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troops and trains were massed, and rear, a sound of desperately gallopperhaps had an advantage in all be- ing horses, and, with slashing whips, ing wide awake. At any rate, we Pettit's guns came tearing on at the were not a bit demoralized. Scarcely top of their horses' speed, General a man started to his feet, all waiting Nagle, who had brought them from for the word of command. It came the far rear, leading them into posiquickly, and from the mouth of Gen- tion. Ours, as did all the regiments, eral Nagle himself, who, riding up to massed in the big field, rose and us and seeing our immovability, cheered Nagle and the artillerymen while the troops around us were in as they swept by. Inside of a minute evident confusion, could not restrain from their first appearance, the guns his delight at our coolness, as he were in position, unlimbered, and cried out, “Fall in, my Yankee were sweeping the bridge with grape squad ;" for the Eleventh was few in and canister. numbers now.
We fell in, and, as Away on the left, at Glendale, he proudly led us across the big field there was fighting, and hard fighting, to a new position, we stiffened our too. Our men were so hard pressed necks and neither dodged nor bowed that Franklin felt obliged to return to the storm of iron beating down to Sedgwick the two brigades that upon us.
We had made a hit, and he had borrowed from him. And we knew it.
our first colonel, now General CaldTaking position behind the rails well, who had been with us during of a torn-down fence, the Eleventh the day, commanding a brigade of lay listening to Jackson's cannon Richardson's division, marched away while watching Hazard's battery as with his brigade to render effective it swept the White Oak Swamp service in beating back the masses bridge with a storm of grape and of the enemy. canister, that kept even Jackson at The rebels had attacked at several bay. The cannoneers fell one by points in their efforts to break one-were thinned out until the through the lines that covered our officers, not yet killed or wounded, retreating supply, ammunition, and dismounted and took places at the artillery trains, but always unsucguns. It was whispered that the cessfully. But not until about three ammunition was giving out-was o'clock did the attack of the day bealmost gone—a few rounds more gin, A. P. Hill and Longstreet chargand the last shell would be fired, ing McCall at Glendale, and overand then Jackson and his thirty-five whelming him after a desperate thousand men would pour across the struggle, in which McCall was capbridge and up the heights to learn tured, with guns and many of his what sort of stuff Franklin's force division. But Hooker was
on his was made of. But this was not to right rear and Kearney on his left be. Just as we were gathering our- rear, and their divisions closing in selves for the apparently fast-coming and uniting with that of Sedgwick, struggle, there came a yell from the now in McCall's rear, with three brigades (the two lent to Franklin had reach the rebel army until after the now returned), and Caldwell's bri- Battle of Malvern Hill, adding, “ Had gade and one of Slocum's arriving in he been brought over Long bridge time to take an active part in the two days earlier, McClellan's huge battle, Hill and Longstreet were train on the Charles city road would held until night, through taking a have fallen an easy prey to his cavwrong road, and Huger not at all, alry, and he could have blocked the being taken off by a misleading mes- roads through the forest." sage from Holmes, whose division, The night of June 30th, after dark, drawn from the south bank of the we prepared to retreat from White James, did not reach a position on Oak Swamp bridge. The abandoned the New Market road until a day pontoon-train was set on fire, and by later than Lee intended it should. its flaring light we fell back, and day
Before the attack on McCall, au light found us in position with our attempt had been made to dislodge own division at Malvern Hill. NewSlocum from his position on the comb writes, “We did not move from right of the Charles city road, his the field until nearly ten o'clock at line extending to White Oak Swamp night," and that daylight found us and covering Brackett's Ford. Slo- weary mortals in a large wheat field cum resisted with a sweeping artil- on the bank of the James, not far lery fire similar to, and as effective from Haxall's.” as, that with which we were holding
The Battle of Malvern Hill was made on Porter, now at Malvern Hill fought during this day. General with Keyes.
Holmes and Wise "Dick” Taylor gives the Confedermoved down from Richmond by the ate view of the battle. We quote : river road, and made a feeble at- The Union right was covered by tack; but the concentrated fire of Turkey creek, an affluent of the thirty pieces of artillery on their James, the left near the river, column, and the shells of the gun- and, protected by gunboats, which boats, forced them to beat a hasty though hidden by timber, threw and disorderly retreat.
shells across his (McClellan's) entire The only attack of the day was a left front. Distance and uncertainty sharp skirmish that took place with of aim saved us from much loss by the enemy's cavalry on the Quaker their projectiles, but their shriek road, an attack that caused McClel- and elongated form astonished our lan to fear other attacks of the sort. landward men, who called them But the enemy was now weak in "lamp-posts." After noting that the cavalry, Stuart having remained on rebel artillery labored under a great the other bank of the Chickabominy disadvantage through its inferior to crowd Stoneman down the Penin- elevation, and that it was brought sula.
