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war.

479
Review- The Rights of God and Casar.

480 have no reason to conclude, what is Review.-The Rights of God and Cagenerally allowed to be true, that this

sar; a discourse on Matt. xxv. 15--21. propensity (abstractedly considered) is

By Adam Clarke, LL. D. F.A.S. endued with intelligence. For it would

Member of the American Antiquabe evidently ridiculous to say of the will, that it is cunning, or sagacious ;

rian Society; and Honorary Member

of the Historical Society of New York. the same will hold good of instinct, for those epithets are equally appli

pp.31. London. Butterworth & Blan

shard. 1821. eable to it. From bence then, I think we may fairly conclude, that instincí | There is scarcely any ground on is not intelligent; it being an evident which a theological adventurer can inconsistency to ascribe to the will, / tread, more dangerous than that which or any thing analogous to it, wisdom may be denominated political. At or sagacity. This reasoning may ap- every step he takes, either volcanic pear strange, and be unsalutary, io fires, concealed abysses, or the progthose who have been accustomed to nostics of earthquakes, threaten to adhere to general opinion, and may arrest his progress, and to overwhelm possibly excite against them the charge him in the conflict of elemental of presumption. But let them re

But, although dangers menace, member, ihat to oppose it, will be multitudes have ventured on the poeffectually to contradicí the truth of lical ocean, many of whom have the above definition, which certainly never more returned to port; and sanctions the conclusion.

among those few who have been However, to close our remarks, it more fortunate, several have appearwill be proper to observe, that what | ed with “ shrouds and tackle torn.” appears to constitute the essential pro

The discourse before us has eviperties of Instinct, are, a capability of dently a political aspect; but the receiving, and communicating pouer. topics discussed, have no bearing Should we consider Instinci as it is either on Whig or Tory. The ground, generally considered, we musi ascribe which is too wide for party spirit to it to the Almighty, and call its essen- occupy, embraces, on an extended tial properties, his perfections. And ' scale, a reply to this important quesalthough various objections may be tion—“ Is it lawful to give tribute alleged in opposition to this opinion, unto Cæsar, or not?” This question is yet it must be allowed, that what to answered in the affirmative; but on us appears foolish and absurd in the such principles as few will be disposed modes of nature, máy, perhaps, be to controvert; and in such a manner looked upon by God, as perfect wisdom, as is not likely to give offence, even being essential to his government of to men whose political creeds are in the natural world.

hostility to each other. Dr. Clarke The question connected with this, observes, will be easily answered. For it is “ Christ shews his profoand wisdom and manifest, that all the principles of prudence, in not attempting to discuss the quesmind, of which man is possessed, form tion at large, as that would have involved cona line of distinction between him and sideratious of a political nature, which the combrutes; and it would be repugnant to of which, in any case, they would bave been

mon people could not well comprehend ; and common sense, to fix upon any parti- very inadequate judges. And in this, has not cular principles to form this distinc- our Lord left the preachers of his gospel an tion. If we take it otherwise, we example that they should follow his steps ? shall at once perceive a manifest dis- How injudicious must that preacher be, who tinction.

frequently brings before his people abstract

questions concerning civil rights and civil Mirfeld, March 12, 1821.

wrougs, party politics, reasons of state, finan

cial blunders, royal prerogatives, divine right A CONSTANT Reader, requests an

of kings, &c. questions, on which a thousand English versification of the following things may be said pro and con; and, after all,

a wise and dispassionate man finds it extremely Lines, by the late Professor Porson.

difficult, after hearing both sides, to make up his Mors mortis morsti mortem misă, interest attach himself. Those who have made

the science of law and government the study of a morte de disset

considerable part of a long life, possessed of

such advantages as can never fall within the Æternæ vitæ | janual clausa fotret.

reach of the common people, find themselves often puzzled in their own speculations and de

U

481
Review--The Royal Minstrel.

482 ductions, though formed on and from princi- , nidas, and several other works, will ples, of the truth and excellence of which they be comprised in the same species can entertain no doubt! How then can the unof composition with the Iliad, the vigorous their intellect may be, judge on such Æneid, and Tasso's Jerusalem Delisabjects, so as to steer clear of the perplexities vered. These works will all range of the science in general, and of the practical under his definition, which is, that absardities into which the partizans of liberty " an Epic Poem is, in its nature, the and prerogative are contionally running?: Our recital of some illustrious enterprise, sions, as they could never lead to general edifi- in a poetical form.” Admitting this cation; and settles the basiness by seizing a latter definition to be correct, no doubt maxima that is common among all nations, and can be entertained, that the Royal was practically acknowledged by the Jews, Minstrel is entitled to the character viz. that the prince who causes his inage and titles to be struck on the current coin of a country,

wbich it assumes. thereby claims the sovereignty, and is virtually The exploits of David constitute acknowledged to be the governor. Instances of the most commanding actions of the this are frequent in Asiatic history."--p. 13. Poem, to which various characters,

