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rade I will introduce to you is Capmy comrades, that was a glorious tain John P. White of Nebraska. finish. Then there was the Trevel- Comrade White.—"Comrades, Lalian raid. We went up there and dies and Gentlemen : I want to each of you had a part and share in say, there never was a man in the that experience. You know our rec- Tenth New York, or in the Army of ord; you know what we did there, the Potomac, or in the Army of the and you know the commendations United States, who had greater love we received ; and I glory in our for you all than I have. My experishare of it. Then, again, you recol- ence with you in the long term from lect we fell back and came around 1861 to 1865, has endeared you all through Spottsylvania battle ground, to me. I was there at the beginning, down to the White House, and over as you know, and I was there at the across to the James, and our division, finish, as you know. This is the under the lead of the gallant, brave, first opportunity I have since had of cautious, but fearless Gregg, (ap- meeting you, but my heart has been plause), in whom every man in the with you ever. Out on the prairies Second Division who was a soldier, of Dakota, when I was riding my had confidence--you know what we plow, I was lost to my surroundings, did there. It is true we were forced and was here in Buffalo. I was in to retreat, but retreat upon that oc- Syracuse, and I was with you all casion was the better part of valor. through those proceedings, and, as I Before we retreated, however, the say, I was lost to all surroundings purpose for which we were sent had there. I have always thought of been accomplished. Then, again, you, and it has given me great satisyou recollect our campaign on the faction and great pleasure to have southern side of the James, the been remembered so kindly as I have Boynton plank road, the Jerusalem been in your communications to me plank road, the Prince George Court after each and every one of these reHouse, Stony Creek, and many oth- unions. To-night I have been living ers in the early winter of 1865. All over again our whole experience with these campaigns you and I took part the grand old Army of the Potomac. in, and then came the glorious, final I have been to Syracuse, where we triumph of the cavalry of the Army joined Company A with my comof the Potomac. If we can speak rades here, some of them, one of well of what the cavalry did before them who went with me, my dear that, what can we say of the closing old comrade, Mark Brownell. (Apnine days' battle from Dinwiddie to plause.) We were born in the same Appomattox? Many of you took town, and his little wife was born on part in that work, and its history is an adjoining farm, and she used to not unknown to

and I were a part.

It seems to me,

It is a encourage us with her letters. I crown of glory upon every com- love to think of those ladies who rade here.”

helped us with their letters, and enThe Chairman. The next com- couraged us while we were there. I

you. It is


remember the band playing. The us-1 was fortunate enough to be Girl I Left Behind Me,' mine one of the eleven-took our old mushasn't caught up yet. (Laughter.) kets that were left us there by I have been carried on through from the Fourth New York Infantry, and the time we went to Elmira ; from with one load in the musket and one there to Gettysburg- I was there in our pockets, we started out to put riding in the same seat with the first down the Rebellion. We plodded man who fell in the Tenth New through the sand about seven York Cavalry, John R. Congdon. eight miles down Back river, and as We had been home on a short leave we went through the woods we got of absence, to my home in Cortland, sight of the detectives. We went to and I remember John had been in the edge of the river, and there we tthe hospital, and we joined at Elmira saw the schooner, and there were and went on to Gettysburg, and he only one or two in sight. Of course was so glad to see the boys in a field they had a crew, the captain and a there at Gettysburg. Mind you, this cook; but the crew was down below, was a way back in the first year of the and their


were also hid. war, and we were sent to Gettysburg There were four or five skiffs moored to get us away from New York state, beside the river, and we arranged, up because we

were going home on behind the trees, just what skiffs we French furloughs — you know what would go for. We broke for them. . those were going home without The gunwales of the skiffs were shalasking. Little we dreamed in those low, and pushing off and grasping days that there would be a Battle of and plying the oars as we did, we Gettysburg, but we were going along were constantly striking our knees. on the cars, and as we approached But we finally got there. As we got Gettysburg, he stepped to the plat- there an officer and one or two men form and waved his hat to the boys pushed off from this wood schooner on drill in the field, and I saw bis for the opposite shore. As we rowed form flying past the window, for his up beside them, they focked up head struck the bridge, and he was from below on deck. I think there knocked from the train. The next

