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HISTORICAL AFFAIRS.

cepted of the challenge, the two combatants met, with their refpective feconds; and having first discharged their piftols, proceeded to a clofe engagement with their fwords. The Prince gave the Brigadier three wounds; and having difarmed him, with his fword at his breaft, infifted on Sethequelow's retracting fome injurious expreffions which he had ufed concerning him. In this inftant Col. Michellon, one of the feconds, leaped between them, and in endeavouring to beat down the Prince's fword, wounded him in the hand. Sethequelow, feeing the Prince difarmed, feized this opportunity to take up his own fword, which lay upon the ground, and at one vengeful lunge drove it through the Prince's body, who died about a fortnight after. The death of Prince Gallitzin is in every body's mouth. It was as noble as his whole life: he died with the greatest refignation, not uttering a fingle fyllable against his antagonist. He was on the point of being married to the beautiful daughter of Gen. Wolgonskie."

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TURKY.

Triefie, Nov. 14. Four thoufand Greek families have removed from the frontiers of Turky into the Auftrian Dalmatia, with a defign to settle there."

"Conftantinople, Nov. 17. The Captain-Pacha arrived here yesterday with his fleet, bringing with him moft part of the treasure of Chiek Dahir [xxxvii. 580.]. Ibrahim Sebak, minifter to the latter, is brought in chains on board one of the hips. A cheft was found at Seyde, containing the gold and most precious jewels belonging to Chiek Dahir. This treasure was the most prevailing motive of the war which Aboudaab carried into Syria."

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“Moscow, Dec. 20. The death of Prince Gallitzin is exceedingly regretted by the Emprefs. This nobleman, who was extremely beloved on account of his amiable qualities, had distinguished him felf on many occafions as a foldier, particularly twice against the confederates in Poland, afterwards against the Turks, and laftly against Pugatscheffe. The affair which brought upon him this unlucky accident, was a ftrange pique taken against him by Brigadier Sethequelow. This officer, by mifreprefentations, fet a major of horfe, who had retired from the fervice, against the Prince. The major attacked him one morning in his own houfe, under pretence of having received an affront from him about eight years before, when he ferved in Gallitzin's regiment. The Prince, furprised at fo rude an affault, and looking upon the Major as a madman, had him put into prifon. But it coming out then, that the Major had been fet on by Sethequelow, the Prince procured the enlargement of the former, but thought himself bound to call out the latter to a duel. Sethequelow having ac

UNITED PROVINCES.

"Batavia, March 22. By the ship Concord, arrived here from Bengal, by the way of Ceylon, we have advice, that the Gertrude, Capt. William Bruelle, from Surat, in lat. 18. 29. fell in with a fleet of Morattoes; the biggest of which fired two guns at him. He immediately hoifted his colours, and lay by, expecting they would fend a boat on board him, having no fufpicion of their real intentions: but he was mistaken; for presently they fired two more guns with fhot, which wounded two of his men: when, therefore, he found they were pirates, and confequently enemies, he called together his crew, and addreffed them in the following man ner.

"My lads, the time is now arrived, when, if you would be free, you must be brave. Remember who you are, Europeans, and freemen, and the enemy only Morattoes, a parcel of negroes and pirates, and to whofe rafcally fleet, however numerous it may be, our fhip is as much fuperior as an elephant to a herd of deer. Look on the bleeding wounds of your meffimates from this unprovoked attack, and ask yourselves, if they do not demand a full revenge at your hands; let us, too, thew our employers, (the Eaft-India company), that we really de

ferve the favours we receive at their hands."

The men immediately repaired to their feveral quarters, and gave the enemy a heavy fire from all their artillery. The engagement continued till night, and was renewed next morning at fun-rise. They feveral times attempted to come along fide Capt. Bruelle, but were as often beat off; and at length, feveral of them being much damaged, he failed through their fleet, and continued his courfe, (though he received a number of fhot aloft, where they particularly aimed, thinking to difable him by carrying away a maf), and arrived safe in harbour the 25th of January. In this engagement Capt. Bruelle had one man killed, and twelve wounded, fome of them very badly.

