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with all the fashionable ease of supe-| indifference, and replied very modestly, riority : : his unexpected and undesired Your honour is pleased to joke with presence was rather a drawback on your servant: as little as the majestic the host's merriment; but he was, oak-tree will associate with the humble nevertheless, received with all the re- strawberry, as little can a Baron of gard due to bis rank, and placed at the the empire think of marrying a farhead of the table. He very gallantly mer's daughter; but even supposing requested Rose to sit near him; but the possibility of such an occurrence, this the parents opposed in the most I would by no means wish it to take decided manner, and even the place in my own family: my child is Steward, who had laboured hard to as little fit to be your companion, as say fine things, and keep near to her, my wife and I are proper to meet was obliged to relinquish his scheme, your high and mighty relations ; whilst, by being put near his master, whilst on the other hand, there can be no she sat at the other end just opposite countess who would not gladly acMeinhold. The Baron had no sooner cept of your offers.” These words been seated, than he began to taste sounded sweetly in the vain coxcomb's the wine: with the seriousness of an ears; but he resumed, and took all experienced judge, be pronounced it the present persons to witness, that to be good ; and to give a further he was quite sincere, and determined proof of his assertion, he helped him to follow his whim. self so plentifully, that the effects were Well then, said Hardman, “ I must soon perceptible by his noisy loqua- make bold to declare, in my turn, that city.

this whim cannot be complied with; Hardman seemed to have waited since I intend to fix, this very moment, for the dessert, to announce something on another son-in-law:" with theso to the assembly; when the Baron pre- words, he stood up, and handing to vented him, by saying, My dear the half-swooning Rose a very handfarmer, I am to-day in such an excel- some gold watch, he desired her to lent humour, that I am ready to renew give it as a pledge of her faith to that your expiring lease for another twelve man, whom he well knew she liked years, provided you will give me best; whilst he allowed Meinhold to your daughter in exchange. Rose is engage his bride by means of a pearl handsome, and you are an honest necklace, with which be furnished man; what do I care for pedigrees? him. I'll make her a Baroness this very The Baron forced a smile on hís day: we have a minister amongst us, countenance, but the Steward could and he may do his office immediately not hide his disappointment, and both after dinner; put aside all foolish con- soon left the room. Their setting off siderations about raak and so on; I was a great relief to the parents; and have maturely reflected on every thing, they then stated, that they had been and such is my pleasure."

long aware of the mutual affection It would be difficult to describe the betwixt their beloved children, and had different sensations which this address perfectly approved of it: the dutiful produced on the audience. Rose behaviour of the young man, in adwas for leaviog the room; but her vising the girl to submission, had still neighbour kept her back by force, and heightened their regard for bim, and began to congratulate her on her ele- that they would not exchange bim for vation. Most of the guests were as- any Baron in Christendom. tonished, and looked sometimes on A chorus of applause followed this the Baron, and then on the fortunate declaration, and the wedding-day was bride. The Steward sat upon needles, then appointed. The good old people and burned with impatience to hear found no cause for repenting their the father's answer; whilst a wealthy choice, and long did they share the grocer from town, who had intended happiness of their grateful offspring. to propose his eldest son, spilled his Meinhold remained steady and inwine for the first time in his life. dustrious; but the nobleman ruined Meinhold overcame his grief, and bimself with bad company, and extralooked once more at the fair object of vagance. His estate was sold on acso many wishes.

count of debts, and the worthy Hardman had listened to the pleasure farmers had the means of making it of his gracious lord, with a smile of their own. Their prosperity produced,

No. 24.-VOL, III,

THE PRECEPTS OF CHRISTIANITY.

123 Essay on the Futility of Ancient Knowledge. 124 however, no change in their manner teach little but what was before incalof living; they remained in their own cated, and add less to our present or sphere, and their increasing wealth future happiness. It may not be a displayed itself merely in their libe- study devoid of interest, to prove the rality towards poor neighbours, and fallacy of such an assertion, to show at the usual festivity of Harvest by example how vast the distinction Home.

is, between the commands of a teacher sent from God, and the monitions of

uninspired men. Such themes, howCHINESE VASSALAGE.

ever fevered they may feel to the “ The Minister Tung-kasu, is still pulse of fashion, or unsuited to novelty unwell, and solicits permission to re- of argument, are still of high utility, main at home a longer period. He evincing, as they do, the incompapromises on recovery, to put his fore- rable excellence of our faith, that with bead in the mire at the palace gate, minds unswayed by startling heresies, and in that posture to give thanks to we may be gathered to our fathers. his sacred Majesty, for his great in- The Roman edict called upon citizens dulgence to him.”

of every age, on the nerveless stripling and worn-down veteran, to arm

pro aris focisque' in defence of their ESSAY ON THE FUTILITY OF Ancient altars and their homes; nor at the KNOWLEDGE, AS CONTRASTED WITH present æra may we hunt for a parallel.

