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Reflections on the New Year.
of eternal rest and security, beguile to overwhelm his bark, has he a harhis tedious hours, and sweeten his bour to which he can retreat? Has moments of anxiety and sorrow. be a friend, who can calm the boister
Is it not delightful, therefore, for the ous winds and angry waves? Can he Christian to review his past mercies, call to his assistance a heavenly pilot ? his past deliverances ? Will he not be Ah, He has no deliverer, no constrained, after having experienced steersman, and yet he is sailing upon the fulfilment of engagements on the an ocean so dangerous and upnavigapart of his Lord, to trust him for the ble, as to threaten him with immefuture ? at the same time, disclaiming diate destruction. all ideas of his own strength and abi- When we have entered upon a new lity to effect deliverance, he will ex- scene of time; when another year
has claim, “God is my refuge and strength, rolled over our heads; how necessary a very present help in every time of is it to inquire, How have I spent the need; he is my rock and my salvation, past year! Have I dedicated the faculand there is no unrighteousness in ties of my mind, and the powers of my him."
body, to the promotion of the honour But if it be necessary for the Chris- and glory of that God, to whom I have tian to pause and reflect,-how much sworn allegiance? Have I lived for more so is it for that man who is a him, who loved me and gave himself a stranger to himself, a rebel against sacrifice for me? Or have I been acthis Maker, and a violator of every ing as a traitor, and violating my oath holy precept; who is living without of fidelity? And since I have had ta. hope, and without God, in the world ? lents committed to my charge, and
He is a traveller; but where is he privileges of a superior kind conferred going? Does he expect to enter the upon me; bave I improved or misimcelestial city? Does he anticipate an proved those talents and privileges ? unfading crown, or starry diadem ? I have experienced many signal deHas he in prospect the white robes, liverances, both of a temporal and the unsullied vestments, the victor's spiritual nature; and I have had chaplets ? Ah, no ; nothing which de- many a friendly warning and kind adfileth, nothing polluted, shall enter the monition with regard to the brevity regions of unsullied purity: the inha- and vanity of human life and human bitants of that place, where bliss is affairs; I have experienced a disjuncconsummated, and felicity perpetual, tion of ties the most sweet and endearhave washed their robes, and made ing; I have felt sorrows the most heartthem white in the blood of the Lamb; rending and painful; I have enjoyed they have waged a triumphant war- prosperity and adversity. What effect fare, and have obtained a complete have these produced upon my mind? and decisive victory. Sees he not yon Have they hardened or softened my yawning precipice ? Hears he not the soul? Have they assimilated me to voice of his incensed Judge? Feels the likeness of my Saviour, or debased he not the pangs of an inward moni- me to the image of a demon? Have tor? Ah, no; he is unmoved, although they produced humility, resignation, hanging over the tremendous abyss of and meekness, or pride, murmurs, and eternal despair. The declarations of discontent? Have I, under all my disDeity, supported by evidence the most tresses, and trials, and temptations, convincing and unquestionable, are fled to the refuge set before me in the sounded in his ears, yet he remains gospel; or have I trusted in an arm of hardened and impenitent; he conti- flesh, and vainly hoped to rescue and nues deaf to the solicitations of heaven; deliver myself? Have I cast away all he will not listen to the sweet accents self-righteousness, and reposed with of mercy; he will not look to that confidence upon that grace which is Saviour who expired for guilty rebels omnipotent, and sufficient for every upon Mount Calvary; he says, peace, emergency? or am I still going about peace, when there is no peace; he de- to establish a righteousness of my liberately resolves upon his own ruin own, not submitting myself to the and perdition.
