, and R. involuta ; Hazel-leaved Bramble, Great Sundew, Drosera rotundifolia, Rubus corylifolius ; CommonBramble, longifolia, & anglica; Great round- Rubus fruticosus; Mountain Avens, headed Garlick, Allium ampelopra- | Dryas octopetala; Yellow-horned sum; Sand Garlick, A. arenarium ; | Poppy, Glaucium luteum; Mongrel Mountain Garlick, A. carinatum; and White Poppy, Papaver hybridum Streaked Field Garlick, A. olera- & somniferum ; Yellow and White ceum; Crow Garlick, A. vineale; Water Lily, Nymphæa lutea & alba; Asphodel, Narthecium ossifragum; Limetree, Tilia Europæa; DottedTen species of Rush, Juncus ; Smooth leaved and common Dwarf Cistus, and Powdery Seaheath, Frankenia Cistus surrejanus & helianthemum levis & pulverulenta; Water Purslane, Columbine, Aquilegia vulgaris ; Water Peplis portula ; Bloody-veined Dock, Soldier, Stratiotes aloides; Traveller's Rumex sanguineus; Sharp Dock, R. Joy, Clematis vitalba; Common Meaacutus; Broad-leaved Dock, R. obtu- dow Rue, Thalictrum flavum ; Greater sifolius; Golden Dock, R. maritimus; Spearwort, Ranunculus lingua ; Little Yellow Marsh Dock, R. palustris; Upright Crawfoot, R. parvulus; Al. Greater Water Dock, R. aquaticus; pine Bugle, Ajuga alpina; Wood Marsh Arrow Grass, Triglochin pa- Sage, Teucrium scorodonia; Water lustre; Great and Floating Water Germander, T. scordium; Wall GerPlantain, Alisma plantago, & natans; mander, T. chamædrys; Catmint, NeSeven species of Willow Herb, Epi- peta cataria; Vervain, Verbena offilobium ; Yellow Centaury, Chlora per- cinalis ; Bergamot Mint, M. odorata; foliata; Cross-leaved and Cornish Downy Hemp Nettle, Galeopsis vilHeath, Erica tetralix & vagans ; Am- losa ; Common Hemp Nettle, G. tephibious Persicaria, Polygonum am- trahit; Bee Nettle, G. versicolor; phibium; Spotted Persicaria, P. per- Betony, B. officinalis ; Hedge, Downy, sicaria; Pale-flowered Persicaria, P. and Corn Woundwort, Stachys sylvalapathifolium; Buckwheat, P. fago- tica, germanica, & arvensis; Black pyrum ; Round-leaved Wintergreen, Horehound, Bullota nigra; White Pyrola rotundifolia ; Lesser Winter- | Horehound, Marrubium vulgare ; Mogreen, P. minor; Serrated Winter- therwort, Leonurus cardiaca ; Marjogreen, P. secunda; Single-flowered rum, Origanum vulgare; Wild and Wintergreen, P. uniflora; Clustered Bazil Thyme, Thymus serpyllum & Alpine, Yellow Mountain, and droop- arinos; Calamint, T. calamintha ; ing Bulbous Saxifrage, Saxifraga Common Skull-cap, Scutellaria galenivalis, aizoides, & cernua; Annual riculata ; Self-heal, Prunella vulgaris; Knawel, Scleranthus annuus; Dept- Alpine Bartsia, B. alpina; Yellow, ford Pink, Dianthus armeria ; Proli- Viscid, and Red Bartsia, B. viscosa & ferous Pink, D. prolifer ; Clove Pink, odontites; Eyebright, Euphrasia offiD. caryophyllus; Maiden Pink, D. cipalis; Crested Cowwheat, Melamdeltoides ; English Catchfly, Silene pyrum cristatum, and three other speanglica ; Bladder Campion, S. inflata; cies; Round-leaved Fluellin, AntirSpanish Catchfly, s. olites; Corn rhinum spurium ; Sharp-pointed FluCatchfly, S. conica; Night-flowering ellin, A. elatine; Creeping pale blue Catcbfly, S. nortiflora ; Lobel's Catch- Toadflax, A. repens; Great Snapdrafly, S. armeria; Purple Sandwort, gon, A. majus; Lesser Snapdragon, Arenaria rubra ; Dwarf Cherleria, C. A. orontium; Knotty-rooted and Wasedoides; Four species of Stone Crop, ter Figwort, Scrophularia nodosa & Sedum; Water Chickweed, Ceras aquatica; Balm-leaved Figwort, S. tium aquaticum; Corn Spurrey, Sper- scorodonia ; Moneywort, Sibthorpia gula arvensis ; Knotted Spurrey, s. Europæa; Mudwort, Limosella aquanodosa ; Ciliated Awl-shaped Spur- tica; Tall, Lesser, and Purple Broom

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