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In reading your regimental his being one of Sheridan's. I think it tory, I find there are conflicting must have been one of General claims to what regiment fired Crook's as our cavalry command of the first shot at Appomattox court the Army of the James had been house, April 9th, 1865. I see that reduced from a division to a brigade your Colonel Smith claims it for the just about that time, and the brigade First Maine Cavalry, while Cap- was temporarily assigned to Crook's tain Thompson J. Elliot of Morrill, division for the day probably. LieuBrown county, Kansas, claims that tenant Weaver of Co. M, of our his squadron of our regiment was regiment, claims that the squadron the first one to engage the rebels on to which his company belonged was that occasion. Captain Elliot says the first to engage the enemy, and that he was sent to the front about brings documentary proof in shape one o'clock on the morning of the of a lost property affidavit, made 9th, and that he deployed his squad- shortly after the surrender, to show ron directly in front of the enemy that his squadron first engaged the who attacked him about daylight. enemy at about seven o'clock, which Your poet (by courtesy) says at the must have been nearly, if not all, of beginning of the sixth verse, page two hours after daylight. But this 430, “ With dawn's first light the does not agree with any account I fight commenced," which would make have read as to the hour the attack the attack on your regiment simulta- was made.-nearly all, except probneous with the one on Captain Elli- ably yourself, put it at a considerably ott's squadron, but I infer from your earlier hour. remarks on page 437 that the attack The only rebel account of the did not begin until some time after affair I have at hand is “ Memoirs of sunrise.

Robert E. Lee,” by General H. L. You speak of losing one of our Long of the artillery of the Army of battery guns." By this I suppose Northern Virginia. On page 420, that you allude to the gun of Battery Long says, “ At three o'clock on the " M,” First U. S. Artillery, which morning of the gih of April the Conwas lost that morning. Captain Elli- federates moved silently forward. ott says that his squadron was de- The advance reached the heights a ployed near the section of the battery little beyond the court house at which lost the gun. The captain dawn, found that the route farther states that he was put into obstructed by a large force of Fedposition by an aid of General Sheri- eral cavalry. Gordon then deployed dan's and that he asked the aid the second corps, now less than if he (the captain) was expected to 2,000 strong, and supported by thirty defend the two guns, and that the pieces of artillery under General aid replied, “ Contest every inch of Long with Fitz Lee's cavalry on the grounů and let the guns go to hell." flank.

A well-directed fire I am inclined to think that the from the artillery and an attack from captain is mistaken as to the aid the cavalry quickly dislodged the


force in front.” But I can't see that “We were overjoyed.” If Captain the cavalry was dislodged so easily Elliot will locate his position on the

map of the field, he will find his by Fitz Lee. If Gordon's attack was made at or a little after dawn, which squadron to the left of the Lynch

burg pike, and a mile or so from was not far from five o'clock, for it “the heights a little beyond the court took him in the neighborhood of four house "mentioned by General Long. hours to drive it something over a These heights were curtained by mile (it could not have been over woods. The Third brigade lay one one and a half miles at the outside) ployed his men on the other side out

side of the woods, while Gordon dewhich I would call a pretty stiff of our view. Fitz Lee's cavalry passed resistance. I say four hours, for the left flank of the First Maine CavGeneral Whitaker of General Cus- alry beyond the range of their carbines, ter's staff writes me that the flag of and were an hour or so in passing.

This cavalry must have been the force truce came to Custer's lines not far

which Captain Elliot met.

The gun from nine o'clock.

spoken of in the history of the First The fact of the business is, I don't Maine Cavalry was not one of the think that any of us stopped to think two guns near Captain Elliot's squadmuch about what transpired before ron.

It was not

gun of the Third the white flag was raised by the Brigade, and where it belonged has

never been determined. The quesenemy; we were too much overjoyed tion of exact time is always an obby the event of the afternoon to

scure matter to every active particithink much about the forenoon until pant in battle but the record of that we had forgotten a good deal about eventful morn must show that the it. There is one criticism I want to early rebel advance found the Third

brigade of Crook's division on the make on the history. On page 245, heights a little beyond the court Tubie says that “Captain Chad- house," also that one of the guns of bourne of Co. I, with a detachment this same brigade woke the rebel of forty-two men, was sent on camp by dropping a shot or two into

