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jects. 1. The use of reafon in matters of rehgion. 2. The power of man to do the will of God. 3. Original fin. 4. Election and reprobation. s. The divinity of Chrift. And, 6. Atonement for fin by the death of Chrift. By a lover of the gospel. 1 d. Johnson.— Contains more good fenfe, and rational divinity, than is to be found in many bulky volumes. M.

A familiar illuftration of certain paffages of faripture relating to the power of man to da the will of God, original fin, election and reprobation, the divinity of Chrift, and atonement for fin, by the death of Christ. By a lover of the gospel. 4 d. Johnfon. Á fupplement to the preceding pamphlet. M. The triumph of truth; being an account of the trial of Mr E. Elwall, for herefy and blafphemy, at Stafford affizes, before Judge Denton. By the author of An appeal to the ferious and candid profeffors of Christianity, &c. id. Johnson.Mr Elwall was tried, in 1716, for writing a book, intitled, "A true teftimony for God, and his facred law; being a plain, honeft defence, of the first commandment of God, against all the Trini tarians under heaven, Thou shalt have no other ged at me." At this trial he afferted, and vindicated, the doctrine of the divine unity. A reputable jury, directed by a fenfible judge, acquitted the criminal. It is well known, that the three preceding tracts come from the pen of Dr Pricftley. M.

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Religious correfpondence; or, The difpenfation of divine grace, vindicated from the extremes of libertine and fanatical principles: in a feries of letters to a lady. 2 vols. 65. HeyThe doctrine of common fenfe, which has of late fo much engaged the public attention, is here called in to fupport that fyftem of faith which is ufually termed orthodox. This fyftem, which the writer Ayles, "The doctrine of grace in the gopel," he thinks may be referred to the good fenfe of an intelligent perfon, with no lefs faccess than the truths of morality and natual religion; and he apprehends, that on this appeal, the evidence of its truth will a mount to certainty. In fupport of this pofition, he exhibits at large his opinions concerning the grace of the gofpel, the manner in which men receive this grace, and the doctrines of Christianity refpecting regeneration, converfion, fanctification, perfcction, divine alfitance, and final retribution; and this, not with the tedioufnefs of argumentation u fall in polemical writings, but in a bold and Dervous ayle, by no means deftitute of the graces of componition. The chief force of our author's artillery is levelled againft Dr Frettey. M.

Sacred controverfy; or, A defence of the Chriftian faith, as it was once delivered to the faints: in which the objections of Mr

Shrubfole to the apostles doctrine of Chrift, and the fufficiency of his redemption, are fully anfwered. In this anfwer, John i. 1. and Heb. i. 6. relating to the perfon and worship of Chrift, are particularly confidered, and faithfully expounded; and, lastly, the doctrine of Chrift's atonement is fcripturally explained and infifted on; wherein alfo we have attempted to fhew, that this fundamental article of our faith cannot be confiftently held and maintained by the common Trinitarian hypothefis. By R. Elliot, A. B. formerly of Bennet college, Cambridge. 1 s. Lewis. The church-member's directory; or, A gofpel-church defcribed: wherein is confidered its form, founder, and foundation; as also, the materials with which it is built; the work and fervice thereof; the officers belonging to it; their characters, qualifications, and duties; in whom the right of chufing them, and the power of admitting members, is vefted; the method of their admiffion; and the ground of church-authority for excommunication. By Archibald Bell. 25. E. Johnfon. Relates to the Independent form of churches. The author condemns, by autho rity of feripture, thofe minifters who preach the fermons of others, Jer. xxiii. 30, "I am against the prophets, faith the Lord, that fteal my words every one from his neighbour." The book is not ill written. M.

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Hiftory, Law, Politics, &c.

A folemn declaration of Mr Daniel Perreau; addreffed to the public. Written by himself, and published at his dying request. Is. Evans -The unhappy brothers, to the laft moment of their lives, protefted their innocence of the crime for which they suffered the juft penalty of the law. It were dreadful to disbelieve thefe folemn declarations, and awful appeals to Heaven; and yet, what man in the full poffeffion of his fenfes, can credit them! Let us hope that time will throw fome light upon thefe dark proceedings. M.

The Nonconformift's memorial: being an account of the minifters who were ejected or filenced after the Restoration, particularly by the act of uniformity which took place on Bartholomew day, Aug. 24. 1662.; containing a concife view of their lives and characters, their principles, fufferings, and printed works. Originally written by the Rev. and learned Edmund Calamy, D. D. Now abridged and corrected, and the author's additions inferted, with many farther particulars and new anecdotes, by Samuel Palmer. To which is prefixed an introduce tion, containing a brief hiftory of the times in which they lived, and the grounds of their nonconformity. Embellished with the heads of many of thofe venerable divines. 2 vois.

