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182 It too frequently happens, that in culated to be highly beneficial, to a works of this description, their authors class of readers, who have not much impregnate them, with what may be learning, nor many books; and especalled the slang of party, thus furnish- cially because the important subjects ing occasions of suspicion, that the pro- are placed within the reach of their motion of sectarian interest predomi- comprehension. nates over practical utility. From these charges the volume before us is
REVIEW.-Cases of Tic Doloureaux, happily exempt. The style in which it is written is simple and perspicuous,
successfully treated. By Benjamin and the truths of the gospel are re
Hutchinson, Member of the Royal commended on scriptural grounds.
College of Surgeons of London, dc.sc. The pages are closely printed ; but
Longman g. Co. though the type is rather small, the Almost the whole period of our life paragraphs, which are numerous, fur- is occupied in the pursuit of pleasure, nish relief to the reader, and facilitate or in the evasion of pain. The former his progress through the work. From is but a fleeting enjoyment, while the the author's third sermon, we give the latter is the common and constant following passage as a specimen. attendant on humanity, from the " He (Christ) teaches a lesson of humility,
cradle to the grave. The nerves, those Pride keeps man out of his proper place, and silk-like cords, which convey sensaseparates between him and happiness ; and it tion to the brain, and volition from arises from false views of ourselves, and of our that organ to the muscles, and other performances. On the other hand, a proper parts of the animal machine, evince and just view of our imperfections, and failings, and transgressions, is calculated to humble the performance of these two opposite
no cognizable change or motion, in us to the dust, and to bring us to the feet of our heavenly Father. And such view of ourselves, functions. They may also be thrilled the teaching of Christ abundantly aflords. Who with exquisite pleasure, or tortured does not know that the blessed Jesus had to with excruciating pain, and still expreach among persons who made the whole of | hibit no visible indication of either in religion to consist of outward service, and who looked only to the mere letter of the law? their structure. In this state of our and who among as has not read his excellent physiological and pathotogical darkand heart-searching sermon, recorded in the 5th ness, then, respecting this wonderful and 6th and 7th chapters of St. Matthew's gos, and complex nervous system, we must pel ? and who that reads these chapters can fail explore our way by the aid of such clares the law of God to be ; that it condemns not facts, as our experience and practice only wicked works and evil words, but that it shall ascertain, for we have but few, reaches even to the thoughts and intents of the if any, general principles, to guide us heart? He who came to bear witness to the through this labyrinth of uncertainty. truth, has declared a lustful desire to be aclul, Pain is, perhaps, an evil of greater tery; and has said Whosoever shall be his brother without a cause, shall be in danger of magnitude even than death itself; conjudgment
. Now, my dear friends, who of us can sequently, he who frees a human being bear this touch-stone? If we are to be judged from extraordinary sufl'ering, is much by such rules as these, instead of being proud more entitled to the applause and of our excellence, we must appear to be alto- thanks of his fellow-creatures, than gether as an unclean thing. Nor is this all the humbling truth which the Saviour teaches; for
he who merely saves from accidental he represents the children of Adam as so'dis- death the life of a citizen. ordered that they cannot heal themselves, and
Mr. Ilutchinson, the highly respectherefore need a Heavenly Physician; and he table author of the pamphlet before declares positively, that the state of their souls is so bad as to require a change equal to a
us, appears fully entided to these new birth; such a change as the Spirit of God encomiums. He presents himself beonly can produce. Marvel not that I said unto fore the public, in a garb of ability thee, Ye must be born again. For except a man be and modesty, which cannot fail to born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter make a favourable impression on into the kingdom of God. Before honour is humility: and the soul that, looking unto Jesus every man, whose approbation it is
desirable to obtain. He comes for as its teacher, hambly adınits this doctrine, is prepared to receive a lesson of thankfulness; in ward with neither a new remedy, that glorions display which is made of the kind- nor a new theory," but merely “ with ness and mercy of God, in the plan of Gospel a few observations which he has made salvation. pp. 32, 33.
