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a very fine fellow.
Buckner was here of my

valuable wardrobe. The when I reported, and was going to Colonel has just been talking to us take a position in our army."

about our canteens, baversacks, etc., “ We are only waiting for good but be sure, boys,' he said, “and travelling and the grand advance; have plenty of powder and shot. we will have bloody work, for we are He has got fight in him.

I have got bound for Richmond, and by the aid fifty pounds and I shall try and shoot. of God we will be there before long. Give love to Mother, and tell her not Frank is here; I was with him all to worry.” “I have not heard from day on the 22d. He was taken in Gene.” Texas, and refused to give the parole Our brother of the regulars now that many did, and was consequently writes: “ Feb. 27, 1862. I write detained a prisoner since March. He in great haste. We are under orders has just been exchanged; he was to hold ourselves in readiness at a well treated (being a regular). He moment's notice to have two days' says the troops are half clothed, half rations cooked, and to have all comfed, and not paid at all. Richmond pany property stored. I am all and New Orleans are under martial picked up and ready to start anylaw, and there is no business any- where at any time. If anything hapwhere. Everything is very high. pens to me send to John Golden, General McClellan told him that his Massachusetts avenue, between First course was very praiseworthy. Frank and Seventh streets for my effects, don't know what to do; he will and you will receive them instanter. remain about here a week and make Good-by to all.” “February 28. I

his mind. Our uniform is to be have been in my room since yesterchanged, and in my next letter I will day evening with my knapsack packed describe it to you."

and all ready to move. I believe “Fort Albany, Feb. 26, 1862. I that Banks attempted to take Williams will write you just a word or two, as Port, and got defeated, and this is the perhaps I may never have another cause of all the getting ready, etc. opportunity. We have just received Yesterday morning the Fourth marching orders and don't know at United States Cavalry went off somewhat moment we go. The orders are where, and returned this morning that we go with only four wagons covered with mud. I did not see any and two days' rations. The officers of them, consequently do not know are to take nothing but a carpet bag where they went. Captain Willard I shall take nothing but my blankets, has been promoted to be Major in rubber and woolen. If I escape uninjured I shall then send for the rest

NOTE: Major George L. Willard was ap

pointed a brevet second lieutenant, Eighth NOTE: First Lieutenant Royal T. Frank United States Infantry, June 28, 1848; Major graduated from the Military Academy in the Nineteenth United States Infantry, Feb. 19, 1862. class of 1858. He was from Maine. He is now He was captured at Harpers Ferry, Va., SepColonel First United States Artillery, and com- tember, 1862, and was killed at Gettysburg, July mandant of the Artillery School at Fort Monroe, 2, 1863, while in command of the Third brigade, Va.

Third division, Second corps."


the Nineteenth Infantry. He just but do not know at what moment the left my room, after telling me pri ‘long roll' will summon us to march vately some good news. The provost on the enemy.

It has been undermarshal-general of the Grand Army, stood by us till recently that we General Andrew Porter, has applied were to be stationed here permanently, for Major Willard to command a but such is not the fact; we advance battalion which is to move with him. with the “Grand Army." By acciMajor asked me how I would like to dent I met with a late H. paper, and be adjutant. He

says I am not sure in it I saw a Call’for a meeting to of commanding a company, and now drum up recruits for the “ Web-footed that Frank is here, he may be ordered Fourteenth,” giving these individuals to take command at any moment. If to understand that this regiment I act as adjutant I will have a horse wouid see none of Jeff's friends. It to ride, which is a very fine thing to is too bad for them to be so deceived. have in the fieid, “a la Sparrowgrass.' I suppose Major Wright has been to Major wishes to have me very much. recruit. He thought when he left I rather think I shall like it. It is that we should not advance, but we very cold and windy here, and I hope have received different orders since if we move, we will wait until it is a he left, and I am glad of it.” little pleasant. I am busy with my Our brother of the provost guard muster and pay-rolls, and have to see writes, March 10, 1862.

