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On the Alteration in Times.



Candour. It is not then surprising, Envy. No, not in the least, that I that they should hold the same language know of. I dare say she is a good to Miss H- * whom they must think enough sort of a girl; but as for beauty, so in the highest degree. Don't you her pretensions to that are very moremember how all the gentlemen were derate indeed. in her praise ?

Envy. Well, for my part, I do not think the men half so good judges of ON THE ALTERATION IN TIMES. female beauty as the women. Miss H- has too great a quantity of There is a cynical principle in human hair considering how small her head is, mature, which always leads us to com

Candour. What fault do you find plain of the days in which we live. with her person ?

We generally ibink, that the moment Envy. She is too tall.

which is passing over us, is fraught Candour. She is not above an inch with more evils than any that preceded taller than yourself.

it; and foolishly imagine that the caEnvy. I do not pretend to say she lamitics which await us in futurity, is a great deal too tall,

cannot surpass in magnitude, those Candour. Can you pretend to say Similar thoughts have been our com

which we have already experienced. she is too short? Envy. She is neither one thing nor

panions through the whole course the other; one does not know what to of our remembrance; and it but rarely make of her.

bappens, that we perceive the advanCandour. That settles the point of tages which we have enjoyed, until her height; let us now proceed to her they have departed from us, and some face.

Do you not find something very unexpected disaster has appeared to engaging in her countenance ?

awaken recollection. Envy. Engaging, do you call it? The case seems to have been mucb Candour. Yes, I call it engaging. the same with our ancestors : and in What do you call it ?

proportion to the distance of the peEnvy. She is apt, indeed, to smile, riod in which they lived, our astonishbut that is to shew her teeth.

ment is excited at the unreasonableCandour. She would not smile for ness of their complaints. The world that purpose, however, unless she had is in a state of incessant fluctuation ; good fine teeth ; and they are certain nor can the most penetrating genius Jy the finest I ever saw.

any more anticipate the events and Envy. What signifies teeth ? concomitants of life, which are lodg

Candour. Well, let us come to her ed in futurity, than our ancestors who eyes. What do you think of them? lived three centuries since, were able Envy. They are not black.

to discern the condition of civilized Candour. No; but they are the society in the age which we call our sweetest blue in nature.

We look back with astonishEnvy. Blue eyes have been long ment upon the subjects and causes of out of fashion; black are now all the their complaints; and, making a mode.

comparison between their condition Candour. Blue ones are coming and our own, smile at their simpliround again ; for those of Miss- city, and envy their situation. Anaare much admired.

logy tells us, that it is not unreasonEnvy. Her fortune would procure

able to suppose the period will arrive, her admirers amung men, although she a few centuries hence, when our suchad no eyes at all.

cessors may reflect on our present Candour. That stroke lights en- state in a similar manner, and wish tirely on the men, and misses the per

“ Like duteous sons, their fathers were more son against whom it was aimed.

wise.” Envy. Aimed! I have no ill-will against Miss

The abundance or scarcity, as well Cundour. I am glad to hear it. as the cheapness or dearth, of every Envy. Lord, not I, why should I ? commodity, is always comparative; Candour. I am sure I cannot tell. and the good or evil resulting from

Envy. She never did me any in- either, can only be estimated by the jury.

proportions which articles bear in Candour. I was afraid she had. their value towards one another. This



On the Alteration in Times.



is the true ground of rational calcula- , idle, then they assenible in companies, tion; all besides being fallacious. and murmur for lack of living, and so

These reflections have been occa- pick one quarrel or other to stir the sioned by the following observations, poor commons, that be as idle as they, which illustrate the ancient manner of io a commotion. And sometimes by thinking in England. They bave been occasion of wars, there must needs be taken from a work on Political Eco- some stay of clothes, so as they cannomy, published in 1581, in the reign not have always like sale or vent; at of Elizabeth, and communicated by every which time, if the said clothiers

IPOLPERROC. should take occasion of commotion,

they think it were better that there What numbers of trifles come bither were none of them in the realm at all. from beyond sea, that we might either | (It is to be observed, that the author is clean spare, or else make them within controverting this argumentation.) I our realm: I mean looking-glasses, have read, that in this realm some drinking-glasses, and glass for win-time there was such a law, as a man dows, dials, tables, cards, balls, pup- that had trespassed the law of misadpets, penners, inkhorns, toothpicks, venture, might have taken the ploughgloves, knives, daggers, ouches, tail as his sanctuary. brooches, agletts, buttons of silked When I asked a bookseller why we silver, earthen pots, pins, and points, had not whit and brown paper made bawk's bells, paper, white and brown, within the realm, as well as they had and a thousand like things.

