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meanness, impotence, and nakedness, may find all the delusion laid open in the chamber of disease : he will here find Vanity divested of her robes, Power deprived of her sceptre, and Hypocrisy without her mask.
The friend whom I have lost, was a man eminent for genius, and like others of the same class, sufficiently pleased with acceptance and applause. Being caressed by those who have preferments and riches in their disposal, he considered himself as in the direct road of advancement, and had caught the flame of ambition by approaches to its object. But in the midst of his hopes, his projects, and his gaieties, he was seized by a lingering disease, which, from its first stage, he knew to be incurable. Here was an end of all his visions of greatness and happiness ; from the first hour that his health declined, all his former pleasures grew tasteless. His friends expected to please him by those accounts of the growth of his reputation, which were formerly certain of being well received; but they soon found how little he was now affected by compliments, and how vainly they attempted, by flat. tery, to exhilarate the languor of weakness, and to relieve the solicitude of approaching death. Whoever would know how much piety and virtue surpass all external goods, might here have seen them weighed against each other; where all that gives motion to the active, and elevation to the eminent, all that sparkles in the eye of Hope, and pants in the bosom of Suspicion, at once became dust in the balance, without weight and without regard. Riches, authority, and praise, lose all their influence when they are considered as riches which to-morrow shall be bestowed upon another, authority, which shall this night expire for ever, and praise, which, however merited, or however sincere, shall, after a few moments, be heard no more.
In those hours of seriousness and wisdom, nothing appeared to raise his spirits, or gladden his heart, but
the recollection of acts of goodness ; nor to excite his attention, but some opportunity for the exercise of the duties of religion. Every thing that terminated on this side of the grave, was received with coldness and indifference, and regarded rather in consequence of the habit of valuing it, than from any opinion that it deserved value: it had little more prevalence over his mind than a bubble that was now broken, a dream from which he was awake. His whole powers were engrossed by the consideration of another state ; and all conversation was tedious that had not some tendency to disengage him from human affairs, and open his prospects into futurity.
It is now past ; we have closed his eyes, and heard him breathe the groan of expiration. At the sight of this last conflict, I felt a sensation never known to me before; a confusion of passions, an awful stillness of sorrow, a gloomy terror without a name. The thoughts that entered my soul were too strong to be diverted, and too piercing to be endured ; but such violence cannot be lasting, the storni subsided in a short time, I wept, retired, and grew calm.
I have from that time frequently revolved in my inind the effects which the observation of death produces in those who are not wholly without the power and use of reflection; for by far the greater part is wholly unregarded, their friends and their enemies sink intothe grave without raising any uncommon emotion, or reminding thern that they are themselves on the edge of the precipice, and that they must soon. plunge into the gulph of eternity.
It seems to me remarkable that death increases our veneration for the good, and extenuates our hatred of the bad. Those virtues which once we envied, as. Horace observes, because they eclipsed our own, can now no longer obstruct our reputation, and we have. therefore no interest to suppress their praise. That wickedness which we feared for its malignity, is now:
become impotent ; and the man whose name filled us with alarm, and rage, and indignation, can at last be considered only with pity or contempt.
When a friend is carried to his grave, we at once find excuses for every weakness, and palliations for every fault; we recollect a thousand endearments, which before glided off our minds without impression, a thousand favours unrepaid, a thousand duties unperformed; and wish, vainly wish, for his return; not so much that we may receive, as that we may bestow happiness, and recompense that kindness which before we never understood.
There is not, perhaps, to a mind well instructed, a more painful occurrence, than the death of one whom we have injured without reparation. Our crime seems now irretrievable ; it is indelibly recorded, and the stainp of fate is fixed upon it. We consider, with the most afflictive anguish, the pain which we have given, and now cannot alleviate, and the losses which we have caused, and now cannot repair.
Of the same kind are the emotions which the death of an emulator or competitor produces. Whoever had qualities to alarm our jealousy, had excellence to deserve our fondness; and to whatever ardour of oppo-. sition interest may inflame us, no man ever outlived an enemy whom he did not then wish to have made a friend. Those who are versed in literary history, know that the elder Scaliger was the redoubted antagonist of Cardan and Erasmus; yet at the death of each of his great rivals he relented, and complained that they were snatched away. from him before their reconciliation was completed.
Tu ne etiam moreris ? Ah ! quid me linguis, Erasme,
Art thou too fallen? Ere anger could subside,
Such are the sentiments with which we finally review the effects of passion, but which we sometimes delay till we can no longer rectify our errors. therefore make haste to do what we shall certainly at last wish to have done; let us return the caresses of our friends, and endeavour by mutual endearments to heighten that tenderness which is the balm of life. Let us be quick to repent of injuries while repentance may not be a barren anguish, and let us open our eyes to every rival excellence, and pay early and willingly those honours which justice will compel us to pay at last.
No. LV. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1750..
Maturo proprior desine funeri
Inter ludere virgines,
Non siquid Pholoen satis,
Now near to death that comes but slow,
To the Rambler.:
I HAVE been but a little time conversant in the world, yet I have already, had frequent opportunities of observing the little efficacy of remonstrance and com
plaint, which, however extorted by oppression, or supported by reason, are detested by one part of the world as rebellion, censured by the other as peevishness, by some heard with an appearance of compassion, only to betray any of those sallies of vehemence and resentment, which are apt to break out upon encouragement, and by others passed over with indifference and neglect, as matters in which they have no concern, and which, if they should endeavour to examine or regulate, they might draw mischief upon themselves.
Yet since it is no less natural for those who think themselves injured to complain, than for others to neglect their complaints, I shall venture to lay my case before you, in hopes that you will enforce my opinion, if you think it just, or endeavour to rectify my sentiments, if I am mistaken. I expect at leasi, that you will divest yourself of partiality, and that whatever your age or solemnity may be, you will not with the dotard's insolence pronounce me ignorant and foolish, perverse and refractory, only because you perceive that I am young:
My father dying when I was but ten years old, left me, and a brother two years younger than myself, to the care of my mother, a woman of birth and educatio!, whose prudence or virtue he had no reason to distrust. She felt, for some time, all the sorrow which nature calls forth upon the final separation of persons dear to one another; and as her grief was exhausted by its own violence, it subsided into tenderness for me and my brother; and the year of mourning was spent in caresses, consolations, and instruction, in celebration of my father's virtues, in professions of perpetual regard to his memory, and hourly instances of such fond. ness as gratitude will not easily suifer me to forget.
But when the term of this mournful felicity was expired, and my mother appeared again without the ensigns of sorrow, the ladies of her acquaintance began to tell her, upon whatever motives, that it was time to