The Morattoe fleet confifted of three grabs of three mafts, with two guns on their bow, and twelve on each fide; fix grabs of two mafts, with two guns forward, and eight on each fide; and fifteen gallywat, which had but one gun forward, but they could not fee how many they had befides. Capt. Bruelle fays, he is fure a number of the Morattoes muft have been killed and wounded, from the quantity of blood they saw run out of their fcuppers, and the cries heard on board, the veffels, which were at times fo near them, that he could hear the command given, which he was well affured was by Europeans." Leyden Courant,

Dec. 20.

FRANCE.

"Paris, Jan. 12. A dreadful fire broke out, in the night between the 10th and IIth inftant, in one of the galleries of the palace; and, notwithstanding immediate affitance was given, it ftill continues. The damage done is very confiderable. Several galleries, containing fhops and 'merchandife, are confuined; and the halls of the court of aids are entirely deftroyed. The prifoners in the Concierge rie were removed into other prifons. Many perfons perished in the flames." L. G.

"Paris, Jan. 15. The fire is not yet extinguished; but it has made no farther progrefs." Lond. gaz.

Advice has been received, that a memorial and petition, figned by thirty of the principal French inhabitants of Canada, has lately been prefented to the French King, intreating his Majefty to take advantage of the times to recover

his ancient province; and promifing, th his former fubjects will, one and all, crou with alacrity about his royal standard. The authenticity, however, of this per tion, is doubted.

SPAIN.

"St Fago, in Guntimala, Aug. 1. T burning mountain, called Pacayita, feen ed, by earthquakes, and fubterraneo noises, to threaten an eruption; whic really happened on the 2d of July, at leven o'clock at night; preceded by a mo violent report; after which a lava of u trous and fulphurous matter poure down the fide of the mountain, whic threw up clouds of cinders and fmoke which confumed near forty leagues of th diftrict of St Antonio Cuchutepeque The town of St Christophal Amaticla was entirely deferted. From nine cavi ties in this mountain, the flaming lav continues to run to the South fea. It is now feared, that the Pecaya Grande wil "alfo break out, as it is in vast agitation which will finish the deftruction of the valley of Panchol, in which stands the town of St Jago, the capital of the province."

BRITISH WEST INDIES. "Barbadoes, Nov. 7. An exprefs is ar rived from Grenada, with an account, that the town of St George was entirely burnt down on the 1ft inftant, excepting two houses, Mr Beattie's and Mr Bennett's. All their provifions, lumber, in fhort every thing, was deftroyed. The Carnache was not entirely destroyed."

ENGLAND.

On the 29th of December failed, from Portsmouth, for America, the Briftol, Commodore Sir Peter Parker, with Lord Cornwallis on board.

In the night between Dec. 22. & 23. the Rockingham tranfport was unfortu nately loft, by miftaking Robert's cove for Cork harbour, in the night. She had on board three companies of the 32d regiment of foot. Lieut. Marth and hi wife, Enf. Sandeman, and Lieut. Bar ker's wife, and upwards of ninety foldiers, with the captain and crew, perished.The officers faved were Capt. Glover Lieut* Booth and Cator, and the doctor mate. It is impoffible, fays the wri ter of the account, to paint the diftref of the officers and foldiers who were fa ved, the greatest part of whom, being

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caft on the rocks, had their flesh torn in afhocking manner; and, inftead of receiving the leaft affiftance from the inhabitants, were attacked by fome thousands of the common people, who carried away every article that could be faved from the wreck.

The Tartar man of war arrived at Portimouth, Jan. 6. with 75 rebels, taken by the Fowey man of war, on board a privateer which the rebels had fitted cut at Bofton. She was commiffioned by the Maffachufet's council; and her orders were, not to fire at any of the King's fhips. The motto on her colours was, We appeal to Heaven. Other accounts fay, that these men were landmen ordered on board by Gen. Washington, Porthfmouth, Jan. 21. Prompted by a paragraph in one of the evening-papers, 1 went to fee the American prifoners brought home by the Tartar. I intended to contribute fomething towards cloathing them, and expected to find them all in irons: but how great was my difappointment, when I found them removed from the Tartar to the Refolufion, at free liberty, victualled the fame a the hip's company, and fince removed on board the Centaur, where their old cloaths were changed for new, at the expence of government! This furprised me much.

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In the beginning of January, houfes of rendezvous for entering feamen were ordered to be opened at every seaport in England, Scotland, and Ireland.'