Granting to the philosophers of Greece and Rome, far more ability than bas

descended to their successors; allow“ Secundum quo Christiana Religio omnes alias

que, aut sunt, aut fuerunt, aut fingi possunt, ing them every praise for sublimity of exuperat, est sumıná sanctitas præceptorum.-- reasoning, and acuteness of wit; adGROTIUS.

mitting that their morality has someOur Religion has God for its Author, Salva- times ascended to the very heaven of

tion for its end, and Truth, without any mix- instruction ; yet, in the contrast, it will ture of error, for its matter."-LOCKE. be but as dust in the balance; our

creed of duty will rise to the wisdom This declaration of the great English of omniscience, and theirs, comparapbilosopher, no less simple than sub- tively speaking, dwindle down into lime, has been frequently repeated, foolishness. yet, like our Saviour's Prayer intro- The first point which rivets our atduced so often in the liturgy, it cannottention in the moral jurisdiction of the pall by repetition. To impugn its Ancients, is their want of forgiveness veracity has been the effort of many a of injuries. Isocrates, in his treatise weak and wicked mind, in this age of for the instruction of youth, thus adreason and scepticism.

monishes them : “ Account it equally Treading in the footsteps of the base to be outdone by your enemies in Ancient, who set fire to the temple evil deeds, as to be overcome by your of Diana, that he might be at least friends in benefits.” Aristotle also remembered by posterity, these mo- dcclares: “ That he seems to want dern sophists care not how wild or the feelings of a man, whoever does pestiferous be their doctrines, so they not prosecute his revenge; for to riot for a while in a wretched noto- bear contumely with patience, is the riety, and leave a name behind; too part of a slave.” What a different base to be remembered, if too signal spirit breathe the words of our great to be forgotten. There is an able Lawgiver: Forgive your enemies; comment in the writings of Lord Ve- pray for them thai curse you; pardon rulam, on that passage in the Psalms, à brother that offendeth, not seven The Fool hath said in his heart, there times only, but seventy times seven." is no God;' that he said it simply, but In our present state of probation, did not, could not, think so. Thus it where passion so often obtains the has been argued, that the precepts of mastery, such feelings cannot, to their our religion, more lofty than for buman full extent, be looked for, however intellect to have conceived, and more ardently they might be desired. Yet, pure than for human imperfection to as Paley justly argues, if such dispoattain, are little else than a compen- sition be unattainable, so is all perfecdium of ancient philosophy; that they ) tion. Ought then a moralist to recom

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Essay on the Futility of Ancient Knowledge. 126 mend imperfection? The very lofti- | the mountain of human miseries, in ness of the idea proves the divinity of one funeral pile, they would have its origin: it seems part of the choral buried him with their immensity. hymn, which angels sung at the nati- With a system of morals thus defivity of our Lord; • Peace on earth, cient, what was their opinion of the and good will towards men;' while the Deity? what their form of devotion ? calm philosopher's exhortations to re- Not the statue mentioned by Daniel, venge, may be likened to the swelling with its head of gold, and its feet of notes of the challenging trumpet, iron and clay, could be formed of more wailing forth havoc and war.

