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lieutenant-colonel had a narrow es- forenoon I went over to Mason's cape the other day, while out scout Hill, recently occupied by rebel ing with several other officers from forces. I should think they lived other regiments, one of whom was

pretty much on green corn by the wounded quite severely in the leg piles of corn cobs piled up around and hip, and it is doubtful if he re- their works. I then went about a covers; but they gave shot for shot mile beyond, and came to a little oneand some were seen to fall, and they story school-house, and you would had their flag at half mast all day; have laughed to see the caricatures our men had telescopic rifles. It is written on the walls with charcoal, believed here that Jeff Davis is pencils, and chalk, making game of dead." Our brother of the Eighth the d-n Yankees,' as they term our Infantry writes now as follows: soldiers.

Here are

some of the “ Sept. 21, 1861. This is the only inscriptions : Yankee race-course to paper to be found in the vicinity of Bull Run.' · Lafayette Guards, Long Bridge, where I am stationed Mobile, Alabama, terror to the to-day.” " John's regiment guards Yankees.' · D-n the Yankees.'' one end of Long Bridge, and we the walls are covered with just such guard the other.

stuff as this. Some of our men went + I have been second in command out the other day and captured an of Company B since the fight at Bull orderly sergeant, and when they Run. Last night, Lieutenant Bell, brought him into camp we had quite commanding Company D, was re- a lively time. They put him in the lieved from duty with this regiment guard-house, where an Irishman was and ordered to turn over the prop- confined who bears the sobriquet of erty belonging to the company to 'Happy Jack.' He is a great favorite Lieutenant Carter. The Major has with the whole regiment, but has got put me in command of a company. just about enough of the devil in him Nothing new has come to light; to keep in the guard-house about all troops arriving constantly. We have the time. No sooner is he out, than artillery and cavalry in abundance. in he goes again. When they put Jeff Davis and his angels cannot take Secesh in he seemed very much Washington now. I think we shall pleased and welcomed him with a advance about the middle of next speech, shook hands, asked after the month."

health of Jeff, and then took out his Our recently enlisted brother knife and asked for a loan of the few writes from Fort Albany: “I stood remaining buttons he had on his guard yesterday and last night, and clothes. We expect to have a new so have to-day to do as I like. This uniform in a few days of the

Note. It is a well-authenticated fact that on artillery pattern, as we are an artilseveral occasions one brother was at the north lery regiment. We are making great end of the bridge, in command of the guard,

progress in our drill on the guns, and examining passes, while the other brother was a sentinel at the south end, performing the same

can now fire them very rapidly. I duty.

have a fine chance to see all the lead

ing men of the nation here, and uniform. The Second, Third, and scarcely a day passes that we are not Eighth, joined in one regiment, and honored by a visit from Old Abe,' under command of Major Sykes, act or a member of his cabinet. I was as escort, and it is raining like guns." on guard at the gate of Fort Runyon, Oct. 13, 1861. I thought I had the other day, and along come two written you that I had left Major officers and simply said, “The Presi- Sykes's immediate command, and had dent,' and pretty soon along came joined the Eighth, where I have Old Abe,' in a splendid carriage, command of my own company, G. accompanied by a young lady, fol. The captain, Dodge, who was my lowed by Secretaries Cameron and instructor at West Point, has a leave Seward, also accompanied by ladies. of absence for one year. The first We are quite alone here now, for all lieutenant is on parole, and I, being the troops - have moved, God knows the next in rank, take command of where. At night they are with us; the company. I am the only gradin the morning they are gone. Mrs. uate with the Eighth, and Captain Greene, the colonel's wife, arrived Willard, who commands the Post, here the other evening, and the next makes me his right-hand man.

I am day after her arrival she presented acting adjutant, and have to form all each company with three bushels of parades and guards; all my duties sweet potatoes. In the evening we together keep me pretty busy most of turned out and proceeded to his quar- the time. I ask Captain Willard's ters and gave her cheer after cheer, advice in everything, for Major and sung John Brown's Chorus. Sykes told me he was a model capColonel Greene is very popular with tain, and I find him very attentive to his men, and is a very kind man." his duties, and he has a splendidly

Our brother in Washington now equipped company. I mean to be a writes : “ Oct. 2, 1861. I have not good officer or none at all. You shall got command of my company yet, never hear anything of me that shall but expect to have it in a few days. wound your pride. If you should Lieutenant Noble, now in command, however, doubt of the performance of was ordered away, but owing to my duties heretofore, or my conduct some informality, the provost marshal as an officer and gentleman, I refer (under whose command we all are) you to Colonel Davies, whose regirefused to relieve him. He has been ment (Sixteenth N. Y. Vols.) I to the War Department twice, and drilled when I first came to Washexpects to get away soon.