made beyond the sea? then he anSome gentlemen seeing, from the swered me, that there was paper made increase of the prices of almost every awhile within the realm ; at the last, thing, that they can no longer stand it, the man perceived that he could (thirty years ago, a pig or goose cost- not put forth his paper as good and ing four-pence, that now costs twelve-cheap as it came from beyond the pence, a good capon for three or four sea, and so he was forced to lay down pence, chicken for a penny, a ben for making of paper : and no blame in two-pence, which now cost double the man, for men will give never the and treble the money,) either keep a more for his paper because it was chamber in London, or wait on the made here. court uncalled, with a man and a I was once in a Parliament, when lackey after him, where he was wont such a thing was moved, but only for to keep thirty or forty persons daily in caps, that none made beyond sea his house, and to do good in the coun- should be sold here within the realm ; try, in keeping good order and rule and then it was answered by a great among his neigbbours.

wise man, that it was to be feared lest I think we were in as much dread or it touched the league made between more of our enemies, when our gentle- the Prince's highness and some fomen went simply, and our serving men reign Prince. When there came a plainly, without cuts or gards, bear- certain vessel out of England to Caring their heavy swords and bucklers marthen, in the marches of Wales, all on their thighs, instead of cuts and laden with apples, which aforetime gards and light dancing-swords; and was wont to bring them good corn, when they rode, carrying good spears the town commanded that none should in their hands instead of white rods, buy the said apples upon a great pain, which they carry now, more like ladies and so the boat stood so long in the or gentlewomen than nen, all which haven without sale or vent, till the delicacies make our men clean effemi- apples were putrified and lost. And nate, and without strength.

when the owner demanded of the Many a great wise man thinks it bailiff of the town why he had staid better that all our wool were sold over his sale and vent? the bailiff answered sea unwrought, than any clotbiers again, that the said vessel came thither should be set at work witbal, within to fetch the best wares they had in the this realm. They take it that all country, as friezes, broad cloths, and insurrections and uproars, for the wool; and instead thereof, he should most part, do rise by occasion of these leave them in their country but apclothiers; for when clothiers lack vent ples, that should be spent and wasted over-sea, there is a great multitude of in less than a week. And said, bring these clothiers idle. And when they be to us corn or malt, as ye were wont to



Anecdotes of Franklin.

20 do, whereof the country hath need, but it must be of Flanders dye; nor and ye shall be welcome at all times, cloth, but French or Fryscadow; nor and ye shall have free vent and sale ouch, brooch, or agglett, but of Venice thereof in our port.

making, or Milan; nor dagger, sword, Albeit, there be many things laid knise, or girdle, but of Spanish makdown now, which beforetime were oc- ing, or some outward country; no not casions of much expences, as may- as much as a speer, but that is fetched games, wakes, revels, wagers at shoot- at the Millaner, (that is, inhabitant ing, wrestling, running, and throwing of Milan). I have heard within these the stone or bar, and besides that, forty years, when there were not of pardons, pilgrimages, offerings, and these haberdashers that sell French many such other things, yet I perceive or Millen(Milan) caps, glasses, knives, we be never the wealthier, but poorer: | daggers, swords, girdles, and such whereof it is long I cannot well tell, things, not a dozen in all London : for there is such a general dearth of and now, from the town to Westminall things, as before 20 or 30 years ster along, every street is full of them ; hath not been the like, not only of and their shops glitter and shine of things growing within this realm, but glass, as well drinking as looking, yea, also of all other merchandize, that we all manner of vessels of the same buy from beyond the sea, as silks, stuff'; painted cruses, gay daggers, wines, oils, wood, madder, iron, steel, knives, swords and girdles, that it is wax, flax, linen cloth, fustians, wor- able to make any temperate man to steds, coverlets, carpets, and all ker- gaze on them and to buy somewhat, seys and tapestry. Spices of all sort, though it serve to no purpose neand all haberdasher ware, -as paper, cessary. both white and brown, glasses, as well drinking and looking, as for glaz- ANECDOTES OF DR. FRANKLIN. ing of windows ; pins, needles, knives, When the American Convention were daggers, hats, caps, brooches, buttons, framing their Constitution, Dr. Frankand laces. I wot well, all these do lin asked them how it happened, that cost now more by the third part than while “groping as it were in the dark, they did but few years ago; then all to find political truth, they had not kind of vittles are as dear or dearer once thought of humbly applying to again, and no cause of God's part the Father of lights to illuminate their thereof, as far as I can perceive; for understandings? “ I have lived, Sir, I never saw more plenty of corn, grass, (said he) a long time; and the longer and cattle of all sort, than we have at I live, the more convincing proofs I this present. I have seen a cap for see of this truth, that God governs in thirteen-pence as good as I can get the affairs of men.