dissonant materials. Well might they Not less dissimilar are the ordi- raise, in the centre of Athens, a temple nances of the Christian revelation, to the unknown God: to them he which demand from its followers hu- had ever been unknown. Some (for mility, an exclusion of regard to I will use the words of an enlightened worldly glory, and regulation of the heathen) totally denied that there were thoughts. Take pride away, the pride any gods; others deemed, they took no 1 of apathy and stoicism, from philo- interest in affairs of earth : a chosen sophy, and you despoil her of her few accounted the Deity, in goodness purple robe. To whom were the lec- most excellent, in power infinite. Of tures of their teachers in wisdom di- this few was Socrates. It is delightrected, but to the higher and learned ful to view this truly great man in his classes of the community ? the poor, prison, immediately before drinking that lay darkling in ignorance, had no the fatal poison. We behold him conpretensions to their imperial notice. soling his friends on their bereave* Like the rays of the morning, they ment; admonishing them, that to courted the mountain tops, and left walk in his steps would be the best the valleys unilluminated.” On Greece proof of honouring his memory; and alone, they deigned to impart cultiva- when questioned concerning the mode tion; scarcely less arrogant than the of interment, answering with a smile, Chinese of modern times, who, when As you will, if indeed I do not escape shewn a chart of the universe, deemed you.' His last act, humanity would Europe and Asia part of their terri- strive to conceal. He directed a sacritory; the rest of their fellow men they fice to Æsculapius, thus confirming suffered to be enslaved at pleasure, what had been previously intimated, and emphatically styled Barbarians. that he bowed down before the golden The professors of our religion have images which the citizens of Athens traversed seas to enlighten the savage; set up; a pantheon of idols, whom have loosed the fetters of the slave; they first endowed with the basest prohave explored the sordid shed of want perties of mortality, and then derided and misery! Equally arrogant was on the stage, without thinking, that their private demeanour, their self- had Jove been such as represented, adulatory precepts: basking in the the thunder would have riven their sunshine of complacency, they saw no tenements, and taken a just vengeance shadow of repentance; the veil that on their guilty head. No wonder their hid the inner vices of the man, was religion was an idle tissue of ceremonot, as yet, rent in twain : they heaved nies, a mere triade of sacrifice. The no sigh for past offences, nor shed one lusts of the wise were chained down little tear over guilty fallen nature. by superstition; the passions of the Garus, described by Xenophon as a ignorant ravened without control. model for princes, is introduced, on the He that offered the richest oblation, bed of death, thanking their gods with was regarded as the peculiar favourite a sort of pharisaical exultation for of heaven. Happy faith for the their having revealed to him what was wealthy! they might riot in excess, right or wrong in conduct; and for might ride over the bending mendihis having implicitly obeyed them. cant, nor cast one look behind; or if Laughter would be irrevelant in an they did, had simply to bear some heessay of this pature, else had I quoted catombs to the altar; and the poor the three errors which Cato reproved wretch, who could present none other bimself for having committed in the than an humble heart, was to be tramcourse of a long and active life. pled on unheeded. Livy gives us the Sublime in ignorance! Had all his shuddering detail of the temples at transgressions been heaped up, like | Romc being polluted with human vic.

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127 Essay on the Futility of Ancient knowledge. 128
tims. What shall we say of those Weep not, she says, at Nature's transient pain,
who would wish to reduce us to a re- Congenial spirits part to meet again :
ligion like this; who would gainsay Bat that, which warm dit once, shall never die.'

Cold in the dast, the perish'd frame may lie ;
those notions of the Deity which' Na-
ture proclaims aloud in all her works;' Let the first curse be entailed on the
who would raze that church which Atheist alone, to creep on the earth,
holds no distinction of persons, where and lick the dust as his portion: the
the lowliest may breathe forth right- good and the wise will not surrender
eous prayers with the full assurance this first charter of their rights; through
of acceptance; would annul that sa- life it must be the guide

of their concred sabbath when all may rise awhile duct, and at the last should be written above the smoke and turmoil of the on their hearts. world ; would steal its stay from sorrow, Beyond the tomb, ere the day-spring from death its only hope?

from on high visited the earth, all was What solace, it may be asked, did a dark, a dreary night; a vast, a the sententious aphorisms of the phi- frightful unknown! Clashed in the losophers yield in seasons of distress? manner of elementary chaos, fear They that leaned on them, leaned on a struggled with hope, ignorance with reed which tore the confiding band: reason, and doubt with conviction. 'I they listened to an echo which mock-trust, (said the father of natural relied them with a sound. If their patri- gion, at the time of his death,) to mony was lost by the fickleness of ascend to the company of pure beings, fortune, they must not pine after arti- but this I would not assert for certain.' ficial wants; if ingratitude assailed Tully, that almost Christian with rethem, friends are like swallows, that spect to a future state of existence, come in the spring, but take flight at seems tossed to and fro in a sea of the approach of winter. If our riches doubt. His meditations have been are gone, we may look to a treasure in well depictured: heaven; if the friend of our bosom "Ah! whence this longing alter immortality, proves untrue, we are commanded to This secret dread, this inward horror, rely on that Friend, who is subject to of falling into nought?' no change. In that hour of anguish yet all ended in one painful concluto many, and of searching trial to all, sion: ‘I'm weary of conjecture.' when death presents the cup of bitter- Blessed be the God of Israel, we ness, and the world vanishes with its are not doomed to conjecture! Had tiara of illusions, what did their test- our creed taugbt no clearer morals, nor books say, when opened by the sick given any higher sanctions for virtue, man's couch? You are going, cries still would it have been entitled to the Leucia, where all things go; why then highest gratitude, for bequeathing us do you weep? You was nothing, and this blessed inheritance, combining, as you will be nothing. For this very it does, the hope of throwing off morreason, might the answer have been, tality, like grave-clothes, with the • For this very reason I weep.' Did prospect of meeting those friends they give any consolation to the be- whom we have lost, in changeless, reaved broken-hearted survivor ? “ In endless, re-union. returning from Asia, (writes his friend I will pause here, for it would be to him, on the loss of a beloved child,) needless to enter more largely into I sailed by Ægina and Megara, once this disquisition; the writings of antimost flourishing, now laid in ruins; and quity prove their deficiency in morals, I thought, are we weak mortals indig- though there are individual pasnant, if any of us have perisbed? Re- sages, which Philosophy might make member, you are born a mortal. Be- her texts, and Experience select for liove me, this thought afforded no little her mottos.' In all their mipes of consolation." It proved truly the re- gold, there runs a vein of earth. With mark of a modern satirist, that we the calmest spirit of dispassionate inbear the misfortunes of others with quiry, it may be said, that to every wonderful tranquillity. Religion alone religion, the Christian can throw down holds forth a branching arm; to this the gauntlet of defiance. Would we may cling for support; sheltered that his works were as perfect as his by this, we may patiently await the faith is pure! It rose, like the temple stroke of our approaching dissolu- erected by Solomon, in majestic tion.