16 S. Harris.

An effay on public happiness, investiga

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ting the state of human nature, under each of its particular appearances, through the feveral periods of history, to the prefent times. 2 vols. 10 s. boards. Cadell. -The author of this work is M. le Chevalier de Chatellur, brigadier of the armies of his Moft Chriftian Majelty. His inquiry commences with a fhort account of Egypt; then he turns to the Affyrians, Babylonians, Medes, and Lydians; then to Greece, and Italy; and he gives a view of the religious quarrels in the fourth century; a melancholy view of the ftate of human nature In the fecond voJume he confiders the lot of humanity in modern times, the feudal government, and the influence of the revival of learning upon the condition of mankind. He ftates the progrefs already made towards the establishment of the welfare of fociety; examines into the prefent condition of the most enlightened nations; fhews, that agriculture and population are the trueft proofs of the happiness of the people; and lastly, points out the wounds of humanity, which fill remain to be clofed. The tranflator has fubjoined a confiderable number of excellent notes and citations from Greek and Latin writers. C

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the exercise of taxation, as inexpedient), a the moft fimple, comprehenfive, and effec tual. The view which he takes of thof fchemes is wide, and clearly delineated; bu his objections have not always fuch a degre of validity as to acquit him of predilection in favour of that which he would adopt.

The principles of a real Whig; contained in a preface to the famous Hotoman's Fran co-Gallia, written by the late Lord Molet worth; and now reprinted at the request o the London Affociation. To which are ad ded, their refolutions, and a circular letter ૩ તે Williams. Brith conftitutional liberty. Preached a Briftol, Nov. 5. 1775. By Caleb Evans M. A. 6 d. Buckland. This difcourfe in favour of our civil and religious liberties feems to have been particularly feasonable at a time when Mr Welley's Toryifm is making fo rapid a progrefs through the coun try. M.

A fermon preached at St Matthew's, Bethnal Green, Nov. 12. 1775. By John Wefley, M. A. 6 d. Hawes -Preached, and, we fuppofe, published, for the benefit of the widows and orphans of the foldiers who lately fell near Bolton. M.

Some reafons for approving the Dean of Gloucester's plan of feparating from the colonies. 6 d. Conant -An ironical amplification on the advantages which would accrue to G. Britain by a total feparation from ber colonies; to which the author subjoias, in the fame ftrain, the additional propofa! of a feparation likewife from Ireland. C.

Seaionable advice to the members of the British parliament concerning conciliatory measures with America; and an act of perpetual infolvency for the relief of debtors. I s. Bew. Endeavours to perfuade to conciliatory measures with America, upon the principles of policy, humanity, and neceffity; and to an act of infolvency upon the two former of thefe confiderations. C.

America.

A view of the feveral schemes with refpe& to America, and their comparative merit in promoting the dignity and intereft of G. Brirain. 15. Owen.Atter enumerating the various fchemes that have been prepofed for terminating the difpute with America which are no less than fixteen in number, the author proceeds to examine thei leveral ments, and determines in favour of the pian fuggeft. ed by Mr Burke. [reftoring the colonies to the fituation they were before the ft.mpact, and waving, by an act of the giflature,

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In the

The law of liberty. A fermon on American affairs, preached at the opening of the provincial congrefs of Georgia. By John Zubly, D. D. 1 s. 6 d. Almon. civil wars of the last century, The battles the Lord! was the general cry; and this raifed a flame of enthufiafm in the populace. The fame kind of poйical phrenfy is now excited in America by the magic found of Liberty! Dr Zubly's is, in the main, a ratio nal and moderate difcourfe, yet not without a little of the old leaven. "Many Ameri cans, fays he, "look upon the prefent me afores as a deep-laid plan to bring in the pretender." If they have hitherto been fighting to keep him out, it is pity they ar not undeceived. But the Doctor, like) political crafttman, countenances this ridi culous notion. C.

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Natura

Natural Hiftory, Medicine, Mathematics, &c.
The Vegetable Syftem, vol. 26. and laft,
By Sir John Hill. Folio. Trueman, &c.
This very voluminous work is now comple-
ted. The advertisement numbers its engra
vings at 1600; the price is 38 guineas plain,
or 160 guineas coloured.

M.