in the successful administration of a We cannot but consider this work mineral substance, well known, but to be valuable, because it seems cal- too much neglected, or inaccurately,
183 Reviews.-A Sermon-Geographical Exercise Book. 184 or inefficiently employed.” He attri- the necessity of providing for the butes his success in the management spiritual instruction of their infirm aud of this hitherto most obstinate disease, aged inhabitants. Many of these, to the activity with wbich he has em- from a variety of causes, have not an ployed the carbonate of iron, a re-opportunity of attending places of pubmedy formerly used in doses far too lic worship; and it is painful to resmall to produce the desired effects, flect, that in this enlightened age, out in this and many other disorders. of about 10,000 parishes, not more After giving an ample history of the than ten enjoy any spiritual provision nature, seat, cause, symptoms, and from the Establishment. Hitherto a the usual methods of treating the Tic considerable portion of this labour, Doloureaux, Mr. Hutchinson proceeds has devolved on the Methodists and to state, that the complete failure of Dissenters; and we cannot but conthe means usually employed to subdue gratulate Mr. Bradley and the parish the torments of this disease, induced officers of Manchester, in showing to him to try the different preparations of the country an example so worthy of iron; and his investigations appear to universal imitation. The sermon conhave been attended with the most tains many useful observations. happy results.
The particular preparation of iron, preferred by Mr. Hut- Review.-A Geographical Exercise chinson, is the Terri Carbonas, of the
Book, designed for the use of Schools, London Pharmacopoeia, and this he recommends in very unusually large
and private families. By C. Robert
son. Lackington, g Co. London. doses, even to the extent of four scruples, three times a day. Mr. Hutchin-We readily concur with Mr. Robertson has selected from his Case Book, son in opinion, that“ among the various six highly satisfactory and well-de- studies that now occupy the attention scribed cases, which we sincerely of youth, few can claim a greater dewish we had room to transcribe. They gree of pre-eminence than that of cannot but be considered a suffi- Geography, connected with the practicient evidence of the hitherto unknown cal use of the Globes ;” and few we powers of a gigantic agent, as a re- conceive will presume to deny, that medy in this cruel disease: and we whatever tends to facilitate the acmust be allowed to say, that in our quirement of science, or of any branch opinion, Mr. Hutchinson is fully en- of useful knowledge, is of real advantitled to the very respectful considera- tage to mankind, and is entitled to tion of his professional brethren, for encouragement and support in prothis valuable contribution to our portion to its importance. scanty stock of therapeutical know- The design of this work is to furledge, as well as for the liberality and nish the pupil with a kind of geogradisinterestedness with which he has phical ciphering book, on the pages of communicated to the world, a remedy, which he may enter the result of his which, in the hands of greedy empiri- various experiments, and the solucism, might have proved a productive tions of his problemis, just as the and very fertile source of considerable young arithmetician enters his various pecuniary emolument.
sums, when he is fully assured of their correctness. This method Mr.
Robertson conceives will tend to stiReview. The best Provision for the has a journal which records his pro
mulate the learner, knowing that he Poor. A Sermon preached at the opening of St. Matthew's chapel, Man- gress, while at the same time it will
enable his friends to watch the advanchester Poor-house, on Sunday After
ces he is making in his geographical noon, Dec. 5th, 1819. By the Rev.
learning Robert Bradley, Chaplain. pp. 24.
The Problems laid down, and the London, Westley, 1820.