And if a sparrow now for two shillings and sixpence; of cannot fall to the ground without his cloth, ye have heard how the price is notice, is it probable that an Empire risen. Now a pair of shoes cost twelve- can rise without his aid? We have pence; yet in my time I have bought been assured, Sir, in the sacred writa better for sixpence. Now I can get ings, that, “ except the Lord build the never a horse shoed under tenpence house, they labour in vain that build or twelvepence, where I have also it.” I firmly believe this; and I also seen the common price was sixpence. believe, that without his concurring And yet these gentlemen that do en- aid, we shall succeed in this political hance their rents, do not enhance it building no better than the builders of generally to the double ; though I con- Babel. We shall be divided by onr fess, that some of us that had lands little, partial, local interests, our proeither given us by the king's highness, jects will be confounded, and we ourthat belonged heretofore to Abbeys selves shall become a reproach and a and Priories, and were never surveyed by-word down to future ages." He to the uttermost before, or otherwise then moved, that prayers should be descended to us, have enhanced many performed in that assembly every of them above the old rent; yet all morning before they proceeded to buthat amounteth not to half the lands of siness. The Convention, except three the realm,

or four persons, thought prayers unneThere is no man can be contented cessary!!These words, and these now with any other gloves than is notes of admiration, were written by made in France or Spain; nor kersey, | Dr. Franklin himself.

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be some species of animal substance,

which is frequently found on the beach; In the middle of the last century, when while the Author of the account of some doubts were expressed as to the the Embassy to China, believes that propriety of erecting a new episcopal the nests are formed of the remnants cburch in Philadelphia, Dr. Franklin of the food of the swallows, which delivered an opinion upon it in his consists of insects; and he affirms, cbaracteristic manner. To build a

that this bird is occupied in building new church in a growing place,' said two whole months. But it appears he,' is not properly dividing, but mul- most credible, that the mucilaginous tiplying, and will really be a means of substance of which these nests are increasing the number of those who formed, is an animal elaboration; and worship God in that way. Many who not, as is generally supposed, obtained cannot now be accommodated in the from the ocean. church, go to other places, or stay at On the dissection of one of these home ; and if we had anotber church, birds by Sir E. Home, he discovered many who go to other places, or stay a set of secretory organs peculiar to at home, would go to church. I had itself, by which there is little doubt for several years, nailed against the the mucilaginous matter of these wall of any house, a pigeon-box that nests is elaborated. The nests adhere would hold six pair: and though they to each other, and to the rock on bred as fast as my neighbour's pi- which they are built. Their size geons, I never had more than six pair, is that of a goose's egg, and of a the old and strong driving out the semicircular form. When dressed, young and weak, and obliging them they dissolve into a kind of jelly, of to seek new habitations. At length, I which the flavour is said to be peput up an additional box, with apart- culiarly delicious. They are distinments for entertaining twelve pair guished into two kinds, of which the more, and it was soon filled with in

one is white, and the other black, the habitants by the overflowing of my former being considerably the more first box, and of others in the neigh-valuable. The white sort (says Marsbourhood. This I take to be a pa- den) sells in China at the rate of 1000 rallel case with the building of a church or 1500 Spanish dollars the pekul ; here.

the black is usually disposed of at Ba

tavia, for 20 dollars the same weight, Edible Birds' Nests.

where it is chiefly converted into glue,

of which it makes a very superior kind. MR. EDITOR,

The difference between the two, has SIR,-If you should think the follow- by some been supposed to be owing ing account of the Edible Bird's Nest, to the mixture of the feathers of the

birds with the viscous substance of of sufficient importance for your pages, which the nests are formed, and this I shall be glad to see it inserted.

they deduce from the experiment of Sir, yours, &c.

steeping the black nests for a short D.P.

time in hot water, when they are said Edinburgh, 12th Nov. 1820.