The English Lepidoptera; or, The Aures lian's pocket-companion: containing a catalogue of upwards of four hundred moths and butterflies, the food of their refpective caterpillars, the time of changing into chryfalis, and appearance in the winged ftate; alfo, the places where they are ufually found; with a concife defeription, &c. By Mofes Harris, author of the Aurelian, or, Hiftory of Eng With infects. 26. Robion. To perfons who have a tafle for applying to this branch of natural history, this book will no doubt be useful: the author fays he found it fo ne ceffary, that he always carried a copy of it in his pocket, ever fince he began to collect the different fpecies of the Lepidoptera: it is now, we are told, fo revifed, and properly arranged, that it is truly a compendium and repaftory of his refearches for almost thirty years diligent application. It is divided into eight columns; containing, 1. A catalogue of the Englith names of moths and butterfles, which are ranged in alphabetical order, for the more eafy finding any fubject inqui red for; 2. What the infects feed upon in the caterpillar ftate; 3. The times of the transformation into the chryfalis; 4. The times when it appears in the winged state, and the length of time it has lain in chryfalis; . How much the fly meafures, or expands, from the tip of one wing to the tip of the other, in inches and parts of an inch; 6. The places where the infects are commonly found, in the winged ftate; 7. A fhort defeription of the upper fide of the wings, intended to affift the memory of the reader, and that he may the better distinguish one from another; 8. The Linnean names, with the number annexed to each infect as it is numerically placed in that author, in his 12th edition The variety of nature is truly aftonilhing. We have here an account of 415 different fpecies of this tribe of infects! M. An exact relation of the famous earthquake and eruption of Mount Etna, or Mont Gi bello, A. D. 1669. To which is added, a genaine letter, written to a late Noble Peer, purpofing to defcribe the laft great eruption, as well as a journey to the very fummit of Mount Etna, in the year 1767. 1 s. 6 d Willie - This compilation confifts of a letter from the Earl of Winchester to Charles II. decribing the great eruption of Mount Etna in 1669; together with a more circumftantial Batrative of the fame event, republished from farct pamphlet. To thefe is added, an

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original letter, figned W. B. E. addreffed to the late Lord Lyttelton; the author of which exerts all the powers of his pen, which is fomewhat too luxuriant even for fo great an occafion, in describing the last remarkable eruption of that mountain. M.

Philofophical empiricifm: containing remarks on a charge of plagiarifm refpecting Dr Hs, interfperfed with various obfervations relating to different kinds of air. By Jofeph Priestley, LL. D. Is. 6d. Johnfon.

The charge of plagiarism, from which Dr Priestley has here condefcended to vindicate himself, is ridiculous in its origin, and totally unfupported by facts or probability. This publication refutes fome prevailing mistakes concerning the doctrine of air

C.

Experiments and observations on different kinds of air. Vol. 2 [xxxvi 371.] By Jo. feph Priestley, LL. D. 6 s. boards. Johnfon The numerous obfervations commu'nicated in this volume, may justly be confidered as fome of the most curious difcoveries in philofophy; and they not only extend the bounds of natural knowledge, but promife fuch an influence in the cure of difeafes, as never before was fo much as conceived in idea, from the earliest ages of medical fcience. C.

American husbandry Containing an account of the foil, climate, production, and agriculture of the British colonies in Northa America and the Weft Indies. By an Ame rican. 2 vols. II S. Bew. This work contains fome very obvious errors, which we think the writer must have avoided, had he really vifired the feveral colonies to which his account extends. If we might judge of the reft of the work from what he fays of the Weft Indies, we.fhould pronounce it a compilation haftily put together, after raking for materials in a book called Political Fys, and every other tract that has contained any thing relative to colony-husbandry. M.

A treatife on the medical qualities of mercury. By N. D. Falck, M. D. 35. 6. boards. Law. Contains many judicious obfervations, and ingenious fuggeftions in the cure of difeafes. C.

An ettay on gleets. By J. P. Mara', M. D. I S. Williams. Difapproves of the ufual practice in treating gleets

C.

A treatise on the nervous fciatica, or nervous hip-gout. By Dominicus Cotunnius. 3 s. Wilkie. The obfervations contained in this treatife were made in the hospital of incurables at Naples, where the author's practice appears to have been remarkably extenfive and fuccefsful in the cure of the fciatica.