Rules given for their solution, are in subThis discourse derives its principal stance much the same that we find in importance from the charity which it every treatise on the use of the globes, advocates and recommends. We re- with this advantage, that both Prob joice to find that the parochial clergy, lem and Rule are very concise, withand those who have the management out being deficient in perspicuity. of poor-houses are beginning to see From those data, distinct questions
186 are proposed under each problem, to | authenticity of scripture, from moral which the pupil, by referring to his motives, without entering into any globes, according to the rules given, is metaphysical disquisitions, or taking expected to find an answer, which he its stand on philosophical ground. must insert in columns or blank spaces We do not mean, however, to insinuate left for this purpose.
that these important sources of eviWe have no doubt that the plan laid dence are disregarded by our author. down by the author will prove highly He admits their value, but assigns to advantageous, by enabling the pupils, them their respective limits, in the when advanced to maturity, to refresh following passages: their memories with the acquirements of their youthful years, and by operat
“ It is not intended in the following pages ing as an incentive on their posterity, philosophy, while at the same time it is as little
to violate any acknowledged principle of sound to equal, if not to surpass, in geographi- intended to compose a mere philosophical cal knowledge, the attainments of their essay. Philosophy and Theology are distinct ancestors.
things : nor do we snppose that the former has any just title to arrogate a claim, as valuable as
its rules, and as sober and sound as its spirit Review.- Reasons for admitting the may be, to dictate in a peremptory manner
Divine Origin of Revelation. By about the latter. We undoubtedly owe to Joseph Jones, M.A. Longman, Hurst,
reason and philosophy a very profound and sin
cere regard ; but we must wisely assign to &c. London. pp. 111. 1820.
then their proper provinces and limits; and Although Revelation has been as
we must always remember, that theology is a sailed during the many ages of its peculiar subject. existence, its truth still remains un- “ The evidences of our religion are external shaken. Attack has produced defence, and internal ; the first description of evidence and this has elicited in its favour à being
composed of accredited testimony to cer
tain facts; and the second resulting from the complication of evidence arising from examination of the discoveries which the rethe most unexpected quarters.
cords themselves contain. Historical eviIt is a maxim among lawyers, that dence, of which we are competent judges, the title of an estate which has been stands, if it be firmly established, as an impreg
nable fortress, not to be in the slightest degree questioned, submitted to legal exa- affected by the most ingenious, or virulent, or mination, and pronounced valid, ac- reiterated assaults. If the impagners of revelaquires additional strength by the scru- tion acted with candoor and fairness, they tiny it has undergone. It is much the would desist from desseminating their calunsame with the Book of Divine Reve- nies, till by the complete subversion of historilation. It has been assailed in every
cal evidence, they bad shewn the justice of
them. Let them dispassionately examine the part that was thought vulnerable, but labours of a Paley and a Chalmers; let them those attacks have been regularly re- shew, if they are able to do it, by a method of pelled, and Christianity has risen with reasoning and philosophizing as sober, as judicinew triumphs from each contest. ous, and as acute, as that which those great The enemies, however, of those doc- fallacious, and that there is no credit whatever
men have exhibited, that their stateinents are trines which the sacred writings con
to be given to historical testimony. The whole tain, although unable to advance any subject will then at least assume a new comthing new, have been assiduous in plexion. giving circulation to long-refuted ob- “ Internal evidence is a very different thing. jections and half-forgotten calumnies, It rests on certain moral notions and feelings and in disseminating them in pam- that belong to our nature, and on certain assumpphlets among a description of persons, We advance certain positions ; or, at least
, we who know little or nothing of their form and entertain certain notions; and we antiquity or refutation. This circum- then apply them as so many tests by which we stance, renders a circulation of the judge of the character of revelation, and of its popular evidences in favour of Christi- claim to our esteem. Is this process proper, anity peculiarly necessary, especially justifiable, and philosophical? We see nothing at the present time, to counteract the historical evidence is sufficient in itself, and influence of that moral and intellectual incontrovertible; and some, on this ground, poison, which the emissaries of infi- may deem anything farther to be entirely delity are thus endeavouring to diffuse superfluous. We are not prepared to adopt among the artisans, mechanics, and this notion in its full extent, until we have labouring classes of society.
been convinced, that the very idea of internal
evidence is a vain fabrication of the mind; The work before us is rather persua- that all our moral notions and feelings are so sive than argumentative, urging the delusive as not to deserve the slightest credit; No. 24.- VOL. III.