In this extract, the Author has evi- enterprises, interviews, incidents, and dently done more than be intended; he adventures, are all made subservient. has given the character of his sermon,

A consultation between demons and in delineating the wisdom of the Sa- the Witch of Endor, to dethrone Saul, viour.

and to prevent David from being To his numerous friends, it will be king, occupies the first book : David a suflicient recommendation to say, leaving his flocks, and visiting the that this discourse is connected with camp. of Israel, the second: the prethe name of Dr. Clarke, and that it is parations for battle, the defiance of not unworthy of the name it bears.

Goliath, David's introduction to Saul, accepting of the challenge, and con

quest of the Philistine giant, the REVIEW.The Royal Minstrel, or the third: the friendship of David and

Witcheries of Endor, an Epic Poern, Jonathan, the envy of Saul, and the in twelve Books. By J. F. Pennie. danger of David, the fourth: various 'Aro. pp. 442. Pinnoek & Maunder, vicissitudes in David's life, the fifth, Strand, London, 1819.

sixth, seventh, and eighth : bis inter“An Epic Poem,” according to Bossu, view with Abigail, and the circum" is a discourse invented with art, to stances which follow, the ninth: Daform the mappers, by instructions dis- vid's adventures, and Saul's consultaguised under the allegory of an im- tion of the Witch of Endor, the tenth: portant action related in verse, in a the march of the Philistines to fight probable, entertaining, and surpris- the Hebrews, a mutiny, Ziklag in ing manner.”

fames, and David's triumphs, the eleTo enumerate the various opinions venth: and the grand battle on Gilboa, that bave been entertained, respecting the discomfiture of the Israelites, the the nature and specific properties of death of Saul, of Jonathan, and his an Epic Poem, would occupy more brothers, the funeral of the king, and room, than we can devote to the ar- David's splendid coronation, fill up ticle now under consideration; and the twelfth, and conclude the poem. should we take the judgment of some | Ten pages, containing short notes, are fastidious critics for our guide, we appended at the conclusion, explanashould be led to conclude, that the tory of the historical allusions, the Iliad of Homer, and the Æneid of facts, and the modes of expression Virgil, are the only compositions in which occur in various parts of the existence, that can aspire to this work. honourable name.

Although we do not intend to accuse Dr. Blair, however, dissents from the author of plagiarism, no one can this severity of exclusive appropria cast his eye over this poem without tion, and calls it “ the pedantry of instantly observing, that he is inticriticism.” According to this author's mately acquainted with Milton's Paraviews, Milton's Paradise Lost, Lu- dise Lost; and it is no dishonour to can's Pharsalia, Statius's Thebaid, his genius to observe, that in many Ossian's Fingal and Temora, Ca- places he has been a successful imimoen's Lusiad, Voltaire's Henriade, tator of this great example. The maCambray's Telemachus, Glover's Leo- chinery throughout, bears a strong re

483

Review- The Royal Minstrel.

484

semblance to that which our English Or moonbeam, visited; for borrid sights, Mæonides has introduced. Infernal And sounds unholy, had been seen and heard consultations are frequently held, and By some whom storms bad liaply on its shores

Night-founder'd.-Soon to view appear d the demons, and holy angels, are full of

fiend, employment, either to thwart or to Crossing the mountain billows; round him shone execute the designs of God, whose A ghastly radiance from the robe he wore, purposes, at length, rise superior to Of green and purple flame, which through the every obstacle, and finally place David Beam'd like a meteor waving on the winds on the throne of Israel.

