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SUPPLEMENTAL NUMBER For the First Volume is necessarily deferred until the nert Month, in order to give it a most distinguished churacter, by an extraordinary rich Embellishment, and a greater variety of Classical Criticisms.

IN order to render this work as perfect as possible, it has been suggested to the Proprietors, that a Review and Critical Account of the Literature of the day was necessary, as well from the want of a work of this kind upon a principle of selection and clegance, as from the necessity of supplying the Subscribers of this Magazine with an Account of New Books, which they would otherwise have to seek in the common Reviews.-The Proprietors, therefore, have been induced to offer to the Public a SUPPLEMENTAL NUMER, to be published Haif Yearly, which will be deliver-d with every Six Numbers of the Magazine, and conclude the Volume to which it is attached.—The SUPPLEMENT will contain a Review of Literature for the previous six months, and will proceed upon the plan which has been so deservedly popular in the Edinburgh Reviews.Its general principle will be the selection of such Books as, from their pretensions, the novelty of their subjects, and the reputation of their Authors, are most likely to interest the Public.-As the Works selected will be most conspicuous for Literature, so the method of the Review, it is trusted, will be equally conspicuous for its candour and impartiality.—The extracts from Buoks will be very sparing indeed, never more than will be sufficient to give a general sample of their character and style, as the object of the Editors is to confine their Criticisms chiefly to ORIGINAL DISCUSSION, and to trespass as little as possible upon the ordinary functions of a Review.

As the SUPPLEMENT will always conclude the Volume to which it is appended, it will, of consequence, contain a Preface and general Index to the previous Numbers; and the Decorative Parts will be of a character and quality far superior to what has hitherto appeared in any periodical Works, and which, when considered with a reference to the Ornaments of the other Numbers, will uniformly render the SUPFLEMENT more estimable than any of the preceding.

In the SUPPLEMENTAL Number to be published, will be given a FRONTISPIECE, characteristic of the Work, and a suitable appendage to the Volume - The most EMINENT ARTIST of the modern age, the man to whom the British School is chiefly indebted for the present renown and lustre of its character, has presented the Proprietors of this Work with a Design for the FRONTISPIECE, which will be engraven in a style of excellence correspondent with its merits.-A grea'er quantity of the Supplemental Number will be published than of any of the preceding, in order that the Public in general may be supplied, as well as the Subscribers.


1 V extraordinary influx of very excellent matter with which we have been favourd from different Correspondents this month, afier our necessary supply for the present Nurber has been printed, demands our immediate and gratefiel acknowledgments. Farvars received, and not inserted in this Number, shall appear or be particularly noticed in our nert.

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For JULY, 1806.




The Sirth Qumber.


Her Royal HighnESS THE Prin-| by many impediments which do not ope. CESS ELIZABETH, third daughter of their rate among those of the lower orders. present gracious Majesties, was born May No inconsiderable vigour of character is 21, 1770.

required to counteract the pernicious inIt is a gratification of no ordinary kind | Huence of domestic luxury, and the corto us, that when we are called to the re- rupting softness of domestic indulgence. view of the lives of persons of the highest Severity of study, and closeness of applirank and quality, we are cheered with the cation, are seldom to be expected from most Hattering prospects, with talents di- | those who are momentarily called off by rected to the interests of society, and vir- | some enticement of pleasure, and to whom tue communicating its influence to all the task is no further vecessary.than as. within its sphere. The education of such as conferring some personal ornament, which are born to a pre-eminence in the state, is their flatterers will instruct them they can a matter of public concern, and of no slightwell do without-that the highest nobility difficulty in the hands of the instructor. The have their equals, their competitors, and great are the guardians of the morals of the even superiors; but those who are born state; it is they who make virtue general within the sphere of royalty are destitute and effective by their example, who give of such extrinsic means of emulation, and a tone to manners, and purify the sources must be wholly indebted for whatever exof action; whose business it is to effect cellence they acquire, to the soundness of that hy their conduct and example, which their principles, and the rectitude of their law can only accomplish in an imperfect habits. degree-to hold up to imitation the virtues We trust that these remarks will not be of domestic life, and exhibit patterns of deemed superfluous, when the subject of morality, temperance, chastity, and pru- our present biographical sketchs is condence.