Reviero-Tributes to Truth.
and that every assumption that proceeds upon has at least one good trait, that of them, must, in the very nature of things, be brevity, we shall transcribe it. purely gratuitous." The preceding quotations furnish a
GUARDIAN fair specimen, not only of the author's
SPIRIT OF THE BRITISH Isles. style and manner of writing, but of Protecting Spirit! Thou bast ever been those views which he has taken of the regarded as one easily yielding to corporeal momentous subject which employs pleasures, and more especially to that lowest What these introductory if thou hadst not been formed for such plea
of all-the pleasures of the stomach. Certainly, observations promise, the subsequent sures, thou wouldest not have been fitted for pages amply fulfil. In these, the our protector; but equally certain is it, that a moral nature of God, the responsi- formation, fitting thee for other pleasures, was bility of man, and, from his lapsed infinitely more necessary. Long hast thou condition, the necessity of such a de- bas it been acknowledged, that it is to thee we
been cherished as our Protector; but seldom velopment of the Divine will as the are chiefly indebted for all the pleasures of the Bible supplies, are urged with much mind, which every British subject must feel, affectionate solicitude; and the con- and which is the very height of his enjoyment
here. sequences which flow from the use or abuse of those precepts and mercies mental pleasure! Truth hast thou ever sup
* Long hast thou been the Protector of oor which Christianity presents, are anti-ported ! and every British subject, relying on cipated with a strong feeling of re- ihy ever-supporting, and anconquerable power, gard. When this book becomes known must hail thee with delight, to a certain class of readers, it will
Padstow, 1819. As does the Author.' not want any other recommendation. We have often read of Bacchus
presiding over the flowing Can, cheerReview.--Tributes to Truth, by Nicho- ing his votaries to excess, and exciting
las Littleton. Wherein a few obscu- them to madness, by his all-powerful rities, made or left by Locke and narcotics; but we never heard of him others, are removed, and Philosophy as the patron, or encourager of literaand Common Sense go hand in hand. ture; or that it is to him we are Vol. I. Part I. 4to. pp. 126.-1819. chiefly indebted for all the pleasures
of the mind. It is generally sup“ Truth is never ashamed."
posed, that men of the most sober
habits have the clearest understandTHAT venal motives are more common- ings:—that spirit, therefore, must be ly the object of dedications, than pure made up of very contradictory princirespect or gratitude, cannot be ques- ples,which can at one time recommend tionep.-Our being permitted to at- food to the mind, and at another be tach certain great names of respecta- strenuous in advocating habits, which bility among the literary world, to will tend to annihilate its digestion. publications, or such as bave great That protector must be indeed of the weight with the public as patrons of unaccountable sort, which bids his disliterature, must tend frequently to in- ciples, first inhale · the pleasures of erease their sale, if not their value. the mind,' and then instil such poiBut what additional support the author son as will, in most instances, counterof the work before us can possibly act its influence. We must confess, suppose to derive, either of celebrity we should approach such a spirit, let or gain, by dedicating to the Guardian our adulation be ever so well got up, Spirit of the British Isles,' we cannot with rather a doubtful submission, lest easily conceive. Neither can we un- we should be so unfortunate as to offer derstand who or what this aerial being it at a time when his capricious dispomay be; and we must confess, as some sition might savour more of destrucpalliation of our stupidity, that our tion than condescension! In fine, we friends who have seen this volume, are hesitate not to say, that we do not coninvolved in the same mysterious doubt. sider this imagined protector will be Many have paid their devoirs to nobi- any safeguard, or do any credit, to the lity, and even to majesty: but no one morality or celebrity of our author. within our recollection, before Mr. L. The volume before us, is made up of has ever ventured to solicit prefatory a dedication, a preface, and an introprotection from any such imaginary duction, upon which we shall immedibeing. We shall not extend our re- ately enter, dwelling chiefly on such marks; for as this dedicatory epistle parts only as appear most likely to give 189
Review-Tributes to Truth.