That hurried howling by him! Soon embark'd The language which the author has The witch to reach the isle ; terrific grinu'd employed, is strong and nervous; and Her ferryman, as on the midnight waves in general his versification is smooth Their skiff, embosom'd in a whirlwind, rode ;

And glaring lightnings shot their bissing bolts and harmonious. The various epi. Against the apstårt surges' foam-crown'd sodes are judiciously introduced, and heads. the characters of the speakers and Dire was the war of thunders, winds, and actors well supported. In a poem

waves, which extends through 400 pages, the And to its dark foundation shook the isle narrative, which begins with taking the As, mutt’ring charms, the sorc'ress touch'd the hero from the sheepfold, and ends with On to th’ enchanted cavern now she mov'd placing the diadem on his head, moves With strides gigantic! while at every step, onward with a tardy pace; but for Serpents and poxious reptiles hiss'd around, this languid movement, the reader is More frightful than the brinded snake that killa

The bride of Orpheus on her nuptial day. amply compensated, by the numerous incidents to which the eventful bio- Now met her glist'ning eye ; ber wither's hand

“ The brazen portal, 'mid the yawning rocks, graphy of the shepherd king gives the magic horn, that by a golden chain birth.

Hung from a beetling cliff of adamant, The descriptions, in many places, Seizā dauntless, and a blast so loudly blew add new charms or horrors to the As drown'd the thunder, and with fearful clang scenery, which we are called to wit- From rock to rock re-echoed through the ness; and the similes are selected with instantaneous crash asunder flew with much judgment and care. In The massy gates! when straight appear'd a den his narration, the author has rigor- of vast extent, and full of loathsome sights! ously adhered to the scripture history, The witches! Pandæmonium, and the haunt without availing himself of all those More gloomy than that grim Trophonian cave, liberties, which the sons of the muse Within whose portal he that enter'd once have on most occasions a right to Was never seen again to wear a smile! claim.

A blazing altar midst the cavern stood, With what success the author's Compos'd of grinning skulls which Marder's

hand poetical labours have been crowned, cemented close with blood ! enormous snakes, in the sale of his publication, we do More hideous than the Amphisbæna dire, not know ; but we have no doubt, that Slime-gender'd Python, or the horn'a Cerastes, in proportion as it becomes known, it Rollid in borrific volumes round its base! will command a deservedly extensive A scaly dragon with extended wings, sale.

More monstrous than Chimæra, o'er the fumes

Of burning spells, that from the altar rose, As a specimen of the author's de- Hover'd with eye of basilisk most dread! scriptive powers, we give the follow- Beneath him stood th' infernal cannibal ing passages from the commencement Earymone, grinding with hellish jaws of the poem. The scene to which we

A malefactor's soul unburied bones ! are here introduced, is a consultation

The dæmons, Rapine, Famine, Plague, and

War, between the Witch of Endor and an Despair, and Suicide, his offspring mad, assembly of demons and weird sisters, And Murder, with his hands all dý'd in blood, on the best means of overthrowing Joining the train, a sin-begotten crew Saul the king of Israel.

Of fell diseases, hand in hand danc'd round

To mystic measures; while their emperor “ DARK was the night, and loud the tempest Death ray'd,

So hideous grinn'd, that Nature quite expir'd! As on the strand the bag of Endor stood, Hither from Lapland, and Siberian wilds; Which skirts the blue-rob'd sea of Cinneroth; High wav'd her wild locks on the passing blast, Was now arriv'd a strange and motley throng And thrice, with potent witcheries and spells, Of most unsightly hags, io celebrate She call'd the guardian dæmon of the isle, Their dread mysterious orgies, and o'erthrow, That in the centre of the troubled deep By mortal and infernal agency, Rose forest-crested, and begirt with rocks, Their enemy, th' anointed son of Kish, Which never fisherman, by evening star With all bis troops in Elau's vale encamp'd.".

485 Wesleyan Missionary Meetings.Literary Notices. 486 WESLEYAN MISSIONARY MEETINGS.

similar facts and incidents; and the same spirit of benevolence was dis

played, which had manifested itself The interest which these Anniversary on the preceding day. The collecMeetings continue to excite, seems to tions made in the various chapels, in increase as their numbers multiply. connection with this occasion, amountWhen first Missionary Meetings were ed to £304. established, some fears were enter- On Good Friday, the Missionary tained, that when the novelty subsid- Anniversary took place in Maned, which was supposed to have given chester; and, as might be expected, a momentary impulse to benevolent from the known character of the peofeelings, they would languish for the ple, was numerously attended and want of support; and, like many other most liberally supported. The colcharities, retain little more than a lections amounted to £340. name. We are happy, however, in stating, that thus far fact appears to contradict these surmises; and it may