righteousness of our Lord Jesus Christ? He also is a mariner ; but whither is These queries are suitable for the he sailing ? Is he bound to the port of Christian; but oh! what has that man safety, to the haven of security? When to say, who is living at a distance from storms and tempests arise and threaten the Majesty of heaven, spurning his
counsels, despising his reproofs, and tial, but after all our endeavours it is vainly contending with his Maker ? but vanity and vexation of spirit ; but Another period of time bas passed in eternity, every thing is substantial over him, but he bas no inquiries to and permanent. “O that men were make with regard to the concerns of wise, that they would consider these his immortal soul: his inquiries are, things !” that they would not attach “ What shall I eat? What shall 1 an undue importance to things tempodrink? Wherewithal shall I be cloth- tary and uncertain, to the neglect of ed? How shall I gratify my sensual those things which are satisfying in appetites? How shall I obtain riches, their nature, and eternal in their durahonours, and the applause of the tion. world? His desires are of the earth, That the Lord, the Holy Spirit, earthy; they are vain, sensual, and would grant those who read this, and devilish; his wishes are bounded by who are far from happiness, peace, and the narrow limits of time, they relate salvation, repentance to the saving of merely to the concerns of the body, their souls, is the earnest wish and the brutal part, which must soon perish prayer of
MedicUS. and decay; he has no taste for that intellectual enjoyment, those refined pleasures, which flow from communion with God; his grovelling affections soar ELEANORA Lumley, the infant daughnot to that world, where all enjoyment ter of Mr. J. Lumley, aged four years, springing from a pure source is unsul- residing at No. 33, Wellclose Square, lied and refined. The grave termi - London, on the evening of Sunday the nates his hopes; it terminates his joys; 24th of September, 1820, was left in but it is the commencement of his sor- bed asleep by her mother, on the first rows. His spirit returns to God who floor, while she attended public worgave it; and then he hears the awful ship, at a chapel in the neighboursentence, a sentence big with horror hood. The father, left in charge, reand dismay—“ Depart, thou cursed, tired to an apartment below, atteninto everlasting fire, prepared for the tively listening to the awaking of his devil and his angels,” prepared for child. At the expiration of about half those who have dared to call in ques- an hour, he heard faint cries, appation my sovereignty; to impugn my rently proceeding from above. Conwisdom, to despise my threats, and cluding his child was awake, yet, from raise the puny arm of rebellion against his defective hearing, half doubting me.
the fact, he cautiously ascended the If any man of this description should stairs, to prevent (if deceived) awakread these pages, I would entreat him, ing her. Upon his entering the room if he has any regard for his eternal usually allotted for her repose, and happiness; if he has any regard for eagerly looking into the bed, no child bis immortal soul; if he wishes to was there. The thought of the moavoid eternal misery, and hopes for ment suggested to him, that she was eternal enjoyment; to be reconciled to in the adjoining room. There too he God, through the mediation and atone- searched, with the same disappointment of our Lord and Saviour Jesus ment. Christ. Mercy is now proffered ; the The agony of mind experienced by invitation is, “ Come without money him in those trying moments, is to be and without price: wherefore spend felt by a parent only in like circumye your money for that which is not stances. Still he heard, or thought he bread, and your labour for that which heard, the cries of his child. Breathsatisfieth pot? Hearken diligently unto less, he descended the stairs into the me, and eat ye that which is good, and passage below, listening at every let your soul delight itself in fatness. step, and sinking with dreadful foreBehold, now is the accepted time; be- bodings, through the agitation of his hold, now is the day of salvation. mind. Having searched the parlour
Time is short; our hours are rolling and kitchen through, almost without away; we are hastening to that state hope, he opened the yard door, when, where every thing is immutable; where to his great surprise, he beheld his our destinies will be for ever fixed: lost child sitting in an upright posture this life is, as it were, a dream ; we on the flag stones, endeavouring to would fain make it something substan- raise herself up.
On the Salvation of the Heathen.
The first question was, how she On the Salvation of the Heathen. came there? Her father not suspecting the miraculous escape his daughter had experienced, she sobbed out,
MR. EDITOR, “ Me was frighten’d, father, and Sir,-When an opinion is industrijumped out of the window.” In truth, ously propagated, which is derogatory though scarcely to be credited, she to the Honour, and Mercy, and Goodhad sprung from the back window of ness, and Veracity, of the Divine the first floor, into the yard below, Being, it is the duty of every man, a height of nearly eighteen feet; the who considers it as having this tenground having been excavated to give dency, to lift up his voice against it, light to kitchens below.