their midst. One effect of this shot expedition to King and Queen court house." The fact is Kilpatrick took Twelfth Virginia Cavalry, in the Jan

is described by Smith Cooley of the his whole command and ours, too, to uary BUGLE of 1893, page 78. King and Queen court house and The force deployed by General burned the place in retaliation for Gordon advanced in the direct front Colonel Dahlgren's fate. Our regi- of the Third Brigade, extending far ment had a fight with the Ninth Vir- beyond either flank. This force that

brigade held in check, and when ginia Cavalry on that occasion. It was obliged to retire, went back slowly the first time we ever met any of the and gracefully. One regiment of cavalry of Lee's army. We thought that brigade, the First Maine Cav.

came out ahead and felt very alry, losing seven men killed or morproud thereof.

tally wounded. Corporal Benjamin

Wood of Co. C, who lost bis arm NOTE.—The exact position of the that morning, and was left on the various regiments at Appomattox field, says the rebel artillery was has never been ascertained. The brought forward and occupied the reason appears in the above letter, ground his regiment and the brigade







had held from midnight till its work regiment. Part of it was secured was accomplished.-[ED.

and preserved as a memento, and at the last regimental reunion Cap

tain George L. Smith presented to S. S. Brown, room 225, Kasota the survivors handsome badges, made block, Minneapolis, Minn, late of in part from the copper rim of the Company K, Twenty-fifth Maine In- shell fired at them on Morris island. fantry, writes :

Around the outside of the badge Kindly inform me if the MAINE are the letters *3d R. I. H. A. Vet. Bugle is still published, and if so Ass'n,' and in the center is the design can I have all the numbers com- of the badge of the Tenth Army mencing with January, 1894, and up Corps, to which the regiment beto this time?

longed, in red, the artillery color." This hour is the first time I have It was through the courtesy of known there was such a publication. Commander J. S. Fuller, Esq., of I was a member of the Twenty-fifth the Rockport G. A. R. Post we are Maine Infantry and I want the BUGLE able to give the above. if I can have the back numbers.

NOTE.- Back numbers from the beginning can be supplied to a limited extent.--[ED.

John E. Crawford of Fort Jones,

California, writes:

On the seventh of August, 1861, The following from the Northfield I left North Warren and went to (Minn.) Independent, will be of much Augusta, arriving there at four p. m. interest to the many friends of Com- I went immediately to the recruiting mander J. F. Wyman, who was for- office. I found Sergeant Cook in merly a resident of Rockport, Maine: charge, and after signing the rolls he

"Commander J. F. Wyman is said, “You won't begin work before wearing a handsome badge, which morning it is so late now." has more meaning in it than would evident that I had struck an honest, be recognized at first sight by a per- old farmer, as all my papers bear son not posted in army matters. It the date of August 8, 1861.

I was is one that he received from his assigned to Company B, Seventh comrades of the Third Rhode Is- Maine Volunteer Infantry, comland Heavy Artillery, which was sta: manded by Captain J. P. Jones of tioned on Morris island, Charleston China, Maine, and well-known as the harbor, during the operations in that fighting Quaker, a brave and good vicinity. While there a solid shot man; he was killed in the fight with was fired from a Brooks rifle in the Early in front of Washington. Our rebel Battery B, on Sullivan island, First Lieutenant, Haskell, we saw passing directly over the United but little of. Second Lieutenant Eli States ironclad, New Ironsides, and H. Webber was always with the comanded in the works of Mr. Wyman s pany and was loved by all who knew

It was


him. After two or three weeks' drill and Merrimac. We camped on the the regiment was filled to ten full James just above Newport News. companies, and we left Augusta and Here we had the pleasure of visiting arrived in Baltimore, Maryland, early friends in other regiments (which in September. Before entering the was a treat to me for there was not a city some of the companies loaded single person in the regiment that I their rifles with ball cartridges, so had met before joining it). as not to be surprised like the Sixth April 4th, we moved up the James, Massachusetts. We were hissed at and on the 5th we encountered the from all sides, but had no trouble in enemy at Warwick Creek and as we reaching our camp, which was in came to an open field the regiment Belleview garden, near the center of halted, being in line of skirmish; the city. We stayed there only two we closed to about six feet and a weeks and then went to Patterson section of light battery took a posipark, just east of the city,-here we tion in front of Co. B. After a few had a most beautiful camp. The shots, the enemy opened on us with city became quiet and we could go 12-pound guns, and the third shot in small squads anywhere without they fired killed Joseph Pepper of being hissed at. The last of Sep- Bath, as he was standing between tember we moved one mile east, and Nelson Fales (that family of fighters) drilled and built earth forts until the of Thomaston and myself. last of October, and then came the It was said at the time that Comorder to join the Army of the Poto- racie Pepper was the first man killed mac, which we did after the usual on the advance up the Peninsula. marching and countermarching and This was the beginning of the siege a review by General Scott, as we of Yorktown, which was uneventful passed through Washington. Our