I am now

ington; to General Sykes, who comacting adjutant, and have to form all manded us at Bull Run; or Captain guard mountings and all parades, but Willard, who commands the two am not relieved from any other duty, companies of the Eighth stationed I am officer of the guard this morn- at Washington. We have been uning, and am rather glad that I am, der orders since last night to be for otherwise I would have to attend ready at a minute's notice with two the funeral of General Gibson, in full days' rations. I went to see General Sykes last evening about the move- wagons and troops. If he does not ment, and he said that the rebels had beat them now, we had better all advanced to make a reconnoissance of come home. I am almost homesick, our position, but a second report was now the troops have left, for everythat they were retreating. I thought thing is so quiet. I hope something then it was only a feint to cover the will turn up, so that we can have a retreat of their main army, and my share in some of the fighting, but it supposition has been confirmed this does not look much like it now.

. morning. McClellan is following There is really nothing to write them slowly but surely. O'Rorke about, for we are kept entirely in goes with the expedition which -” ignorance of any movements. When (The remainder of letter cannot be you see a regiment moving, and you found). (Colonel Patrick O'Rorke, ask them where they are going, they 140th N. Y. Vols., killed at Gettys- do not know, not even their officers. burg, July 2, 1863.)

We get most of our news from papers Our brother in Virginia writes : we receive from home.” “ Four-Mile Run, Oct. 15, 1861. I Our brother of the provost guard am out on picket duty, about one writes, Oct. 22, 1861 : “ I am officer mile and a half from the fort. The of the day, and have to remain in my whole army has advanced, and we quarters, or near them, during the are now alone. There are three of day and night of my tour. It is rainus out here under charge of a cor- ing very hard, and I shall not take poral, and will remain during the my patrol out unless it ceases. I week, when we will be relieved. We have been discussing army matters got some boards and have made us with Captain Willard, commandant quite a shanty, covered with our rub- of the post, most of the evening, and ber blankets to make it waterproof. he has just left my room to go down Our duty is to examine passes, and is town to hear the news, if any, of the not very dangerous, but we have to Leesburg fight, in which Colonel be up night and day; two hours on Baker (U. S. senator from Oregon) and four hours off. I do n't believe was killed.

I think he was a very there will be any fighting for some brave man, but he knew very little time yet, unless the rebels attack us, about army affairs. Never mind; and that seems to be the general we will not speak ill of the dead. He opinion here.

McClellan's plan died in a good cause, while gallantly seems to be to feel his way, and to leading his men, so the papers say. keep near the enemy, so that when But why feel sad and discouraged at they make a final stand his troops the loss of one man ? Before this war will be fresh. He now has an im- is ended, the soil of Virginia will be mense army around him. I think soaked with as good blood as ever there could not have been less than flowed in the veins of Colonel Baker. 200,000 men around here before they I now command a company of eighty advanced, and all day Sunday the

When I took them the comroads were crowded with army pany books were very much behind



hand; the returns, muster-rolls, de- arranged and carried out by the proscriptive rolls, and all papers were vost marshal, Lieutenant Frederick made out wrong, and I have had to Devoe, acting adjutant of the battalcorrect them. The company had no ion, read the death warrant to the prisclothing; many were in the guard- oner at the scaffold, and the law was house; they were not properly fed, then and there carried into effect. and they had no

no company fund. His spiritual advisor Father Now my books are correct: so are Walter of St. Patrick's church. He my papers ; the company has plenty met his doom with firmness. Several of clothing ; I have very few in the detachments of infantry from the guard-house; they have plenty to provost guard were detailed to proeat, and their quarters are kept clean. ceed to the place of execution, I have a company fund amounting to whither they marched without museventy dollars.

