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Dedication to the Sovereigns of Europe, on the Power of Christian Princes to promote the Reunion

of Christians : Being an inquiry in what manner and to what extent they may follow the ex


of Constantine, and promote, -by some joint act of influence and authority,-on principles founded

on Scripture, sanctioned by antiquity, and alike useful and acceptable, to the Sovereigns, Churches,

clergy, and laity of the nations whom they govern (whether with or without the concurrence and

sanction of the bishop of Rome),—the predicted union of Christians for which their common

Saviour prayed


I. Introduction, 2.—II. Present state of the world, ib. The hope and prospect of continued peace.-

III. Religious dissensions alone prevent the harmony and love, which are the best foundations of

the hope of continued peace, 4.- IV. Some power to lessen these evils is given, by the Providence

of God, to the Christian Sovereigns, who have succeeded Constantine in his empire, 7.-V. Parallel

between the condition of the Christian world, in the age of Constantine and in the present day, in

three respects :-First. In the very general cessation of the legal infliction of unnecessarily severe,

or cruel, or sanguinary punishments, on individuals or communities, for holding or teaching opinions

which are not detrimental to morality nor society; though they are neither sanctioned by the secular

nor ecclesiastical government; while the power to consider the effect or tendency of all opinions,

whether civil or religious, is still claimed by those governments. Secondly. In the abuses of

toleration among Christians, after the cessation of persecution. Thirdly. In the anticipation of

a great and overwhelming religious calamity, which unavoidably compels the attention, and

demands the vigilance of the most tolerant sovereigns, 11.-VI. The remedies for the evils, and the

plans of good adopted by Constantine, may be wisely followed by his successors in the empire, in

the following seven particulars : 1. His impartiality between the Controversialists. 2. His

upholding his own supremacy, without acknowledging the supremacy of the bishop of Rome.

3. His consulting the Catholic Episcopacy. 4. His adopting a Catholic, but not a Papal Creed.

5. His maintaining the Universal Episcopate, and the Canons of the Universal, not the Roman,

Church. 6. His care to extend the knowledge and reception of the Scriptures. 7. His sanctioning,

the primitive liturgies of the Church, and the worship of Christ as divine..


SECTION 91.-p. 57.

the plague of locusts, and before the ninth and

tenth plagues, of the darkness and death of the

1. TITLE. If the inferences deducible from the first-born. Some particulars of its institution

facts recorded in Scripture are not applied by


us to our own personal improvement, we make


our faith and religious privileges, not only use- 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xii.

less, but the means of our condemnation. The 1-20.

personal instruction derivable from the con- 4. PRAYER. 1. That we learn from the ordinance
templation of the ten plagues:- The eighth of the Passover in Egypt, the right mode of
plague of locusts is sent in vain ypon Pharaoh commemorating the death of the true Passover,
and the Egyptians.

Jesus, the Lamb of God; 2. that we never se-

parate the grace of God from the means of

3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS x. 1-20. 3. nor be cut off from the communion of those,
4. PRAYER. That we be preserved, by God's who are saved from the destroying angel, by

grace, from falling into the condemnation of the blood of the Lamb of God.
those who believe the truth of Scripture, and 5. Notes. The position in the arranged text of
the judgments of God upon others; but who Exod. xii. 1-20, considered as a key to various
never apply the threatenings of God to them- minute coincidences in the account of the
selves that we remember, as certainly as the miracles in Egypt, hitherto unobserved. The
ten plagues were sent upon the Egyptians, as theory of the Egyptian miracles, and the pro-
Moses had foretold, so will every prophetic bable observance of the Sabbath by the Israel-
threatening and warning be accomplished upon ites in Egypt, before their Exodus.-On the
the souls that refuse to repent.

use of the words Altar and Table. Introduc-
5. NOTE. On the difference between the Patri- tion to the Section.-On the expression, “the

archal and Mosaical religious festivals. We beginning of months."-On the sacrifice of the
must hold a feast to the Lord, 133 TIT ?,

Passover being taken from among the goats, as
or, for a feast of Jehovah is appointed to us.

well as from the sheep (Exod. xii. 5); because

Christ, according to the flesh, was descended
SECTION 92.-p. 64.

from sinners, as well as from boly persons.