into action in detail, only to be Taylor states that Stuart did not overpowered, he adds, of the rebel
plan of battle, that it was to be a General McClellan gives his fordual “mass and charge,” the left mation from left to right: Porter's attack to be made by Jackson, the corps, the Sixth, Sykes's division, on right by Magruder, Longstreet and the left, then Morrill's division of A. P. Hill, in support. But it was the same corps ; then Couch's of the late in the afternoon, after three Fourth corps, then Kearney's and o'clock, before the dispositions were Hooker's of the Third corps, then made, when the orders for Sedgwick's and Richardson's of the D. H. Hill, of Jackson's force, to Second corps, then Smith's and attack with the bayonet as soon
Slocum's of the Fifth corps, then he heard the cheers of Magruder's Peck's division (ours) of the Fourth charge. At about five o'clock, hear- corps. The right extended in a ing a shout and firing to the right, backward curve nearly to the river. and supposing it to be Magruder's McCall was placed in
of attack, Hill led his to the Porter, where the weight of the charge, to be beaten off with serious attack was expected to and did loss. Four brigades were sent largely fall, and Commodore Rodgto his assistance, but could accom- ers's gunboats were stationed off plish nothing. About sunset, and that flank to cover the approaches after Hill's attack had failed, Ma- from Richmond. gruder led his men forward with a About nine o'clock, the enemy similar result, losing heavily.
opened with artillery, and rebel General McClellan describes Mal- skirmishers felt along our line from vern Hill by stating that “it is an the left as far as Hooker. From elevated plateau, about a mile and them, until in the afternoon, there half by three quarters of a mile in was heavy firing by the batteries of area, well cleared of timber, and with both sides, and a continual rattle of several converging roads running skirmishers' rifles, with
rifles, with now and over it. In front
numerous then a rolling volley, as the troops of defensible ravines, and the ground the two sides came into view of each slopes gradually towards the north other. At three o'clock, a heavy and east to the woodland, giving fire of artillery opened on Kearney's clear ranges for the artillery in those left and on Couch's division. This directions. Toward the northeast, was speedily followed by a brisk the plateau falls off more sharply attack of infantry on Couch. This into a ravine, which extends to the attack made by Anderson's James river.” He adds: “From brigade, of D. H. Hill's division. It the position of the enemy, his most charged against the right of Couch, obvious line of attack would come and became engaged with Palmer's from the direction of White Oak brigade (late Deven's), to be reSwamp. Here, therefore, the line pulsed, leaving the flag of the Fourwas strengthened by massing the teenth North Carolina in possession troops, and collecting the principal of the Thirty-sixth New York. parts of the artillery."
At half past four o'clock, D. H.
Hill, under cover of an artillery fire, fusion from the field." Darkness led his men into action, attacking ended the Battle of Malvern Hill, Morrell ; but Morrell's front was though it was not until nine o'clock guarded by fourteen rifled Parrott that the artillery ceased to fire. guns and eleven field-pieces. Hill's I must confess that I slept through assault was speedily broken, and his most of the uproar of this battlecolumn driven back with a heavy slept the sleep of the thoroughly loss.
tired out; and I understand that About six o'clock, Magruder's all that could of the army did so, too, charge was made. Magruder's plan refreshing tired Nature against the was as simple as formidable ; to mass hour of need. Many of the troops fifteen thousand men, and charge the actually engaged had to be awakened batteries and supporting infantryto do their brief part in repelling an Hurled against an ordinary line, this assault, and that done, would lie mass would have broken through by down and fall asleep again. And I sheer weight, but, hurled against a do not believe that even observing concentrated artillery fire and massed Maxfield heard a sound of the battle, infantry, his brigades and their reën- else bis diary note for the day would forcements were shattered before have been a more elaborate one than they could reach our lines. Mc- it is : “Arrived where teams Clellan describes this attack and were encamped soon after daybreak, its fate. After stating that at six and, after taking a short nap, moved o'clock the rebels opened with their a short distance and stopped in the artillery on Couch and Porter again, at edge of a wood so as to be in the once pushing forward their columns shade, remaining there all day." of attack, he says: “ Brigade after Newcomb notes: “ We lay in the brigade formed under cover of the edge of the woods, as Keyes said, woods; started at a run to cross the like a snake in the grass. When open space and charge our batteries, darkness set in, the retreat was conbut the heavy fire of the guns and tinued. The movement was now by the cool and steady volleys of our
the left and rear, Keyes's corps coverinfantry in every case sent them ing it. reeling back to shelter, and covered Newcomb notes, for July 2: “We the ground with their dead and were turned out at one o'clock in wounded. In several instances our the morning, and told to get our infantry withheld their fire until the breakfasts. During the night long attacking column, pushed through trains of wagons were passing us. the storm of canister and shell of As soon as it was daylight we were our artillery, had reached within a again in line. About nine o'clock few yards of our lines.
it commenced to rain, and continued then poured in a single volley and to pour for twenty hours, with very dashed forward with the bayonet, little cessation. We were marched capturing prisoners and colors, and hither and thither during the day. driving the routed columns in con- Night found
Night found us about four miles