a general idea of its coutents. As our | Mr. L. is in some way connected with analysis will be conducted with sober the medical profession, for he supcriticism, we hope to bear in mind, ports his positions and remarks by exthroughout, the lesson of Seneca - amples drawn from the Materia Medica. Ab honesto nulla re deterribitur,-al turpia
We cannot but remark, that our aunulla spe invitabitur.
thor has extended his preface to an To give our readers an idea of the unnecessary length by protracted author's reasoning, we shall begin by pieces of poetry, which, however they a quotation from the preface, which it may tend to convey his meaning, appears to us should be explanatory might, in our humble judgment, be which has been converted, in this lint We always thought that system was stance, to a strange metaphysical dis- a concatenation of links, or series of quisition!
operations, by which certain effects
might be produced, or merely the • Whenever we express ourselves accordant instrument by which certain wished-for to our knowledge, we are then said to speak the truth. Truth, as regarding the reality of consequences might be effected :-but things,--the certainty of existence, is immut- our author declares that able is never different; but as regarding •System is a word become at last synonymind, it is otherwise : for since some know mous with supposition; each system-maker better than others, therefore the truth of dif- dresses up a supposition in some gaudy, or ferent persons differs : one man's truth is bet- perhaps beautiful apparel.' p. x. ter to be trusted to than is another man's trath; although the truth of one man is no more truth
How often is it the case, that we than is the truth of the other man;
as in the condemn in others what we ourselves one man, truth is expressive of knowledge, so practise. Mr. L. declares, that, “ led it is in the other man; and the difference be- by systems, men's minds become contween them is with regard to knowledge.'
fused,' (p. x.) while he himself has As 'truth is never ashamed,' so, methodically divided the volume before under every possible circumstance, it us into dedication, preface, and introadmits of no variation. Our author duction, and his remarks and positions says, 'When we express ourselves are not thrown together with all the according to our knowledge, we are carelessness imaginable. And why then said to speak the truth.' We does system confound men's minds? cannot subscribe to this definition of Because truth without some hesitation, for, ac
• Supposition being overlooked for immutacording to our celebrated lexicogra- ble truth, and this truth, confounded with sappher, Johnson, “ Truth is conformity position ;-which is known,—that which is of notions to things.” Therefore there true, immutably true, becomes confounded with is a wide difference between contin- what is thought to be thus true.' p. X. geney of notions to things, and con- As we have reason to suppose Mr. formity to them. Does Mr. L. mean Littleton is connected with the faculty, to say, that because a person speaks we would ask-Whether anatomy is to the best of his knowledge and belief supported on scientific, or chimerical of any circumstance, that the truth or principles? From the little we know falsity of such a circumstance, shall be of this science, we are inclined to think made to correspond with, or be altered it as one of the most perfect; and as by, this uncertain mode of communica- we would not doubt Mr. L.'s knowtion--that bare assertion shall be the ledge so much as to think him sceptitouch-stone of truth? Impossible! cal on this point, we shall naturally Truth, without exception, and in every disclaim the position, that its systems sense of the word, must be physically are altogether imaginary, or that they correct, and it is not to be affected by rest on any thing short of fact. Sysassertion or circumstance. If truth be tem relates only to the specific combigarbled or tarnished, the defect rests nation of materials. It matters not with him who does so, let the cause be what enters into this combination, what it may; yet the fact itself remains whether facts, theories, or supposition, unsullied, and is as much truth as if for we again repeat, that system merely stated correctly.–Veritas non recipit relates to a regular arrangement, withmagis ac minus, - truth is ipso facto im- out bearing any affinity to the nature mutable.
It is “
any comWe should judge, by bis elucida- plexure or combination of many things tions in a succeeding paragraph, that acting together; or, a scheme which
of the materials.