Aroyal proclamation was iffued, Jan. 3. ring the following bounties to fuch kamen as fhould voluntarily enter themfelves to ferve his Majefty on or before the 29th of February enfuing, viz. ablebodied feamen, not above fifty, nor under eighteen years of age, forty fhillings, and ordinary feamen twenty fhillings, each. Capt. Macartney was moft honourably acquitted of all the charges laid againft hm [xxxvii. 661.), at a full board of admiralty held for that purpofe Jan. 25. Their Lordships were likewife pleafed to fignify to Capt. Macartney, that they would employ, and give him a much better fhip than he had before, as foon as any of the frigates of 32 guns are ready to be commiffioned. On the 31ft he was appointed to the command of the Ambufcade, of 32 guns, at Chatham. The rifleman brought from America to Bristol [xxxvii. 679.], having been carried before the mayor to be examined, VOL. XXXVIII.

was discharged, as no crime was charged againft him of which the mayor could take cognifance.

The three regiments of foot-guards, 'tis faid, lately prefented a memorial to the King, offering their fervice in North America; which was accepted.

An exprefs was fent off, Jan. 4. with orders to the Carron company in Scotland, for a large number of ship-cannon, field-pieces, mortars, &c. to be got ready with all expedition.

On Thursday, Jan. 25. the following hand-bill was delivered to the members of the two houfes of parliament. - "To the PARLIAMENT. A fuffering and afflicted people most humbly and folemnly befeech and implore every member of Parliament to put a fpeedy ftop to the further effufion of the blood of our American brethren; that peace and tranquillity may be reftored to the Royal breaft, and glory, commerce, and felicity, to the whole empire."

On the 3d of January arrived at Dover 300 German recruits, under the command of Col. Scheiter.

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cence of my unhappy brother, who is at this time with myself under the dreadful fentence of death, for having negotiated feveral bonds given to him by Mrs Margaret-Caroline Rudd, I folemnly declare, That he, with myself, was no more than the innocent inftrument in the hands of Mrs Rudd to perpetrate this wicked tranfaction. For as I always unhappily entertained the highest opinion of Mrs Rudd's honefty and integrity, I placed the most implicit faith in her, and thereby fubjected myself to every artifice which she could devife; by which means I involved my unhappy and unfortunate brother, and his family, in their present mifery and ruin. I therefore think it my duty, before I know the issue of my fate, to exculpate him from any imputation whatever, by declaring, that he never did detain any part of the money raised on Mr Adair's fecurity, or was in any refpect whatever privy to any deceptions, or knowledge of the forgeries; and that my unhappy infatuation, and the confidence which he had in my fuppofed marriage with Mrs Rudd, has been the fole caufe of his prefent dreadful affliction, he having all along understood her to be my wife.

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tue of the King, and with all fubmiffion the bows down to his Majefty's determination. Tho' it has appeared in proof, that her husband had no intereft in the frauds which have been committed, nor ever received to his own use a single fhilling of the money that was raised, the will not, from these circumftances, nor from any others within her own knowledge, prefume to fuggeft even the poffibility that he may ftill be innocent. His Majefty has decided, and the fubmits. But Nature will cry out, and to the voice of Nature your Majesty will not be deaf,

Your petitioner has nothing but her mifery to recommend her: fhe does not controvert the juftice of the fentence; the only prefumes to deprecate the blow, A wife implores your Majefty in behalf of her husband, whom she had every reafon to regard with fincere affection. A mother fends up her prayers and tears for her children. Your Majefty knows those tender relations; and the virtue of a heart like your Majesty's will be the best advocate for the wretched.

The execution of Robert Perreau will, in its confequences, involve an innocent family in utter ruin: The agonies of his afflicted wife must shortly end her days; and his children must be left without a parent; fhame and forrow must be at best their portion.

The punishment which extends itself with fuch feverity beyond the unhappy convict, is not a common cafe. Your petitioner therefore flies to your Majesty's commiferation; prefuming to hope, that by changing the fentence of the law to tranfportation, the ends of juftice would be anfwered. Juftice has never been fo rigorous in this country, as not to hear the cries of humanity for the fake of the innocent, the guilty has been often fpared; and if your Majefty will be gra cioufly pleafed to fue for a mitigation of the dreadful fentence, mankind will honour the generous tenderness, which, on a throne, can feel for a wretched mother and her unhappy children.

