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us 594 lb.l.4 !
TASARVARD COLLEGE LIBRA
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Entered at the Postoffice, Rockland, Me., as Second-Class Matter.
THE MAINE BUGLE.
CAMPAIGN IV. CALL I.
For many reasons, the closing of ily strengthened until it was held to the Mississippi river was one of the be nearly impregnable, and from a first things attempted by the Con- river approach quite so. All serifederate government; Columbus, ous danger from our gunboats being Ky., was occupied, partially forti- out of the question, an approach in fied, and the river chained; New the rear through the heart of the Madrid, Island No. 10, Fort Pillow, Confederacy could alone succeed, and Memphis were made impor- and that they confidently expected tant points, and the resources of the to easily defeat in the open field. Rebellion were taxed to provide The fall of 1862 having brought armed cruisers to coöperate and ef- large reinforcement to our armies, fectually resist all Union advance witnessed the first serious attempt by the Father of Waters.
to reduce this stronghold, which The same reasons were equally was from the rear. Grant, leaving cogent at Washington, and soon the his summer camps at Memphis, Mississippi floated a noble fleet of Jackson and Bolivar, Tenn., moved iron-clads under Commodore Foote; by the way
the way of the Mississippi the Western army assumed large Central railroad through Holly proportions and became uniformly Springs and Oxford, Miss., while a victorious; one after another the force under Hovey should move from rebel strongholds fell, until the Up- Helena, Ark., toward Grenada to per Mississippi was unobstructed, strike the army confronting Grant, and, New Orleans having been if possible, in the rear.
This movetaken, there were left to the Con- ment failed through the swift riding federacy but two points of strategic of Van Dorn’s cavalry, and the capimportance on the river, Vicksburg ture and burning of Grant's supplies and Port Hudson.
at Holly Springs, Dec. 20; and the Of these, Vicksburg was naturally army, which had reached a point by far the stronger, and was speed- seventeen miles south of Oxford,