were twenty-six of them, but I am day (Sunday) we buried him. He not positive of that. They gave a was the first soldier buried in Gettys- cheer for Jeff. Davis and the Confedburg cemetery. We went from Get- erates, and up went the old muskets. tysburg to Havre de Grace, and were They didn't finish the cheer. If they stationed on the road from Baltimore had I guess we would have shot; but to Haverstraw. It was our fortune I was glad we didn't have occasion to be at Back river, where the real to shoot, for I think if those old musbattle was fought. On Back river kets had gone off they would have there had been a wood schooner kicked us all overboard, and seized by a rebel company recruited would have been drowned in the in Baltimore. Lieutenant Weed of mud.

mud. However, we went on board Company A, and eleven others of and ordered them below, and Lieu


tenant Weed, afterwards Major thinks we ought to show towards Weed, put off to the other shore them. (Applause.) It was calm after those who had escaped, and in that night, and the marines bitched the meantime a revenue cutter had on, and our boat was towed down. come up to the mouth of Back river We could n't sail, as there was no to intercept these same fellows, and breeze, and they got us down near they saw Weed and his men, and the mouth of the river; then the thought they were the men who breeze sprung up, and we set sail and were trying to escape, and they or- came out into Chesapeake bay, and dered them to round to. Well, there we met the revenue cutter. Weed didn't round tu, and they put They came over to see us, and the a little shot across his bow.


officers of the cutter put two officers rounded to. They found out that he on board with us, and we set sail for was after the same parties they were, Fort Henry, wasn't it? (A voice : and he said he had captured the 'Fort McHenry.') Well, we marched schooner and these men, and they our prisoners up there and had a all went after the other three, and good breakfast, and then we were afterwards captured them. While sent to General Wool's headquarters waiting for them to return, we saw a to report. We thought the Rebellion carriage drive down to the water, and was crushed.

General Wool came they unbitched the horse and tied it out and complimented us personally to a tree, and one or two of the boys for the great deed we had done, and put over there to see what they were we started for Back river, about six

It seems it was some of the seven miles, and when we got friends of those Confederates, who there Company A was formed on had provisions for them. I was not either side of the road, and Joe Gay, one of the boys who went. They the Irish bugler, as we called him, rowed over to the shore, and as soon and Eli Kerner blew, as well as they as the people on shore saw they were could, • Behold, the Conquering boys in blue, they put for the woods, Heroes Come.' and left the carriage there, and the “That was our first battle. Of horse tied to the tree. The boys

course it was a bloodless battle, but found that the baskets were well we thought we had achieved a great filled with boiled ham, and crackers, victory, and we had no doubt but in and sandwiches, and such things as a week or two we would be marching that, and they brought them back home. We were mistaken about The detectives took the carriage and that. It was three years after that horse in their possession, and went before we came home. I have been to Baltimore. We tantalized the carried back to-night all through Confederates with the good things those different marches and engagethat were sent down to them ; but ments from Leesburg to Appomatwe finally divided up with them. tox, and at Appomattox, I am proud We showed that fraternity that cur to say that the Tenth New York hadi good Comrade Truman C. White the honor of making the last charge




ever made in the Rebellion. Cap- tion. On my way I drove up to a tain Van Tuyle of my squadron was house to water my team, and a man on that charge, and was captured on came out, and he said, “ What state the last day. He had been a good you from?” I said, “New York.” soldier. We returned from there He said, “What county?” I said, after the surrender, to Petersburg, “Cortland.” He said, “I and then made our long march down acquainted in Cortland county. I through North Carolina to join Sher- have a brother-in-law there-Charley man, when the news came that John- Darling." I said, “I am acquainted ston had surrendered.

Then we

with him.” He said, "Turn out your marched back again. We went horses and come in and have dinner.” through Richmond just one year Well, I went in to have dinner. It from the day that we had fought was about eleven o'clock, and as I there, and where we left many of our went into the sitting-room I looked dear comrades, the nth of May, a on the wall, and there I saw our dear year from the day that Stuart was old Lieutenant King's picture.