Literary Notices. be confidently stated, that expectation is now turned into an opposite its appearance, entitled, “ The London Medi

A weekly periodical work has lately made channel.

cal Record,” price 6d. which contains many On Monday, April 16, Messrs. Wat- valuable articles. son and Taylor, from London, Dr. “ The Cottage of Pella,” a new Poem, by Adam Clarkc, and several other pub- 1 John Holland, Author of Shefield Park, &c. lic characters among the Methodists, published, price 35.

is ready for the press, and will speedily be visited CHESTER. The Rev.J. Wood, Preparing for immediate publication, a Sewas called to the chair. The meeting ries of Portraits, illastrative of the “ Novels was numerously attended; and the and Tales ” of the Author of Waverley. animated speeches which were deli

Looking unto Jesus, and other Works of vered, excited a most lively interest. volame, or 20 numbers, from the Caxton

Isaac Ambrose, have lately appeared in one The collections at the meeting, and on Press. the preceding day, exceeded £100. The 19th Part of the Universal History, by

On Tuesday the 17th, most of the J. Aspin, which had been printed, but was leading individuals who attended the destroyed with the Caxton Printing-office, will meeting at Chester, honoured the An- shortly be reprinted.

An Exhibition of Engravings, by living Briniversary, in Brunswick Chapel, Li-tish Artists, is about to be established, Soho, VERPOOL, with their presence. Dr. London; the King's Most Excellent Majesty, Adam Clarke was called to the chair. Patron. This meeting was completely thronged, Inflammatory, Organic, and Sympathetic Dis

Just published, a Practical Treatise, on the not merely by the persons composing

eases of the Heart, &c. &c.; by Henry Reeder, the Methodist Society and Congrega- M. D. Member of the Royal Medical Society tion, but by persons of various deno- of Edinburgh, and of the Medical Society of minations. The Rev. Mr. Ward from London. India, Dr. Stewart, and the Rev. Mr. Also, Dr. Chalmers' (of Glasgow) Discourses Philip, kindly rendered their assist-mercial and Ordinary Affairs of Life, 8vo. 8s.

on the Application of Christianity to the Comance. Never, perhaps, was a more boards. pleasing impulse given to the general Dr. Chalmers' Sermon on the Importance of feeling, on any similar occasion. Civil Government to Society, and the Daty of The details which were communicated Christians in regard to it. 8vo. 1s. 6d.

Dr. Chalmers' Considerations on the System respecting the state of the Heathen

of Parochial Schools in Scotland, 8vo. Is. world, and the progress which Chris

Dr. Chalmers' Essay on Church Patronage, tianity was making in the dark and 8vo. 28. distant regions of the globe, so rivet- Dr. Chalmers' Christian and Civic Economy ed the attention of the persons pre- of large Towns, No. 7. on Church Offices. sent, that although the meeting con

Published Quarterly, price 1s. each number, tinued five hours, they seemed unwill- a New Edition of Dewar on the Nature and

Obligations of Personal and Family Religion, ing to separate.

greatly enlarged, with an extensive variety The meeting, being adjourned to of Prayers for Families and Individuals. 8vo. Pitt-street chapel, recommenced at 8s. boards. six o'clock, on the evening of the fol

The 18th Namber of the Bee, from the Caxlowing day, and continued until ten. ton Press, is just published.

In the Press,- Woman in India, a Poem, by In this chapel the same feelings were John Lawson, Missionary at Calcutta, and Auexcited by a further development of thor of Orient Harping.

487 Commercial Report.

488 A Nottinghamshire Farmer has in the press, Publishing by Subscription, in 2 vols. 8vo. and speedily will be published, Monopoly and by a Young Lady, “ The Royal Exile," or Taxation Vindicated,' against the Errors of the Poetical Epistles, supposed to be written by Legislature.

Mary Queen of Scots.

COMMERCIAL REPORT, LIVERPOOL, APRIL 21, 1821. DURING the past month, the market at times has assumed features of mach improvement, yet upon the whole, the proceedings have been of an irregwar and vacillating character. Before we can expect a decided amelioration in general, we must look for some change in our commercial relations with foreign countries; the proceedings of the Committees in Parliament, eontinue to excite much interest; the projected alteration in the duties on Timber, it is anticipated will induce Russia to relax some of her prohibitions, with respect to British Manufactures; and in many other instances this alteration will act in a favourable manner, to the export trade of the country.