• We move that my monthly return is made out this morning at twelve noon. We properly."

are on the provost marshal-general's Our brother at Fort Albany writes, guard. The entire army moves, March 5th. “We still continue here, good-by. God bless you all!"


By General J. P. Cilley.

The mention in the narrative of at the Central guard-house, and rethe - Four Brothers in Blue," of this mained on this duty till August 1, military adjunct to the military rule 1863. The services of this detail of the city of Washington during the were unique, and the experiences War of the Rebellion, will recall to varied ; most of the ordinary duties of many an old soldier something of a police judge, with those of the chief personal experience. April 7, 1863, of police, were united in one person. while disabled by the wound in Before relating one of these incithe right arm and shoulder, I was dents, a description of the guarddetailed as judge advocate on the house may be appropriate, and the staff of General Martindale, military following is taken from the history governor of Washington, and was of the Fourteenth New Hampshire assigned to duty as examining officer regiment :

“ The Central guard-house had by order of General Martindale, combeen used as the common city jail mander military district of Washingbefore the war. It was not a very ton, and detailed for duty at Central strong prison, nor was it well con- guard-house. Lieutenant Ira Berry, structed as to convenience or sani- Jr., afterwards relieved Lieutenant tary advantages. It was small, and Fellows; and Lieutenant Solomon of looked more like the engine-house of the One Hundred and Seventysome New England fire company eighth New York relieved Lieutenthan a jail. It was built of brick, ant Wright the last of June. Lieuwith stone floors, and consisted of a tenant Berry relieved Captain main building some forty feet square Cooper, and was placed in charge of and two stories high, with an L ex- the prison. Other officers of the tending forty or fifty feet to the rear Fourteenth, among them Lieutenant from the centre of the building. George F. Blanchard, were subseThis L was two stories high, and was quently on duty at the Central guarddivided into cells on each floor, lo- house. During this summer of 1863, cated on each side of an alley down the property clerk was Sergeant F. the centre. In the main building, on C. Horner of the Seventy-sixth New the first floor, were rooms used as York, and the clerks were R. N. offices for reception, and trial or ex- Washburn of the Thirty-ninth Massamination of prisoners, property- achusetts, J. P. Cherry of the Sevenroom, and guard-rooms. The second ty-sixth New York, and J. B. Davenfloor consisted of one large room, port of the Twentieth MassachuNo. 1, into which most of the pris- setts.” oners were sent at first, especially if There were from twenty to forty citizens. There were usually from cases of arrest and detention to be fifty to one hundred prisoners in this examined into daily. The cases room.

All kinds and grades of peo- were duly entered in a docket, and ple, from the soldier found drunk on under the name of each culprit was the streets, to men arrested for mur- the cause of his arrest, and a few der, and even what could now be notes giving some additional facts. termed Suspects,' found their way I will give one incident to show the to the Central guard-house.

range of investigation demanded. “ Captain J. S. Cooper, of the One morning, as I entered the Tenth New Jersey, was in charge of building, I noticed in one corner a the Central guard-house, having huge pile of canteens, jugs, and botunder him two officers, taking twen- tles. I expressed some surprise at ty-four hour tours, alternately, from this display, and asked the prison noon to noon; and an ample guard, clerk what was up. He smiled, and with sergeants and other subalterns. suggested that a reference to the

“May 26, Lieutenants Stark Fel- docket would further perplex me. I lows and Carroll D. Wright (now opened the docket, and among the United States commissioner of labor) first entries read the names of some were detached from the Fourteenth three women, charged with smuggling liquor across Long Bridge, that order. “Where were you born ?” the liquor was found in their posses- She replied, " In Donnybrook, near sion, and a note in form of an order Dublin.” I replied quickly, “ Imposfrom General Martindale stating that sible, you are Dutch built and Dutch one of the women had a child in the voiced; you must mean near Hamcarriage when arrested, and directing burg." She held to Dublin, and I me to find out if it was her baby or hurled a volley of questions at her, a borrowed one. The suggestion of asking her the date, and a lot of facts such an endeavor was appalling to a about her early life and marriage, and young unmarried officer. While I introduced tenderly, as tending to perceived Captain Cooper laughing sustain my impression of nationality, internally, personally, laughing was the date of birth of the child, where the most remote achievement from born, when weaned, teeth cut, etc. I my mind. The order seemed ab- went over the ground three times with surd, and its execution impossible, varied sequence of question ; all her but a distinct order it was, and as dates and places agreed except those such could not be avoided or ignored. concerning the child, whose date of I had no heart to take up any other birth, place of birth, when weaned, case, but held my breath as I medi- etc., did not agree, and then looking tated what I could do to solve or to her square in the face, I said, You avoid the positive command. At are lying concerning that child. It is last it came slowly through my per