and justify the ways of God to man." The first consideration was, to search It is in this point of view that I confor broken bones, bruises, &c. But, sider the opinion, which I have venafter a minute inspection, both by tured to controvert, in the No. for himself and a surgeon, it was ascer- September, column 701, of your exceltained that no hurt was occasioned by lent Magazine. I have already said, the fall, at least there was no outward
Either the Heathens are moral appearance of any, save a slight agents, (independent of revelation) or scratch down the middle of the back, they are not." Let us try to prove which it was supposed had been re- this a little more at large. ceived by her springing against a pro
Ist. The great Jehovah is a being jecting wall, and which perhaps in in whom infinite intelligence, moral some degree broke the violence of the excellence, and efficiency, concenfall. The child underwent the restric- trate; and we are told (Gen. i, 27.) tions recommended by the medical that man was “ created in his image ;' attendant, of repose, &c. and after therefore man must also possess finite three days was perfectly recovered. intelligence, a limited moral capacity,
The imminent danger from which and confined efficiency. the child thus escaped, arose out of
2. The soul of man is the substance the too prevalent customs of alarming in which these attributes or properties children with idle tales of old men, inhere, and the body is but the vehicle boogaboes, &c. Such folly cannot be of his mind; yet if the body be so too severely reprehended. That mo- circumstanced that it cannot perform thers will accustom themselves, or its part in the process of intelligence, suffer those entrusted with the care of &c. such persons cannot be denomitheir offspring, to frighten them into nated intelligent, moral agents, or effia temporary and agitated repose, is cient, though they possess the capadeeply to be lamented. The little in- city for these, as it respects their nocent indeed, through fear, appears minds. This is the case with infants, to sleep; its eyes are shut; and per- idiots, and the diseased, and they are haps, by dint of persevering alarms, not accountable for a moral capacity, may at last fall into a slumber, . but is which cannot, in the nature of things. it the sleep of repose and rest ? does be exerted. The Heathens then, who it refresh and invigorate its tender are not infants, idiots, or diseased, frame? Alas, no! Mark its convulsive must be accountable for the exercise movements : dreams agitate its little of their moral capacity. mind; it starts in agony; it sobs, and
3. If the Heathens are not moral at last awakes in affright, though not agents, independent of the " gospel invariably like the child in question, read or preached,” they must then be who, it appears, had, from the same necessary agents, until we are good cause, and through the strongest fear, enough to send them it, and if so, their contrived to throw itself from the win actions, &c. can have no moral evil in dow-yet always leaving the same them, consequently they can be no effects, a constant dread and intimi- bar to their salvation. dation through life, not unfrequently
4th. If the “gospel read or preachsuch as imbitter a great portion of ed” communicates moral agency to our valuable time, leaving us a prey those who hear it, the "gospel read to diseases, beyond the art of medi. or preached," must be itself a moral cine, and the skill of experience, to agent, or, if not, how can it communicure.
W. H. cate what it does not possess ?
5th. There is an eternal distinction
Biographical Sketch of Mr. Roscoè.
between good and evil, independent of all law, or there is not :-If there is such a distinction, then no finite unnecessitated moral being can possibly exist, without being capable of BOTH; and, (unless his Creator shall please to give him a written LAW, more distinctly to mark the boundaries of good and evil,) the consciousness of this capacity will be his LAW. Is not this what St. Paul means, when he says, "These, having not the law, are a law unto themselves?" Rom. ii. 14. But if such beings exist without any law at all, then they may do what evil they please, without being punishable for their crimes, and this would introduce disorder and confusion into the universe. But, on the other hand, if there is not an eternal distinction between good and evil, then it will be impossible to prove that God is eternally good; and indeed upon this supposition, he can neither be good nor evil; and how any such things as good and evil could ever have existed, I am at a loss to conceive.
future rewards and punishments. Now, when we consider that the "gospel read or preached," is "indispensably necessary" (not to their salvation, but) to give the Heathens proper views of these subjects, and to direct their moral agency, in order that they may obtain an incomparably greater degree of happiness and holiness in this world, and a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory in the next, every nerve should be stretched, every purse should be opened, and every heart should pray, that the honour of the Redeemer's name, and "his dominion, may be from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the carth." J. SMITH.
Hutton Rudby, Nov. 9, 1820.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF
(With a Portrait.)
THE history of the Author of the Life of Lorenzo de Medicis, evinces the wonderful effects which result from assiduous industry, superadded to the rapidity of genius. Favoured by no advantages of education, fostered by no patronage, raised by the native energies of his mind alone, Mr. Roscoe has reached a pitch of literary eminence, which is rarely attained even by those who have made the best
Having thus proved that the moral agency of man is independent of reve-use of the privileges of academic inlation, it is upon this immutable basis that his salvability, or capability of salvation, principally rests.
His parents moved in the humbler sphere of life; they were, of course, precluded by their circumstances from giving their son a very extensive education; and, with a strange perverseness of temper, he himself obstinately refused to attend at the day-school where his father wished him to be
To the reasonings that I have adopted, it will be objected, that "they will have a tendency to paralyze public efforts in the cause of missions to the Heathen." Ans. This is the same objection that was raised against St. Paul's reasonings on the same sub-taught writing and arithmetic. In ject: "What advantage then hath the consequence of this untoward event, Jew, or what profit is there of circum- he did not enjoy even the common opcision? Much every way: chiefly, be- portunities of acquiring knowledge, cause that unto them were committed usually possessed by those of the the oracles of God." See Rom. iii. same station in life as himself. He 1,2. was thus fated to be the architect of his own fame.