Already have the vessels of this port been seen in every part of the globe, with the exception of China ; and although America enjoys the greatest proportion of this trade, whilst the private trader of this country has been excluded, yet it is now in the contemplation of Government, to throw open the trade between that country and the continent of Europe, to the British flag. The extension of this trade, cannot fail of being highly accepiable to the British shipowner; and must tend to facilitate the export of our manufactures to that interesting part of the globe.

Cotton has been in good demand during the last week ; and consumers, as well as speculators, have been actively engaged in providing themselves: the quantity sold within the last six days, amounts to 10,900 packages; the particulars may be enumerated as under :5742 Boweds, at 8]d. to 10d.

90 Demeraras, 11 d. to 14d. 170 Tennessees, 9 d. to 9 d.

120 Minas, 10 d. to 12d. 1161 New Orleans, 104d, to 13d.

10 Barbadoes, 11d. 402 Sea Islands, 15 d. to 2s.

50 Cubas, 11 d. 1244 Perpams, 13d. to 13 d.

20 Carthagena, 8 d. 1085 Maranbams, 12 d. to 13d.

70 Surats, 7 d. to 8 d. 315 Bahias, 11 d. to 12 d.

250 Bengals, 6}d. to 7d. 80 Paras, 11 d. to 11 d. The inquiry for Boweds and Orleans was very animated; and prices have improved about 1d. per lb. Brazils have been in more request, bat without experiencing any advance.

The late sales of Sugars have gone off more heavily; and the prices of middling and good qualities, are a sbade lower. Prices :-Dry Brown, 57s. to 60s.; middling, 6ls. to 68s.; good, 70s. to 76s. ; fine, and very line, 78s, to 83s.

In Coffee, the transactions bave not been extensive, and public opinion scems to indicate a decline in this article ; it is disproportionately high, compared with other W. India produce; the last sales consisted of 800 bags of St. Domiogo and Brazil Coffee, on the 19th instant, which wept off at a decline of 3s. to 4s. per cwt.: fair to fine ordinary St. Domingo, was sold at 1095. to 111s. per cwt.; middling Jamaica, at 122s. per cwt.

For Ram and other Spirits, the demand is very feeble, and sales are consequently very limited. Jamaica Rnm, 16 O.P. may be rated at 2s. to 2s. 4d. Geneva, 1s. Ild." Cognac Brandy, 3s. 6d. to 4s. per gallon; all under lock, exclusive of duties.

The stock of Tobacco diminishes sensibly, withoat any enhancement in valae. The quantity now in Port, only amounts to 6868 bogsheads.

Pot Ashes, and Pearl Asbes, support their value, without any variation since our last.

Tar and Turpentine.---Buyers are expecting lower prices, so that the sales during the week, comprise only 3500 barrels. American Tar, at 15s. to 15s. 6d. per barrel; and 1000 barrels of Turpentine, at 14s. per cwt.

The price of Carolina Rice, bas attracted attention, and it is now selling at 14s. to 16s. per ewt.

Dry Saltery Articles.--150 tons of Brimstone, forming a principal part of the stock on hand, have been sold at £23 per ton. Dyewoods are rather increasing in value. Lemon Juice finds a renewed consumption. The large Indigo sale in London, concluded on the 16th instant, with an advance of 9d. io Is. per lb. on the preceding sale.

Pine Timber is in fair demand, at 190. to 191d. per foot.

Oak Bark, for Tanver's use, is in request, and seems likely to be higher, in consequence of the little demand for Oak Tinber. The importers of Dutch Bark, are expecting £8 per ton; and German Bark is beld at £7 per ton.

Grain Market. At this day's market, the sapplies of Grain and Flour were to a tolerable extent, all deseriptions of which met with a dull sale, without affecting the value of any article materially ; it was very difficult, however, in any instance to obtain late prices. Prime Malt, of more ready sale, at 7s. 9d. to 8s. 2d. per nine gallons. The supply of Oats was more than adequate to the demand, and sales were made at lower rates.

Several parcels of Clover Seed have arrived from France and America,--red sells at 685. to 75s. per cwt.--white, 90s. to 100s. per cwt.

Flaxseed maintains its price, at 6js. per hogshead for Philadelphia—68s. for New York.
Bonded Grain and Flour, are without inquiry.

PRINTED BY H. FISHER, LIVERPOOL, PRINTER IN ORDINARY TO HIS MAJESTY.

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