not your own child.

You have given plexed brain that every mother must three dates of its birth, and two remember the date of birth of her places where born, and have weaned child, the place where born, the time it at different times.” She started, it was weaned, and when its first and trembled, and said nothing for a tooth was cut. I summoned the sup- minute, when her inborn Irish wit, posed mother before me. Her voice with an Irish bull in it, and a womanly and her whole appearance proclaimed weapon of defense were brought into her nationality to be Irish. It oc- execution.

It oc- execution. “Boo, hoo, hoo! Boo, curred to me, as I saw these marked hoo, hoo!” and the tears actually ran racial traits, to produce in her mind down her cheeks as she continued the impression that I believed her to her“ Boo, hoo, hoo.” I was preparbe of German origin, and that she ing by involuntary association to acwas lying when she should claim

company her tears, when she said, Irish birth, So I commenced harsh- you had doubted who the father was, ly, for actually I was thoroughly I would not have cared; but to doubt vexed with the requirements of the who the mother is! Boo, hoo, hoo!”

“ If


as the

This history is another illustrious From daylight, as fast example of the good work of regimen- packed condition of the roads to the tal associations. Its accurate and James would permit, all troops but exhaustive account of the personal those of us who were to form the rear services of its members could not be guard of the day (the divisions of secured without concurrent action. Smith and Richardson, two brigades The mere matter of the post-office of Sedgwick's division, and Nagle's addresses of the survivors is worth brigade, all under the command of the full cost of the book. The ser- Franklin, to lie here and hold Jackvices of this regiment extended in son at bay), were moving slowly to time from October, 1861, to Febru- positions towards the next selected ary 2, 1866, in space from Virginia position at which to make a standto South Carolina and Florida, and Malvern Hill. That Jackson was on in battles from Yorktown to Appo- the other side of the bridge, we mattox. Its interesting story and knew. The rattle of the skirmishhistoric record form a volume of ers' rifles told us that, and just about royal octavo size and fill 505 pages,

noon be announced his presence by of which 161 are devoted to the per- suddenly opening on us with thirty sonal history of its members and the pieces of artillery. One moment roster of its men.

there was nothing above us but a A complete review of this history cloudless sky, the next the air was was in contemplation but its excel- full of shrieking shell, bursting in lencies were found so numerous that white puffs of smoke, and showering its merits are best presented by giv- down a storm of broken iron. Newing a taste of its good qualities in a comb notes : “ The scene was terrifew extracts from its pages and a bly sublime.” portrait of its one-armed hero, Gen- So startling was the suddenness eral Hill.

of the change it was not strange

that, as the Second Corps chroniWITHDRAWAL TO THE JAMES.

cler puts it, “there was a scene of The morning of June 30, 1862, dire confusion.” And to add to it, exhausted men could be seen lying the men in charge of a pontoon-train fast asleep everywhere-in the fields drawn up by the roadside, waiting and the woods, on the safe side of for an opportunity to lumber away, White Oak Swamp, even in the unbitched their mules, mounted dusty road. All army had them, and fled for the James. crossed by White Oak Swamp The confusion lasted but a few bridge, except Heintzelman's com- minutes, and in it the Eleventh had mand, which crossed farther to the no share. We were lying in the north, by Brackett's Ford, destroying edge of the woods that bordered the the bridge after crossing.

great cleared

field in which the


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