1. TITLE. The observance of outward ordinances

SECTION 93.-p. 79.

is essential to the remembering of spiritual

truths, and to the maintaining within ourselves 1. Title. Spiritual blindness in the understand-

the influence of spiritual religion. The events ing frequently follows the repeated rejection of

recorded in Scripture are better understood by the convictions of conscience, and goes before

considering them in the order of their arrange- our final destruction. The ninth plague of

ment. The institution of the passover, after

darkness. The destruction of the first-born,


and the too late repentance of the Egyptians is predicted. The Israelites have light in their dwellings in the midst of the darkness, and eat


21-27, xi. 1-8, x. 28, 29, and xi. 9, 10. 4. PRAYER. That we may escape the darkness

which will not, and therefore cannot, see the evil of sin, the danger of destruction, nor the truth of the threatenings of the Most High; that we may have the light of knowledge in our understandings; and offer to God the sacrifice of ourselves, our souls, and bodies, with faith in the Passover, and with the sprinkling of its

blood upon our consciences. 5. Notes. On the position of Exod. x. 28, 29, and

of Exod. xi.9,10,-On the darkness which might be felt.-Whether the rite of circumcision was performed by the Israelites during the darkness on the Egyptians, while the Israelites had light in their dwellings.—On Exod. xi. 1-3, and the necessity of rejecting the theories of the Neological writers.—On the funeral cries of the Egyptians.-On the arrangement of Exod. xi. -Of the meaning of the word “dog" in Exod. xi. 7 : “A dog shall not move his tongue against any of the children of Israel.”

3. Portion of SCRIPTURE. NUMBERS xxxiii.

1-5. EXODUS xii. 37-39, and 43, to the

end. 4. PRAYER. That no sinful allurements or

temptations of the world prevent us from setting forth and persevering in the journey from Egypt to Canaan ; that we rejoice in the hope of our final deliverance from all evil, and welcome the Sabbaths of God as a privilege, more than a duty; that we remove all leaven of inward sin from the heart, and be always ready to march on our way to heaven, as the true

Israelites and the pilgrims of God. 5. Notes. On the judgments executed upon the

gods of Egypt, during the ten plagues and at the time of the Exodus.-On the danger of war with the tribes near to Egypt.On the manner and order by which the Israelites came out of Egypt, six hundred thousand in number" (Exod. xii. 37); as “the hosts of the Lord" (Exod. xii. 4l); “ by their armies" (Exod. xii. 51); and “ harnessed” (Exod. xiii. 18).

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SECTION 96.—p. 102.

SECTION 94.—p. 87.

1. TITLE. Death, "inexorable, just, and mighty

death," can alone convince those of the truth of God's word and threatenings, who have bardened their hearts against the warnings of conscience, the knowledge of religion, and the expostulations of the ministers of God, and who have provided no lamb for a sacrifice. The destroying angel passes over Egypt; spares the Israelites; slays the first-born in every house of the Egyptians. Every prophecy of God is fulfilled, and Israel leaves Egypt laden

with the spoil of the Egyptians. 2. INTRODUCTION. 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xii.

21-36, and 40_-42. 4. PRAYER. That we live in the Egypt of this

world under the influence of the faith in the true Passover; that we spiritually eat His flesh and drink His blood; that our hearts be sprinkled from an evil conscience; and that, when the day of death shall come, we escape the sentence of those who, having been dedicated and offered to God, live in sin, and die without hope in the

God of Israel. 5. NOTE. On the evidence in favour of the

truth of Christianity, derived from prophetic numbers.

1. TITLE The ordinance of the Passover an

ticipated, and the ordinance of the Sacrament commemorated, the one, true, only sacrifice of Christ. Both were instituted by the same authority. The four periods at which the Passover was instituted, and directions given for the manner of its observance. The term, the time, the place, the ministers, guests, rites, and mysteries of the Passover. The redemption of the first-born. The march of the Israelites. The

bones of Joseph are taken with them. 2. INTRODUCTION. 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xiii.