Captain Willard sic. congratulated me this very morning

Our brother in Virginia, says, on the marked improvement of my October 28, 1861 : “I spent Sunday company since I took command of with Gene. Our encampment is it. I received a short note from John about four miles from the city in Fairto-day; he is coming over to spend fax County, Virginia, on a high bill the day with me some time this overlooking the town, the Potomac week.”

running between. I got a pass FriOn the 26th of October, he was day night and started early in the promoted to be a First Lieutenant, morning for the promised land. Eighth U. S. Infantry.

After walking about half a mile, I On the 28th of October, there oc- got into a sutler's wagon and rode curred a tragic incident which cast a the remainder of the way. I found gloom over the entire provost guard. G-, who was officer of the day. Sergeant Joseph Brennan, Company I shaved off the extensive beard A, Second U. S. Infantry, was shot which I have cultivated during my dead by Private Michael Lennahan, residence the sacred soil'; Company D, of the same regiment changed my dilapidated uniform for in Georgetown. He was tried by a a nice suit of black; went to Brown's court, found guilty and sentenced to hotel and got my hair cut, and I be hanged. He was kept confined think I made quite a decent appearin Georgetown until the night before ance for a volunteer.

I had a splenthe execution, when he was brought did breakfast and then went out with in a closed carriage to the guard- G-, with the patrol under his house in Franklin Square. On the charge, and be took me through morning of January 6, 1862, he was most of the principal parts of the taken to an open lot just north of city, and after arresting about half a where the Lutheran church dozen officers and soldiers, without stands (on Thomas Circle), between proper passes, and taking them to Thirteenth and Fourteenth streets. the guard house, returned to his All the details of the execution were quarters, and then we had a splendid




dinner. I think he (G-) has more of my best shirts ; it is a beautiful authority here than any mayor or looking garment now." police judge at home.

Here are

November 3, 1861. We usually some of his doings : While we were have a grand review and inspection on going around he spied three soldiers Sunday, but for the last forty-eight going into a rum-shop, the proprie- hours it has heen blowing a perfect tors of which he had before warned; gale, and I began to think the Lord he followed them with his men, and was about to deluge the land again, entered just as they were taking a for such tall raining,' I never yet *smile,' he arrested the soldiers for witnessed. About ten o'clock last having no papers, searched the shop, night, just for a change, our tent and poured all the liquor into the took a notion to come down, and you gutter, and marched the proprietors never such a time!! Down (a man and a woman) to the guard- came guns, cartridge boxes, crosshouse, where they will have to come belts and all, and such a scene! We down with twenty-five dollars for the were all wet through, and therefore offense. The guard also brought could not get much more moist, so in three men detectedin smuggling we formed around our fallen house, ,' liquor across the river. He (G) and sang 'Glory Hallelujah' about ordered the liquor (four barrels of ten minutes, the men as happy as whiskey) poured out and the three ducks in the mud. It took us about poor devils to be discharged.

half an hour to put our tent up, and " I spent the afternoon very pleas- you can judge how luxuriously we antly; about six o'clock I resumed spent the night. We turned out at my garb of a sodger,' and soon daybreak; picked up our things from aiter invaded the 'sacred soil,' and the heap and they are now out drying reached my quarters about eight, on the bushes. I got out my old after spending one of the most pleas- clothes from my knapsack; changed ant days within my recollection. my socks; cleaned my gun; went

“ There is nothing new to write after the bread with two or three about with the exception that six others; had my breakfast, which regiments just passed here, going consisted of baked beans, bread, and over to the navy yard, where they coffee, and here I am writing you. are going to embark down river, to Most of the time we live very well, clean out the rebel batteries on the but whatever we have I never grumriver. Don't come out here to fight, ble, for I think as you do, that it does Bob, if you do you will be sorry ; no good, and I gain by it, for the mind what I tell you. To-day is other day seven men were detailed pleasant for a wonder. Last night for guard duty at the canal, and they I like to have frozen, it was so cold, have to sleep in the open air. Howand the rats and the mice are as thick ever, it was soon found out that but as mosquitoes in warm weather. I six were required and each one was found a nest in my knapsack this anxious to be let off.

The captain morning, and you ought to see one out and said, Carter, you need

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