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The author obferves, that the fpecics of the fciatica are various, according to the different parts in which the pain has fixed its refidence. Of thofe, however, he confiders two as particularly deferving attention. One

is, where the pain is felt in the hip, and ex-
tends no further; the other, where it runs
along, as it were, in a track, and is propa-
gated down to the foot, on the fame fide.
The former he distinguishes by the name of
the arthritic fciatica, and the latter by that of
the nervous; the laft of which only is at prefent
the object of confideration.-If we may judge
from fome expreflions in this treatife, the
tranflation has not been executed by a perfon
acquainted with medical writings. But the
work is perfectly intelligible, and claims the
attention of the faculty, on account of the
obfervations it contains. C.
Obfervations upon the fhoeing of horfes:
together with a new inquiry into the caufes
of difeafes in the feet of horfes. In two parts:
1. Upon the fhoeing of horses. 2 Upon the
difeafes of the feet. By J. Clark, farrier.
3 s. Cadell The first part was formerly
published, but has received confiderable im.
provements. What now chiefly demands at-
tention is the fecond part, in which the au-
thor treats, apparently with great judgement
and experience, of the difcafes of the feet of
horfes. C.

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Of the improvement of medicine in London, on the bafis of public good. 15. Dil ly. We are here prefented with the plan and design of the General Difpenfary, its progrefs, finances, the ftate of the poor in the city of London, with the advantages of the Difpenfary to domeftic fervants, &c. The inftitution of this charity is, doubtlefs, Lighly laudable, and may be productive of

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great benefit to the poor of the city. C
Abstract on the mechanism of the motion
of floating bodies. By M. de la Craix, com
miffary-general of the marines. &c. Tranf
lated from the French, and published by
Admiral Knowles, and now reprinted.
Robfon.—The advertisement of the transla
tor and publisher, whofe knowledge and ex
perience in these matters render him a very
competent judge, will be a fufficient account
of this pamplet: "This little treatise con-
tains more knowledge in the art of ship-build-
ing than any book hitherto published that 1
have met with. The principles the author
proceeds upon are just and true; I have ve-
rified them by a number of experiments, and
they agree exactly with the calculations he
gives: but what proved most satisfactory to
me, was their answering perfectly well when
put into practice, in feveral line-of-battle
thips and frigates that I have built whilft I
was in Ruffia." M.

A fhort account of the prefent epidemic cough and fever; in a letter to Dr De la Cour. By Wm Grant, M. D. 6 d. Cadell.- Dr Grant finds this difeafe completely difcuffed by Sydenham, and produces that author's account of the cough and fever which prevailed in the year 1675. After this quotation, which fills the greater part of the pamphlet, Dr Grant concludes with mentioning the cafes of a few patients, to prove the fimilarity of thofe two epidemic difeafes. C.

Strictures on the gout with practical advice to the gouty people of G. Britain. By Annals of gaming; or, The fair-player's Samuel Wood, a recovered arthritic. 1s. 6d. fire guide. Containing original treatifes on Bell. Mr Wood is very explicit in what Whift, Hazard, Tennis, Lanfquenet, Picrelates to the theory of the difeafe; but his quet, Billiards, Loo, Quadrille, Lottery, practical advice turns entirely on the recom- Back-gammon, &c. To which are fubjoin mendation of three noftrums, amounting to ed, all the operations, legerdemains, tricks, 11. 9 s. for the medicinal course of a year. C. fhuffles, cuts, or any possible indirect means An inquiry into the nature, caufe, and that can be introduced at those games. By a cure, of a fingular disease of the eyes. By connoiffeur. 2 s. 6 d. Allen. To tell J. P. Marat. 1 S. Williams. This dif- us, that fharpers will cheat at all games, by cafe is reprefented to be a tumefaction of arts hardly poffibly to be detected, affords the mufcles of the eye, excited by the fharp- little fecurity to thofe who frequent fuch nefs of mercurial medicines, and frequently company. The fure guide for the fair-player, miftaken for the gutta ferena. The cure is, never to play with ftrangers; and not eis faid to be performed by bleeding, lenient ven with friends, for fuch fums as expofe purgatives, and relaxing topical applica- people to the temptation of forming mean tions. C. defigns on the pockets of their companions, or to an anxiety for their own. The money flaked ought to be confidered in no other light than as mere counters, to reckon up the games won or loft; and for this innocent purpose, the smallest denominations of coin are fufficiently valuable for if the money itfelf becomes an object of attention, what was originally intended as a facial paftime, becomes a fordid bufinefs. M.

A memoir, intitled, "Drainage and navigation but one united work; and an outfall to deep water the first and necessary step to it." Addreffed to the corporations of Lyune-Regis and Bedford Level. By T. Pownal, Efq; M. P. Is. Aimon, &c. From a view of the errors and ill fuccefs of partial remedies, on miftaken principles, Mr Pownall, who appears to have ftudied the fubject of drainage with no ordinary degree of attention, recommends a more enlarged fcheme of carrying off waters from a flat country; taking the operations of nature for our guide, inftead of perfifting obftinately in theories which only terminate in dearlybought difappointments. M.

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Fine Arts, Belles Lettres, Criticism, &c.