I laid low. Custer, you remember, asked him, "Are you any relation to commanded us on our return march Lieutenant King ?” He said, “I from Petersburg to Washington, and should think so-he is my father.” his good wife accompanied him, and I said, “ I was in the regiment with rode in the saddle by his side all the Lieutenant King.” And then came way. It has been my fortune to be in the daughter, a young lady, and located within sight, where I could she felt so pleased that there was a look across the river to where Custer man there who had been in the regiwent forth to his death, and I can tell ment with grandpa. She said, " 0 you the people of North Dakota have Mamma, come here, quick. Here is a great love for General Custer, a man who was in the regiment with whom we fought beside. I want to Grandpa King.” I tell you it made tell you a little incident that makes my heart burst with joy to think that us old soldiers feel good, and shows we are all appreciated for what we that we are appreciated. I had been tried to do. We had a good talk. in poor health for many years in the Chester King was this man's nameEast, and I went out to Dakota to a member of the Eighth New York rough it. I went out on a soldier's Cavalry. He told me about his claim, I went there in 1883, and I brother-you remember the boy who lived there until three years ago, the was in our band, who beat the cymtime of the World's Fair, and I have bals for us. He went home, and not been East since. I could make afterwards was commissioned in a five dollars and a half more a load for colored regiment and served his time my wheat to haul it seventeen miles out. than I could two and a half miles at The Chairman.-I will now intromy own station, so I worked until duce to you Comrade C. W. Wiles. eleven o'clock at night sacking my Comrade C. W. Wiles.-In Sepwheat, and then hauled it to the sta- tember, 1780, West Point, on the banks of the Hudson river, was com- the state of Ohio were named after manded by an American soldier by them, a perpetual monument to their the name of Benedict Arnold. The patriotism-Paulding, Van Wart, and British Army lay south of the fort, Williams. and among its officers was one by In 1864, when Jeff. Thompson and the name of Major John Andre, an a party of Confederates were in Caneducated and brilliant man.

ada planning for a raid through Ohio Arnold had communicated with and Indiana, to release the Confederthe British commander, and informed ate officer imprisoned at Johnson's him that for a certain amount of gold island, near Sandusky, and create a he would deliver the fort and garrison diversion to draw our troops from to the British.

the South, a Confederate officer, Major Andre was disguised as a Captain Samuel B. Davis, who had citizen and sent up the river in a been on duty at Libby prison, and boat to arrange with Arnold for the who was a distant relative of Jeffersurrender of the fort. After a con- son Davis, was detailed to make his ference he missed the boat, and way to Baltimore, Md., and Columfound that he must return to his bus, Ohio, and thence to Canada, to army by land, and was given a pass consult with Thompson and arrange by Arnold, through the American for the raid into the states. lines, which he safely passed; but On his return after consultation outside of the lines he met three with his friends at Columbus, on the men who he supposed were British train near Newark, O., two private soldiers, and not being cautious, be- soldiers recognized him, and after trayed who he was, and they arrested consulting together, they approached him. When he found that they were him and said, " Is your name Davis, American soldiers he offered them a and were you not an officer at Libby gold watch and money to allow him prison?" He assured them that they to escape, but they brought him in were mistaken, but they persisted and delivered him to their officers. that they saw him at the prison, and

Arnold, in the mean time hearing recognized him. So sure were they of his arrest, made his escape in a that they arrested him, and took him boat, and reached the British lines. off the train at Newark, and turned Andre was tried as a spy, and exe- him over to the provost marshal. cuted.

That night, in the jail where he was Those three American soldiers confined, he burned in a stove a large were Paulding, Van Wart, and Wil- number of papers which they failed liams. The congress of the United to find on him. States gave each of them an annuity He was taken to Cincinnati, tried of $200, and a silver medal. On one at a court martial before Judge Adside was engraved the word “Fi- vocate Colonel Bond, and sentenced delity," and on the other, “ Love of to be shot as a spy. Country.” As a further mark of es- Before his time for execution, by teem and honor, three counties in the influence of friends, the president

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