to become, in a great degree, white. A species of Birds' Nests found in Among the natives, I have heard some Malacca, the island of Java, and in few assert, that they are the work of a several of the other districts of Asia, different species of bird. It was sugare, in many of the eastern countries, gested to me, that the white might used as a most delicate article of food. probably be the recent nests in which These are constructed by a small spe- they were taken, and the black such as cies of swallows, (hirundo esculenta,) had been used for a number of years which frequent the coasts at certain successively. This opinion appearing seasons.

plausible, I was particular in my inquiWriters and naturalists do by no ries as to that point, and I learnt what means agree, concerning the substance seemed much to corroborate it. When of which these nests are formed. the natives prepare to take the nests, Kempfer says, it is mollusca, or sea- they enter into the caves with torches; worms; De Poivre calls it the spawn and, forming ladders, according to of fish; Dalrymple informs us, it is the usual mode, (of a single bamboo sea-weeds; Linneus supposes it to I notched,) they ascend, and pull down

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the nests, which adhere in numbers and consequently less remarkable, this together firm to the side and top of sensation invariably abates. Thus we the rock. They informed me, that find those oflenders who are most fathe more frequently and regularly the miliar with vice, to be least susceptible cave is stripped, the greater propor- of shame. Encouragement wipes the tion of white nests they are sure to conscious blush of remorse from the find, and that on this experience they cheek of emboldened impiety; attenoften make a practice of beating tion ceases to be attracted by a repedown and destroying the old nests, in tition of crimes, which have lost the larger quantities than they trouble recommendation of novelty; vice apthemselves to carry away, in order pears less disgusting, the more freely that they may find white nests next it is practised; successful iniquity season in their room. The birds dur- banishes the timidity of apprehension; ing the building time, are seen in and the breast of the sinner is made large flocks on the beach, collecting impervious to any principles, but those in their bills the foam which is thrown of audacious impiety. In all civilized up by the surf, of which there is little communities, immoral practices are doubt that they construct their nests, discountenanced, as well by the instiafter it has undergone, perhaps, a pre- tuted laws of that community, as by paration from a commixture with the general example of its best memiheir saliva, or other secretion with bers; and this circumstance imposes which nature has provided them for on the practical advocates of infidelity, that purpose. This little bird, fre- the necessity of concealing their seuquenting the caverns and rocks of timents, and disguising their purposes. Java, furnish an article of commerce, Nor is this the only consideration the annual value of wbich exceeds which arrays them in the specious half a million of Spanish dollars. mask of dissimulation. There are

few but would be shocked by the glar

ing deformities, which a display of THE MORALIZER.--No.4.

such characters must exhibit. Multi

tudes who would survey the unveiled Saturday, October 7th, 1820. disclosure of so monstrous an anomaly

with feelings of aversion and ridicule, Dissimulare etiam sperasti, perfide, tantum and regard it either as the result of Posse nefas ?


pride or the evidence of imbecility, Ir bas always been an invariable, of sophistry, and sacrificed at the

are the first to be inveigled in the toils though tacit, argument against vice, shrine of atheism. Thus has the that it is naturally solicitous of con- odious form of vice becn concealed cealment, and that its connection with under the spotless garb of truth, and the sensation of shame, is an establish- Satan himself been transformed into ed evidence of its essential and ra

an angel of light. The ignorant and dical turpitude. Milton has well described the behaviour of our primoge- delusion, have embraced the alluring

unwary have surveyed the pleasing nitors, after the original transgression, phantom, and have either been conon the approach of their Judge

verted into professed profligates, or -" The voice of God they beard, have assumed the appearance of “ Now walking in the garden, by soft winds virtue, and have, in their turn, beBrought to their ears, while day declined;

guiled thousands of their unfortunate they heard, “ And from his presence hid themselves among admirers into the paths of destruction “ The thickest trees

and death. But ihere is an eye which And in reference to their appear- sible, and which moves through mazes

penetrates professions the most plauance, when drawn from their retreat, the most mysterious; in consulting he adds

which, iniquity cannot triumph, and in“ Love was not in their looks, either to God nocence need not fear: by whose deci. " Or to each other ; but apparent guilt,

sion, open hostility shall be less rigorAnd shame, and perturbation, and despair.”

ously punished than secret treachery, The feeling of shame, however, will when death shall tear from the pale be found to be exclusively the result visage of the trembling offender, the of singularity; hence, in proportion delusive vizard, expose on his foreas depravity becomes more common, head the mark of the beast, and

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