silence;' no sound of the axe or ham

129

Adrantages of keeping Cows.-New Zealand. 130 mer was heard in its construction; its were Is. Id. in the pound, per year. cedar roof, and pavement of precious At that time a number of Cows were stones, brought crowned heads to view kept by the Cottagers upon broad it with admiration; it was formed of commonable roads, in the summer ; so many cubits in length and breadth, and they were assisted with food by as to admit of every, even the hum- the farmers in their straw-yards, &c. blest worshipper; dedicated to the in the winter; by this means, those honour of the Holy of Holies, the who kept a cow did not think of apglory of the Lord has filled it: like its plying to the parish for relief. About prototype, which fell not but with the this time, the farmers began to plough fall of Jerusalem, we may rest assured up the roads; of course the number that it will not end here but with the of cows kept lessening every year, as general conflagration; or if this hope their pasture was decreasing by the prove fallacious, let us remember, that plough. I perceive by the parish as no place of worship, no edifice, was books, as the cows decreased the rates suffered by the Almighty to stand on increased. In seven years' time, the that site where the holy temple once rates were increased to 3s. in the stood; so, if this faith be permitted to pound; at that time only a few cows go to rack, no religion of any kind were kept by the poor people. In a whatsoever will be left remaining: Be few years after, those few were obliged it our duty to watch in its portals ; to to be sold, and the rates then increasguard that no characters of shame be ed to six shillings in the pound ! The indented on its marble purity. As rates have stood at this with very little some inscription was usually prefixed variation ever since.

We have only over the pious buildings of the an- two poor men now that have one cow cients, this (if I may be allowed to each ; I think one has five, and the extend the similitude) shall be the other six children. The man with writing over our tabernacle: Ye heirs six children, hires two acres of poor of a better covenant, walk with humble land at about 30s. per acre, more than reverence in the house of God, and ye half a mile from his house, and after shall be wiser than the sages of anti- his day's labour is done for his master, quity; hear with meek submission the he goes with his wife and little family words of life revealed to you, and to weed, and till his land. The other ye must be better men.

poor man is more fortunate. His W.C. T. small patch of land lies near to his

cottage, about an acre. These, two

of the largest families we have in the ADVANTAGES

parish, I believe, are honest, indepen

dent parishioners, earning their 15s. The Provincial Committee for En- per week at labour, and with their couragement of Industry, and Reduc- cow, I believe, are the happiest two tion of Poor's Rates, cannot too anxi- families in the parish. I am sorry to ously impress on the legislature, and see so many poor families with the the country, the advantages enjoyed by same earnings, (as to wages,) but no the labourer when in possession of a cows, come to the parish for relief. cow; especially as this may be rea- These two families make no application lized on a small portion of arable for relief; but those with three or four land.

children we are obliged to relieve." That the children of the poor, in For the Provisional Committee, almost a peculiar manner, stand in

BENJAMIN WELLS, Deed of milk, is certain, not to men

Hon. Secretary. tion that the cow furnishes also a sup- King's-Head, Poultry,

Nov. 1820. ply for a pig. By circulating the following extract from a correspondent, (an overseer in Norfolk) attention may INTERESTING PARTICULARS RESPECTbe invited to this important object;

NEW ZEALAND.-BY AN EYEand as the letter is two years old, the probability is, that even a stronger “ New Zealand is situated between case might at this moment be made the latitudes of 34 and 48 degrees out.

south, and between the longitudes of “ In the year 1798, the poor-rates in 166 and 180 degrees east from Greenthis parish, (North · Creak, Burnham,) I wich. This place was supposed to be

KEEP

OF COTTAGERS
ING COWS.

ING
WITNESS.

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