Your petitioner therefore, with refignation, but not without hope, commits her cafe to your Majefty's Royal goodnefs Moft humbly imploring your Majefty to intercede with your Royal Confort, the father of his people, that he may be pleafed. fo far to extend his mercy, as to order the unhappy Robert Perreau to be tranfported for life. And your petitioner will ever moft fervently pray," &c.

In

In a letter from Robert Perreau to a lady, dated Jan. 13. the unhappy man expreffes himself thus. "I am fenfible of the propriety of the verdict againft me for an innocent lie, and I must give the law its revenge; but I muft, however, do myfelf the juftice to affert my innocence of any guilt or knowledge of the forgery whatever. I fay, an innocent lie; be cause I neither knew of, or had the leaft intention of defrauding Meff. Drummonds, but was the unhappy deluded tool of others, and acted upon by the moft premeditated artful wickednefs that can be devifed. I know how difficult it is to prevail on the generality of mankind to believe a man innocent that has been condemned by his country, and I feel much for that; but I hope all are not fo uncharitable. It was my unhappy fate to fall into the hands of ignorant advisers in the beginning of my misfortunes, that prevented my going to Mr Drummond to remove the prejudices my conduct had impreffed his mind with; or I think I should not have suffered so much in his opinion; and by fuch ill advice I have fuffered fo much affliction, and fall a victim to an ignominious death."

A petition to the King, in favour of Robert Perreau, figned by feventy-eight capital bankers and merchants of London, was delivered to Lord Weymouth, Jan. 15. praying his Majefty to foften the rigour of juftice, by changing the fentence to an order for transportation: but without effe&t.

On Wednesday morning, Jan. 17. a bout eight o'clock, the Mefl. Perreau came from the cells, genteelly dreffed in deep mourning, with their hair dreffed and powdered, and joined the reft of the convicts, five in number, in the chapel in Newgate, where they devoutly attended divine fervice with the Ordinary, and received the holy facrament; after which they retired to the apartment appropriated for the reception of the malefactors, to have their irons knocked off, previous to their going forth to execution. Daniel came in firft from chapel, bowed to the company, and went to the fire, where he warmed himself with the greateft compofure. Robert foon after followed, and looking at his brother for a moment, wiped off a falling tear, which he feemed anxious to hide. He then turned to a little table, where lay the ropes with which they were to be bound. His emotions were then so strongly painted in

his countenance, that the furrounding fpectators gave vent to their fympathy in loud lamentations. Daniel now affitted in putting the rope properly round himfelf with decent firmness; but when he faw the man do the fame office for his brother, it quite unmanned him -- he fighed and wept. They then took a last farewell of their friends, and got into the coach. At the place of execution when Jack Ketch opened the coachdoor, the two brothers got out, with books in their hands, and afcended the cart, where they joined the Ordinary in fome ejaculations: after which each delivered him a paper, and they held a ferious conference with him full ten minutes. About half after eleven, Robert kiffed his brother, and they embraced each other with great affection. Their caps being now put over their eyes, each took the other's two hands in his; which being the fignal, the cart drove away. When they had been turned off about two thirds of a minute, their hands dropped from each other, and they died without any apparent pain. They were twins, very much alike in perfon, handfome men, about five feet nine inches high, and about forty-two years old. — Of the papers which they delivered to the Ordinary we infert copies, &c.

"Robert Perreau's Dying Declaration.

As I am now going to appear before my great and juft God, to answer for all my actions, I do folemnly declare to the world in thefe my laft moments, and i call God to witnefs, that I never had the leaft knowledge or fufpicion of criminality whatever in any of the bonds or other fecurities that I negotiated of Mr William Adair's, for Mrs Margaret Caroline Rudd and my unhappy brother, but did always believe them to be valid and ge nuine fecurities. I do folemnly declare alfo, that I did firmly believe, till the moment the forgery was discovered, that Mrs Rudd and my brother were intimately acquainted and connected with Mr William Adair, as they had from time to time impofed upon me; and under this firm belief I was led to negotiate these fecurities: and when the bond I carried to Mr Drummond to raife the money upon was objected to, as not being the hand-writing of Mr Adair, I applied to Mrs Rudd to inform Mr Adair of it; who returned, and told me she had feen him, and that he would fatisfy Mr G 2 Drummond

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