In this

tongue; wherein the elements of the language are plainly and briefly comprised in English, The art of drawing in perfpective made for the ufe of schools and private gentlemen, eafy to those who have no previous know whether they have been taught Latin or not. ledge of the mathematics. By James Fergu By W Bell, A. B 25 Murray on, F. R. S. 5. Cadell. This little grammar the declension of nouns and verbs work confifts of a fet of eafy rules and direc- is illuftrated by a variety of examples, and tions for drawing many plane and folid fi- the Euglish subjoined to the Greek; the chagures in true perfpective, viewed by the eye, racteristics, augments, and formation of the illustrated with several plates of the figuies tenfes, are diftinctly explained; the rules of neatly executed, and preceded by proper de- fyntax are plain and concife; and the short fai ions in the fubject itself, as well as by account which the author has given of the acfome geometrical definitions and problems, cents, the dialects, the poetic licences, prowith other occafional obfervations for the fody, &c. cannot fail of rendering those branchufe of fuch as have not already learned that es of grammar very intelligible and easy to the fdence C.

learner. C.

Stenography; or, A concife and practical fyftem of fhort-hand writing. By W. Williamfon, teacher of that art in London, late of Edinburgh. 10s. 6 d. Brown.. -This scheme of fhort-hand is the most fimple we have met with; making ufe of only twenty two characters; fixteen for confonants, and fr for th, ch. fe, fis, ing, tion; and laying dowo no other fundamental rules than thefe four: "That words must be written accor ding to their found, without regard to fpelling; That vowels are not to be written but to the reginning and end of words; and then to be exprefied by a dot; which is to be u fed in common for all vowels, without regard to the place in which it flands; That ali words, except where the point for towels is used, are to be written without taking off the pen; and, That words or fentences may be abbreviated at pleafure, by writing only the radical parts or firft letters of words, or wholly leaving out fuch words as the fenfe will easily supply. M.

The tutor's obfervations on memory: With plain and practical rules for improving and exercising it; and brief hints on compofition. For the use of schools. 1 S. Hay Contains fome just remarks, and plain directions. M. An eafy introduction to English grammar, intended for the inftruction, encouragement, and afe of young learners. By Thomas Joel. 1s. Law. — May be used with advantage by young learners, the perfons for whom it is intended. M.

A new compendious grammar of the Latin tongue; wherein the elements of the language are plainly and briefly comprised in English, &c. for the ufe of fchools, and private gentlemen. By W. Bell, A, B. 2 s. Murray. The plan followed is that of the celebrated Mr Ruddiman: but Mr Bell has attempted to fupply what he thought wanting in the Rudiments of that writer; that is, rules for the genders of nouns, the preterperfect tenfes of verbs, the quantity of fyllables, &c. C. A new compendious grammar of the Greek VOL. XXXVII.

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Six Olympic odes of Pindar: Being those omitted by Mr Weft. Tranflated into Englifh. With notes. 2 s. White. This au thor appears to be a man of taste and abilities. His annotations bear the marks of learning and critical fagacity. C.

The royal ftandard English Dictionary; in which the words are not only rationally divided into fyllables, accurately accented, their part of fpeech properly diftinguished, and their various fignifications arranged in one line; but likewife, by a key to this work, comprifing the various founds of the vowels and confonants, denoted by typ graphical characters, and illuftrated by examples, which render it intelligible to the weakest capacity, it exhibits their true pronunciation, according to the prefent practice of men of letters, eminent orators, and polite speakers in London; upon a plan perfectly plain, and entirely new. To which is prefixed, a com prehenfive grammar of the English language. By W. Perry, author of the Man of Bufinefs, and Gentleman's Affistant. 35. Wilkie —— Intended to ferve the purposes of a speilingdictionary, an expofitor, and a directory in pronunciation. C.

The royal golden inftructor for youth throughout the British dominions, in order to furnish them with a complete knowledge of their mother-language; being a copious abridgement of the royal univerfal British grammar and vocabulary, &c. &c. By D. Farrbe, M. D. Is 6d. Rivington.

Notes and various readings to Shakespeare, parti containing All's Well that ends Well, Antony and Cleopatra, As you like it, Comedy of Errors, Coriolanus, Cymbeline, Hamlet, Henry IV. 2 Henry IV. With a general gloffary. 4to 10 s. 6 d. boards. Dilly Thefe coftive annotations on nine plays, have been the labour of feven years. By an equal dispatch of Mr Capel's obfervations on the remaining dramas, the whole of thefe excellent remarks will not occupy more than feven or eight and twenty years of our fagacious critic's life; a life which he has fo entirely devoted to Shakespeare, that, in reSpeck

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