sidered; a Princess, whose noble zeal for “ Wretched is the state which has only learning, and those particular branches of law for its government," said a great ob- it, the fine arts, has oviy been equalled server of human life:-unless good mo- by the indefatigable assiduity with which rals and decent manners concur to give a she has hitherto applied lierself to them, vigour to legal institutions, a state may be and the admirable proficiency she has miserably wicked, however well governed. made. The education of the great is obstructed England has always been renowned for No. VI. Vol. I.


females of royal rank, who have been con- | ately attached to this noble art from the spicuous for their intellectual attain. first years in which she could distinguish ments and literary talents. The memora- its excellencies, she has scarcely omitted ble example of Queen Elizabeth will here a day in which she has not laboured to impresent itself. Of the erudition of that prove herself in it. It was a maxim of the princess we have a particular account from celebrated Greek painter, nulla dies sine Roger Ascham, who, from the known qua- lineá; her Royal Highness seems to have lities of his character, cannot be suspected adopted this precept in the full extent of of flattery; and who, from his learning, its meaning, and scarcely ever to feel a was fully competent to pronounce. He more perfect pleasure than when the pentells us, that when he read over with her | cil is in her hand. An accomplishment the crations of Eschines and Demosthenes of this kind is sufficiently rare in the fein Greek, she not only understood at first male sex, and more particularly among sight the full force and propriety of the those whose rank will always be accepted language, and the meaning of the orators,

as an excuse for idleness, and upon whom but that she comprehended the whole flattery is ever ready enough to bestow scheme of the laws, customs, and manners the praises which are due to merit. of the Athenians. She possessed an exact The love and encouragement of the arts and accurate knowledge of the scriptures, amongst those of exalted rank and talent and had committed to memory most of the | may truly be esteemed a national benefit. striking passages in them. She had also The arts are naturally dependent for suplearned by heart many of the finest parts | port upon the great; it is their patronage of Thucydides and Xenophon, especially only which can advance them to perfecthose which relate to life and manners. tion, and give them popularity. It is Thus were her early years employed, and

more necessary to insist upon this, because with such zeal did she pursue her educa- there is a species of patronage which has tion, that she was not only esteemed the lately sprung up in these kingdoms, which most learned woman of her age in Europe, has any thing else in view but the advance. but the best and wisest monarch that ever ment of the art of painting; we mean that sat on the British throne.

mercantile and sordid traffic which has In the presentæra the attainments of an been carried on to such an extent, and Elizabeth would be termed pedantic; and which, whilst it only answered the ends of it must be confessed that the mode of fe a few commercial speculators, disgraced male education does not require such the arts which it affected to patronize, and heavy and useless literature. The more exhibited those feeble, slovenly, and diselegant sciences, and fine arts, best be- / graceful works to the eyes of Europe, come the natural disposition of the sex, which passed under the name of the Briand render them more amiable and agree tish school, whilst in truth they were only able. The illustrious namesake of the the offspring of rashness, of mercantile above-mentioned sovereign seems to have temptation and fraud-frequently of va. acted upon this persuasion, and whilst she nity, and too often, perhaps, of want. has wisely disregarded that species of lite The late President of the Royal Acarature in which Elizabeth excelled, she has demy, in an admirable lecture which he cultivated another branch of it, more con delivered to the students upon the subject genial to her sex and the manners of the of patronage, has made a very bappy disage, in which neither that celebrated tinction between the different kinds, be. princess, nor any that have succeeded her, tween that which is spurious and merely could pretend to a similar proficiency.- || commercial, and that which has in view Her Royal Highness has been devoted | the true dignity of the arts, and the hofrom her infancy to the study of the fine nour of the profession. He laments, and arts. In music she is said to have a most with too much justice, the want of proexcellent taste and delicate ear, but the per encouragement amongst the nobility study she has chiefly cultivated, and in of this kingdom; he adds, however, that which her skill has kept pace with the zcal we have a compensation for this in the of her industry, is painting Passion-l' munificence and truly princely taste of

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