But though he threw off the trammels of the school, he was not idle :read much, and thought more. At an early age he was articled as clerk in the office of Mr. Eyes, an attorney, in Liverpool. Soon after this period, he was stimulated to undertake the study of the Latin language, by one of his companions boasting Ꭰ
THE ETERNAL GOODNESS OF GOD, therefore, is a sure proof that there is aneverlasting difference between good, and its opposite, evil; and this eternal difference is as sure a proof of the moral agency of man, independently of revelation.
Now the advantages of revelation
that he had read Cicero de Amicitia, About this time he commenced an and speaking in high terms of the acquaintance with the late Dr. Enelegance of the style and sentiments field,* and the present Dr. Aikin, both of ihat celebrated composition. Mr. of whom were then residents at WarRoscoe immediately procured the rington, the former being tutor in the treatise in question; and smoothing belles lettres in the academy there, and his difficulties by perpetual reference the latter established as a surgeon to his grammar, as well as to his dic- in that town. These gentlemen were tionary, he drudged through the task early sensible of his surprising talents, which emulation had incited him to and they contracted with him a friendundertake. The success experienced ship which was sure to be lasting, as in his first effort prompted bim to pro- it was built on the solid basis of muceed ; and he did not stop in bis ca- tual estcem. reer till he had read the most distin- Mr. Roscoe seems to have been guished of the Roman classics. In carly gifted with a correct taste in the this pursuit he was encouraged by the arts of painting and statuary. On friendly intercourse of Mr. Franois the 17th of December, 1773, he recited Holden, an eccentric but excellent before the Society formed in Liverscholar.
pool for the encouragement of deHaving made considerable progress signing, drawing, painting, &c. an in the Latin language, Mr. Roscoe, Ode, which was afterwards published, still without the assistance of a master, together with his pocm
entitled Mount proceeded to the study of French and Pleasant. Of this Society he was a Italian. The best authors in each of very active member, and occasionally these tongues soon became familiar to gave public lectures on subjects aphim; and it is supposed, that few propriate to the object of the instinatives of the country possess so tution. general and recondite a knowledge of When the voice of humanity was Italian literature, as the subject of raised against the slave-trade, Mr. the present memoir.
Roscoe, fearless of the inconvenience During the whole of this period, to which the circumstances of his Mr. Roscoe regularly attended at the local situation might expose him, office: his seasons of study were the stood forth a zealous and enlightened intervals of business.
advocate for the abolition of that inHis attachment to the muse was of human traslic. In his boyish days, a very early date. While yet a boy, indeed, he had expressed his feelhe read with avidity the works of the ings on this subject, in the following bost English poets. Of their beauties charming lines, which are extracted he had an exquisite sense; and it from the poem already alluded to, may casily be imagined that the first page 40:of his compositions was of the poeti- –There Afric's swarthy sons their toils repeat, cal class. " Mount Pleasant,” a de- Beneath the fervours of the noon-tide heai; scriptive poem, which he wrote in his Torn from eacb joy that crowu'd their native sixteenth year, is a record not only of
soil, the fertility of his genius, but of the No sweet reflections mitigate their toil;
From morn to eve, by rigorous hands opprest, correctness of his taste.
Dull fly their hours, of every hope unblest : Soon after the expiration of his Till broke with labour, belpless and forlorn, clerkship, Mr. Roscoe was taken into From their weak grasp the ling'ring morsel partnership by Mr. Aspinwall, a very The reed built hovel's friendly shade deny'd ;
torn; respectable attorney of the town of The jest of folly,
and the scorn of pride; Liverpool; and the entire manage- Drooping beneath meridian sons they lie, ment of an office, extensive in prac- Lift the faint head, and bend th' imploring eye; tice, and high in reputation, de- Till death, in kindness, from the tortur'a breast volved upon him alone. In this situa- Calls the free spirit to the realms of rest. tion he conducted himself in such a
Shame to mankind! but shame to Britons
most, manner as to gain universal respect: Who all the sweets of liberty can boast, for, notwithstanding his various pur- Yet, deaf to every buman claim, deny suits, he paid strict attention to his That bliss to others wbich themselves enjoy; profession, and acquired a liberal and minute knowledge of law. In short, lame of the Speaker, Mr. R. furnished him
* When Dr. E. published the second voin clearness of comprehension, and with an Elegy to Pity, and an Ode to Educarapidity of dispatch, he had few equals. I tion,