our regiment was confirst colonel, Marshall, died while we cerned. On the 3d of May the Johnwere in Baltimore. Captain Mason, nies took a quiet leave of the place, of the regular army, then became our and on the 4th we started, encouncolonel, a thorough drill-master, who tering them at Williamsburg was so ably seconded by Lieutenant- the 5th. Here the fight lasted colonel Connor, who afterwards be- all day ; just at night the Seventh came a brigadier-general and gover- Maine and Sixth Wisconsin Infantry nor of Maine.

charged the left of the enemy and Aside from the little fight of completely routed them. The 6th Drainsville and General McClellan's found us camped on the battlefield grand review at Bailey's Cross Roads, where General McClellan complinothing of note occurred to break mented the Seventh Maine and Sixth the cold monotony of drill, mud, and Wisconsin by saying, “ Comrades and picket, until the 4th of March, 1862, soldiers, my words are feeble, but from when nearly all the army moved to the bottom of my heart I thank you for the Peninsular where we arrived one your gallant conduct yesterday.” On day after the fight with the Monitor the 7th of May we started again for


far as


Richmond, and soon arrived at White Major Pierce was a Maine man from House Landing, where the whole Belfast; was an expert swordsman. army was encamped, and as we I knew him well and the report is passed over a high piece of ground, true. Keep up the good work, for I thought it the grandest sight ever it teaches patriotism to all the peoseen of the many encampments of ple thereof.

the army.

Our advance was not checked un

GOLDEN WEDDING. til we reached the Chickahominy. Colonel and Mrs. Lorenzo D. CarOn the 24th our brigade drove the ver celebrated the fiftieth anniversary enemy out of Mechanicsville, and got of their marriage, at their home in a view of Richmond, only three miles Rockland, November 8. away (and it proved to be my last

The rooms were elaborately decoruntil July 4, 1865). In this engage- ated with palms, flowers, and everment our loss was light. Our Colonel

green. The bay window in the Mason was badly hurt by being parlor was surmounted by an arch thrown from his horse, a shell burst- of evergreen and chrysanthemums, ing under him. Our division, A. J. knotted with bows of yellow ribbon. Smith's, supported General Segwick's Across the arch were the figures in the Battle of Fair Oaks, and helped “'47-'97” in white. It was under to bury the dead the next day, here I this arch that Colonel and Mrs. Carwas taken sick with brain fever, and

ver received after two months' sickness I was dis- The music room was occupied by charged from the gallant old Seventh the Imperial Banjo, Mandolin, and Maine Volunteers on July 24, at Guitar club. . Philadelphia.

The dining room was attractively

arranged. The punch was served by A MAINE MAN DID IT.

Misses Eva Porter, Emma Doherty, C. A. Stanchfield of Creston, Iowa, and Jennie Trussell; the ices and writes:

cake were served by Miss Mae AusIf you and others who are working tin and Adelaide Holmes. with you in publishing the BUGLE As the guests entered they were could know of the pleasure it gives ushered in by little Miss Vivian Bilthose of us from Maine, who are lings, and as they went out the genscattered all over the country, to tlemen received a cigar which was read the BUGLE it would recom- extended to them by Miss Gracie pense you in a great measure for Billings. the work you do. .

During the evening a large numnative of Maine would read it. I ber of friends offered congratulanotice Colonel Augustus C. Ham- tions. At 8:30 Edwin Libby Post lin regrets that Major Pierce of the and Relief Corps, accompanied by Fourth Iowa Cavalry Regiment sa- Mrs. Lydia Bickford, state presibered more men than any one in the dent, came in a body and paid their First Maine, but that is all right, for respects.

In their behalf Comrade

I wish every

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