1--19. 4. PRAYER. That as the Israelites in Egypt, by

faith in God's promise, kept the Passover, and the sprinkling of the blood of the lamb upon the door-posts of their houses, lest He that destroyed the first-born should touch themwe also, amidst the darkness of surrounding infidelity, the threatenings of God's judgments, the death of souls, and the journeyings through the wilderness of life, may spiritually eat the flesh of the Lamb of God--that we consecrate ourselves to God as members of the Church of the first-born—that we follow the guidings of His providence, and remember the promises

which comforted our dying friends. 5. NOTE. On the Totaphot, or frontlets between

the eyes, commanded to be worn by the Israelites.

SECTION 97.-p. 109.

SECTION 95.-p. 94.

1. Title. The study of Scripture is only the

anticipation of our employment in our immortality hereafter. The Israelites begin their journeys from Egypt through the wilderness to Canaan. Their numbers and order. Their first journey from Rameses to Succoth. They keep their first Sabbath, after leaving Egypt, at Succoth. The command to observe the Pass

over is renewed, and extended on that Sabbath. 2. INTRODUCTION.

1. Title. The Passover further considered, under

its name, time, place, ministers, guests, rites, and mysteries. The SECOND journey of the Israelites from Succoth to Etham. They are guided by the pillar of cloud and fire. The THIRD journey of the Israelites from Etham to Pi-hahiroth. The Egyptians pursue them. The

despair of the people. The conduct of Moses. 2. INTRODUCTION. 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. NUMBERS xxxiii.

6. EXODUS xiji. 20, to the end. NUMBERS xxxii. 7. EXODUS xiv. 1-18.

prophecy throughout Scripture, and the uniform
preceding of miracle to prophecy.-On the con-
struction of the Song of Moses, Miriam, and
the children of Israel after the passage of the
Red Sea.

4. PRAYER. That whatever be the difficulties or

the temptations in the wilderness of life, we go

forward in our journey, refreshed and strength-

ened by the partaking of the true Passover;

that we proceed with joy from the corruptions

and BONDAGE of Egypt, to the TABERNACLES

and TENTs of the spiritual Israel, looking for

the city which hath foundations, whose builder

and maker is God; that we be PERFECT and

SINCERE in our Christian profession; and that

We ESCAPE from all dangers, and from the hands

of all that hate us, directed and guided by day

and by night by the cloud and fire of the Pro-

vidence of God.

5. NOTES On the Passover as a type of Christ;

with a short list of institutions, &c., of the

Mosaic Law, declared in the New Testament to

be typical. Note on the Introduction.-On the

spiritual meaning of the names of the forty-two

stations of the Israelites.

SECTION 98.—p. 121.

1. TITLE. It is more philosophical to receive

Christianity with its evidences, than to reject it

with its difficulties. As the Egyptians approach

nearer to the Israelites, the pillar of cloud and

fire is removed by the Almighty from the van

to the rear, to protect the people from the ad-

Fanced guard of the Egyptians. The Red Sea

is divided before Israel, so that they march

through the sea, as if they were on the dry


The Egyptians follow them. The

God of nature, the God of Israel, commands

the sea to return to its place. The Egyptians

are drowned. The triumphant song of Moses,

Miriam, and Israel.



8. EXODUS xiv. 19, to the end, and xv.


4. PRAYER. That we be so raised above the

world, that the contemplation of the judgments

of God upon His enemies, and the mercies of

God to our own souls, be the beginning and

Earnest upon earth, of our uniting in that praise

to God and Christ bereafter, which is called in

the Book of Revelation, the Song of Moses and

the Lamb; when we shall praise God for our

deliverance from spiritual death, from the power

of sin, and from the prison of the grave; and

God and Christ shall dwell with us, and we

shall dwell with God and Christ for ever.

5. NOTES. On Toland's theory of the Pillar of

Fire and Cloud guiding the Israelites from

Egypt through the Red Sea and the wilderness.

Superstition is the chief promoter and cause of

Intidelity.-On the wind which divided the

waters of the Red Sea, and the nature and

extent of the miracle.-On the passage of the

Red Sea, and the place where the Israelites

passed through. The appearance of the angel

Jebovah at the Red Sea, is the earnest of the

manifestation of Christ in His glorified human

nature, when He shall come to judge the living

and the dead. - The Song of Triumph over

Egypt at the Red Sea, is typical of the Song of

Triumph by the Universal Church in the future

world, over sin, death, and evil. On the sus-

pension of the laws of nature at the passage of

the Red Sea.–On the union of miracle with

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